Unarmed Security Officer

Alabama: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Alabama

Legislation/Source:

Alabama Security Regulatory Board (ASRB)
Code of Alabama 1975, §34-27C
Chapter 832-X-1 Administration & Procedure

Alerts

Effective immediately waiving of late fee rescinded. See ASRB web site.

Authorizing Department

Alabama Security Regulatory Board
2777 Zelda Road
Montgomery, AL 36106
Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Records and Identification Division
P.O. Box 1511
Montgomery, Alabama 36102‐1511
Phone: 334-420-7234
Fax: 334-263-6115
Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Alabama, individual security officer are licensed when employed. Proprietary security officers are exempt from this requirement. The statute states in part:
A security officer is a person employed under contract, whose principal purpose is to protect a person or persons or property from criminal activity.
See: AL Code §34-27C-1(9)

Any security guard, armed security guard, or contract security company providing private security services in this state shall apply to the board for a license.
See: AL Code §34-27C-4(a)

An armed security officer shall apply for and have his or her pistol permit issued by the sheriff of the county of his or her residence. It is a violation of this chapter for any security officer to carry a firearm in the performance of his or her duties without holding a valid certification card for an armed security officer issued by the board.
See: AL Code §34-27C-11

According to AL Code §34-27C-4 (g)(2)

(2)   Each security officer or armed security officer requesting or renewing a license shall pay a nonrefundable security license fee to the board upon application to be determined by the board that does not exceed one hundred dollars ($100) and may not be increased more than twenty-five dollars ($25) per licensing period. The license issued to a security officer or armed security officer shall expire two years from the date of issuance.

Fees:
$50   Personal license
$38.25   Criminal Background check fee
$88.25 Total initial and renewal application fee

See Application Form.

Renewal required every two years.  See Renewal Application.

$25   Personal license late fee
$10   Personal license replacement

Temporary Licensure
Alabama permits security licensees to commence their work and employment using a “temporary” license which is a tear off sheet from the original application. The Rules states in part:

Chapter 832-X-1-04
(2) Temporary license or certification. (a) Applicants for a license with the Board shall retain a certified copy of the temporary license until a license is issued or denied by the Board.
See: Alabama Security Regulatory Board

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

During an official declaration of Emergency, licensure rules for both companies and individuals can be waived. The Alabama Rules and Regulations state:

832-X-1-.13
State Of Emergency License Procedures. (1) Upon the declaration of the Governor of a state of emergency, the Board may authorize the operation of an out-of-state contract security company and their licensed security guards within the state for the duration of the state of emergency and up to a maximum of 30 days after the expiration of the state of emergency.

See: Alabama Security Regulatory Board Administrative Code Chapter 832 -X-1 

Armed :

Alabama grants reciprocity to other state licensure processes, recognizing Alabama, regarding “pistol permits”– a fact relevant to armed security officers with non-Alabama permits. The Code states:

Chapter 832-X-1- .02
(6) Pistol Permits. (a) A valid “pistol license”, “pistol permit”, or similar license or permit issued in the State of Alabama or any state offering unrestricted reciprocity for State of Alabama pistol license or permit holders shall meet the “pistol permit” requirement of §34-27C-11:

An armed security officer shall apply for and have his or her pistol permit issued by the sheriff of the county of his or her residence. It is a violation of this chapter for any security officer to carry a firearm in the performance of his or her duties without holding a valid license or certification card for an armed security officer issued by the board.

Age Requirements

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(1)
At least 18 years old if unarmed or 21 if armed.

Citizenship

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(2)
Must be a citizen or resident alien of the U.S

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

Exemptions from basic training requirements:
According to Section 34-27C-8(g) (1-3)
•   (b) Any security officer who, within three years before applying for certification, completed basic security training through a military, government or security training institute, that meets or exceeds the training required by the board (Annual training requirements still remain).
•   Any security officer employed by a contract security company that has a training curriculum and standards, that the board determined, upon presentation of proof of training, meet or exceed those required by the board.
•   Employed or retired sworn peace officer.

According to 832-X-1-.08(1)
•   Any person who has minimum of five years of continuous experience as a Security Officer or Armed Security Officer at the time of application to the Board shall not be subject to the eight hours of classroom training required in §34-27C-8(a) if a Certified Trainer certifies the person has received at least 8 hours of classroom training as specified in §34-27C- 8(a) at any time during the applicant’s current period of employment.
•   (d) An applicant for a personal license claiming an exemption for training requirements as permitted by 34C-27-8(d) shall provide proof of training received or prior continuous experience as requested by the Board. Failure or refusal to provide the requested proof shall be grounds for denial of licensure by the Board.

According to 832-X-1-.09(1)
•   Any person performing any regulated work activity on less than 30 calendar days in any calendar year is exempt from the individual license requirements of the Act.

Permit Required

None required for unarmed.

 

For armed, According to Section 34-27C-11:
Applicants shall apply for and have his or her pistol permit issued by the sheriff of the county of his or her residence. It is a violation of this chapter for any security officer to carry a firearm in the performance of his or her duties without holding a valid license or certification card for an armed security officer issued by the board

Requirement to carry an ID card

According to Alabama Law Section 34-27C-7 (a)
A license card issued by the board shall be carried by each security officer and armed security officer while performing his or her duties. A temporary card shall be issued by the board and be in the possession of the applicant or licensee while working as a security officer or armed security officer pending the application process, the completion of training, and the issuance of his or her license or certification.

 

It is a violation of this chapter for any security officer to carry a firearm in the performance of his or her duties without holding a valid license or certification card for an armed security officer issued by the board.

Moral Character

No baseline requirement

Fingerprint

The applicant shall submit two complete sets of fingerprints to the board.

One of the requirements for an individual to request their own criminal history record information is that the individual provide ALEA with a classifiable set of his or her own fingerprints (taken by an authorized law enforcement agency with an FBI-issued ORI) with his or her application to Review or Challenge his or her own Alabama criminal history. It is the APPLICANT’s responsibility to mail the completed CHRI request form, along with his/her own fingerprint card and the other required documents to:

Alabama Law Enforcement Agency, Criminal Records and Identification Unit
Attn:  Background Checks
P.O. Box 1511
Montgomery, Alabama 36102-1511

Substance Abuse

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(3)(c)
Applicant must provide a sworn statement that he or she is not suffering from habitual drunkenness or from narcotics addiction or dependence. The Board may require certified results of medical tests for drug or alcohol use.

Mental Health

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(3)(b)
Applicant must provide a sworn statement that he or she has never been declared, by any court of competent jurisdiction, incompetent by reason of mental defect or disease, and competency has not been restored

Criminal History Background Check

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(3)(a)
Applicant must provide a sworn statement that he or she has never been convicted in any jurisdiction of the United States of any felony or crime involving moral turpitude for which a full pardon has not been granted.

According to Section 34-27C-4 (e)
In addition, an applicant must provide a sworn form containing the name, date of birth and Social Security number for completion of a criminal history background check (ALEA and FBI) of which he will borne the costs for, as well as two complete sets of fingerprints to the board.

According to 832-X-1-.05 , Disqualifying Convictions are:
(1)   Felony Convictions

(a)   Any person convicted of a felony offense will not be eligible for a license from the Board, unless a full pardon has been granted.

(2)   Misdemeanor Convictions

(a)   Any person convicted of a misdemeanor offense involving moral turpitude or any similar offense, excluding all sexual and violent offenses (see Section (b) and (c)), will not be eligible for a license from the Board within five (5) calendar years of their most recent conviction, unless a full pardon has been granted.
(b)   Any person convicted of a misdemeanor violent offense will not be eligible for a license from the Board within (10) calendar years of their most recent conviction, unless a full pardon has been granted.
(c)   Any person convicted of a misdemeanor sexual offense will not be eligible for a license from the Board, unless a full pardon has been granted.

(3)   The Board will not issue or renew a license to any person who is required to register as a sex offender in any State or competent jurisdiction.

Applicants are required to release and authorize a full background review and criminal history by the Alabama Law Enforcement Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Personal References

According to Section 34-27C-4 (b)(4)
The names of at least three unrelated and disinterested persons should be provided as references for board inquiries regarding the character, standing and reputation of the applicant.

Training Requirements

FOR BOTH UNARMED AND ARMED:

Chapter 832-X-1-.08 Training (pages 11 and 18-23):

A person seeking certification as a security officer or armed security officer shall have completed least eight hours of board approved classroom training with a certified trainer:

•   Fire prevention
•   Legal information relevant to providing security services
•   Detention procedures
•   Methods of handling crisis situations
•   Methods of crowd control
•   Use of equipment needed in providing security services

The Board permits a wide array of subject matter coverage in the delivery of the basic course curriculum for unarmed officers.  It can include any of these topics:

(1)   Role of Contract Security: Subjects related to the general purpose and nature of Contract Security Companies and their employees, including but not limited to:

(a)   Crime Awareness and Prevention
(b)   Private Security and the Criminal Justice System
(c)   Ethics and Professionalism

(2)   Legal Information Relevant to Providing Security Services: Subjects related to legal considerations and concerns (required during initial training), including but not limited to:

(a)   Overview of Section 34-27C, Code of Alabama
(b)   Overview of Alabama Security Regulatory Board rules
(c)   Alabama Criminal Law; Violations, Misdemeanors and Felonies
(d)   Detention Procedures and Alabama Laws of Arrest (required during initial training)
(e)   Alabama Use of Force Laws (required for Armed Security Officers)
(f)   Federal Laws related to Providing Security Services in Alabama
(g)   Civil Liability
(h)   Evidence Collection, Documentation, and Retention
(i)   Testifying in Court or Other Proceedings (e.g., disciplinary hearings, internal corporate hearings, board hearings, etc…)

(3) Providing Security Services: Subjects specific to security methods and techniques, including but not limited to:

(a)   General Patrol Techniques
(b)   Crimes & Incidents in Progress
(c)   General Workplace Environmental, Health & Safety Concerns
(d)   Security Officer Safety
(e)   Observation and Information Gathering
(f)   Note Taking and Report Writing

(4)   Methods of Handling Crisis Situations: Subjects related to responding to emergency situations and critical events (required during initial training), including but not limited to:

(a)   General Emergency Response Procedures
(b)   Fire Prevention and Control (required during initial training
(c)   Methods of Crowd Control (required during initial training
(d)   Bomb Threats
(e)   First Aid, CPR, Automatic External Defibrillator
(f)   Hazardous Weather Conditions
(g)   Hazardous Materials
(h)   Terrorism
(i)   Evacuation Procedures

(5)   Use of Equipment Needed in Providing Security Services: Subjects about security equipment, their purpose and use (required during initial training), including but not limited to:

(a)   Patrol Documentation Systems
(b)   Video Monitoring and Documentation Systems
(c)   Alarm Systems
(d)   Access Control Systems
(e)   Fire extinguishers and Fire Suppression Systems
(f)   Firearms (see additional Board rules relating to this subject)
(g)   Less-Lethal Weapons (see additional Board rules relating to this subject)
(h)   Restraints (see additional Board rules relating to this subject)
(i)   Motor Vehicle Operations for Security

(6)   Customer Service Issues: Subjects addressing Customer Service considerations, including but not limited to:

(a)   Public relations
(b)   Interpersonal Communications

(7)   Specialized Security Services: Subjects about providing security in unusual, uncommon, and/or unique locations or environments, including but not limited to:

(a)   Hospital/Medical Facility Security Considerations

(b) Financial Institution Security Considerations

For a full discussion of the requirements, see Chapter 832-X-1-.08 Training (pages 18-23)

Refresher Training Requirement–ARMED AND UNARMED

 To renew a license, a minimum of eight hours of refresher training from a Certified Trainer is required.

See the Renewal Application

 

For ARMED GUARDS ONLY

An applicant for an armed security officer will need a total of 14 hours of training. (According to Mike James of the ASRB, this is interpretted as 8 hours of basic/unarmed initial training plus 4 hours of initial armed training plus 2  hours of armed the following year) . The applicant will need to pass a qualifying course as part of his or her training.

According 832-X-1-.08 -1 (a) The Board requires that a person applying for a personal license as a Security Officer or Armed Security Officer shall have completed at least 8 hours or Armed Security Officer shall have completed at least 14 hours of Board approved classroom training with a Certified Trainer prior to applying for a license from the Board.

832-X-1-.08 -2 (d) Approved firearms qualification courses:
1.  The Alabama Peace Officers Standards and Training Commission qualification course of fire, target, scoring method and minimum score for handgun, shotgun and/or rifle to be used that is current at the time of qualification is an approved qualification course for Armed Security Officers.
(i) Active peace officers who successfully complete the mandatory annual Alabama Peace Officers Standards and Training Commission qualification course as a requirement of employment have met the requirements of this section.
2.  Any National Rifle Association (NRA) course of fire, target, scoring method and minimum score for handgun, shotgun, or rifle that is officially approved by the NRA Law Enforcement Activities Division for use by a NRA-defined “Private Law Enforcement
Organization” for firearms qualification is an approved qualification course for Armed Security Officers.
(i) A Contract Security Company utilizing any NRA firearm qualification course must apply for, receive from, and maintain an “Agency Affiliation” with the NRA and must follow all NRA LawEnforcement Activities Division rules applicable to a “Private Law Enforcement Organization”.
3.  The Alabama Security Regulatory Board approved firearm qualification course for handgun, shotgun and rifle is an approved qualification course for Armed Security Officers.

Firearms Safety Training as required by §34-27C-8(c) shall include, but may not be limited to, achieving a passing score on a Board-mandated qualification course with the make, model, or caliber handgun, shotgun and/or rifle to be used, instruction on the use of force laws of the State of Alabama, and instruction on the safe handling and storage of firearms.

Alabama certifies and trains armed officers in three categories: Handgun, rifle and shotgun. Each of these certifications is a combination of classroom and range instruction.

For a full discussion of the requirements, see Chapter 832-X-1-.08 Training (pages 18-23)

The handgun qualification requirements, by way of illustration are:
(10)   Firearms: Handgun Qualification Course:

(a)   The Alabama Security Regulatory Board Handgun Qualification Course shall be;
(b)   Total Rounds: 30
(c)   Approved Target: Standard FBI “Q” target, any color, paper or cardboard.
(d)   Scoring: All shot holes completely inside of the scoring silhouette count. Shot holes breaking the edge of the scoring silhouette or outside of the silhouette DO NOT COUNT.
(e)   Passing Score: 80% (24 rounds completely inside the scoring silhouette)
(f)   Ammunition Management is the responsibility of the shooter. Shooters reload ON THEIR OWN. No reloading commands or reminders will be given during the course of fire.
(g)   Start position is from secured holster with hands at side OR from a two-handed Ready Position as noted. Two-handed shooting is permitted for all Stages.
(h)   After completing a string of fire, shooters should LOWER their weapon below their line of sight, SCAN the surrounding area for other threats. Once the SCAN is complete, shooters shall either HOLSTER and SECURE their handgun or remain at a Ready Position (as noted).
(i)   Reloading and any actions after the required number of rounds fired in a string are not timed.
(j)   A shooter must complete the entire course of fire once the first shot is fired during a qualification attempt. Shooters who do not complete the course of fire, or who do not achieve a PASS score, must fire the entire course again, not just the incomplete or failed portion.
(k)   STAGE ONE: 3 YARDS

1.   Draw and fire 3 rounds in 5 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
2.   Draw and fire 3 rounds in 5 seconds: Lower, Scan, Ready Position.
3.   From Ready Position, fire 3 rounds in 4 seconds: Lower, Scan, Ready Position.
4.   From Ready Position, fire 3 rounds in 4 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.

(l)   STAGE TWO: 7 YARDS

1.   Draw and fire 4 rounds in 6 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
2.   Draw and fire 4 rounds in 6 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
3.   Draw and fire 4 rounds in 6 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.

(m)   STAGE THREE: 15 YARDS

(1)   Draw and fire 2 rounds in three seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
(2)   Draw and fire 2 rounds in three seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
(3)   Draw and fire 2 rounds in three seconds: Lower, Scan, UNLOAD and let the Instructor verify that the weapon is unloaded, Holster & Secure (unloaded).

 

ARMED Refresher Training:

According to the Renewal Application, refresher training is as follows (in addition to the unarmed requirements):

*Annually:  a minimum of 2 hours of ANNUAL refresher Armed Security Officer training from a certified trainer.

Exam Requirement

According to 832-X-1-.08 Training. (1) General Training Requirement
1.   Successful completion of Board mandated training shall be determined by the attendee achieving an acceptable score on a written test related to the course subject matter or achieving an acceptable qualification score on a firearm qualification course.

80% Passage rate on combined classroom and range testing.

Child Support

According to Ala. Code §§ 30-3-170 through 30-3-179
Failure to comply with subpoenas or warrants relating to paternity or child support proceedings, may bring to a suspension or revocation of an occupational license

See: Alabama Code Title 30. Marital and Domestic Relations § 30-3-170

More Information

Alaska: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Alaska

Legislation/Source:

Alaska Statutes
Title 18. Health, safety, Housing, Human Rights, and Public Defender
Chapter 65. Police Protection
Article 5. Security Guards (Sec. 400 through 490)
And
Alaska Administrative Code
Title 13. Public Safety
Chapter 60. Licensing of Security Guards and Security Guard Agencies

Authorizing Department

Criminal Records and Identification (R&I) Bureau
Division of Statewide Services
State of Alaska, Department of Public Safety

5700 East Tudor Road
Anchorage, Alaska 99507
Phone: (907) 269-5511
Fax: (907)269-5091

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Alaska, individual security guards are required to obtain a license.
The statute states that a person may not be employed as a security guard or security guard agency until the person has obtained a license from the commissioner of public safety under AS 18.65.400 — 18.65.490
See: AS 18.65.400

According to the Application form, the following fees must be attached to the application:

  • $50   non-refundable application fee; submit a check or money order payable to the State of Alaska
  • $47  processing fee; submit a check or money order payable to the State of Alaska
  • (Please see ‘Fingerprints’ for information on fingerprint processing fees.)
  • A recent (within 30 days) photo
  • A set of classifiable fingerprints
  • Applications must furnish proof of preassignment training specified in 13 AAC 60.110
  • Proof of insurance or bond.   According to 13 AAC 60.120:

Each applicant for a security guard license and each applicant for a security guard agency license must file with the department a certificate of insurance or bond evidencing comprehensive liability coverage for death, injury, false arrest, detention or imprisonment, malicious prosecution, libel, slander, defamation of character and violation of right to privacy in the minimum amount of $100,000 per person and $200,000 per occurrence. Each applicant must also file a certificate of property damage insurance or bond in the amount of $100,000 per occurrence. The certificate must provide that the insurance or bond may not be modified or cancelled unless 30 days’ notice of cancellation has been given to the department. Failure to maintain insurance or bond is grounds for revocation of a security guard license or a security guard agency license. (b) If required insurance or bond is provided by an employer, a certificate of proof must be filed with each employee’s application for license. If a licensed security guard is no longer covered by employer-provided insurance or bond,

In addition to the above, for armed guards:

  • A copy of the firearm qualifications/certification is required.  Security guards licensed under AS 18.65.400 — 18.65.490 may not be armed with a firearm for the purpose of protecting property until they have completed firearms training acceptable to the commissioner.          See: AS 18.65.470
  • According to 13 AAC 60.085 an applicant for an armed security guard license must affirm that the applicant has not been and is not now disqualified from possessing a firearm, including as a condition of probation or parole;
  • A licensee authorized to carry a firearm may not conceal the firearm on the licensee’s person unless the licensee holds a valid concealed handgun permit issued by this state, another state, or a political subdivision of another state.
    See:13 AAC 06.100(f)

Renewals:  $50   Renewal application fee (after two years).  See Renewal Application Form.

Temporary License
Alaska permits a 30 day, non licensed period for security officers if meeting the requirements of the regulation below:

According to 13 AAC 60.130: Individual security guards may be employed by a licensed agency on a temporary basis for a period not to exceed 30 days when the (1) agency has made reasonable and prudent inquiries to determine that the applicant is qualified to be licensed; (2) completed application with application fee has been submitted to the department; and (3) applicant’s temporary status has been noted on the application form by the agency manager.

Emergency Guards may also be hired to guard prisoners in narrow cases in accordance with the rules. An emergency guard may work without a license for 30 days. The Regulations define the designation as:

According to 13 AAC 62.900:  Definitions in this chapter (1) “emergency guard” means a person hired by a law enforcement agency on behalf of the Department of Public Safety for not more than 30 consecutive days for the purpose of guarding prisoners.  See 13 AAC 62.020 for Emergency Guard qualifications.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Alaska has no reciprocity with any other state.

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years of age (both armed and unarmed).
See: 13 AAC 60.050(a)(3)

Citizenship

The applicant must be a United States citizen or resident alien with a work permit.
See: 13 AAC 60.050(a)(3)(1)

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

Unarmed proprietary guards are exempt from licensure.
See: AS 18.65.460:  An employer is not required to seek licensure for the employer’s employees who provide unarmed plant security on that employer’s premises.

