North Carolina: Armed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for North Carolina

Legislation/Source:

North Carolina General Statutes (NCGS)
Chapter 74C – Private Protective Services
and
North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC)
Title 14B – Public Safety
Chapter 16 – Private Protective Services Board

Authorizing Department


North Carolina Private Protective Services Board
3101 Industrial Drive, Suite 104
Raleigh, NC 27609
Phone: 919-788-5320
Fax: 919-788-5365
Email: PPSASL@ncdps.gov

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

North Carolina has established a Private Protective Services Board and a corresponding Licensing Unit to oversee the various categories of security licensees and registrants. The armed status has its own unique registration process and protocol.

North Carolina licenses agencies and entities that provide security services, whether in individual or corporate or other business form. These licensees must register their security guards and officers.

North Carolina requires its businesses to register its security officers and at the same time permits an individual to apply for a license to offer security officer services. Hence, the data below will include both avenues since there is substantial crossover in these designations.

See: A full description of the registration process and its requirements

North Carolina has implemented an online system of application for licensure. See the particulars at:
Online License Application

It shall be unlawful for any person performing private protective services duties to carry a firearm in the performance of those duties without first having met the qualifications of this section and having been issued a firearm registration permit by the Board. A licensee shall register any individual carrying a firearm within 30 days of employment. Before engaging in any private protective services activity, the individual shall receive any required training prescribed by the Board.
See: NCGC §74C-13(a)

Armed proprietary security guards are required to register with the Board.
See. NCGS 74C-3

I. Employee Registration
Fees according to 14B NCAC 16 .0802
$30 non refundable initial registration fee;
$30 annual renewal fee
$15 initial application fee

Fees can only be paid through credit card or other forms of electronic funds transfer. There is a $4 convienance fee per transaction.

See: Armed Employee Registration Application

See: A full description of the registration process and its requirements.

II. Individual License as Qualifying Agent
§ 74C-8. License requirements.
(c)  Qualifying Agent. – A business entity, other than a sole proprietorship, that engages in private protective services is subject to all of the requirements listed in this subsection with respect to a qualifying agent.

Fees according to 14B NCAC 16.0202
  (1)   $150 non refundable application fee;

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

North Carolina has limited reciprocity with seven states but only as to private investigators.

See: Private Investigator Reciprocal Agreements

Age Requirements

14B NCAC 16 .0801(a)(6)
The applicant must be at least 21 years of age

Citizenship

I. Employee Registrant
14B NCAC 16 .0703
An applicant must be a citizen of the United States or a resident alien

II. Individual Licensee
An applicant must be a citizen of the United States or a resident alien

Experience

I. Employee Registrant
None required

II. Individual Licensee
14B NCAC 16 .0201(d)
Each applicant must provide evidence of high school graduation either by diploma, G.E.D. certificate, or other proof.

14B NCAC 16 .0204(a)
Experience requirements shall be determined in the following manner:
 (1)  one year experience   =  1,000 hours
 (2)  two years experience  =  2,000 hours
 (3)  three years experience  =  3,000 hours

An Applicant to provide Security Guard Services as defined by the various Acts, need provide a strong experiential history before a license will be issued.


See: 14B NCAC 16 .0301 lays out a multitiered series of experience requirements

Exemptions

NCGS 74C – 3(b)
“Private protective services” shall not include any of the following:
 (2)  An officer or employee of the United States, this State, or any political subdivision of either while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of his or her official duties within the course and scope of his or her employment with the United States, this State, or any political subdivision of either.
 (3)  A person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and furnishing information as to the financial rating or credit worthiness of persons; and a person who provides consumer reports.
 (14)  An employee of a security department of a private business that conducts investigations exclusively on matters internal to the business affairs of the business.

Please see NCGS 74C – 3 for additional exemptions.

Permit Required

NCGS 74C – 13
 (a)  It shall be unlawful for any person performing private protective services duties to carry a firearm in the performance of those duties without first having met the qualifications of this section and having been issued a firearm registration permit by the Board.

 (h)   The Board and the Secretary of Public Safety shall establish a firearms training program for licensees and registered employees to be conducted by agencies and institutions approved by the Board and the Secretary of Public Safety.