Permit Required

None required

Requirement to carry an ID card

13 AAC 60.070 Security Guard License
(a)Upon approval of the application, the department will issue a license identification card to the licensee, with the form and content of the card prescribed by the department. The license identification card remains the property of the state.
(b) One license identification card will be issued to each individual eligible to receive it. The licensee may not permit another individual to use or possess the license identification card.

A licensee authorized to carry a firearm must be in company uniform while on duty and carrying the firearm (13 AAC 60.100 (e)).

Moral Character

13 AAC 60.060. Application for security guard license
(a)   Applications must be on a form provided by the department which will require furnishing of the following information:
(14)   three character references

According to the Application form at least one of the persons referenced must be a resident of Alaska, and not related to the applicant.

 

 

Fingerprint

According to the Application form, the applicant must submit one set of classifiable fingerprints.

Fees for fingerprints, according to The Division of Statewide Services FAQ are as follows:

  • The cost of a fingerprint based state background check is $35.
  • The cost of a fingerprint based state and national background check is $48.25

 

Substance Abuse

Affirmation must be provided showing that the applicant is neither addicted to nor dependent on alcohol, narcotics, or other drugs.
See: 13 AAC 06.050(4) and 13 AAC 60.060(17)

According to the DPS web site list of disqualifiers, “applicants are deemed to not meet qualifications if, within the last 5 years preceding their application, they have been convicted of any misdemeanors, whether or not your conviction was subsequently Set Aside or Vacated, that involves:
• Narcotics (ARS §13, Chapter 34, or similar)”

 

Mental Health

The applicant must provide affirmation to show that the applicant is not suffering from any psychopathic condition or mental illness impairing the powers of memory, reason, judgment, or perception.
See: 13 AAC 60.060(18)

Criminal History Background Check

The applicant must be an individual without a conviction, within 10 years before the date of application, for any crime classified as a felony in this state or another jurisdiction at the time the crime was committed, unless a full pardon has been granted.
See: 13 AAC 06.050(5)

The applicant must affirm that the applicant has not been and is not now disqualified from possessing a firearm, including as a condition of probation or parole.
See: 13 AAC 60.085(1)

The criminal background check is conducted by:

Criminal Records and Identification (R&I) Bureau
Division of Statewide Services
State of Alaska, Department of Public Safety
5700 East Tudor Road
Anchorage, Alaska 99507
Phone (907) 269 – 5767
Email:  dps.criminalrecords@alaska.gov
Official Website
The criminal records search includes records from both the State of Alaska and the FBI.
See: Application form.

Personal References

13 AAC 60.060. Application for security guard license
(a)   Applications must be on a form provided by the department which will require furnishing of the following information:
(14)   three character references

According to the Application form at least one of the persons referenced must be a resident of Alaska, and not related to the applicant.

Training Requirements

13 AAC 60.110
All security guard applicants, before issuance of a temporary permit or submission of an application to the department, must have received at least eight hours of general preassignment training relating to their duties and responsibilities as a guard.

All are required to complete satisfactorily at least 40 hours of inservice training within 180 days after employment. Training must include, but need not be limited to

(1)   law of arrest;
(2)   law of search and seizure;
(3)   duties and responsibilities to the employer and client;
(4)   fire prevention;
(5)   first aid; and
(6)   patrol techniques.

Refresher training:  All security guards must pass an annual refresher course of at least eight hours on the above topics. Failure to pass the refresher course may be grounds for revocation of a security guard license.

For armed guards:

Pre-assignment training:  For armed security guards, applications must furnish proof of at least eight hours of general preassignment training specified in 13 AAC 60.110(a)  (see below) AND at least eight hours of firearms pre-assignment training in:

•   The use of firearms in compliance with state and federal statutes and regulations

•   Handling firearms

•   Safety and maintenance of firearms

Demonstrate competence with any firearm that may be issued to the applicant; if a licensee fails to maintain competence with that firearm during an annual practice firing review, that individual’s license as an armed security guard is subject to revocation.

Exam Requirement

No baseline requirement

Child Support

Alaska Stat. § 25.27.244  Failure to comply with subpoenas or warrants relating to paternity or child support proceedings, may bring to a suspension or revocation of an occupational license

Upon request, the commissioner shall provide a social security number provided under (a) of this section to the child support services agency created in AS 25.27.010, or the child support enforcement agency of another state, for child support purposes authorized under law.
See: AS 18.65.410(b)

Arizona: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Arizona

Legislation/Source:

Arizona Revised Statutes
Title 32. Professions and Occupations
Chapter 26. Security Guards
And
Arizona Administrative Code
Title 13. Public Safety
Chapter 6. Department of Public Safety – Security Guards

Authorizing Department

DPS Public Services Center
Licensing Unit (Physical Address)

2222 W. Encanto Blvd
Phoenix, AZ 85009
Phone: (602) 223-2361
Fax: (602) 223-2938
Arizona Department of Public Safety
Licensing Unit (Mailing Address)

Mail Drop 3140
P.O. Box 6328
Phoenix, AZ 85005
Email: licensing@azdps.gov

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Arizona, agencies are generally the licensed party while employees who wish to be Security Officers must register under these guidelines.
See: AR 32-2608 and AR 32-2621

The rules indicate that the registration allows the applicant to work for any licensed security provider/agency.  As in other states, the registration certificate is dependent on an actual or prospective offer of employment from a licensed security provider.

A separate armed registration certificate is required for each agency: 

According to ARS 32-2624 (B): When a security guard….is issued, an identification card as described in section 32-2633 shall be issued to the registrant.  The identification card is evidence that the person is a duly registered security guard…..,An employee must obtain an armed security guard registration certificate and identification card for each sponsoring agency licensee.

Fees

Security Guard Employee:

• New/Renew Unarmed Security Guard – $72.00 ($50 application and $22 for fingerprint)

• New/Renew Armed Security Guard – $122.00 ($100 application and $22 fingerprints)

• Late Fee – $10.00

• Upgrade from Unarmed to Armed Security Guard* – $50.00

• Reinstatement – $25.00

• Card Replacement – $10.00

*If your fingerprints were taken over 90 days ago, then include a fingerprint card and fingerprint processing fee.

See: Arizona Department of Public Safety Website

Temporary registration certificate:  According to ARS 32-2624:  Before the required background screenings for an applicant are complete, the department may issue a forty-five-day security guard registration certificate or a forty-five-day armed security guard registration certificate to an applicant who is an honorably discharged veteran of the United States military and who has been discharged not more than three years before application.  The applicant who receives a forty-five-day security guard registration certificate pursuant to this section may work only for an agency licensee that provides the applicant preassignment training as prescribed in section 32-2632.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Arizona allows for reciprocal agreements between states with similar requirements. The code states in part:

32-2610. Reciprocal agreements; recognition
A. The department may enter into a reciprocal agreement with a state that has security guard qualification laws substantially similar to this chapter to allow a security guard registration to be used by the registrant within the jurisdiction of either this state or the other state. The department may enter into the agreement if the issuing authority for the other state meets all of the following conditions:

1. Issues a security guard identification card with an expiration date printed on the card.

2. Is available to verify the registration status for law enforcement purposes within three business days after a request for verification.

3. Has disqualification, suspension and revocation requirements for registrations.

4. Requires that the applicant for a registration submit to a criminal history records check pursuant to section 41-1750 and applicable federal law.

B. The department may recognize security guard registrations from states that have security guard qualification laws substantially similar to this chapter if the issuing authority for the other state meets all of the conditions prescribed in subsection A, paragraphs 1 through 4 of this section.

C. The reciprocal agreement or recognition shall be limited and is intended only to allow security guard agencies that maintain business operations in multiple states to use their security guards to meet temporary demands.  For a security guard from another state to work in this state, the department shall set appropriate restrictions that shall include the following provisions:

1. The security guard shall possess a security guard registration in good standing from another state.

2. The security guard shall be employed by a security guard agency licensed in this state that possesses a security guard agency license in both states in good standing.

3. The security guard shall work no more than thirty days in a calendar year in this state.

4. The security guard agency shall provide written notification to the department on a form provided by the department.

5. Security guards who possess only a temporary or provisional registration shall not be permitted to work in this state.

 

 

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years of age if applying to be a security guard, private investigator, or private investigator associate.
See: ARS 32-2622(1)

 

Citizenship

The applicant must be a citizen or legal resident who is authorized to seek employment in the United States.
See: ARS 32-2622(2)

Experience

None required.

Exemptions

•   Arizona peace officers are exempt from training requirements
•   Law enforcement officers working as security guards or traffic control officers are exempt from the laws governing security guards

ARS §32-2606
Registrations exceptions:
1. An officer or employee of the federal government, this state or a political subdivision of this state while the officer or employee is performing official duties.

2. An individual who performs security related work at:
(a) A commercial nuclear generating station that is subject to federal regulatory requirements.
(b) A company that is subject to department of defense regulatory requirements.

3. A company that employs security guards solely for use of and service to itself and not for others and that complies with the following requirements:

(a) If the company’s security guards are armed, each guard must complete sixteen hours of firearms training initially and complete an additional eight hours of refresher training each year thereafter.
(b) If the security guard wears a uniform or badge, the uniform or badge must strictly conform to the standards established by the department pursuant to this chapter.
(c) The company must annually submit an affidavit to the department that attests to the company’s compliance with its internal procedures that require a background investigation for each of its security guards.

4. The Arizona rangers organization as identified in section 41-4201, or authorized persons performing official Arizona ranger duties when in the service of a nonprofit organization recognized under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code.

According to ARS 32-2609: Good cause exceptions for misdemeanor and felony offenses:

A. If a person shows at a hearing to the board’s satisfaction that the person is not awaiting trial on or has not been convicted of committing any of the offenses listed in section 41-1758.03, subsection B, the board may grant a good cause exception for the following:

1. A misdemeanor offense if the person completed all terms of sentencing.
2. A felony offense if ten of more years have passed since the person completed all terms of sentencing.

B. Before granting a good cause exception at a hearing the board shall consider all of the following in accordance with board rule:

1. The extent of the person’s criminal record.
2. The length of time that has elapsed since the offense was committed.
3. The nature of the offense.
4. Evidence supporting any applicable mitigating circumstances.
5. Evidence supporting the degree to which the person participated in the offense.
6. Evidence supporting the extent of the person’s rehabilitation, including:

(a) Completion of probation, parole or community supervision.
(b) Whether the person paid restitution or other compensation for the offense.
(c) Evidence of positive action to change criminal behavior, such as completion of a drug treatment program or counseling.
(d) Personal references attesting to the person’s rehabilitation.

C. If seeking a good cause exception, at least five days before the hearing the applicant shall submit to the department any evidence the applicant will be presenting at the hearing.

Permit Required

None.

Requirement to carry an ID card

According to ARS §32-2623 every employee shall obtain a registration certificate.

The security guard shall have the security guard’s identification card in the security guard’s possession and display it when requested by the Department or any peace officer.
See: ACC R-13-6-104.F

ARS 32-2633Identification cards

Each holder of a license or registration certificate issued under this chapter shall obtain a standard identification card that is issued by the department. The department shall determine the size and design of the identification card and the card shall contain the following information:

1. Name of employee.

2. Date of expiration.

3. Photograph of employee.

4. Physical description of employee.

5. Employee’s registration number.

6. If the employee is an armed security guard, information identifying the employee as an armed security guard and the name of the authorizing employer.

7. Such other information as may be determined necessary by the director.

According to ARS 32-2624 (B)  An employee must obtain an armed security guard registration certificate and identification card for each sponsoring agency licensee.

An armed security guard employed by more than one licensee shall pay the fee required under ACC R-13-6-103(A)(15) and obtain an identification card for each licensee under which the armed security guard is employed.
See: ACC R-13-6-104.D

Moral Character

The legislation does not mention this requirement.

Fingerprint

The applicant’s fingerprints will be used to check the criminal history records of the FBI. The procedures for obtaining a change, correction, or updating of your criminal history record are set forth in Title 28, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Section 16.34.

For unarmed guards the fingerprint fee is $22.

 

Substance Abuse

According to the DPS web site list of disqualifiers, “applicants are deemed to not meet qualifications if, within the last 5 years preceding their application, they have been convicted of any misdemeanors, whether or not your conviction was subsequently Set Aside or Vacated, that involves:
• Narcotics (ARS §13, Chapter 34, or similar)”

Mental Health

See ARS 32-2622:  An applicant for an associate or a security guard registration certificate issued pursuant to this article shall

7. Not be either of the following:

(a) Adjudicated mentally incompetent.

(b) Found to constitute a danger to self or others pursuant to section 36-540.

8. Not have a disability as defined in section 41-1461, unless that person is a qualified individual as defined in section 41-1461.

9. Not have been convicted of acting or attempting to act as an associate, security guard or armed security guard without a license if a license was required

 

Criminal History Background Check

According to  AR 32-2622  a security guard applicant must:

3.  Not have been convicted of any felony or currently be under indictment for a felony.
4. Within the five years immediately preceding the application for an associate, security guard or armed security guard registration certificate, not have been convicted of any misdemeanor act involving:

(a) Personal violence or force against another person or threatening to commit any act of personal violence or force against another person.
(b) Misconduct involving a deadly weapon as provided in section 13-3102.
(c) Dishonesty or fraud.
(d) Arson.
(e) Theft.
(f) Domestic violence.
(g) A violation of title 13, chapter 34 or 34.1 or an offense that has the same elements as an offense listed in title 13, chapter 34 or 34.1.
(h) Sexual misconduct.

5. Not be on parole, on community supervision, on work furlough, on home arrest, on release on any other basis or named in an outstanding arrest warrant.

6. Not be serving a term of probation pursuant to a conviction for any act of personal violence or domestic violence, as defined in section 13-3601, or an offense that has the same elements as an offense listed in section 13-3601.

7. Not be either of the following:

(a) Adjudicated mentally incompetent.
(b) Found to constitute a danger to self or others pursuant to section 36-540.

8. Not have a disability as defined in section 41-1461, unless that person is a qualified individual as defined in section 41-1461.

9. Not have been convicted of acting or attempting to act as an associate, security guard or armed security guard without a license if a license was required.

10. Not be a registered sex offender.

According to ARS 32-2622:  An applicant for an armed security guard registration certificate issued pursuant to this chapter shall:

B1. Meet the requirements of subsection A of this section.

2. Except as provided in section 32-2624, successfully complete all background screening and training requirements.

3. Not be a prohibited possessor as defined in section 13-3101 or as described in 18 United States Code section 922.

4. Not have been discharged from the armed services of the United States under other than honorable conditions.

5. Not have been convicted of any crime involving domestic violence as defined in section 13-3601.

 

See also 32-2609. Good cause exceptions for misdemeanor and felony offenses

 

Personal References

None mentioned

Training Requirements

The applicant must complete the 8-hour pre-assignment unarmed training course. The unarmed training verification (security guard training form) must be signed and dated by a registered unarmed general security guard trainer and a security guard agency representative.

As required by ARS §32-2613 and ARS §32-2632, training must be provided to Security Guards by the employing agency (currently certified AZ peace officers are exempt from training requirements). The curriculum of the training program must cover:

•   Orientation
•   Criminal Law
•   Uniform
•   Communications
•   Use of Force
•   General Procedures
•   Crime Scene
•   Ethics
•   First Response

See: Full curriculum outline

Refresher Training:  The qualifying party of a security guard agency shall ensure that a person employed as a security guard by the agency completes eight hours of refresher training before renewing the security guard’s registration certificate. The curriculum consists of:

  • Criminal law and laws of arrest
  • Use of force
  • General security guard procedures
  • Crime scene preservation and first response
  • Ethics, and
  • Emergency response procedures
    See: AAC R13-6-602

Firearms Training:  The qualifying party of a security guard agency shall ensure that in addition to completing the pre-assignment training described in R13-6-601 and refresher training described in R13-6-602, a security guard who will use a firearm within the scope of the security guard’s employment with the agency completes:
1. Sixteen hours of initial firearms-safety instruction before being assigned to a position requiring that a firearm be carried, and
2. Eight hours of annual refresher firearms-safety instruction in the use of the weapon used by the security guard before renewing the security guard’s registration certificate.
See: AAC R13-6-603

The qualifying party shall ensure that firearms-safety training is provided by an instructor who is certified by the Department under R13-6-702 and uses the curriculum established by the
Department

See: AAC R13-6-603

Armed training is only valid for one calendar year. The signed armed refresher training certification form must be provided to DPS. This must be received at DPS no later than January 5 of the following year.

If the Armed Security Guard firearms refresher training is not received by DPS for each calendar year, then your Armed Security Guard registration certificate(s) may be suspended. To reinstate your armed guard card, you will have to provide an armed training verification form showing 16 hours of armed training.

 

Exam Requirement

Not Required.

Child Support

Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 25-517 through 25-519; Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 32-3701
Failure to comply with subpoenas or warrants relating to paternity or child support proceedings, may bring to a suspension or revocation of an occupational license

Arkansas: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Arkansas

Legislation/Source:

Arkansas Code Title 17 ‐ Professions, Occupations, and Businesses
Subtitle 2 – Nonmedical Professions
Chapter 40 – Private Investigators and Private Security Agencies
And
Department of Arkansas State Police Rules for Licensing and Regulation of Private Investigators, Private Security Agencies, Alarm Systems Companies, Polygraph Examiners, and Voice Stress Analysis Examiners

Authorizing Department

Arkansas State Police
One State Police Plaza Drive
Little Rock, AR 72209
Phone:501-618-8600
Email: info@asp.arkansas.gov
Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Arkansas full licensure is reserved to security businesses alone. Individuals employed by such licensed business are required to obtain “Credentials”, an authorization granted by the Department of Arkansas State Police to an individual to perform the duties of a private security officer.

The Private Security Officer(PSO) is the unarmed officer while the state designated the Commissioned Security Officer(CSO) as the armed officer. In both cases, the PSO and CSO must file an application.
AR Code §17-40-102 (29) provides the following definition of the PSO:
Private security officer” means any individual employed by a security services contractor or the security department of a private business to perform the duties of a security guard, security watchman, security patrolman, or armored car company.

Proprietary security officers are exempt from the requirement to register.
See: AR Code §17-40-103(a)(1)

Fees (for PSO):
$40.00 – Application Fee
$22.00 – State Background Check Fee
$11.25 – Federal Background Check Fee
$1.00 – Federal Background/INA Fee
$2.00 – Federal Background Check Fee
$76.25 Total

See: PSO Application Form

The credential expires two years from the date of issuance. (See: AR Code §17-40-313(a)(1))

Renewal training must be completed and the applicant must submit certification that
the renewal training requirements have been met before a credential or commission will be
renewed. (See Rule 10.9)

The same amount ($76.25) needs to be submitted by a check or money order to renew.
See:PSO Application Renew Form

If a licensee hires an individual required to be credentialed by the Department, the licensee must file an application to obtain a credential for the employee within 14 days of the hire. See: PSO Application Form

Temporary licensure:  According to the  PSO Application Form, “The applicant may work under the supervision of the licensee or credential holder until the application has been processed by the department.** “Supervision” is defined as the licensee or credential holder watching and directing the applicant’s activities while in the immediate presence (line of sight proximity) of the applicant at all times. 

 

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Arkansas clearly prohibits any security services without licensure by its licensing authority.

§17-40-301 (a)(2)
License required. It shall be unlawful Perform any service as or engage in the business or business activity of a security services contractor or alarm systems company unless the person has obtained a license as a securities services contractor or alarm systems company under this chapter.

According to Rule 2.4: (Rules updated in 2020)

Reciprocity & Temporary Licensing – An applicant who holds a substantially similar license, credential, or commission in another state, territory, or district of the United States may obtain a reciprocal or temporary Arkansas license, credential, or commission as follows:

(a) An applicant for a polygraph examiner license or a private investigator credential must meet the qualifications set forth in A.C.A. § 17-39-205 or § 17-40-353.
(b) An applicant for any other reciprocal license, credential, or commission must demonstrate that he or she:

(i) Holds the license, credential, or commission in good standing;
(ii) Has not had his or her license, credential, or commission revoked for an act of bad faith or a violation of law, rule, or ethics;
(iii) Is not holding any suspended or probationary license, credential, or commission;
(iv) Is sufficiently competent in his or her field;
(v) Has been actively and lawfully engaged in the particular profession requiring the license, credential, or commission for one (1) or more years prior to submitting the reciprocal application; and
(vi) Has completed any Arkansas-specific education or training required by the particular license, credential, or commission;

(c) An applicant for a reciprocal license, credential, or commission who resides in a state, territory, or district of the United States that does not require licensure to practice a profession covered by this subchapter must demonstrate that he or she:

(i) Has not had his or her license, credential, or commission revoked for an act of bad faith or a violation of law, rule, or ethics;
(ii) Is not holding any suspended or probationary license, credential, or commission;
(iii) Is sufficiently competent in his or her field;
(iv) Has been actively and lawfully engaged in the particular profession requiring the license, credential, or commission for five (5) or more years prior to submitting the reciprocal application; and
(v) Has completed any Arkansas-specific education or training required by the particular license, credential, or commission;

(d) An applicant who meets the requirements of subsections (a), (b), or (c), above, may obtain a 90-day temporary license, credential, or commission upon request. The applicant seeking the reciprocal or temporary license, credential, or commission must submit the required forms, non-refundable application fee, and national and state background check fees. The applicant must also have his or her background check successfully completed through state and federal background check systems.

Age Requirements

The applicant for a PSO must be at least 18 years of age at the time of application.
See: AR Code §17-40-306(a)(1)

A CSO applicant must be at least 21 years of age.
See: AR Code §17-40-337(a)(1)

Citizenship

Must be U.S. Citizen or legal resident. According to the application, for a non- U.S. citizen the person must be able to provide proof of eligibility to work in the U.S.

See: PSO Application Form and CSO Application form

Experience

None required

Exemptions

The exemptions listed under §17-40-103, are as follows:
(a)   This chapter does not apply to:
(1) A person employed exclusively and regularly by one (1) employer in connection with the affairs of that employer only and where there exists an employer-employee relationship;
(2) An officer or employee of the United States, of this state, or of a political subdivision of either, while the employee or officer is engaged in the performance of official duties;
(3) A person not in the employ of another law enforcement officer and who has part-time or full-time employment as a law enforcement officer and who is certified by the Arkansas Commission on Law Enforcement Standards and Training as a law enforcement officer and receives compensation for private employment on an individual or an independent contractor basis as a patrolman, guard, or watchman if the person is:
(A) Employed in an employee-employer relationship; or
(B) Employed on an individual contractual basis

See: AR Code §17-40-103 for a full list of exemptions.

Training exemption: According to the PSO Application  and Rule 10.6, certified law enforcement officers are exempt from the training requirements. The officer must be a current, active law enforcement officer.

 

Permit Required

The Director of the Department of Arkansas State Police may determine the qualifications for and issue an authorization to carry a firearm in the form of a commission to a qualified security officer or qualified school security officer that shall be held during the course of his or her employment.
See: AR Code §17-40-330

Requirement to carry an ID card

Rule 5.5. Identification – All licensed, credentialed, or commissioned individuals shall wear their pocket identification or credential card in plain sight while performing any functiondescribed in A.C.A. § 17-40-102 and produce said card upon request in such a manner thatenables the requestor to identify the licensee, credential holder, or commission holder.

Moral Character

A.C.A. § 17-40-307 (a) (8-9) An application for a license or credential under this chapter shall be in the form prescribed by the Director of the Department of Arkansas State Police and shall include:

(8) A verified statement disclosing any record of arrests, pending criminal charges, or convictions of the applicant of a felony, Class A misdemeanor, a crime involving an act of violence, or any crime involving moral turpitude, including those that have been sealed or expunged;

(9) Information that may be required by the director that would show that the applicant is honest, trustworthy, and of good character.

Fingerprint

The applicant shall submit two classifiable sets of fingerprints.
See: AR Code §17-40-307(a)(6)

The applicant’s fingerprints must be submitted to be used to check the criminal history records of the FBI as noted on the PSO application.

Rule 2.6. Fingerprinting for initial application – In the event a legible and classifiable
set of fingerprints cannot be obtained, as determined by the Division or the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, the applicant shall be contacted and shall be required to be fingerprinted again.
After two (2) unsuccessful fingerprint card submissions, a name search through the FBI will be
conducted. Electronic capture of the fingerprints of the applicant on a device and in a manner
approved by the Director is allowed. The Director shall determine the applicant’s eligibility for
licensing only after successful completion of the FBI fingerprint-based check.

Substance Abuse

The applicant must not be suffering from habitual drunkenness or from narcotics addiction or dependence.
See: AR Code §17-40-306(a)(2)

Mental Health

The applicant must not have been adjudicated as mentally incompetent or have been involuntarily committed to a mental institution or to a mental health treatment facility.
See: ACA §17-40-306(a)(5) and ACA § 17-40-337 (a)(7)

Criminal History Background Check

The applicant must list all arrests, pending criminal charges, pleas of nolo contendere, pleas of guilty, or convictions for any felony, Class A misdemeanor, crime involving an act of violence, or crime involving moral turpitude.

Every applicant for a commissioned security officer will potentially have background check by the Arkansas State Police and through the Arkansas State Hospital and Veterans Administration Hospital, medical doctor, police agencies, the Arkansas Crime Information Center, Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Crime Information Center, Interstate Information Index, credit reporting agencies, former employers, and former business associates to furnish information from their records to the Arkansas State Police.

See: PSO Application Form

Each first-time applicant for credential shall apply to the Department of Arkansas State Police for a state and national criminal background check to be conducted by the department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
See: AR Code §17-40-307(e)(1)(A)

The director shall not issue a credential or renew an existing credential of a person who has been found guilty of or pleaded nolo contendere to one or more of the following in any court in the State of Arkansas or to a comparable offense in another state or in a military or federal court for which a pardon has been granted:
•  (A) A felony;
•  (B) A Class A misdemeanor involving theft, sexual offenses, violence, an element of dishonesty, or a crime against a person as determined by the department under subsection (e) of this section; or
•  (C) An attempted felony or solicitation or conspiracy to commit a felony that is classified as a Class A misdemeanor.

(2) An individual shall not be denied issuance of a license or credential or renewal of an existing license or credential if the individual by any court has been found guilty of or pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to any misdemeanor if the person was found guilty of or pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to the misdemeanor ten (10) or more years before the date of the application for issuance or renewal.
(3) For purposes of this subsection, the state and national criminal background check shall include a record of all offenses that have been previously sealed or expunged by any court.

The applicant must not be a registered sex offender or be required to register as a sex offender.
See: AR Code §17-40-306(a)(6)

 

Commisioned Security Officers (CSO’s): 

(a) A commission as a commissioned security officer or a commissioned school security officer shall not be issued under this chapter to an individual who:

2) Has been found guilty of or who has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to any of the following offenses, whether or not those offenses have been sealed or expunged:
(A) An offense listed under § 17-40-306(d);
(B) A crime involving the use of a firearm; or
(C) A crime involving the use of alcohol while in possession of a firearm;
(3) Has committed an act that would be grounds for suspension or revocation under this chapter;
(4) Does not meet the qualifications for a commission as determined by the Director of the Division of Arkansas State Police;
(5) May not lawfully possess a firearm;
(6)
(A) Has not successfully completed a state and national criminal background check to be conducted by the Division of Arkansas State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(B) Criminal history records from the Arkansas Crime Information Center shall be available to the director for review of the applicant’s qualifications.
(C) The state and national criminal background check shall conform to applicable federal standards and shall include the taking of fingerprints.
(D) The individual applicant shall sign a release of information to the director and shall make payment of any fee associated with the state and national criminal background check;
(8) Is a registered sex offender or required to be registered as a sex offender under the Sex Offender Registration Act of 1997, § 12-12-901 et seq.;

See: AR Code §17-40-337

The Director of the Department of Arkansas State Police may deny, suspend, or revoke a commission as a commissioned school security officer or a commission as a commissioned security officer if the applicant for a commission or the commission holder is indicted or arrested for one (1) of the following offenses or a comparable offense in another state:
(1)   A felony;
(2)   A Class A misdemeanor;
(3)   A crime involving an act of violence;
(4)   A crime involving the use of a firearm;
(5)   A crime involving the use of alcohol or drugs while in possession of a firearm;
(6)   A crime that results in the person’s disqualifying himself or herself from legally possessing a firearm under state or federal law; or
(7)   A crime involving moral turpitude.
See: AR Code §17-40-344

 

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

An applicant for a PSO credential must complete Phase I training requirements (eight hours) and pass an examination administered by the Training Administrator, Assistant Training Administrator, or Trainer.

Rule 10.3. Phase I – the training requirements for Phase I must be taught to all PSO, CSO, and CSSO applicants and shall consist of eight (8) hours minimum on the following subjects:

(a) Legal Authority

(i) Legal authority of PSOs;
(ii) Classification of crimes;
(iii) Arrests and detentions by PSOs;
(iv) Use of force, including:

(1) Non-deadly force;
(2) Deadly force;
(3) Civil penalties; and
(4) Criminal penalties.

(v) Case studies and discussion;

(1) Common crimes encountered by PSOs;
(2) Other crimes; and
(3) Appropriate actions for PSOs.

(vi) Company/site/account specific legal issues – discussion geared toward the specific legal issues relating to the type of property to which the PSO is assigned (e.g. college, school, university, hotel, bar, etc.); and
(vii) A.C.A. §§ 17-40-101, et seq. and these Rules, including:

(1) Purpose of the statute;
(2) Who is covered by the statute;
(3) Definitions;
(4) Minimum qualifications for PSOs, CSOs, and CSSOs, including, but
not limited to:

a. Disqualifying factors;
b. Fee structure; and
c. Renewals.

(5) PSO, CSO, and CSSO responsibilities;
(6) Key provisions of the statute, including:

a. Training requirements;
b. Reporting requirements; and
c. Penalties for violations.

(b) Field Note Taking and Report Writing

(i) Importance and purpose of reports;
(ii) Required equipment and an explanation of importance;
(iii) Notebook contents and an explanation of importance;
(iv) The six (6) most important questions that must be answered by a report;
(v) A review of basic English grammar, and writing skills; and
(vi) Practical exercises, such as:

(1) A review of several examples of well written reports;
(2) A review of several examples of poorly written reports; and
(3) Practice of writing one or more reports and critique by the instructor.

 

Rule 10.4. Phase II – In addition to Phase I training, the training requirements for Phase II must be taught to all CSO and CSSO applicants and shall consist of sixteen (16) hours minimum (at least eight (8) hours in the classroom and eight (8) hours on the firing range) on the following subjects:

(a) Use of Deadly Force and Arkansas Law

(i) Relevant statutes and case law;
(ii) Discussion about fleeing individuals;
(iii) Discussion of the criminal ramifications of firing a warning shot;
(iv) Criminal penalties;
(v) Civil penalties; and
(vi) Other considerations.

(b) Weapons and Safety

(i) Fundamental firearm safety;
(ii) Weapons nomenclature;
(iii) Cleaning and maintenance;
(iv) Storage; and
(v) Weapon retention.

(c) Live Fire Training, Marksmanship, and Qualifications

(i) Range procedures and range safety;
(ii) Fundamentals of firearms;
(iii) Holster drills;
(iv) Movement drills;
(v) Dry fire exercises;
(vi) Clearing stoppages;
(vii) Practice and evaluation;
(viii) Tactical and emergency reloading;
(ix) Pistol qualification course – the course must mirror the Arkansas Commission
on Law Enforcement Standards and Training (www.clest.org) firearms qualification course; and
(x) Rifle or shotgun qualification course – required if a CSO is required to carry a rifle or shotgun during the course of their employment – the course must mirror the www.clest.orgrifle/shotgun qualification course.

See: PSO and CSO Training Pages.

See: The Security Guard License Guide for more details.

Prove of successful completion of the training has to be provided with the application.
See: PSO Application Form

 

REFRESHER TRAINING:

Rule 10.9. Renewal training requirements – renewal training for a PSO, CSO, or CSSO is required every two (2) years and must be completed within the twelve (12) month period prior to renewal. Renewal training must be completed and the applicant must submit certification that the renewal training requirements have been met before a credential or commission will be renewed. An individual may count completed hours of renewal training toward the minimum hours of refresher training required to be completed each year.

Rule 10.10. Renewal training requirements for PSOs – the training requirements for renewal of a PSO credential shall consist of a minimum of six (6) hours. The training shall include, but not be limited to, the subjects found in Phase I as described in Rule 10.3, above.

Rule 10.11. Renewal training requirements for CSOs – the training requirements for renewal of a CSO commission shall consist of a minimum of twelve (12) hours. The training shall include, but not be limited to, the subjects found in Phase I and Phase II, as described in Rule 10.4 and Rule 10.5, above. The renewal training shall include firing range qualification on an ALETA qualification course and a safety course.

Exam Requirement

Rule 10.0. Private Security Officer (PSO) – An applicant for a PSO credential must complete Phase I training requirements and pass an examination administered by the Training Administrator, Assistant Training Administrator, or Trainer.

Rule 10.1. Commissioned Security Officer (CSO) – An applicant for a CSO credential must complete Phase I and Phase II training requirements and pass an examination administered by the Training Administrator, Assistant Training Administrator, or Trainer

Rule 10.16. PSO, CSO, and CSSO examination – An applicant for a credential or
commission under this Section must demonstrate his or her qualifications by successfully
completing an examination developed and administered by a Training Administrator or Assistant
Training Administrator covering A.C.A. § 17-40-101, et seq. and these Rules.

(a) The length and topics covered by the examination are as follows:

(i) PSO examination – minimum of seventy (70) questions on the subjects found
in Phase I as described in Rule 10.3, above
(ii) CSO examination – minimum of one hundred (100) questions on the subjects
found in Phase I and Phase II as described in Rule 10.3 and Rule 10.4, above.
(iii) CSSO examination – minimum of 120 questions on the subjects found in
Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III as described in Rule 10.3, Rule 10.4, and Rule
10.5, above.

(b) The applicant must take the examination in person. If the applicant is a partnership or
corporation, the manager and any branch manager must take the examination.
(c) Scoring seventy percent (70%) or above on the examination constitutes successful
completion.
(d) If an applicant fails to successfully complete the required examination he or she:

(i) Must wait five 5 working days to be eligible to retake the test; and
(ii) Pay a re-examination fee of $50.00 if the test is administered by the Division.

(e) Failure to successfully complete the examination after two (2) attempts shall result in
cancellation of the pending application. Upon cancellation, the applicant must re-apply as
a new applicant and is subject to pay the required application fees.

 

 

Child Support

The Department is required by Arkansas Law to suspend a license, credential, or commission if so ordered by the Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE).
See: Rule 6.5 Suspension for non-payment of child support

California: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for California

Legislation/Source:

California Business and Professions Code
Chapter 11.4 Proprietary Security Services, Sections 7574-7576
Chapter 11.5 Private Security Services, Sections 7580-7588.8
And
Barclays Official California Code of Regulations
Title 16. Professional and Vocational Regulations
Division 7. Bureau of Security and Investigative Services

Alerts

In October 2021, California Governor Gavin Newsom signed AB 229 into law. Among other things, this new law expands the duty of California Private Patrol Operators (PPOs) to report “incidents” that occur by security officers on duty. Not only does it greatly enlarge the obligation and the circumstances of reporting, but citations for failure to report have just increased from $1,000 per violation to $5,000 per violation. This requirement took effect immediately.

The New Rule:

The Private Security Services Act, Business & Professions Code § 7583.2 now requires a written Incident Report to BSIS within 7 business days of the occurrence of any of the following:

  1.  Discharge of a Firearm
  2.  Physical altercation with a member of the public while on duty that results in any of the following:

-Arrest of a security guard.
-Filing of a police report by a member of the public.
-Member of the public requiring any type of first aid or other medical attention.
-The discharge, suspension, or reprimand of a security guard by their employer.
-Any physical use of force or violence on any person while on duty.

 

The new law also adds a requirement for Use of Force Training.  This piece of the legislation will take effect in 2023.

Authorizing Department

California Department of Consumer Affairs
Bureau of Security and Investigative Services

P.O. Box 989002
West Sacramento, CA 95798-9002
Phone: (916) 322-4000

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In California only private security businesses are required to obtain licensure while individual employees, including proprietary security guards, must register with the department.

There are two categories of individual registration in California:
I. Security guard

Security guards are employed by licensed private patrol operators or private security employers to protect persons or property or prevent theft as defined in Business and Professions Code (BPC) Section 7582.1.

Security Guard Registration applicants are not required to be employed at the time filing for registration. Upon commencing employment, the employer has to report the employee to the board.

California permits both paper and online applications for registration purposes.
See: Security Guard application form

Fees:
$55   Initial Application fee
$49   LiveScan Fingerprinting fees

Business and Professions Code Section 7574.11 (f) 
License must be renewed every two years.
$40   Renewal fee
$65   Delinquent Renewal Fee ($40 renewal fee + $25 delinquency fee)
$25   Replacement Guard Card Fee

See: Security Guard Fact Sheet

II. Proprietary Private Security Officer

A proprietary private security officer is defined generally as an unarmed individual, (1) who is employed exclusively by a single employer, (2) whose primary duty is to provide security services for that employer, (3) whose services are not contracted to any other entity or person, and (4) who meets both of the following criteria:
a.   He or she is required to wear a distinctive uniform clearly identifying the individual as a security officer, and
b.   He or she is likely to interact with the public while performing his or her duties.
See: CA Bus & Prof Code §7574.01

Fees:
$55   Initial Application fee
$49   LiveScan Fingerprinting fees

License must be renewed every two years.
$40   Renewal fee
$65   Delinquent Renewal Fee
$25   Replacement Guard Card Fee

See: Proprietary Security Officer Fact Sheet

See: New Fee schedules effective July 1, 2018

Special Exception
California, in deference to its movie and film industry, exempts unarmed uniformed security officers from registration requirements when working for the industry. The regulations designate an exemption to those “employed exclusively and regularly by a motion picture studio facility employer.”
See: 7582 q

 

Armed Security:  BSIS issues Firearms Permits (also referred to as a “Firearms Qualification Card (FQ)” or “Exposed Firearms Permit”) as specified in Article 4 (commencing with Section 7540) of Chapter 11.3, Article 4 (commencing with Section 7583) of Chapter 11.5 and Article 6 (commencing with Section 7596) of Chapter 11.6 of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code (BPC).
See: Firearms Permit Fact Sheet

Firearms Assessment:  Effective July 1, 2018, a BSIS security guard registrant seeking an initial BSIS firearms permit must complete an assessment for the purposes of determining whether he/she possesses, at the time of the assessment, appropriate judgment, restraint, and self-control to carry a firearm while on duty (Business and Professions Code Sections 7583.23 and 7583.47).

NOTE: Effective January 1, 2022, the assessment must be completed prior to submitting an Application for an Initial Firearms Permit. This is a significant change. Prior practice was to take the assessment AFTER you applied; as of January 1, 2022, you must take it PRIOR to applying for a firearms permit.

See Firearms Permit Assessment

See separate applications for initial vs renewal firearms applications:

 

 

 

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

California Code, Business and Professions Code – BCP § 7583.9:
Upon accepting employment by a private patrol operator, any employee who performs the function of a security guard or security patrol person who is not currently registered with the bureau, shall complete an application for registration on a form as prescribed by the director, and obtain two classifiable fingerprint cards for submission to the Department of Justice.

Age Requirements

I. Security Guard
California Business and Professions Code, Section 7582.8:
Applicant must be at least 18 years of age

II. Proprietary Private Security Officer
Applicant must be at least 18 years of age
See: Proprietary Security Officer Fact Sheet

ARMED GUARDS: To be eligible for a BSIS Firearms Permit, applicants must be at least 21 years of age (BPC Sections 7542.2, 7583.23, and 7596.3).

See: Firearms Permit Fact Sheet

Citizenship

Although the legislation does not dictate this requirement, the applicants are required to provide their social security or tax identification number.

ARMED GUARDS: To be eligible for a BSIS Firearms Permit, applicants must be a citizen of the United States or have permanent legal alien status (BPC Sections 7542.2, 7583.23, and 7596.3)

See: Firearms Permit Fact Sheet

Experience

None required

Exemptions

I. Security Guard

If you are a currently employed, full time peace officer holding peace officer status under Chapter 4.5, (commencing with section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2 of the Penal Code, or a level I or level II reserve officer under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 832.6 of the Penal Code and have completed a course of study in the exercise of the power to arrest approved by the Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training then you are not required to complete a Power to Arrest course approved by the Bureau at a Bureau certified Training Facility. Furthermore, you are exempt from the live scan (electronic submission of fingerprints and the subsequent automated background checks and responses) requirement if you are only applying for a security guard registration.

II. Proprietary Private Security Officer:
This chapter shall not apply to the following: (a) An officer or employee of the United States of America, or of this state or a political subdivision thereof, while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of his or her official duties, including uniformed peace officers employed part time by a public agency pursuant to a written agreement between a chief of police or sheriff and the public agency, provided the part-time employment does not exceed 50 hours in a calendar month.
See: CA Bus & Prof Code §7574.14 for a full list of exemptions.

 

Armed Guards:

As stated in the California Department of Consumer Affairs, Bureau of Security and Investigative Services Firearms Training Manual (dated January 2022):

Exemption from Completion of BSIS Firearms Training Course
Who is Eligible: A peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of
Title 3 of Part 2 of the Penal Code, is exempt from completing the BSIS Firearms Training
Course if he/she has successfully completed a course of study in the use of firearms [BPC
Section 7583.22]. NOTE: Issuance of a firearms permit is contingent upon the applicant being
approved for or already holding a qualifying license (i.e., security guard registration, private
patrol operator license, or qualified manager associated with a license.)

Proof for Exemption: The following documentation is acceptable to demonstrate eligibility and
prior training: a photocopy of the front and back of the peace officer’s identification card to
demonstrate peace officer status and a letter from the officer’s current Commanding Officer
attesting to the officer’s completion of firearms training, a copy of the officer’s Basic or
Specialized Basic POST course completion certificate or a copy of the officer’s POST profile
detailing completion of Basic or Specialized Basic training in the use of firearms.