(1) A firearm registration permit grants authority to the armed security guard, or armed private investigator, while in the performance of his or her duties or traveling directly to and from work, to carry any firearm approved by the Board and not otherwise prohibited by law. The use of any firearm not approved by the Board is prohibited

Requirement to carry an ID card

Each firearm registration permit issued under this section to an armed security guard shall be in the form of a pocket card designed by the Board and shall identify the contract security company or proprietary security organization by whom the holder of the firearm registration permit is employed.
See: NCGS §74C-13(d

I. Employee Registrant and
II. Individual Licensee
14B NCAC 16 .0104

The wearing of the armed or unarmed private protective services card visible on the outermost garment (except foul weather clothing) satisfies the requirements of Subparagraphs (c)(1), (2) and (3) of this Rule.

Moral Character

I. Employee Registrant(14B NCAC 16 .0703(3)) and
II. Individual Licensee (NCGS 74C – 8(d)(2)):

An applicant for registration shall be of good moral character and temperate habits

Fingerprint

I. Employee Registrant(14B NCAC 16 .0701(a)(1)) and
II. Individual Licensee (14b NCAC 16 .0201):

An application must include one set of classifiable fingerprints on an applicant fingerprint card

The card can be obtained at the Private Protective Services office, or upon request it will be mailed.

Substance Abuse

I. Employee Registrant (14B NCAC 16 .0703(3)) and
II. Individual Licensee (NCGS 74C – 8(d)(2)):

Any of the following within the last five years shall be prima facie evidence that the applicant does not have good moral character or temperate habits: conviction by any local, state, federal, or military court of any crime involving the illegal use, carrying, or possession of a firearm, conviction of any crime involving the illegal use, possession, sale, manufacture, distribution, or transportation of a controlled substance, drug, narcotic, or alcoholic beverage , conviction of a crime involving felonious assault or an act of violence; conviction of a crime involving unlawful breaking and/or entering, burglary, larceny, any offense involving moral turpitude, or a history of addiction to alcohol or a narcotic drug.

Mental Health

I. Employee Registrant – 14B NCAC 16 .0703(4):
An applicant for registration shall not have been declared by any court of competent jurisdiction incompetent by reason of mental disease or defect, or
Not have been involuntarily committed to an institution for treatment of mental disease or defect by a district court judge. When an individual has been treated and found to have been restored by a psychiatrist, the Board will consider this evidence and determine whether the applicant meets the requirements of this Paragraph

II. Individual Licensee – NCGS 74C-12(a):
The Board may, after compliance with Chapter 150B of the General Statutes, deny, suspend or revoke a license, registration, or permit issued under this Chapter if it is determined that the applicant:
(19)   Been judged incompetent by a court having jurisdiction under Chapter 35A or former Chapter 35 of the General Statutes or committed to a mental health facility for treatment of mental illness, as defined in G.S. 122C-3, by a court under G.S. 122C-271.

Criminal History Background Check

I. Employee Registrant (14B NCAC 16 .0703(3)) and
II. Individual Licensee (NCGS 74C – 8(d)(2)):

Any of the following within the last five years shall be prima facie evidence that the applicant does not have good moral character or temperate habits: conviction by any local, state, federal, or military court of any crime involving the illegal use, carrying, or possession of a firearm,
conviction of any crime involving the illegal use, possession, sale, manufacture, distribution, or transportation of a controlled substance, drug, narcotic, or alcoholic beverage, conviction of a crime involving felonious assault or an act of violence; conviction of a crime involving unlawful breaking and/or entering, burglary, larceny, any offense involving moral turpitude, or
a history of addiction to alcohol or a narcotic drug, provided that, for purposes of (3) of this Rule, “conviction” means and includes the entry of a pleas of guilty, plea of no contest, or a verdict of guilty.

North Carolina residents shall obtain a criminal record check from the Clerk of Court or from the current on-line vendors listed on the Administrative Office of the Courts website. Criminal records are required for each county of residence for the past sixty (60) months and must not be over sixty (60) days old when received in the PPS office. Approved on-line providers are located on the N.C. Administrative Office of the Courts website.

Out-of-state applicants must submit an out-of-state criminal record for each county of residence for the past sixty (60) months. The criminal record must not be over sixty (60) days old when received in the PPS office. All out-of-state criminal records must be obtained from CriminalRecordCheck.com. You may order your criminal record via the internet at www.PPSBcheck.com or call 1-877-272-0266, ext 1029.