 

Exemption from BSIS Range Requalification for Renewal of Firearms Permit
Who is Eligible: A duly appointed peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with
Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2 of the Penal Code, who is authorized to carry a firearm in the
course of their law enforcement duties and has successfully completed requalification training
with their law enforcement agency is exempt from the BSIS firearm range requalification
requirements [BPC Section 7583.32].

Proof for Exemption: The following documentation is acceptable to demonstrate eligibility and
prior training: a photocopy of the front and back of the peace officer’s identification card to
demonstrate peace officer status and a firearms requalification training completion document
signed by the agency’s Range Master, a copy of the officer’s POST profile detailing the
requalification(s), or a letter signed by the officer’s commanding officer or agency’s Range
Master, on the law enforcement agency’s letterhead, attesting to the officer’s successful
completion of firearms requalification training

Also:

1.   An active duty peace officer may carry an exposed or concealed weapon while on duty as a security guard provided all of the following conditions are satisfied: The peace officer is employed as a security guard and is either on the pay-roll (paid on a W-2) of a private patrol operator (i.e. paid with a W-2), or is employed by a proprietary private security employer (i.e. such as in-house security) and is an employee (not a subcontractor) of the employer (i.e. a VIP being protected). While on duty as an armed security guard, the peace officer must possess a guard registration card and an exposed weapon permit issued by the bureau. An active duty peace officer is not required to complete the Bureau’s firearm course nor satisfy the bureau’s twice-a-year range requalifications. An active duty or level I or II reserve peace officer is exempt from the training and the requalifying requirements as long as they are required to requalify with their law enforcement employer. An active duty peace officer who contracts to provide armed security services must possess a private patrol operator’s license issued by the bureau.

2.   An honorably retired peace officer with an endorsement from a law enforcement agency to carry a concealed weapon may carry a concealed weapon while on duty as a private patrol operator (qualified manager), security guard, private investigator (qualified manager), alarm company qualified manager or alarm agent, provided that he/she has a valid private patrol operator license, security guard registration, private investigator license, alarm company qualified manager license or alarm agent registration, and a valid firearm permit issued by the bureau. Retired peace officers must complete the bureau’s course of fire and the twice-a-year requalification requirements.

3.   Reserve peace officers authorized and qualified by their agency to carry a firearm are exempt from completing the twice-a-year two-hour course review and range requalifications. Reserve peace officers not authorized and qualified to carry a firearm while on duty must complete the twice-a-year course review and the range requalifications (California Code of Regulations, Section 633(e)). Reserve peace officers must submit proof from their agency that they are authorized and qualified to carry a firearm in order to be exempt from the requalification requirements.

Permit Required

In California, “Permit” means any license, certificate, registration or any other form of authorization required by state agency to engage in a particular activity.
See:16 CCR §601.4

 

ARMED GUARDS:

A Bureau of Security and Investigative Services Firearms Permit is required.

See: Instructions on how to obtain and comply with firearms laws and regulations

A new law went into effect on July 1, 2018 that requires a BSIS security guard registrant seeking to associate a BSIS Firearms Permit to the guard registration to complete an assessment to demonstrate that they are capable, at the time the assessment is completed, of demonstrating appropriate judgment, restraint and self-control for the purposes of carrying and using a firearm when performing security guard duties. (Business and Professions Code Section 7583.23 and 7583.47).

NOTE: Effective January 1, 2022, the assessment must be completed prior to submitting an Application for an Initial Firearms Permit. This is a significant change. Prior practice was to take the assessment AFTER you applied; as of January 1, 2022, you must take it PRIOR to applying for a firearms permit.

See separate forms for initial application vs renewal application:

Requirement to carry an ID card

I. Security Guard
California requires a Photo ID for Security Officer Registrants.
See Bureau of Security and Investigative Services Photo ID Card Instructions

A security guard must possess a valid and current security guard registration card on his or her person while on duty.
See: Fact sheet and CA Bus & Prof Code §7583.3(a)

Licensees shall at any times while in the course of their duties maintain in their possession any bureau-issued identification cards relevant to the duties being performed.
See: 16 CCR §608.3

II. Proprietary Private Security Officer
The individual must obtain and carry an PSO card.
The PSO card will be mailed upon successful registration.
See: Proprietary Security Officer Fact Sheet

A person registered as a proprietary private security officer shall carry on his or her person, while on duty, a valid and current proprietary private security officer’s registration card or a hard copy printout of the bureau’s approval from the bureau’s Internet Web site and either a valid driver’s license issued pursuant to Section 12811 of the Vehicle Code or a valid identification card issued pursuant to Section 13000 of the Vehicle Code.
See: CA Bus & Prof Code §7574.22

Moral Character

No baseline requirement

Fingerprint

I. Security Guard

Fingerprints are submitted electronically through the Live Scan system to the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

Applicants are responsible for paying all Live Scan, DOJ and FBI processing fees at the time of fingerprinting.

See here for the Security Guard Request for Live Scan Form
See here for the Live Scan Locations

Retrieved from Security Guard Fact Sheet

Exemption from Fingerprint Submission Requirement: If you are a California peace officer as specified above and are seeking an exemption from the fingerprint requirement, you must provide proof of your current sworn status.

II. Proprietary Private Security Officer

An application for a proprietary private security officer shall include the submission of fingerprints to the Department of Justice.
See: CA Bus & Prof Code §7574.11
Fingerprints are submitted electronically through the Live Scan system to the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

Applicants are required to prepare three identical duplicates (copies) of a Proprietary Security Officer Live Scan Form.
Fees payable the Live Scan Operator:
$32.00   DOJ Fingerprint Processing Fee
$17.00   FBI Fingerprint Processing Fee
SubTotal: $49.00
In addition, a processing fee at the Live Scan site incurs. Each Live Scan site sets its processing fee, which can vary within a range established by law. BSIS does not set the fee.

See here for the Live Scan Locations

Retrieved from Proprietary Private Security Officer Fact Sheet

(c)The director may refuse to approve a proprietary private security officer registration pursuant to Section 7574.11 to a person who has committed any act or crime constituting grounds for denial under Section 480.

 

ARMED GUARDS:

Applicants for a BSIS Firearms Permit must submit their fingerprints electronically through the Live Scan system to the FBI and the DOJ.

See here for the Security Guard Request for Live Scan Form
See here for the Live Scan Locations

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement

 

Mental Health

No baseline requirement for unarmed guards

 

For ARMED GUARDS:

Firearms Assessment
A BSIS Security Guard registrant seeking an initial BSIS Firearms Permit must pass an
assessment for the purposes of determining whether he/she possesses, at the time of the
assessment, appropriate judgment, restraint, and self- control to carry a firearm while on
duty, within the six months preceding the date the application is submitted to the Bureau
(BPC Sections 7583.23 and 7583.47).

NOTE: Effective January 1, 2022, the assessment must be completed prior to submitting an Application for an Initial Firearms Permit. This is a significant change. Prior practice was to take the assessment AFTER you applied; as of January 1, 2022, you must take it PRIOR to applying for a firearms permit.

See Firearms Assessment Information

See Firearms Permit Fact Sheet

Criminal History Background Check

I. Security Guard

Applicants for a BSIS Security Guard Registration must undergo a criminal history background check through the California Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

Applicants are responsible for paying all Live Scan, DOJ and FBI processing fees at the time of fingerprinting.

See here for the Security Guard Request for Live Scan Form
See here for the Live Scan Locations

Retrieved from Security Guard Fact Sheet

II. Proprietary Private Security Officer

Applicants must undergo a criminal history background check through the California Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

See here for the Proprietary Security Officer Live Scan Form
See here for the Live Scan Locations

Retrieved from Proprietary Private Security Officer Fact Sheet

California Business and Professions Code section 7583.9:
(e)   Upon receipt of an applicant’s electronic or hard card fingerprints as provided in this section, the Department of Justice shall disseminate the following information to the bureau:

(1)   Every conviction rendered against the applicant.
(2)   Every arrest for an offense for which the applicant is presently awaiting trial, whether the applicant is incarcerated or has been released on bail or on his or her own recognizance pending trial.

ARMED GUARDS:

Applicants must undergo a criminal history background check through the FBI and the DOJ.

Applicants for a BSIS Firearms Permit must not be prohibited from owning or possessing any firearm pursuant to State or Federal Law.

In addition to completing the required Live Scan, applicants must also complete and submit the Firearm Eligibility Application to DOJ and pay the $38.00 application fee to the Live Scan operator.
See here for the Security Guard Firearm Request for Live Scan Form
See here for the Live Scan Locations

 

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

I. Security Guard

•   The power to arrest training must be completed prior to the issuance of a Security Guard Registration (BPC Sections 7583.6 and 7583.8);
•   The thirty-two (32) hours of training in security officer skills must be completed within the first six (6) months of licensure;
•   Eight (8) hours of continuing training must be completed annually (BPC 7583.6 and CCR 643);
•   The training may be administered by the guard’s employing private patrol operator or by a Bureau-approved course provider.

For a detailed list of courses and training please see Security Guard Training Regulation
Retrieved from Security Guard Fact Sheet

II. Proprietary Security Officer

Except for a person who has completed the course of training required by Section 7583.45, a person registered and hired as a proprietary private security officer shall complete training in security officer skills within six months from the date upon which registration is issued, or within six months of his or her employment with a proprietary private security employer.
See: CA Bus & Prof Code §7574.18(a)

A person registered or hired as a proprietary private security officer shall complete training in security officer skills within six months from the date upon which registration is issued, or within six months of his or her employment with a proprietary private security employer.
See: CA Bus & Prof Code §7574.18(h)

The complete course of training shall consist of a minimum of 16 hours and shall be completed within the first six months from either the date of employment or date of issuance of the proprietary private security officer’s registration.
The courses cover the following subjects:

•   Four(4) hours minimum of Section I.   Power to Arrest training;
•   Twelve (12) hours minimum of the Sections:

II. Roles and Responsibilities;
III.   Public and Employer Expectations;
IV.   Liability Issued;
V.   Communication/ Conflict Management;
VI.   Emergency Procedures.

A person registered or hired as a proprietary private security officer shall complete training in security officer skills within six months from the date upon which registration is issued, or within six months of his or her employment with a proprietary private security employer.
See: See: CA Bus & Prof Code §7574.18(a)

For a detailed list of courses please see the Training Syllabus (PDF)

 

ARMED GUARDS:

See Firearms Training Manual (dated January 2022)

 

 

 

Exam Requirement

Not required

For Armed Guards:  According to the BSIS Firearms Permit Fact Sheet, “Applicants must complete the Course of Firearms Training (CCR Section 635) at a Bureau-approved Firearms Training Facility, from a Bureau-approved Firearms Training Instructor, and pass the written examination (scoring 86% or better) and range qualifications.  

See also:

Child Support

The state may suspend any occupational or professional license for failure to pay child support.
See: Cal Fam Code § 17520

Colorado: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Colorado

Legislation/Source:

Colorado Springs City Code
Chapter 2 – Business Licensing, Liquor Regulation and Taxation
Article 3 – Sales of Goods and Services
Part 2 Private Security Services

Authorizing Department

Colorado Springs City Clerk’s Office
30 South Nevada Avenue, Suite 101
Colorado Springs, Colorado 80903
Phone: (719) 385-5901
Fax: (719) 385-5114
Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Note: Colorado: There are no state level requirements to obtain a security guard license in Colorado. Information on working as a security guard in Colorado can be found at the local county clerk’s office. This is an example of security guard requirements for Colorado Springs, Colorado

In Colorado Springs no person shall act as a private security officer within the City limits without first obtaining a license.
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.203

The application for licensure must be completed by the employer and submitted to the City Clerk’s Office.
See: Application Form

Fees
•   Annual license fee: $110
•   Late renewal fee: $55
•   Duplicate license fee is $5

Security Licenses are valid for one year from the date of issuance or renewal.
See: Security License Website
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.211(B)

 

ARMED GUARDS:

The applicant shall be certified annually by the applicant’s employer to carry a firearm and/or CEW during the course of employment. Prior to annual renewal of the firearm endorsement, the applicant shall provide proof of a minimum requalifying range proficiency score of seventy five percent (75%) acquired no more than six (6) months prior to the renewal application. The firearm requalification course shall, at a minimum, include the training standards established in subsections 2.3.213B3 and B4 of this part. Prior to annual renewal of the CEW endorsement, the applicant or the applicant’s employer shall certify completion of continuing training and education regarding the use of CEWs. The applicant must have no convictions of Federal, State or local laws relating to domestic violence or weapons, firearms, domestic abuse violations or offenses related to unlawful sexual behavior.

The firearm/CEW endorsement shall authorize a licensed private security officer to carry a firearm/CEW only when providing or performing security services as a duty of the officer’s employment with a contract security agency.
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.210

 

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

No person shall operate a contract security agency or act as a private security officer within the City limits without first obtaining a license.
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.203 (A)

Age Requirements

Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.204
Applicant must be 18 years of age to become a PSO and 21 years of age to receive a firearm endorsement.

Citizenship

Every application for an original or renewal private security officer license shall contain the following:
1. A list of the residence addresses of the applicant for the five (5) years prior to the date of application;
2. A statement of the work history of the applicant for the five (5) years prior to the date of application.

See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.210(A)

Experience

No baseline requirement

Exemptions

Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.203:

B.  The provisions of this section shall not apply to the following persons while engaged in the performance of their duties:

1.   Sheriffs, undersheriffs, deputy sheriffs, police officers, Colorado State patrol officers, POST certified corrections officers, marshals, deputy marshals, district attorney investigators, investigative agents employed by the Colorado Bureau of Investigation or Federal law enforcement officers who are employed full time in that capacity, including any time that full time law enforcement officers are employed as private security officers with the approval of their departmental superiors.

2.   A reserve police officer who performs duties for a local unit of government which granted the reserve commission, while within the jurisdiction of that unit of government.

3.   Any person who performs airport predeparture screening services regulated by the Federal Aviation Administration.

 

ARMED GUARDS:

According to Colorado State Law Title 18:

Colorado allows a person to carry a firearm in a vehicle if its use is for lawful protection of such person or another’s person or property. [C.R.S. 18-12-105(2)] Colorado law also allows a person to possess a handgun in a dwelling, place of business, or automobile. However, when you carry the weapon into your home, business, hotel room, etc. it must be in plain view. Local jurisdictions may not enact laws that restrict a person’s ability to travel with a weapon. [C.R.S. 18-12-105.6]

The Act permits the nationwide carrying of concealed handguns by qualified current and retired law enforcement officers and amends the Gun Control Act of 1968 (Pub. L. 90-618, 82 Stat. 1213) to exempt qualified current and retired law enforcement officers from state and local laws prohibiting the carry of concealed firearms.

Permit Required

None required

ARMED GUARDS: No permit required, but there is a “firearm endorsement” required to be an armed security guard.

The holder of a temporary permit shall be prohibited from obtaining a firearm endorsement until the private security officer license is issued.
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.212(A)

Requirement to carry an ID card

Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.211 Private Security Officer Licenses
A. Each private security officer shall be issued a license in the form of an identification card. The identification card shall contain the name, a recent photograph of the private security officer, the expiration date, the number of the license, the signature of the private security officer, and the name of the private security officer’s employer. Every licensed private security officer shall keep the City Clerk’s Office informed of the correct name, residence address, and employer and shall notify the City Clerk’s Office within ten (10) days of any change in name, residence address or employer.

C. Each identification card shall be on the person of the licensee at all times the licensee is working in the capacity of a private security officer and shall be exhibited upon request by a peace officer, the Deputy Licensing Officer or the Deputy Licensing Officer’s designee.

Moral Character

Each applicant shall be of good moral character verified through
•   License History
•   General Personal History

Fingerprint

Not required

Substance Abuse

The legislation does not mention this.

Mental Health

No baseline requirement

Criminal History Background Check

Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.214 Denial, Suspension or Revocation of License:

A private security officer license may be denied, suspended or revoked if the applicant or a principal of the applicant:

1.   Has been convicted of a felony in this State or any other state, or of a crime in any other state which, if committed in this State, would be a felony;

2.   Has been convicted of three (3) or more criminal misdemeanor violations within a five (5) year period;

3.   Has made a willful misrepresentation in applying for and obtaining a license;

4.   Has been previously denied a license under this part or has had a license issued under this part suspended or revoked;

5.   Was a principal of a contract security agency whose license was revoked, unless the Deputy Licensing Officer determines that the principal was not responsible for the misconduct underlying the revocation;

6.   Has been convicted of operating without a license under this part or performing any act for which a license is required under this part; or

7.   Has violated any of the provisions of this General Licensing Code.

 

ARMED GUARDS:  The applicant must have no convictions of Federal, State or local laws relating to domestic violence or weapons, firearms, domestic abuse violations or offenses related to unlawful sexual behavior.  (See Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.210 B1)

 

Personal References

The legislation does not mention this requirement.

Training Requirements

Every contract security agency shall be responsible for ensuring that all private security officers have received adequate, basic, firearm, CEW, on the job, and any other training necessary to perform security services or other duties for which they were hired.

Further, no contract security agency shall hire or assign any person to perform the duties of a private security officer until all training has been completed and the officer has been appropriately licensed.
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.213(D)

Private security officers are required to complete an officer training program which consists of the following:

3. Basic Training Requirements: A private security officer basic course of training shall, at a minimum, include:
a.  Nature, role and duties of the private security officer (1 hour);
b.   Private security officer professional conduct and ethics (1 hour);
c.   Principles of communication (1 hour);
d.   Observation and incident reporting (1 hour);
e.   Preservation of evidence, investigation and crime scene security (0.5 hour);
f.   Federal, State and local laws, codes and ordinances (0.5 hour);
g.   Use of force as it relates to legal powers (1 hour);
h.   Legal limitations and liability implications (1 hour);
i.   Interaction and cooperation with local law enforcement (0.5 hour);
j.   Emergency response procedures, to include basic principles of first aid (0.5 hour).
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.213(A)

 

ARMED GUARDS:

Training:   According to Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.213. B:

1. Prior to issuance of a firearm endorsement to a private security officer license, the applicant shall provide a certificate of completion of a firearm safety and familiarization course provided by a National Rifle Association (NRA) or Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) certified instructor. The firearms training certificate shall identify the courses taken, the number of training and range hours obtained, identify the issuing contract security agency, the applicant’s name, name of the NRA or POST instructor providing the training and the dates of training.
2. A firearm endorsement shall only be issued to individuals obtaining a minimum qualifying written and range proficiency score of seventy five percent (75%) acquired within the last six (6) months and a letter of authorization to carry a firearm from the contract security agency.
3. The firearm safety and familiarization certificate shall indicate the applicant completed at least sixteen (16) hours of basic firearms training which includes a minimum of nine (9) hours of classroom instruction, a minimum of four (4) hours of live fire practice, followed by a minimum of three (3) hours on the weapons qualification course. If the applicant desires to carry a concealed weapon, the certificate shall indicate the applicant completed at least an additional four (4) hours of concealed firearms training which includes a minimum of one hour of classroom instruction which may include practical application instruction and a minimum of three (3) hours of live fire practice utilizing the concealed carry holster that the private security officer will carry on duty.
4. In addition to the training required by subsection A of this section, private security officer firearm and familiarization training shall, at a minimum, include:

a. Criminal procedure law;
b. Moral and legal aspects of firearm use;
c. Use of physical and deadly force;
d. State and local laws, codes and ordinances relating to weapons and the use of force;
e. Handgun safety, nomenclature, operation and maintenance;
f. Emergency procedures;
g. Weapons handling;
h. Marksmanship fundamentals; and
i. Range instruction, qualification and examination.

Renewal:  The applicant shall be certified annually by the applicant’s employer to carry a firearm and/or CEW during the course of employment. Prior to annual renewal of the firearm endorsement, the applicant shall provide proof of a minimum requalifying range proficiency score of seventy five percent (75%) acquired no more than six (6) months prior to the renewal application. The firearm requalification course shall, at a minimum, include the training standards established in subsections 2.3.213B3 and B4 of this part. Prior to annual renewal of the CEW endorsement, the applicant or the applicant’s employer shall certify completion of continuing training and education regarding the use of CEWs. The applicant must have no convictions of Federal, State or local laws relating to domestic violence or weapons, firearms, domestic abuse violations or offenses related to unlawful sexual behavior.

Exam Requirement

Certificate Of Completion: Prior to issuance of a private security officer license, the applicant shall provide a certificate of completion of a basic security officer training program with a minimum seventy five percent (75%) score. The training certificate shall identify the courses taken, the number of training hours obtained, identify the issuing contract security agency, the applicant’s name, name of the instructor providing the training and the dates of training.
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.213(A)(1)

 

Armed Guards:  A firearm endorsement shall only be issued to individuals obtaining a minimum qualifying written and range proficiency score of seventy five percent (75%) acquired within the last six (6) months and a letter of authorization to carry a firearm from the contract security agency.
See: Colorado Springs City Code 2.3.213(B)(2)

Child Support

Under Colo. Rev. Stat. § 26-13-123, the state may take away any occupational or professional license if child support has not been paid

Connecticut: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Connecticut

Legislation/Source:

Connecticut Code Chapter 534: Private Detectives and Security Services (Sec 29-152u to 29-161aa)

Authorizing Department

Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection
1111 Country Club Road
Middletown, CT 06457
Phone: (860) 685-8190

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Connecticut is another jurisdiction that allows employers to register as many employees as needed and thereby assure compliance with state requirements for being a security officer. Prospective or actual employees must apply for a security officer identification card and until received cannot be registered. The security officer applicant must complete all required training before the issuance of the identification card.

Any person hired to work as a security officer shall be licensed as a security officer prior to being registered.  The cost of registering the employee is $40.00 per employee.
The employee shall complete a minimum of eight (8) hours training, the security officer will be issued an identification card from the Department of Public Safety. This security officer’s identification card will have five (5) year expiration and must be carried on their person while on the job site.

To obtain a security officer’s identification card, you must complete the following requirements:
•   Standard application (DPS-135-C) – email dps.spec.licensing@po.state.ct.us to obtain the form.
•   Two color photographs, 2″x2″ (passport style)
•   Set of fingerprint cards (one (1) blue-FBI and one (1) green-State of Connecticut Applicant)
•   Copy of current Connecticut Drivers License
•   Papers of Naturalization, if applicable
•   Fees:
$100.00   Registration fee
$13.25   FBI Background inquiry fee
$75.00   State of Connecticut Background Inquiry

See: Administrative Directives for Security Officer’s Training Certification Identification Card

Effective July 1, 2018 unarmed employment is allowed, under certain conditions, while an application for a security officer license is pending.
See: PA 18-20(h)

C.G.S 29-161q states “Immediately upon hiring a security officer, the security service employing such security officer shall apply to register such security officer with the Commissioner of Public Safety.”

The registration of security officers will consist of the following:
•   Standard application Form DPS-688-C (DOC)
•   Two color photographs, 2″x2″ (passport style)
•   Registration fee of $40.00
•   Copy of Security Officers Identification Card

See: Administrative Procedures for Registering Security Officers

Temporary Licensure
Security Officer license applicants may temporarily work without a fully approved license as long as the applicant has filed the required documentation, completed training and been assessed for criminal background check and verification. There are limitations to this discretionary temporary status. For the full regulations, see Section (H) at:

(h) During the time that an application for a license as a security officer is pending with the commissioner, the applicant may perform the duties of security officer, provided (1) the security service employing the applicant conducts, or has a consumer reporting agency regulated under the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act conduct, a state and national criminal history records check and determines the applicant meets the requirements of subsection (c) of this section to be a security officer, and (2) the applicant (A) successfully completed the training required pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, or obtained a waiver of such training, and (B) performs the duties of a security officer under the direct on-site supervision of a licensed security officer with at least one year of experience as a licensed security officer. The applicant shall not perform such duties at a public or private preschool, elementary or secondary school or at a facility licensed and used exclusively as a child care center, as described in subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 19a-77. The applicant shall cease to perform such duties pursuant to this subsection when the commissioner grants or denies the pending application for a security license under this section.
See: Connecticut Code

 

ARMED GUARDS:

To obtain a Security Office Firearms Permit, applicants must possess a valid Connecticut State Pistol Permit and must be certified as a security officer and must have a security officer identification card.

The statute states in part:
No employee of a licensed security service and no employee hired by a firm or corporation to perform work as a security officer may carry a pistol, revolver or other firearm while on duty or directly en route to or from such employment unless such employee obtains a special permit from the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection.
See: C.G.S. 29-161z(a)

Fee:
$62.00 application fee
See: Firearms Permit Endorsement
See: Information on the State Pistol Permit requirements

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

An instate license is required.

Age Requirements

According to Statutes of Connecticut (CGS) Chapter 534 § 29-161q:
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

 

For ARMED GUARDS: The applicant must be at least 21 years of age.  See  Statutes of Connecticut (CGS) Chapter 534 § 29-161y

Citizenship

The regulation is silent, but the Employee/guard registration form asks about Citizenship or naturalization.

Experience

No baseline requirement

Exemptions

Training exemptions:  Sec. 29-161q.
The commissioner shall waive training requirements for any person who, while serving in the armed forces or the National Guard, or if such person is a veteran, within two years of such person’s discharge from the armed forces, presents proof that such person has completed military training that is equivalent to the training required by this subsection, and, if applicable, such person’s military discharge document or a certified copy thereof.

 

Permit Required

A security officer certification identification card is required (not a permit)

 

For ARMED GUARDS:

Firearms Permit Endorsement

Connecticut General Statue 29-161z requires that all employees hired by a security service to perform security officer services, while armed with a firearm, must obtain a special permit from the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection. Armed security officers must be at least 21 years of age. The employer is responsible for insuring that the employee has obtained the permit (endorsement). Any employee hired to work, as security officer shall be certified as a security officer and obtains an identification card prior to the security service company making application to register the security officer with the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection. The permit endorsement is in addition to the permit requirements imposed under C.G.S. Sec. 29-28. Failure to register an employee or allowing such person to work without the proper supplement firearm permit may result in the suspension or revocation of the company’s business license and the imposition of a $75.00 fine per violation. The security officer would also be issued a $ 75.00 fine for carrying a firearm without the proper pistol permit endorsement.

The Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection may grant to any suitable employee of a licensed security service, or to an employee hired by a firm or corporation to perform work as a uniformed or nonuniformed security officer, a special permit to carry a pistol or revolver or other firearm while actually on duty on the premises of the employer, or, while directly en route to or from such employment, provided that such employee has proven to the satisfaction of the commissioner that such employee has successfully completed a course, approved by the commissioner, of training in the safety and use of firearms.

 

The applicant must have a valid State Pistol Permit to obtain a Firearms Permit Endorsement.

The Security Officer Firearm Permit Endorsement Application Form DPS 1030 must be obtained from an approved firearms instructor. The form cannot be downloaded off the website. An application form can be mailed to you by calling (860) 685-8160.

TEMPORARY FIREARMS PERMIT  (Connecticut General Statue 29-161z (b):

The commissioner may grant to such employee a temporary permit pending issuance of the permit, provided such employee has submitted an application and successfully completed such training course immediately following employment.

 

Requirement to carry an ID card

According to CGS Chapter 534 §29-161q(d)
Upon the security officer’s successful completion of training and licensing by the commissioner, or immediately upon hiring a licensed security officer, the security service employing such security officer shall apply to register such security officer with the commissioner on forms provided by the commissioner. Such application shall be accompanied by payment of a forty-dollar application fee payable to the state. The Division of State Police within the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection shall keep on file the completed registration form and all related material. An identification card with the name, date of birth, address, full-face photograph, physical descriptors and signature of the applicant shall be issued to the security officer, and shall be carried by the security officer at all times while performing the duties associated with the security officer’s employment. Registered security officers, in the course of performing their duties, shall present such card for inspection upon the request of a law enforcement officer.

Moral Character

According to CGS Chapter 534 § 29-161q(a)

A security company may only hire security officers who are of good moral character

 

ARMED GUARDS:

According to CGS Chapter 534 § 29-161y(a):

Any person, firm or corporation may employ as many security officers or security personnel carrying firearms as it deems necessary for the conduct of its business, provided such employees shall be of good moral character.

Fingerprint

According to CGS Chapter 534 § 29-161q(c):

Applicants shall submit with their application two sets of their fingerprints in order to submit to state and national criminal history records checks conducted in accordance with section 29-17a

 

ARMED GUARDS:

No fingerprints are required to apply for the firearms permit endorsement. Fingerprints are required for security guard application.

 

 

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement

Mental Health

No baseline requirement

Criminal History Background Check

 

No person shall be approved for a license who has been convicted of a felony, any sexual offense or any crime involving moral turpitude, or who has been refused a license under the provisions of §§ 29-161g to 29-161x

According to 534 § 29-161k(b)
The Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection shall require any applicant for a license under this section to submit to state and national criminal history records checks

FOR ARMED GUARDS:

According to CGS Chapter 534 § 29-161y, the application for a firearms permit endorsement shall be made in the same manner as is provided in section 29-161q and applicants shall meet the requirements specified in said section. Therefore, according to Connecticut Chapter 534 § 29-161q:

According to CGS Chapter 534 § 29-161q(b)(1):

No person shall be approved for a license who has been convicted of a felony, any sexual offense or any crime involving moral turpitude, or who has been refused a license under the provisions of sections 29-161g to 29-161x

 

Personal References

None required

Training Requirements

According to CGS Chapter 534 § 29-161q(b):

Each applicant for a security guard license shall complete a minimum of 8 hours training in the following areas:

  • Basic first aid
  • Search and seizure laws and regulations
  • Use of force
  • Basic criminal justice
  • Public safety issues

FOR ARMED GUARDS:

According to the DESPP web site, “Pursuant to Connecticut General Statue Chapter 154 sections 29-161z, all Armed Security Officers will now be mandated to take an 8-hour training and firearms qualification course and annually take a refresher course in order to receive and maintain the security firearms (blue card endorsement) in their State pistol permit. This course will insure that Armed Security Officer are trained and qualify with the firearms carrying in the armed security employment.”

All armed security officers shall complete such safety course and yearly complete a refresher safety course approved by the commissioner at their expense. The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 concerning the approval of schools, institutions or organizations offering such courses, requirements for instructors and the required number of hours and content of such courses. The course is offered by private instructors and involves classroom training in safety and use of firearms and range qualification. Upon completion of the course, the firearm instructor signs off on the reverse side of the application form DPS-1030. The application form is then submitted to the Special Licensing and Firearms Unit.

According to the Connecticut Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection website, pursuant to CGS § 29-161z(b), the Commissioner of Emergency Services and Public Protection may grant to any suitable employee of a licensed security service, or to an employee hired by a firm or corporation to perform work as a uniformed or non-uniformed security officer, a special permit to carry a pistol or revolver or other firearm while actually on duty on the premises of the employer, or, while directly en route to or from such employment, provided that such employee has proven to the satisfaction of the commissioner that such employee has successfully completed a course, approved by the commissioner, of training in the safety and use of firearms.

The commissioner may grant to such employee a temporary permit pending issuance of the permit, provided such employee has submitted an application and successfully completed such training course immediately following employment. All armed security officers shall complete such safety course and yearly complete a refresher safety course approved by the commissioner.

 

Exam Requirement

No baseline requirement

Child Support

According to CGS § 46b-220(b):
The state of Connecticut has the right to revoke any professional or occupational license of a delinquent child support obligor

Delaware: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Delaware

Legislation/Source:

Delaware Code Title 24
Professions and Occupations
Chapter 13. Private Investigators and Private Security Agencies
And
Delaware Administrative Code
Title 24 Regulated Professions and Occupations
Division of State Police
1300 Board of Examiners of Private Investigators and Private Security Agencies

Authorizing Department

Department of Safety and Homeland Security
Division of State Police

State Bureau of Identification
655 South Bay Road, Suite 1B
Dover, Delaware 19901
Phone: (302) 739-5991
Fax: (302) 739-5888
Email: dsp_sbidetectivelicensingemail@state.de.us

Official Website

Branch Office
SBI/Professional Licensing, DSP Troop 2
100 Lagrange Ave
Newark, Delaware 19702
Phone: (302) 834-2620

Licensure and License Fees

In Delaware, individual security guards must register and obtain an identification card.
See: DE Code §1313(a)

As per definition security guards must be employed by a private security agency.
See: DE Code §1302(20)

$85   Application and processing fee
$49   Testing fee (must be paid in advance to reserve seat)
$10 Replacement License
The cost for the 16 hour class training varies by instructor.

Under no circumstances will a security guard/armored car guard be permitted to be employed by more than two agencies at a time. It is also the responsibility for each licensed security guard/armored car guard to advise his/her employer(s) of whom he/she is employed with.
For more information see:
Delaware State Police Security Guards

According to the DSP website, the security license is valid for five (5) years. Your license expires on your actual birthdate. Your security license can be used for employment at any private security company licensed in Delaware.

ARMED GUARDS:

An individual seeking an armed status must obtain a commissioned security guard license.
See: DE Code §1321(d)

It shall be unlawful for a commissioned security guard to carry a firearm unless:
(1)   The security guard is engaged in the performance of duties as a security officer or is engaged in traveling directly to or from a place of assignment;
(2)   The security guard is wearing a distinctive uniform indicating that the person is a security guard;
(3)   Such uniform has a distinctive patch that indicates the company by whom the person is employed;
(4)   The firearm is in plain view; and
(5)   The firearm is the type of weapon that the commissioned security guard qualified with pursuant to this chapter.
See: DE Code §1321(e)

Fees:
$85.00   Application and processing fee
$30.00   Firearms upgrade
$49.00   Testing fee (must be paid in advance to reserve seat)
$10.00   Replacement License
$85.00   Renewal fee

The cost for the 16 hour training varies by instructor.

See: Delaware State Police Security Guards/Firearm Guards

 

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

One must apply for a Delaware License. Delaware does not have reciprocity with any other states.

See: Security Guard FAQs

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years of age
See: DE Code §1314(1)

 

Armed Guards must be at least 21 years of age.
See: DE Code §1315.

Citizenship

Citizenship requirement is not mentioned in the legislation, however, the application form does ask for a Driver’s License state/number and social security number.

Retrieved from: Application Form

Experience

Not required

Exemptions

None mentioned for unarmed guards.

For ARMED guards,

Section 1300 of the DE Administrative Code, Firearms policy, states that the 40-hour firearms training requirement may be waived depending upon the applicant’s professional credentials, training and/or work experience (i.e. prior law enforcement).

See: Delaware Code Title 24, Chapter 13, 1.0 (1.2) Firearms Policy

Permit Required

None mentioned for unarmed guards.

For ARMED guards, according to DE Code, Title 24, Chapter 13, §1321 Firearms:

§ 1321. Firearms.

(a) It shall be unlawful for anyone licensed, under this chapter, to carry a concealed deadly weapon as defined in § 1442 of Title 11, unless they have been issued a concealed deadly weapons permit.

(b) It shall be unlawful for anyone licensed, under this chapter, to carry any type of weapon unless the Board has approved the use of such weapon and, if approved, the person has been trained in the use of such weapon, by a board-approved instructor.

(c) It shall be unlawful for an individual, employed as a security guard, to carry a firearm during the course of performing their duties as a security guard, if they have not been issued a commissioned security guard license.

 

Requirement to carry an ID card

Delaware Code Title 24, Chapter 13, § 1324 and 1325:
Anyone required to be licensed under this chapter shall be issued, by the Board of Examiners, an identification card which shall expire and be renewable on the fifth anniversary date of the birth of the applicant next following the date of its issuance, unless the birth date is February 29, in which event the license shall expire and be renewable on February 28 every fifth year.

Any person who has been issued an identification card by the Board of Examiners shall be required to have such card in their possession while in the performance of the person’s duties.

Moral Character

Must not have been convicted of any misdemeanor involving moral turpitude.

See: Delaware Code Title 24, Chapter 13, § 1314(3)

Fingerprint

Complete the application and send to Professional Licensing.

 According to the General application information from Delaware State Police web site:

Individuals must appear for an appointment at State Bureau of Identification. On the appointment day, individuals will come into one of our two (2) locations (Delaware State Police Troop 2/Newark or Dover) for fingerprint and picture processing. Address locations are listed below.

State Bureau of Identification – Walk-In Availability
600 S. Bay Road
Suite 1
Dover, DE 19901

Delaware State Police Troop 2 – By Appointment Only, please call (302)-739-2528
100 Cpl/1 Stephen J. Ballard Way
Newark, DE 19702
(front lobby to the left)

 

Substance Abuse

The applicant must meet and maintain the following requirements:
(3) Must not have been convicted of any misdemeanor involving a theft-related offense, drug offense, or moral turpitude within the last 7 years, and there are no more than 2 of such misdemeanors during such person’s lifetime
See: DE Code Title 24, Chapter 13 § 1314

Mental Health

The legislation does not designate this requirement. However, the application form includes an “Authorization to Release Information to Contributor” section in which the applicant authorizes the Division of Mental Health or any institution to release the applicant’s mental health history to the Delaware State Police.
See: Application form.

Criminal History Background Check

For the purposes of 24 Del. C. Ch. 13, the Board may deny an application for a license or suspend or revoke a license if the applicant or licensee has been convicted of a misdemeanor crime involving moral turpitude.
See: DE Admin Code Section 1300 6.2.1 for a full list of offenses.

The applicant must not have been convicted of any misdemeanor involving a theft-related offense, drug offense, or moral turpitude, within the last 7 years, and:

a.   There are no more than 2 of such misdemeanors during such person’s lifetime; and

b.   No misdemeanor conviction occurred during or as a result of employment in a capacity regulated by this chapter.

(4)   Must not have been, as a juvenile, adjudicated delinquent for conduct which, if committed by an adult would constitute a felony, unless and until that person has reached his or her twenty-first birthday;
See: DE Code §1314

No person will be issued a license unless that person submits, to the State Bureau of Identification, their name, Social Security number, age, race, sex, date of birth, height, weight, hair and eye color, address of legal residence and the provision of such other information as may be necessary to obtain a report of the person’s entire criminal history record from the State Bureau of Identification and a report of the person’s entire federal criminal history pursuant to the Federal Bureau of Investigation appropriation of Title II of Public Law 92-544.
See: DE Code §1313(b)

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

Each person licensed as a security guard under 24 Del. C. Ch. 13 shall undertake a total of sixteen (16) hours of training (see Security Guard FAQ’s) through a program approved by the Board, and any such additional training as the Board deems appropriate. The required training shall include instruction in:

•   Legal requirements and limitations
•   Use of force
•   Ethics
•   Emergency services
•   Diversity
•   Communication
•   Asset protection
•   Terrorism

There are three (3) methods available to complete this training certification.

1. Through Delaware Technical & Community College (DTCC). There is a fee for this course which is offered online.

Security Guard Mandatory TRAINING – DTCC Contact Information

2. Through Defencify Training. This is an interactive and comprehensive online training program that is completed at the student’s preferred pace and is available 24/7/365. There is a fee for this mandatory Delaware Security License Training Course.

Defencify Online Security Guard Training

3. Through the security agency which does or will employ the individual. Not all Security Agencies are able to provide training. Fees, if any, for taking the course through an agency are determined and applied at their discretion. Individuals are encouraged to inquire about training availability and fees through the security agency.

For a detailed course and training requirement outline see the Security Guard Certification Test Study Guide

The Board, in its discretion, may require such additional topics as it finds necessary. The Professional Licensing Section shall have the authority to require regular reports on training from licensees and employers, and shall report to the Board on compliance with this regulation. Training certifications shall be submitted with each new application or re-application and the training shall be completed no more than one year prior to submission of the application.

 

For ARMED GUARDS:

According to Delaware Code Title 24, Chapter 13, 1.0 Firearms Policy (1.2):

No individual licensed under 24 Del.C. Ch. 13 shall carry a firearm unless that individual has first passed an approved firearms course of instruction and an initial qualification administered by an approved firearms instructor. The course of instruction shall include a minimum 40 hours of training. The initial qualification course shall be used to fulfill one day and one low light requirement during the first year; however an additional day shoot must be completed at least 90 days after the date of initial certification, within the calendar year.

Exam Requirement

Pass 16-hour exam with a minimum of 75% prior to appearing at Delaware State Police for processing.
Testing Fee is $49
See: Security Guard FAQs

For ARMED GUARDS:

According to Delaware Regulations Administrative Code, Title 24, Section 1330, 1.0 Firearm’s policy:

The initial qualification course shall be used to fulfill one day and one low light requirement during the first year; however an additional day shoot must be completed at least 90 days after the date of initial certification, within the calendar year.

1.3 In order to open carry a firearm while in the performance of their duties, individuals licensed to carry a firearm under 24 Del.C. Ch. 13 must shoot a minimum of three qualifying shoots per calendar year, scheduled on at least two separate days, with a minimum 90 days between scheduled day shoots. Of these three, there will be one mandatory “low light” shoot which may be combined with a day shoot. Two day shoots shall not be completed on the same date. These qualifying shoots will be administered by an approved firearms instructor.

1.3.1 An individual not meeting the minimum qualifications set forth in subsection 1.3 may have their firearms license suspended until such time that they meet the minimum three qualifying shoots within the calendar year.

1.9 The minimum passing score is 80%.

 

Child Support

The State’s Division of Child Support Services may revoke and suspend any professional licenses or registrations upon failure to meet child support obligations.
See: DE Code Title 13 Chapter 22 §2216

District of Columbia: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for District of Columbia

Legislation/Source:

D.C. Municipal Regulations
Title 17. Business, Occupations, and Professional
Chapter 17-21. Security Officers and Security Agencies

Authorizing Department

GOVERNMENT OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA REGULATORY AND CONSUMER AFFAIRS OFFICE
Security Officers Management Branch address:
2000 14th Street, NW, Suite 302
Washington, DC 20009
Phone: (202)671-0500
Email: opla.security@dc.gov

https://dcra.dc.gov/node/1423896

Oversight for the licensure and regulatory oversight of the security officer has moved from the Metropolitan Police Department to the DC Office of Regulatory Affairs-Security Officers Management Branch. The Metropolitan Police Department still interacts with, provides policy materials and other interchanges with the security industry. MPD has constructed a new entity called “Security Snapshot.”