The Board conducts a background check utilizing sources of the North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
$38 Fingerprint check fee applies

North Carolina now has on online portal for initiating and completing the criminal record check.
See: Online Criminal Record Checks

Personal References

I. Employee Registrant
Not required

II. Individual Licensee
NCGS 74C – 8(b)(5)
To apply for a license, an applicant must submit a verified application in writing to the Board that includes the names of not less than three unrelated and disinterested persons as references of whom inquiry can be made as to the character, standing, and reputation of the persons making the application.

Training Requirements

I. Employee Registrant
14B NCAC 16 .0707

(a)  Applicants for an unarmed security guard registration shall complete a basic training course for unarmed security guards within 30 days from the date of permanent hire. The course shall consist of a minimum of 16 hours of classroom instruction including:
 (1)  The Security Officer in North Carolina — (minimum of one hour)
 (2)  Legal Issues for Security Officers — (minimum of three hours)
 (3)  Emergency Response — (minimum of three hours)
 (4)  Communications — (minimum of two hours)
 (5)  Patrol Procedures — (minimum of three hours)
 (6)  Note Taking and Report Writing — (minimum of three hours)
 (7)  Deportment — (minimum of one hour)
A minimum of four hours of classroom instruction shall be completed within 20 calendar days of a probationary or regular security guard being placed on a duty station. These four hours shall include The Security Officer in North Carolina and Legal Issues for Security Officers.

14B NCAC 16 .0807
(a)  Applicants for an armed security guard firearm registration permit shall first complete the basic unarmed security guard training course set forth in Rule .0707 of this Chapter.
(c)  Applicants for an armed security guard firearm registration permit shall complete a basic training course for armed security guards which consists of at least 20 hours of classroom instruction including:

(1)  legal limitations on the use of handguns and on the powers and authority of an armed security guard, including familiarity with rules and regulations relating to armed security guards (minimum of four hours)
 (2)  handgun safety, including range firing procedures (minimum of one hour)
 (3)  handgun operation and maintenance (minimum of three hours)
 (4)  handgun fundamentals (minimum of eight hours), and
 (5)  night firing (minimum of four hours).

(d)  Applicants for an armed security guard firearm registration permit shall attain a score of at least 80 percent accuracy on a firearms range qualification course adopted by the Board and the Secretary of Public Safety, a copy of which is on file in the Director’s office. For rifle qualification all shots shall be located on the target.
(e)  All armed security guard training required by this Chapter shall be administered by a certified trainer and shall be completed no more than 90 days prior to the date of issuance of the armed security guard firearm registration permit.

Please be advised that training requirements may change depending upon the type of weapon. For additional information go to 14B NCAC 16 .0807.

See: Certificate format for completed training for Armed Guard

II. Individual Licensee
The Board may require the applicant to demonstrate the applicant’s qualifications by oral or written examination or by successful completion of a Board-approved training program, or all three.

 (1)   The basic training course approved by the Board and the Secretary of Public Safety shall consist of a minimum of four hours of classroom training which shall include all of the following:
  a.   Legal limitations on the use of hand guns and on the powers and authority of an armed security guard.
  b.   Familiarity with this section.
  c.   Range firing and procedure and hand gun safety and maintenance.
  d.   Any other topics of armed security guard training curriculum which the Board deems necessary.
  (2)   An applicant for a firearm registration permit must fire a minimum qualifying score to be determined by the Board and the Secretary of Public Safety on any approved target course approved by the Board and the Secretary of Public Safety.
 (3)   A firearms registrant must complete a refresher course and shall requalify on the prescribed target course prior to the renewal of his or her firearm registration permit.

Exam Requirement

Not Required

Child Support

I. Employee Registrant
The rules are silent as to child support and the registered employee. However, the licensure applicant need comply with the following authority.

II. Individual Licensee
NCGS 50-13.12(b)
Upon a finding by the district court judge that the obligor is willfully delinquent in child support payments equal to at least one month’s child support, or upon a finding that a person has willfully failed to comply with a subpoena issued pursuant to a child support or paternity establishment proceeding, and upon findings as to any specific licensing privileges held by the obligor or held by the person subject to the subpoena, the court may revoke some or all of such privileges until the obligor shall have paid the delinquent amount in full, or, as applicable, until the person subject to the subpoena has complied with the subpoena.

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