See: Security Snapshot

Contact the Security Officers Management Branch:
2000 14th Street, NW, 3rd Floor
Washington, DC 20009
Phone: (202) 671-0500
Fax: (202) 673-7418
Official Website

While these services still are connected to the DC Metropolitan Police SOMB, the processes are eventually moving to an online format and portal through PEARSON-Vue- the contact information being
See: District of Columbia Security

Licensure and License Fees

In D.C. individual security officers must obtain a “Certification”.
See: DCMR §17-2102.1

DCMR 17 §2100.2
The term “security officer” includes the following:
(a)   Uniformed individuals employed by a security agency or other employer for any of the purposes set forth in § 2100.1; and
(b)   Uniformed individuals privately employed as guards, watchpersons, patrol service personnel for specified property, security technicians, security officers, and other similar positions.

Fees
$65.00   Application Fee
$38.00   License Fee
$62.00   Exam Fee
$165.00 Total

Security Officer licenses expire on April 30, even-numbered years.

Retrieved from: Security Officers Management Branch(SOMB)

Age Requirements

The applicant must be a least 21 years of age
See: DCMR §6-A1100.7(a)

See: Application instructions

Citizenship

The applicant must be a United States citizen or have in his or her possession a valid Immigration and Naturalization Service work permit.
See: DCMR §17-2102.3(b)

Applicants for Security Officer must submit a copy of their birth certificate and legal documentation supporting any name change with the application, i.e. marriage certificate, divorce decree, adoption papers.

Original birth certificates and name change documents submitted will not be returned. If the applicant is not a citizen of the United States, proof of immigration status must be submitted for certification as a security officer. (Example: Resident Alien Card, Green Card, Employment Authorization, Certificate of Naturalization or I-94 Departure Record.)

Retrieved from Application Instructions

Experience

No baseline requirement

Exemptions

The term “security officer” does not include any of the following:
(a)  Persons commissioned as special police officers under the second paragraph of the section “FOR METROPOLITAN POLICE” of An Act Making appropriations to provide for the expenses of the government of the District of Columbia for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred, and for other purposes, approved March 3, 1899 (30 Stat. 1057; D.C. Official Code § 5-129.02);

(b)   Persons working in their official capacity as employees of the federal government;

(c)   Members of the Metropolitan Police Department or the public police force of any other jurisdiction;

(d)   Persons working as armored car guards; or

(e)   Persons commissioned as campus police officers under the second paragraph of the section “FOR METROPOLITAN POLICE” of An Act Making appropriations to provide for the expenses of the government of the District of Columbia for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred, and for other purposes, approved March 3, 1899 (30 Stat. 1057; D.C. Official Code § 5-129.02), as regulated by Chapter 12 of Title 6A of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations.
See: DCMR §17-2100.3

Permit Required

Not required

Requirement to carry an ID card

According to DCMR §17-2111
1.   Upon certification by the Mayor and payment of a five dollar ($5) fee, each security officer shall receive an identification card containing a photograph of the security officer, the name and business address of the officer’s employer, and a statement that the bearer is not a police officer and only has the powers of an ordinary citizen.

2.   The identification card shall be carried on the person of the security officer whenever he or she is engaged in his or her duties and shall be exhibited upon request to any person with whom the security officer may come in contact in the performance of his or her duties.

Moral Character

No baseline requirement

Fingerprint

Fingerprinting required for certification will be processed at the Security Officers’ Management Branch (SOMB).
Contact SOMB for hours of operation, 202-671-0500. The following required items must be presented at the time of fingerprinting along with a money order, cashier’s check or company check in the sum of thirty-five dollars ($35.00) made payable to the D.C. Treasurer:
•   Notarized Arrest Affidavit and Resident & Employment Log
•   Notarized Authorization to Release Information Form,
•   Drug Screening Results
•   Exam Scores

Applicants from another city or state may mail completed fingerprint cards (ink prints) to the SOMB from their local jurisdiction. In such case, two (2) fingerprint cards are required per applicant for licensure.

Submit to:

Metropolitan Police Department Security Officers Management
Branch 2000 14th Street, N.W., Room #302 Washington, DC 20009

Retrieved from Application Instructions
See: DCMR §17-2106

In keeping with the general trend towards online processing, DC now requires the scheduling an online appointment for fingerprints.
See: Fingerprint Appointment System

Substance Abuse

The applicant must not be addicted to drugs or alcohol.

A drug screening from a certified laboratory must also accompany the application. The applicant MUST be tested and screened at the levels for drugs that are outlined by employer. Applicants who test POSITIVE for any drugs must submit medical documentation from the prescribing physician supporting the positive reading. This statement must be on letterhead from the attending physician’s office and have the original signature of the doctor. Physical exams and drug screening results must be completed no later than ninety (90) days prior to the date of the application process.

Retrieved from Application Instructions
See: DCMR §17-2103.1(a)

The applicant shall be required to pass a drug screening administered by the security agency or employer upon initial application and upon application for certification renewal.
See: DCMR §17-2103.4

Mental Health

The applicant must not suffer from any debilitating mental defect or disorder.

Applicants are required to submit medical documentation certifying that he or she is physically and mentally capable of performing security related functions. The original signature of the doctor and the date must appear on the physical. Applicants being treated by a private physician for an existing medical condition must also submit a doctor’s statement, from that physician, which indicates the condition, will not prohibit the applicant from performing security related functions. Physical exams must be completed no later than ninety (90) days prior to the date of the application process.

Retrieved from Application Instructions
See: DCMR §17-2103.1(b)

Criminal History Background Check

According to DCMR $2105.1
No person shall be certified or employed as a security officer, nor shall an existing security officer have his or her certification renewed, until the Mayor has conducted a criminal history check of the applicant through the record systems of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Metropolitan Police Department.

A background investigation will be conducted on each applicant to include the record systems of the Metropolitan Police Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Background checks require approximately ninety (90) days to complete
Retrieved from Application instructions

The applicant has to submit a notarized Arrest Affidavit and an Authorization to Release Information

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

Security Officers need training at many stages of their career from pre-licensure to annual renewal.
According to DCMR Title 17, these various stages are summarized as follows:

§2108.7   Security officers shall be required to satisfactorily complete pre-assignment, on-the-job, and in-service training programs which have been prescribed and approved by the Mayor.

§2108.8   Pre-assignment training shall include at least 24 hours of training generally relating to the security officer’s duties and specifically including:
(a)   Terrorism awareness, including building evacuation, unattended packages, and unknown substances;
(b)   Emergency procedures, including evacuation and first-aid; and
(c)   Customer service and interaction with tourists.

§2108.9  Security officers shall satisfactorily complete a 16-hour, on-the-job training course within ninety (90) working days following employment, and an 8-hour annual in-service training course.

§2108.10   Upon satisfactory completion of a required training course, a security officer shall receive from his or her employer a certificate evidencing satisfactory completion thereof.

See: Security Officer Study guide

See also: Heightened requirements are currently being proposed in DC for Security Officers and Special Police Officers

Exam Requirement

All Security Officer Applicants must pass the Security Officer Examination in conjunction with submitting their new license application to Pearson VUE.
For further instruction contact the OPLA Examination Unit at (202) 442-4363.

Retrieved from Application instructions

Child Support

Due to the most recent amendment to the D.C. laws (DC Law 13-269 –“Child Support and Welfare Reform compliance Amendment Act of 2000,” effective March 31, 2001), the Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs is now required to collect and maintain Social Security Numbers in licensee files.
Retrieved from Application instructions

More Information

Florida: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Florida

Legislation/Source:

Florida Statutes
Title XXXII. Regulation of Professions and Occupations.
Chapter 493. Private Investigative, Private Security, and Repossession Services
And
Florida Administrative Code
Title 5 Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
Division 5N Division of Licensing
Chapter 5N-1 Private Investigative, Security and Repossession Activities, Schools

Authorizing Department

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
Division of Licensing
P.O. BOX 5767
Tallahassee, Florida 32314
Phone: (850) 245-5691
Fax: (850) 245-5655
Email: DOLWeb@freshfromflorida.com
Official Website
Regional Branch Offices

Fort Walton Regional Office
Choctaw Plaza
111 Racetrack Rd. NW, Unit 111-C
Fort Walton Beach, FL 32547-1816
Phone: (850) 344-0300
Fax: (850) 344-0301
Jacksonville Regional Office
7825 Baymeadows Way, Ste. 123-A
Jacksonville, FL 32256-7557
Phone: (904) 828-3100
Fax: (904) 828-3122
Miami-Dade Regional Office
7743 NW 48th St., Ste. 100
Doral, FL 33166-5407
Phone: (305) 639-3500
Fax: (305) 639-3502
North Port Regional Office
Sumter Crossing Commerce Building
4451 Aidan Lane, Ste. 102
North Port, FL 34287
Phone: (941) 240-3160
Fax: (941) 240-3162
Orlando Regional Office
1707 Orlando Central Pkwy., Ste. 150
Orlando, FL 32809-5765
Phone: (407) 888-8700
Fax: (407) 888-8704
Tallahassee Regional Office
Capital Center Office Complex
4040 Esplanade Way, 1st Floor, Ste. 101
Tallahassee, FL 32399-7016
Phone: (850) 245-5498
Fax: (850) 245-5283
Tampa Regional Office
Interstate Business Park
4510 Oak Fair Blvd., Ste. 100
Tampa, FL 33610
Phone: (813) 337-5377
Fax: (813) 337-5378
West Palm Beach Regional Office
400 N Congress Ave., Ste. 140
West Palm Beach, FL 33401-2912
Phone: (561) 681-2530
Fax: (561) 681-2599
Licensure and License Fees

Individual security officers employed by a licensed Class “B” security agency or branch office are required to obtain a Class “D” license.
See: Florida Statute §493.6301(4)

Unarmed proprietary security officers are exempt from the license requirement.
See: Fla. Stat §493.6102
This chapter shall not apply to:
(4)   Any unarmed individual engaged in security services who is employed exclusively to work on the premises of her or his employer, or in connection with the business of her or his employer, when there exists an employer-employee relationship.

Also, Florida does not require licensing for security officers working at religious settings such as churches. The statute states in part:
493.6102  (13) Any individual employed as a security officer by a church or ecclesiastical or denominational
organization having an established physical place of worship in this state at which nonprofit religious services and activities are
regularly conducted or by a church cemetery to provide security on the property of the organization or cemetery,
and who does not carry a firearm in the course of her or his duties.

Fees
$45.00   Class D Security Officer License Fee
$42.00   Fingerprint Processing Fee
$10.75   Fingerprint Retention Fee
$97.75 Total fees required

The initial license fee for a veteran shall be waived if he or she applies for a license within 24 months after being discharged from any branch of the US Armed Forces. If you are applying for another class of license under Chapter 493, F.S., at this time, submit only one set of fingerprints and a single fingerprint-processing and retention fee. And if you have submitted a set of fingerprints and a fingerprint-processing and retention fee for a license under Chapter 493 with in past six months, no fingerprint submission or fingerprint-processing or retention fee in necessary at this time.

See: Application Class D – Form 16007, General Information

Florida permits both mail, in person and online applications processes.
See: Class D Security Officer License Requirements

The license must be renewed every two years.
See: Fla. Stat. § 493.6113(1)

 

ARMED GUARDS (Class “G”):

Individual Security Officers holding a Class ”D” license are permitted to bear a firearm and any such licensee who bears a firearm shall also have a Class “G” Statewide Firearm license.  No employee shall carry or be furnished a weapon or firearm unless the carrying of a weapon or firearm is required by her or his duties, nor shall an employee carry a weapon or firearm except in connection with those duties.
See: §493.6115

Fees
$112   Class G Firearms License Fee
$42   Fingerprint Processing Fee
$10.75 Fingerprint Retention Fee
$164.75 Total fees required

Temporary licensure:

The department may issue a temporary Class “G” license, on a case-by-case basis, if:
(a) The agency or employer has certified that the applicant has been determined to be mentally and emotionally stable by either:
1. A validated written psychological test taken within the previous 12-month period.
2. An evaluation by a psychiatrist or psychologist licensed in this state or by the Federal Government made within the previous 12-month period.
3. Presentation of a DD form 214, issued within the previous 12-month period, which establishes the absence of emotional or mental instability at the time of discharge from military service.
(b) The department has reviewed the mental health and substance abuse data provided by the Department of Law Enforcement as authorized in s. 493.6108(3) and has determined the applicant is not prohibited from licensure based upon this data.
(c) The applicant has submitted a complete application for a Class “G” license, with a notation that she or he is seeking a temporary Class “G” license.
(d) The applicant has completed all Class “G” minimum training requirements as specified in this section.
(e) The applicant has received approval from the department subsequent to its conduct of a criminal history record check as authorized in s. 493.6108(1).

 See:  Application Class G- Form 16008, General Information

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Florida has adopted “reciprocity” provisions that recognizes other licensure from other jurisdictions in limited circumstances. The Act declares:
493.6109 Reciprocity.
(1) The department may adopt rules for:
(a) Entering into reciprocal agreements with other states or territories of the United States for the purpose of licensing persons to perform activities regulated under this chapter who are currently licensed to perform similar services in the other states or territories; or
(b) Allowing a person who is licensed in another state or territory to perform similar services in this state, on a temporary and limited basis, without the need for licensure in state.

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years of age for BOTH unarmed and armed guards.
See: Fla. Stat. §493.6106(1)(a)
See: Application Class D – Form 16007, Section 1, Applicant Information

See: Application Class G – Form 16008, Section 1, Applicant Information

and also  Class D” Security Officer License Requirements

Citizenship

Both armed and unarmed guards must be a United States citizen or deemed a permanent legal resident alien by the Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

See: Application Class D – Form 16007, Section 1, Applicant Information

See: Application Class G – Form 16008, Section 1, Applicant Information

and also Class D” Security Officer License Requirements

 

 

 

Experience

No baseline requirement

Exemptions

Licensure Exemptions:

Unarmed proprietary security officers are exempt from the license requirement.
See: Fla. Stat §493.6102
This chapter shall not apply to:
(4)   Any unarmed individual engaged in security services who is employed exclusively to work on the premises of her or his employer, or in connection with the business of her or his employer, when there exists an employer-employee relationship.

Also, Florida does not require licensing for security officers working at religious settings such as churches. The statute states in part:
493.6102  (13) Any individual employed as a security officer by a church or ecclesiastical or denominational
organization having an established physical place of worship in this state at which nonprofit religious services and activities are
regularly conducted or by a church cemetery to provide security on the property of the organization or cemetery,
and who does not carry a firearm in the course of her or his duties.

 

Training Exemptions:

If you are a currently employed law enforcement officer, correctional officer or correctional probation officer certified by FDLE Criminal Justice Standards & Training Commission, a copy of your valid ID card issued by your employing law enforcement agency is sufficient to satisfy the training requirement.
•   If you have successfully completed a training program approved by the Florida Criminal Justice Standards and Training Commission for certification as a law enforcement officer, correctional officer or correctional probation officer, a copy of your certificate of completion is sufficient to satisfy the training requirement.
•   If you qualify for a Class “DI” Security Officer Instructor license under Rule 5N-1.138(1)(e)-(g), Florida Administrative Code, proof of such qualification is sufficient to satisfy the training requirement.

See: Application Class D – Form 16007, Section V1, Training/Experience

For a full list of exemptions see: Fla. Stat. §493.6102

 

ARMED GUARD:

Class G – Firearms License Training Exemptions (Acceptable alternatives for the 28 hours of range and classroom training):
1.   Proof that you are currently certified as a law enforcement officer or correctional officer pursuant to the requirements of the Criminal Justice Standards and Training Commission or have successfully completed the training required for certification within the last 12 months.
2.   Proof that you are currently certified as a federal law enforcement officer and have received law enforcement firearms training administered by a federal law enforcement agency.
3.   Proof that you qualify for a Class “K” Firearms Instructor License in accordance with the requirements set forth in Section 493.6105(6)(a), F.S.
4. Relevant military training or education received and completed during service in the United States Armed Forces as provided in Rule
5N-1.119(9), Florida Administrative Code.

See: Application Class G – Form 16008, Section V1, Training/Experience

 

Permit Required

None mentioned for unarmed guards.

ARMED GUARDS:
Class “G” Statewide Firearm License is required.

To be eligible to carry a concealed weapon, the following requirements must be met:
1. You must be 21 years of age or older.
2. You must be able to demonstrate competency with a firearm.
3. Unless you are serving overseas in the United States Armed Forces, you must currently reside in the United States and be a U.S. citizen or deemed a lawful permanent resident alien by Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service. If you are serving overseas in the U.S. Armed Forces, submit a copy of your deployment documentation with your application. Those who are Resident Aliens must provide a valid Permanent Resident Alien card.

For the rules and requirements for the issuance of a permit for a concealed weapon, see here.

Requirement to carry an ID card

Florida Statute §493.6111(1)
All licenses issued pursuant to this chapter shall be on a form prescribed by the department and shall include the licensee’s name, license number, expiration date of the license, and any other information the department deems necessary. Class “C,” Class “CC,” Class “D,” Class “E,” Class “EE,” Class “M,” Class “MA,” Class “MB,” Class “MR,” and Class “G” licenses shall be in the possession of individual licensees while on duty.

 

 

 

Moral Character

Florida Statute § 493.6106(1)(b) and § 493.6101(7)
The applicant must be of good moral character.  Good moral character means a personal history of honesty, fairness, and respect for the right and property of others and for the laws of this state and nation.

Fingerprint

Each applicant must submit a full set of fingerprints.
See: Fla. Stat. § 493.6105(3)(j) The applicant must submit a complete and legible set of fingerprints either on the Fingerprint Card in the application package or by Electronic Fingerprint-Scan. Your fingerprints can be taken at a participating law enforcement agency, by your employer, or by any business providing fingerprinting services. For information regarding electronic fingerprint-scan, visit here.

Fingerprint processing fee is $42 at the Regional Office or $35 at the Sherriff’s office or Police Department

See: Application Class D – Form 16007, Fingerprint Submission Instructions

Options to obtain fingerprints

  • Your local sheriff’s office or police department. Call in advance to find out whether the office does in fact provide electronic fingerprint scanning service and if an appointment is necessary.
  • One of our nine Regional Offices.
  • Livescan Service Providers

See:  Submitting Fingerprints Electronically FAQ

Substance Abuse

UNARMED:

According to the Class “D” Form 16007 Application:

d.  If you have been committed for controlled substance abuse, you must provide evidence of successful completion
of a substance abuse rehabilitation course and a letter from your course sponsor establishing that you are not
currently abusing any controlled substance.
e.   If you: (1) chronically and habitually use alcoholic beverages to the extent that your normal faculties are impaired;
or, (2) have ever been committed by a court to an alcohol rehabilitation course; or, (3) have ever been deemed by
a court to be a habitual offender; or, (4) have had two or more convictions for driving under the influence within
three years prior to your submitting your application, you must provide evidence of successful completion of an
alcohol rehabilitation course and a letter from your course sponsor establishing that you are not currently abusing
any alcoholic beverages.

 

ARMED:  According to the  Class “G” Form 16008 Application:

d.  If you are currently abusing a controlled substance, you are not eligible for licensure.
e.   If you have a history of controlled substance abuse, you must provide evidence of successful completion of a substance abuse rehabilitation program and three letters of reference, one of which should be from your sponsor in the program.
f.   If you have a history of alcohol abuse, you must provide evidence of successful completion of an alcohol rehabilitation program and three letters of reference, one of which should be from your sponsor in the program.

See: Application Class D – Form 16007, Section V, Personal History
See: Fla. Stat. § 493.6106(1)(d)

Mental Health

UNARMED:

According to the Class “D” Form 16007 Application:

a.   If you have ever been adjudicated incapacitated (determined by the court to be incapable of taking care of yourself), you must provide proof that you have been granted relief from federal firearms disabilities.

b.   If you have ever been involuntarily placed in a treatment facility for the mentally ill under Chapter 394, F.S., or similar laws of another state, you must provide proof that you have been granted relief from federal firearms disabilities.

c.   If you have ever been diagnosed with a mental illness, you must provide a statement from a psychologist of psychiatrists licensed in Florida attesting that you are not currently suffering from a mental illness that precludes you from performing regulated duties in an armed capacity.

ARMED:

According to the Class “D” Form 16008 Application:

a.  If you have ever been adjudicated incapacitated (determined by the court to be incapable of taking care of yourself),
you must provide proof that you have been granted relief from federal firearms disabilities.
b. If you have ever been involuntarily placed in a treatment facility for the mentally ill under Chapter 394,
F.S., or similar laws of another state, you must provide proof that you have been granted relief from federal firearms
disabilities.
c. If you have ever been diagnosed with a mental illness, you must provide a statement from a psychologist or
psychiatrist licensed in Florida attesting that you are not currently suffering from a mental illness that precludes you
from performing regulated duties in an armed capacity.

 

See: Fla. Stat. § 493.6106(1)(c)

Criminal History Background Check

UNARMED:

According to the Class “D” Form 16007 Application:

The department will deny your application if you:
• have been convicted of a felony in any state, or of a crime against the United States which is designated as a
felony, or convicted of an offense in any other state, territory, or country punishable by imprisonment for a term
exceeding 1 year, unless and until civil rights have been restored and a period of 10 years has passed since final
release from supervision. Proof of restoration of civil rights must be submitted with this application. Questions
regarding the procedure for applying for restoration of civil rights or restoration of firearm rights should be
addressed to: The Office of Executive Clemency; Florida Commission on Offender Review; 4070 Esplanade
Way; Tallahassee, FL 32399-2450, Toll Free 1-800-435-8286; Phone (850) 488-2952.
• are currently serving a suspended sentence on a felony charge or on probation for a felony charge.
The department may deny your application if you:
• in connection with either a crime of violence or a directly related crime: (1) have been found guilty of such crime;
(2) have been convicted of such crime; OR, (3) have entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to such crime
regardless of adjudication. A directly related crime includes, but is not limited to: trespassing, breaking and
entering, burglary, robbery, forgery, criminal mischief or theft, assault, battery, stalking, aggravated battery,
aggravated assault, sexual battery, kidnapping, armed robbery, murder, aggravated stalking, resisting an officer
with or without violence.
• have demonstrated a lack of good moral character.
• have an outstanding warrant or capias.
• are currently in a pre-trial intervention or deferred prosecution program.
You must provide complete information about your arrest(s) and include certified copies of court
dispositions. A determination of your eligibility cannot be made until all documentation is received and a
complete criminal history record check has been completed. This process takes 1-3 months.

See: Application Class D – Form 16007, Section III, Criminal History

Investigation of applicants by Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
(1)   Except as otherwise provided, the department must investigate an applicant for a license under this chapter before it may issue the license. The investigation must include:
(a)1.   An examination of fingerprint records and police records. If a criminal history record check of an applicant under this chapter is performed by means of fingerprint identification, the time limitations prescribed by s. 120.60(1) shall be tolled while the applicant’s fingerprints are under review by the Department of Law Enforcement or the United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.
2.   If a legible set of fingerprints, as determined by the Department of Law Enforcement or the Federal Bureau of Investigation, cannot be obtained after two attempts, the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services may determine the applicant’s eligibility based upon a criminal history record check under the applicant’s name conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

See: Fla. Stat.§493.6108

 

ARMED GUARDS:

According to the Class “D” Form 16008 Application:

The Department will deny your application if you:
• are currently serving a suspended sentence on a felony charge or are on probation for a felony charge
[Section 493.6118(4), F.S.].
• have been convicted of a felony in any state or of a crime against the United States, which is designated as a felony,
or convicted of an offense in any other state, territory, or country punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding
1 year, unless and until Civil Rights and Firearm Rights have been restored by the convicting authority and a period
of 10 years has passed since final release from supervision [Section 493.6118(4)(a), F.S.]. Proof of restoration of
Civil Rights and Firearm Rights must be submitted with this application.
1. If the felony conviction occurred within the State of Florida, your civil rights and firearm rights must be restored
by the Florida Office of Executive Clemency. Questions regarding the procedure for applying for restoration of
Civil Rights or restoration of Firearm Rights should be addressed to The Office of Executive Clemency; Florida
Commission on Offender Review; 4070 Esplanade Way; Tallahassee, FL 32399-2450, Toll Free 1-800-435-
8286; Phone (850) 488-2952.
2. Felony convictions occurring in another state require restoration of civil and firearm rights by the state in which
the conviction occurred.
3. If you were convicted of a felony under federal law, you must have a presidential pardon or have been granted
federal relief from disabilities.
The Department may deny your application if you:
• have a history of being arrested for crimes of violence and/or found guilty of (or had adjudication withheld for)
directly related crimes. This includes, but is not limited to: Trespassing, Breaking and Entering, Burglary, Robbery,
Forgery, Criminal Mischief or Theft, Assault, Battery, Stalking, Aggravated Battery, Aggravated Assault, Sexual
Battery, Kidnapping, Armed Robbery, Murder, Aggravated Stalking, Resisting an Officer with or without Violence
[Section 493.6118(1)(c), Section 493.6118(1)(j), Section 493.6118(3), F.S., Rule 5N-1.114, Florida Administrative
Code].
• have demonstrated a lack of respect for the laws of this state and the nation [Section 493.6118(3)].
• have an outstanding bench warrant or capias [Section 493.6118(3), F.S.].
• are currently in a Pre-Trial Intervention or Deferred Prosecution Program [Section 493.6118(3), F.S.].
You must provide complete information about your arrest(s) and include certified copies of court
dispositions. A determination of your eligibility cannot be made until all documentation is received and a
complete criminal history record check has been completed. This process takes 1-3 months.

 

Personal References

Not required unless the department requests sworn affidavits from former employers during relevant time period attesting that the applicant was employed and working at the claimed profession or service.
See: 5N-1.120 FAC

UNARMED GUARDS:

According to the Class “D” Form 16007 Application:

If you: (1) chronically and habitually use alcoholic beverages to the extent that your normal faculties are impaired;
or, (2) have ever been committed by a court to an alcohol rehabilitation course; or, (3) have ever been deemed by
a court to be a habitual offender; or, (4) have had two or more convictions for driving under the influence within
three years prior to your submitting your application, you must provide evidence of successful completion of an
alcohol rehabilitation course and a letter from your course sponsor establishing that you are not currently abusing
any alcoholic beverages.

ARMED GUARDS:

According to the Class “G” Form 16008 Application:

If you have a history of controlled substance abuse, you must provide evidence of successful completion of a
substance abuse rehabilitation program and three letters of reference, one of which should be from your sponsor
in the program.
If you have a history of alcohol abuse, you must provide evidence of successful completion of an alcohol rehabilitation program and three letters of reference, one of which should be from your sponsor in the program.

Training Requirements

Class D – Security Officer Training
Must submit proof of successful completion of a minimum of 40 hours of professional training at a school or training facility licensed by the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, in the following topics:
•   Legal Issues and Liabilities
•   Basic First Aid
•   Fire Suppression
•   Emergency Procedures
•   Crime & Accident Prevention
•   Professional Communication
•   Terrorism Awareness
•   Ethics and Professional Conduct
•   Patrol Techniques
•   Observation Techniques & Report Writing
•   Interview Techniques and other required topics

See: Fla. Stat. § 493.6303(4)

 

Class G – Firearms Training
In order to qualify, you must successfully complete 28 hours of range and classroom training
pertaining to the use of firearms in connection with duties regulated under Chapter 493, Florida Statutes.
The training must be obtained from a licensed Class “K” Firearms Instructor within the preceding 12 months.

The 28 hour-course curriculum and the time that should be devoted to each of the subject areas included in the curriculum are
indicated below. Note that the law stipulates that no more than eight hours of the training shall consist of range training.
•   Legal Aspects of Use of Firearms (12 hours) – This section of the course covers applicable portions of Chapters 493, 775, 776, and 790, Florida Statutes,
as well as civil and criminal liability issues in connection with the use of firearms.

•   Operational Firearms Safety and Firearms Mechanical Training (8 hours) – This portion of the curriculum is intended to provide students with a
comprehensive understanding of the mechanical operations of a firearm and how to handle firearms safely.
A written examination of 100 questions will be administered covering the portions of the curriculum dealing with legal use and operational/mechanical training.

•   Firearms Qualification (8 hours) – This segment of the training course includes practical exercises in the handling of firearms – stance,
grip, sighting, etc. – as well as topics pertaining to range safety and range commands.
The instructor will require students to fire 144 rounds as part of the firearms qualification for
initial licensure (48 rounds of practice fire +2 cycles of 48 rounds for initial qualification).
No more than eight hours of the 28 hours of training shall consist of range training.

See: Firearms Training Manual – Student Handbook and Study Guide

Exam Requirement

Not required for Class D/unarmed.

ARMED GUARDS:  A written exam will be administered during the Operational Firearms Safety and Firearms Mechanical Training portion of training. Additionally, the Firearms Qualification portion will require a firearms qualification. See Training Requirements for more information.

Child Support

No baseline requirement

Georgia: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Georgia

Legislation/Source:

Official Code of Georgia Annotated (OCGA)
Title 43 – Professions and Businesses
Chapter 38 – Operators of Private Detective Businesses and Private Security Businesses/ The Georgia Private Detective and Security Agencies Act
And
Georgia Administrative Code
Department 509 – Georgia Board of Private Detective and Security Agencies

Alerts

In June 2022 the State adopted a Board amendment to Rule 509-3-1 (1) “Training” (see below) that requires the 24 hours of mandated training for security officers to “be completed prior to providing security services.”  The previous Rule allowed the training to be completed “within six months of employment.”  

March 2022–New Processing Fee  
A processing fee will be added to any application or document request. This includes any application, pocket card request, or wall certificate request.

Online: The online processing fee is $5.00 | By Mail: If you are mailing in the request with a check, the processing fee is $10.00

 

Authorizing Department

Georgia Board of Private Detective and Security Agencies
237 Coliseum Drive
Macon, GA 31217
Phone: (478) 207-2440
Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

UNARMED GUARDS:

In Georgia, unarmed guards need not be registered with the Board HOWEVER the employer is required to keep registration records.

Any guard, watchman, or patrolman who will be unarmed and who will be employed in the private security business shall not be required to be licensed by the board but shall be governed by Code Section 43-38-7.1.

The regulations indicate:
Registration records of unarmed security employees; fingerprint identification of prospective registrants (a) Any individual, firm, association, company, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation engaged in the private security business and licensed pursuant to Code Section 43-38-6 shall be required to maintain registration records of all guards, watchmen, or patrolmen who are unarmed pursuant to rules and regulations of the board. A licensee shall not be required to register such unarmed employees with the board. Unarmed employees shall be required to complete a certain number of hours of training as prescribed by the board, and a record of such training shall be maintained with the registration records of such employees
See: OCGA § 43-38-7.1.

Fees
$50 ID Card

Georgia is moving towards more online services for both licenses and the registration of employees.
see: Online Portal

Temporary Guards:   GA Code § 43-38-8 (2020)

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, any person or corporation may use temporary employees for special events, provided that such temporary employment does not exceed 30 days in a calendar year and such employees do not carry firearms in connection with such employment.

 

ARMED GUARDS:

Unlike for unarmed guards, Armed security officers MUST register with the board.

In the case of armed officers, the employee applicant and the employer both file documentation concerning the type and status of weapons sought- from traditional permits to concealed. The application packet has all required forms.

Fees:
$70   Initial Registration – Security Guard – Armed Employee
$25   Additional Weapon permit / Change of Weapon Type Application Fee
$65   Renewal Fee
$80 Late Renewal Fee
$25 Lost or Destroyed License Replacement Fee
$50   ID Card

New (effective 3/15/22): Processing fees:  $5 online and $10 by mail

See list of fees (page 3) here.

Employee registration cards and/or weapon permits issued by the Board shall expire on August 31 of each odd-numbered year.
See: GA R&R Department 509 Chapter 509-2 Rule 509-2-.01.

Georgia is moving towards more online services for both licenses and the registration of employees.
See: Online Portal

For complete instructions provided by the board, see Employee Registration Information.

Active Law Enforcement Officers:  In accordance with the provisions of O.C.G.A. 43-38-14 (b), a person with a valid peace officer certification issued in accordance with the “GA Peace Officer Standards and Training Act” who is employed by or works as an independent contractor for a licensed private security company must be registered by the company with the Board as an armed security guard. The person is exempt from the required security officer training mandated by the Board, and the person is not required to obtain a weapon permit issued by the Board, although a registration must be obtained from the Board. The person is allowed to work as an armed security guard for the licensed company with the weapon issued by the law enforcement agency for which the person is employed, if the agency has no objection.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Armed security officers must register with the Georgia Board of Private Detective and Security Agencies.

Age Requirements

The legislation does not designate age requirements for unarmed security guards

ARMED GUARDS: To be employed as an armed security guard with a licensed company, you must be at least 21 years of age (see FAQ’s) and must meet the minimum requirements established by the Board, as detailed in O.C.G.A. 43-38-7 and O.C.G.A. 43-38-10.  The company is responsible for your training by a Board-approved instructor; however, you may attend Board-approved training classes on your own prior to being hired by a licensed company. The company must apply for Employee Registration on your behalf within 30 days of your hiring.

Citizenship

UNARMED: The legislation does not designate this requirement

ARMED: OCGA § 43-38-7(c)(1)(B)
The applicant must be a citizen of the United States or a registered resident alien

Experience

The legislation does not designate this requirement

Exemptions
  1. No municipality, county, or other political subdivision of this state shall grant a business license to any person required to be licensed under this chapter until such person has made bona fide application to the board to be licensed under this chapter and the board has taken action under the application other than refusal, cancellation, revocation, or failure to renew the applicant’s license.

This chapter shall not apply to:

    1. An officer or employee of the United States of America or of this state or a political subdivision thereof while the employee or officer is engaged in the performance of official duties;
  1. Any person with a valid peace officer certification issued pursuant to Chapter 8 of Title 35, the “Georgia Peace Officer Standards and Training Act,” who is employed by or works as an independent contractor for a licensed:
    1. Private security business shall be exempt from any training provisions required by this chapter for such business and shall be deemed to have satisfied all board rules and regulations relative to training; and
    2. Private detective business or private security business shall be exempt from further licensure under this chapter and shall be permitted to carry a firearm without obtaining any weapons permit from the board; provided, however, that such licensed private detective business or private security business shall be required to register such employee or independent contractor with the board.
  2. This chapter shall not prevent the local authorities of any municipality or county, by ordinance and within the exercise of the police power of such municipality or county, from imposing local regulations upon any street patrol, special officer, or person furnishing street patrol service, including regulations requiring registration with an agency to be designated by such municipality or county.
  3. This chapter shall not apply to a person or corporation which employs persons who do private security work in connection with the affairs of such employer only and who have an employer-employee relationship with such employer. Neither such persons or corporations nor their employees shall be required to register or be licensed under this chapter, although such persons or corporations or their employees may elect to be licensed under this chapter.
Permit Required

UNARMED: Not Required

ARMED: OCGA § 43-38-10(a): The board may grant a permit to carry a pistol, revolver, or other firearm to any person who is a license holder as defined in Code Section 16-11-125.1, who is licensed or registered in accordance with this chapter, and who meets the qualifications and training requirements set forth in this Code section and such other qualifications and training requirements as the board by rule may establish. The board shall have the authority to establish limits on type and caliber of such weapons by rule. Application for such permit and for renewal thereof shall be made on forms provided by the division director. No weapons permit issued under this Code section shall be transferable to another individual.

Requirement to carry an ID card

The Georgia State Board of Private Detectives and Security Agencies offers licensees the opportunity to purchase a durable plastic Identification Card.

Moral Character

Nothing mentioned for employees.

Fingerprint

UNARMED:  Not required.

ARMED:  GA Code § 43-38-7.1 (2020)

  • The licensee shall forward fingerprints received from each prospective registrant to the Georgia Crime Information Center of the Georgia Bureau of Investigation for the purpose of criminal identification through the fingerprint system of identification established by the Georgia Bureau of Investigation and the fingerprint system of investigation established by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  • It shall be the duty of the licensee to keep a record of all information received from the Georgia Bureau of Investigation and the Federal Bureau of Investigation with respect to criminal identification and to cooperate with the Georgia Bureau of Investigation, similar departments in other states, and the United States Department of Justice in any criminal identification system.
  • At such times as the board may require, fingerprint cards of registrants may be periodically reprocessed by a licensee to identify criminal convictions subsequent to registration.

 

 

 

Substance Abuse
  1. The board shall have the authority to refuse to grant a license or registration to an applicant therefor or to revoke the license or registration of a person licensed or registered by the board or to discipline a person licensed or registered by the board upon a finding by a majority of the entire board that the licensee, registrant, or applicant has:
    1. Become unable to engage in the private detective or private security business with reasonable skill and safety to the public by reason of illness; use of alcohol, drugs, narcotics, chemicals, or any other type of material; or any other mental or physical condition. The board may, however, after investigation of the circumstances surrounding each application, approve for licensure and registration those individuals who produce certified medical evidence of having been successfully treated and cured of alcoholism, drug addiction, or mental illness;
Mental Health
  1. The board shall have the authority to refuse to grant a license or registration to an applicant therefor or to revoke the license or registration of a person licensed or registered by the board or to discipline a person licensed or registered by the board upon a finding by a majority of the entire board that the licensee, registrant, or applicant has:
    1. Become unable to engage in the private detective or private security business with reasonable skill and safety to the public by reason of illness; use of alcohol, drugs, narcotics, chemicals, or any other type of material; or any other mental or physical condition. The board may, however, after investigation of the circumstances surrounding each application, approve for licensure and registration those individuals who produce certified medical evidence of having been successfully treated and cured of alcoholism, drug addiction, or mental illness;

 

Criminal History Background Check
  1. The board shall have the authority to refuse to grant a license or registration to an applicant therefor or to revoke the license or registration of a person licensed or registered by the board or to discipline a person licensed or registered by the board upon a finding by a majority of the entire board that the licensee, registrant, or applicant has:
  1. Been convicted, in the courts of this state or of the United States, or in the courts of any other state, territory, or country, of a felony, or any crime involving the illegal use, carrying, or possession of a dangerous weapon, or any crime involving moral turpitude. As used in this subsection, the term “felony” shall include any offense which if committed in this state would be deemed a felony, without regard to its designation elsewhere. For purposes of this subsection, a “conviction” shall be deemed to include a finding or verdict of guilty or plea of guilty, regardless of whether an appeal of the conviction has been sought;
  2. Been arrested, charged, and sentenced for the commission of a felony, any crime involving the illegal use, carrying, or possession of a dangerous weapon, or any crime involving moral turpitude, where:
    1. A plea of nolo contendere was entered to the charge;
    2. First offender treatment was granted without adjudication of guilt pursuant to the charge; or
    3. An adjudication or sentence was otherwise withheld or not entered on the charge.The plea of nolo contendere or the order entered pursuant to Article 3 of Chapter 8 of Title 42 or other first offender treatment shall be conclusive evidence of arrest and sentencing for such crime;
  • Committed any act in the practice of the private detective or private security business constituting dishonesty or fraud;
  • Been convicted of impersonating, or permitting or aiding and abetting any other person to impersonate, a law enforcement officer or employee of the United States or of this state or of any political subdivision thereof in the practice of the private detective or private security business
  • Committed a felony, any crime involving the illegal use, carrying, or possession of a dangerous weapon, or any crime involving moral turpitude;
  • Knowingly violated, or advised, encouraged, or assisted in the violation of, any court order or injunction in the course of the private detective or private security business or knowingly advised, encouraged, or assisted in the violation of any lawful order issued by the board;

Employees must file a background questionnaire and certain affidavits and affirmations as to criminal history, previous employment and former and present residences are part of the application. Part of the employer’s responsibility to ensure that these documents are completed and in full.

.

 

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

Employer companies and firms assume the training requirements for applicant employees.

UNARMED:

Unarmed employee shall be required to complete a certain number of hours of training as prescribed by the board, and a record of such training shall be maintained with the registration records of such employees.
See: OCGA §43-38-7.1(a)

Aside from the general content directions issued by the Boad, the employer must submit for review the curriculum. The Board has issued some samples of acceptable pedagogy.

Chapter 509-3 MINIMUM ACCEPTABLE TRAINING PROGRAM TO BE SUBMITTED BY LICENSEES

Rule 509-3-.01 Training
Licensees and registrants shall be trained and instructed according to the training curriculum set out in this chapter, which training and instruction shall be provided by instructors certified by the Board.

(1) Employees shall be required to complete the training prior to providing private security or private detective services as set forth in 43-38-3(3) and (4). Record of board mandated training must be maintained in the employees’ files and the employee must be provided a copy of the certificate of completion. Documentation of courses completed after January 1, 2022 require a five (5) year retention rate by the employer.

(2) Temporary employees hired for special events shall receive training prior to the events. (This rule applies only to the temporary employees of persons or corporation licensed by the Board.)
(3) The instruction provided to temporary employees shall comply with the requirements as established for the unarmed security personnel pursuant to the relevant rule of Georgia Board of private Detective and Security Agencies.

Rule 509-3-.02 Basic Training Curriculum for Security Officers

Effective January 1, 2022– a minimum of 24 hours of classroom instruction is required for all private security agency licensees and private security employees consisting of instruction in the following topics:

(1) Role of Private Security

(a) Crime Awareness and Prevention
(b) Private Security and the Criminal Justice System
(c) Ethics and Professionalism

(2) Legal Aspects

(a) Principal Misdemeanors and Felonies
(b) Overview of Title 43-38 as it relates to the Security Profession
(c) Overview of Board Rules 509 et al
(d) Arrest and Proper Use of Force
(e) Liability
(f) Courtroom testimony

(3) Patrol and Observation

(a) Patrol techniques (including but not limited to Koper Curve and directed patrol)
(b) Information gathering
(c) Crimes in progress
(d) Officer Safety
(e) Note taking and Report Writing

(4) Incident Response

(a) Responding to Emergencies
(b) Crowd control and evacuation
(c) Fire control and Prevention
(d) Hazardous Materials
(e) Bomb Threats and Terrorism
(f) Response to an Active Assailant
(g) Mental Health Awareness

(5) Security Resources

(a) CCTV Operation and Video Documentation
(b) Alarm systems
(c) Access Control
(d) Electronic Article Surveillance
(e) Working with Law Enforcement

(6) Customer Service Issues

(a) Public relations
(b) Interpersonal Communications

(7) First Aid Overview

 

ARMED:

For employees performing the functions of armed private security personnel, in addition to the 24-hour basic training
curriculum, these personnel must satisfy the requirements set forth in the firearms training curriculum.
A minimum of 15 hours of instruction is required for the firearm training
curriculum for handguns, administered by an instructor who is licensed by the Board.
This curriculum is intended to meet the minimum requirements of the Georgia Board of Private Detective and Security Agencies.

Rule 509-3-.03 Armed Security Officers

Individuals who are registered pursuant to O.C.G.A. § 43-38-7 as armed employees of private security businesses must satisfy the training requirements set forth in 509-3-.10, in addition to the requirements set forth in 509-3-.02.

RULE 509-3-.10. Handgun Training

(1) This curriculum is intended to meet the minimum requirements of the Georgia Board of Private Detective and Security Agencies. A minimum passing score of 80% must be achieved on a written exam addressing the topics listed below in subparagraphs (a), (b), (1) (i), (1) (ii), (1) (iii), and (c), proctored by a firearms instructor licensed by the Board.

A minimum passing score of 80% must be achieved on the firing range, and range testing must be proctored by a firearms instructor licensed by the Board. All armed personnel must comply with the requirements of Board Rule 509-4-.01.

(2) The holder of a weapon permit must qualify with the same type of weapon carried. Two (2) strings of 48 rounds must be fired; the higher score will be used for qualification, with a minimum qualifying score of 80%. A minimum of 15 hours of instruction is required for handgun training, and shall be administered by an instructor who is licensed by the Board, consisting of instruction in the following topics:

(a) One (1) hour of instruction in the use of deadly force. The instruction shall include Georgia Laws 16-3-21 & 17-4-20, Official Code of Georgia Annotated;

(b) Two (2) hours of instruction in liability issues. The instruction shall include Georgia Laws 16-1-3(5), 16-1-3(6), Title 42, USC Sec. 1983;

1. Three (3) situations covering issues which justify use of deadly force, to include:

(i) Defense of self from great bodily harm of death;

(ii) Defense of a third person from great bodily harm of death; and

(iii) To prevent the commission of a forcible felony.

 

(c) One (1) hour of instruction in ballistics to include selecting the proper ammunition and factors that affect trajectory, over-penetration and ricochet;

(d) Three (3) hours of instruction in types of handguns to include:

1. Nomenclature;

2. Selection of a handgun;

3. Selection of proper ammunition;

4. Care and cleaning of a handgun;

5. Proper techniques for storage, loading and unloading a handgun;

6. Selection of the proper holster and equipment for your weapon;

7. Weapon retention techniques.

(e) Eight (8) hours of instruction in firearm range qualifications to include

1. Proper stance;

2. Proper selection of holster;

3. Proper grip and draw;

4. Sight alignment, sight picture, and trigger control;

5. Firearm range safety;

6. Range procedures and rules of conduct;

7. Course of fire as set by instructor to include, but not limited to, the following:

Distance    Rounds

                                            3 Yards        24
7 Yards        18
15 Yards        6

Employee, in order to demonstrate qualification to carry a firearm, must affirm classroom instruction in the use of firearms by a board-approved instructor, firearm range instruction, and passage of the Standard Practical Pistol Course.

Exam Requirement

UNARMED: Not required.

ARMED:

A minimum passing score of 80% must be achieved on a written exam addressing the topics listed below in subparagraphs (a), (b), (1) (i), (1) (ii), (1) (iii), and (c), proctored by a firearms instructor licensed by the Board.

A minimum passing score of 80% must be achieved on the firing range, and range testing must be proctored by a firearms instructor licensed by the Board. All armed personnel must comply with the requirements of Board Rule 509-4-.01.

The holder of a weapon permit must qualify with the same type of weapon carried. Two (2) strings of 48 rounds must be fired; the higher score will be used for qualification, with a minimum qualifying score of 80%

Child Support

OCGA § 19-11-9.3
The agency shall maintain a statewide certified list of those persons included in any case enforced under this article for whom an order for child support has been rendered and who are not in compliance with that order. The certified list must be updated on a monthly basis. The agency shall submit to each licensing entity a certified list with the name, social security number, if known, date of birth, and last known address of each person on the list. Notice for purposes of this Code section shall be initiated by the department. Notice to the delinquent obligor shall include the address and telephone number of the agency and shall inform the delinquent obligor of the agency’s intent to submit the obligor’s name to relevant licensing entities and to request that the licensing entities withhold issuance or renewal of the license, or suspend the license.

Hawaii: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Hawaii

Legislation/Source:

Hawaii Administrative Rules (HAR)
Title 16 – Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs
and
Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS)
Chapter 463 – Private Detectives and Guards

Authorizing Department

Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs Professional and Vocational Licensing Branch
P.O. Box 3469
Honolulu, HI 96801

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Hawaii, as in other select states, permits either security guard registration or direct application for a license to provide security officer services as an individual “sole proprietor.” In the latter case, the security officer IS IN the business of security and has more stringent experience and background requirements. Most of the regulatory requirements are not imposed in the guard registration process.
See: Requirements & Instructions – Guard Employee Registration
See: Requirements & Instructions – Sole Proprietor

In Hawaii, “Guard” means a registered uniformed or nonuniformed person responsible for the safekeeping of a client’s properties and persons within contractually prescribed boundaries, and for observation and reporting relative to such safekeeping. “Guard” shall not include any active duty federal, state, or county law enforcement officers or personnel.
See: HRS §463 – 1

Guard Registration
Fees:
*If the registration is approved between July 1 and June 30, of the first year of triennium (2018, 2021, 2024), pay:
$10.00   Application fee
$54.00   Registration fee
$51.00   Compliance Resolution
$36.00   2/3 Triennial Renewal Fee

OR if the registration is approved between July 1 and June 30, of the second year of triennium (2019, 2022, 2025), pay:
$10.00   Application fee
$54.00   Registration fee
$34.00   Compliance Resolution
$18.00   1/3 Triennial Renewal Fee

OR *If your registration is approved between July 1 and June 30, of the third year of the triennium, (2020, 2023, 2026), pay:
$10.00   Application fee
$54.00   Registration fee
$17.00   Compliance Resolution Fund
See: Requirements & Instructions – Guard Employee Registration

Hawaii now has an online portal for licensure and registration, Online Application Portal.
See also: Online Portal Instructions

 

ARMED GUARDS:

Before beginning employment as a guard or in a guard capacity, in addition to the classroom instruction required by this section, guards and individuals acting in a guard capacity who carry a firearm or other weapon, including but not limited to an electric gun as defined in section 134-1, while on-duty in a guard capacity shall possess a valid permit to acquire the ownership of a firearm issued by county police pursuant to section 134-2 and shall satisfy the requirements of section 134-2(g).
See: HRS §463 – 10.5(e)

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

No person shall engage in the business of private detective or guard, represent oneself to be, hold oneself out as, list oneself or advertise as a private detective or guard or as furnishing detective investigating services or guard services without first obtaining a license as a private detective or guard from the Board of Private Detectives and Guards upon payment of application, examination and license fees.
See: Requirements and Instructions – Guard and Private Detective

If applicant has license in any other state or jurisdictions, need to complete License Verification form: PDG-21 1015R for use by the State of Hawaii Board of Private Detective and Guards to evaluate the application for a Hawaii principal detective or guard; or a security guard training instructor license.
See: License Verification – Private Detective and Guards

Age Requirements

Both ARMED and UNARMED applicants must be at least 18 years of age.
See: HRS §463 – 10.5a(1)

Citizenship

The legislation is silent on this requirement. However, the application asks whether the applicant is a U.S. citizen, a U.S. national, or an alien authorized to work in the U.S.
See: Requirements & Instructions – Guard Employee Registration

 

Experience

An applicant must also possess a high school education or its equivalent
See: HRS §463 – 10.5a(2)

Exemptions

HRS § 463 – 13
This chapter does not apply to any person, firm, company, partnership, or corporation or any bureau or agency whose business is exclusively the furnishing of information as to the business and financial standing and credit responsibility of persons, firms, or corporations, or as to personal habits and financial responsibility, of applicants for insurance, indemnity bonds, or commercial credit, or an attorney at law in performing the attorney’s duties as such attorney at law.

Permit Required

ARMED:

Before beginning employment as a guard or in a guard capacity, in addition to the classroom instruction required by this section, guards and individuals acting in a guard capacity who carry a firearm or other weapon, including but not limited to an electric gun as defined in section 134-1, while on-duty in a guard capacity shall possess a valid permit to acquire the ownership of a firearm issued by county police pursuant to section 134-2 and shall
satisfy the requirements of section 134-2(g).
See: HRS §463 – 10.5(e)

 

Requirement to carry an ID card

Legislation is silent on this requirement.

Moral Character

No baseline requirement

Fingerprint

All applicants are required to submit to a FBI fingerprint check through the Hawaii Criminal Justice Data Center
(“HCJDC”).

To obtain a FBI National Criminal History Record Check and the State of Hawaii Criminal History Record Check,
applicants shall be fingerprinted electronically at Fieldprint Inc. locations nationwide or any other fingerprinting
agency approved to send electronic fingerprints to the HCJDC.

Please visit Fieldprint Inc. at: http://fieldprinthawaii.com to make an appointment, inquire about other
available site locations on the continental United States, or call (877) 614-4361.

Fees for the FBI and the State of Hawaii Criminal History Record Checks shall be paid directly to Fieldprint and will
be electronically sent to the HCJDC.

NOTE: Fingerprinting cards are no longer available from the Board’s office.

NOTE: An Application to register as a guard must be filled within thirty (30) days of the fingerprinting to ensure that
the results are obtainable from the HCJDC. If the results are not obtainable, you will be required to obtain new
fingerprints.

Applicant Notification and Record Challenge: Your fingerprints will be used to check the criminal history records
of the FBI. Your fingerprints will also be retained by the HCJDC and the FBI for all purposes and uses authorized for
fingerprint submissions, which may include participation in the state and national rap back programs. You have the
opportunity to complete or challenge the accuracy of the information contained in the FBI identification record. The
procedure for obtaining a change, correction, or updating an FBI identification record are set forth in Title 28, CFR,
16.34.

See REQUIREMENTS & INSTRUCTIONS – GUARD EMPLOYEE REGISTRATION

Substance Abuse

Not listed

Mental Health

The applicant should not be presently suffering from any psychiatric or psychological disorder which is directly related and detrimental to a person’s performance in the profession;
school education or its equivalent
See: HRS §463 – 10.5(a)(3)

Criminal History Background Check

The applicant must not have been convicted in any jurisdiction of a crime which reflects unfavorably on the fitness of the individual to act as a guard, unless the conviction has been annulled or expunged by court order; provided that the individual shall submit to a national criminal history record check as authorized by federal law, including but not limited to the Private Security Officer Employment Authorization Act of 2004, and specified in the rules of the board.
See: HRS §463 – 10.5(a)(4)

New instructions regarding Background Checks have been published here.

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

HRS 463-10.5 (c) states:

(c) Guards and individuals acting in a guard capacity shall successfully complete the classroom instruction specified by this section, pass a written test, and undergo four hours of on-the-job training supervised by an individual who has successfully completed all of the requirements of this section or who has otherwise been approved by the board for on-the-job training.  Guards and individuals acting in a guard capacity shall successfully complete:

     (1)  Eight hours of classroom instruction before the first day of service; and

     (2)  Four hours of classroom instruction during the triennial registration renewal period; provided that in addition to relevant guard industry material, the required classroom instruction shall include a refresher component on professional image and aloha training as approved by the board.

For purposes of this section, “classroom instruction” may include two-way teleconferencing and other interactive educational formats approved by the board.

     (d)  The content of classroom instruction required under this section shall include, but not be limited to:

     (1)  State and federal law regarding the legal limitations on the actions of guards, including instruction in the law concerning arrest, search and seizure, and the use of force as these issues relate to guard work;

     (2)  Access control, safety, fire detection and reporting, and emergency response;

     (3)  Homeland security issues and procedures;

     (4)  When and how to notify public authorities;

     (5)  Techniques of observation and reporting of incidents, including how to prepare an incident report;

     (6)  The fundamentals of patrolling;

     (7)  Professional ethics; and

     (8)  Professional image and aloha training.

ARMED:

Firearms Training
HAR §134-2(g)
Effective July 1, 1995, no person shall be issued a permit under this section for the acquisition of a pistol or revolver unless the person, at any time prior to the issuance of the permit, has completed:
(1)   An approved hunter education course as authorized under section 183D-28;

(2)   A firearms safety or training course or class available to the general public offered by a law enforcement agency of the State or of any county;

(3)   A firearms safety or training course offered to law enforcement officers, security guards, investigators, deputy sheriffs, or any division or subdivision of law enforcement or security enforcement by a state or county law enforcement agency; or

(4)   A firearms training or safety course or class conducted by a state certified or National Rifle Association certified firearms instructor or a certified military firearms instructor that provides, at a minimum, a total of at least two hours of firing training at a firing range and a total of at least four hours of classroom instruction, which may include a video, that focuses on:

(A)   The safe use, handling, and storage of firearms and firearm safety in the home; and
(B)   Education on the firearm laws of the State.

 

Exam Requirement

Guard must pass a written test after the completion of the classroom instruction training.
See: HRS §463 – 10.5(c)

Child Support

HRS § 436B – 19.5
The licensing authority shall refuse to renew, reinstate, or restore, or shall deny or suspend any license if the authority has received certification from the child support enforcement agency pursuant to the terms of section 576D-13 that the licensee or applicant is not in compliance with an order of support or has failed to comply with a subpoena or warrant relating to a paternity or child support proceeding.

Idaho: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Idaho

Legislation/Source:

Boise City Code
Chapter 5-19: Private Security Service

City of Idaho Falls Ordinance: http://www.idahofallsidaho.gov/wwwroot/userfiles/files/legal/city_code_title_4_ch_6.pdf

Authorizing Department

The Office of the City Clerk, Boise, Idaho
P.O. Box 500
Boise, ID 83701
Official Website

The Office the City Clerk, Idaho Falls, ID
308 Constitution Way
Idaho Falls, Idaho 83402
Offical Website

Licensure and License Fees

Idaho does not formally regulate or oversee private security officers. Idaho Code sections 50-301 and 50-307 authorize the City to adopt and enforce ordinances, rules and regulations governing standards and procedures for licensing persons who engage in or operate a trade or business within the City.
See: Idaho Legislature, Title 50, Chapter 3, 50-301
See: Idaho Legislature, Title 50, Chapter 3, 50-307

At the local level, such as major metropolitan areas like Louisville, there is oversight of weaponry and armed status.
The following sections describe existing regulations in the City of Boise and the City of Idaho Falls.

City of Boise
$40.00   Patrol Agent license application
$42.00   Fingerprint fee
$5.00   Photo
$1.5   Processing fee
The application is available online.
See: Security Personnel Application

City of Idaho Falls
$50.00   Private Patrol Person
(including Fingerprint fee)
See: Application Form

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Hiring prohibited unless licensed for the City of Boise
See: City code- Title 3: Chapter 12, 3-12-6 (c)

Age Requirements

City of Boise
Section 5-19-05(A)
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age
See: Chapter 5-19 Private Security Service

City of Idaho Falls
Section 4-6-7
The applicant must be at least 21 years of age
citizen of the United States.
See: Chapter 6 Private Patrol Services

Citizenship

City of Boise
No particular mention of citizenship.
See: Chapter 5-19 Private Security Service

City of Idaho Falls:
Section 4-6-5: Qualifications of a Private Patrol Person
No person shall be issued a license as a private Patrol Person who is not a citizen of the United States.
See: Chapter 6 Private Patrol Services

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

City of Boise
Section 5-19-02(D)
This Chapter shall not apply to or include regularly appointed police officers of Boise City or to any regularly appointed police officer or law enforcement agent of the United States and of this State, or any political subdivision thereof while acting as their agent.

Section 5-19-02(F)
Event Security Staff shall be exempt from licensing and shall be criminal background checked by the company or agency which employs them to perform event security.
See: Chapter 5-19 Private Security Service

City of Idaho Falls:
Section 4-6-1(B)
The following persons are specifically excluded from the definition of “private Patrol Person” set forth in this section:
(1)   Regularly appointed City police officers.
(2)   Regularly appointed peace officers and law enforcement agents of the United States, the State of Idaho or any political subdivision of the State.
(3)   Guards, officers and detectives employed by interstate or intrastate carriers.
(4)   Guards, officers and detectives employed by a private business to guard, protect or maintain peace and order in or about structures, premises or property owned, maintained or used by the private business, where the major portion of such employment is confined to services performed on or in such structures, premises or property.
See: Chapter 6 Private Patrol Services

Permit Required

Not applicable

Requirement to carry an ID card

City of Boise
The legislation is silent on the requirement to carry the license while on duty.

The license for a private agent shall be in the form of a card which shall contain the words “private patrol agent”; and shall also bear numerals designating the year in which such license is in force and effect. It shall be unlawful for any person to wear or display any license required or provided for by this Chapter unless such person is duly licensed therefor.
See: Chapter 5-19-11 License ; Form

City of Idaho Springs
The legislation is silent on the requirement to carry the license while on duty.

The license for a private Patrol Person shall be an identification card containing the words “private Patrol Person” and stating the year for which the license is issued. The license for a private patrol service shall be a placard stating the name of the licensee and the year for which the license is issued. Upon the termination or expiration of any license, the licen se shall be returned to the City Clerk. It shall be unlawful for any person to wear or display any license required by this Chapter unless the person is duly licensed therefor.
See: Chapter 6-14 Private Patrol Services

Moral Character

City of Boise
No mention of character

City of Idaho
Section 4-6-7
Cannot have been convicted of a felony or of any crime or offense involving violence or moral turpitude, or of any offense concerning the sale or transportation of intoxicating or alcoholic liquor. See: Chapter 6 Private Patrol Services

Fingerprint

City of Boise
Fingerprint Cards have to be submitted with the application.
See: Private Security and Alarm Service Licensing

Idaho Falls
Section 4-6-4(A)
At the time of making application, the applicant shall have his or her fingerprints taken by the City Police Department.The application shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable license fee.
See: Chapter 6 Private Patrol Services

Substance Abuse

While not a screening disqualifier, both cities mention criminal offenses involving alcohol as a negative variable in licensure review.

Mental Health

Not Listed

Criminal History Background Check

City of Boise
Section 5-19-05(B)
No person shall be issued a license who has any outstanding warrants; been convicted, paid any fine, placed on probation, received a deferred sentence, received a withheld judgment, or completed any sentence of confinement for any felony or misdemeanor involving theft or dishonesty, within three (3) years prior to the date of making application.
See: Chapter 5-19 Private Security Service

City of Idaho Falls
Section 4-6-4:
City conducts significant background review of all applicants. Ordinance holds:
To determine the suitability of prospective applicants for a license, the Chief of Police shall require a first time applicant to provide information and fingerprints necessary to obtain criminal history information from the Idaho State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Pursuant to Section 67-3008, Idaho Code, and congressional enactment Public Law 92-544, the Chief of Police shall submit a set of fingerprints obtained from the applicant and the required fees to the Idaho State Police, Bureau of Criminal Identification, for a criminal records check of state and national databases. The submission of fingerprints and information required by this section shall be on forms prescribed by the Idaho State Police. The Chief of Police is authorized to receive criminal history information from the Idaho State Police and from the Federal Bureau of Investigation for the purpose of evaluating the fitness of applicants for a license under this section. As required by state and federal law, further dissemination of other use of the criminal history information is prohibited. Fingerprinting shall not be required for a license renewal. (Ord. 2440, 2-15-02)
See: Chapter 6 Private Patrol Services

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

Not Listed

Exam Requirement

Not listed

Child Support

Idaho Code §§ 7-1403 GROUNDS FOR SUSPENSION OF A LICENSE.
In addition to any other basis provided by Idaho law for suspension of a license, a licensee is subject to suspension of a license if the licensee:
(1)   Is an obligor who has a delinquency as defined in section (3), Idaho Code;
(2)    Has failed to comply with a subpoena in a paternity or child support proceeding; or
(3)    Has substantially failed to comply with an order providing for visitation with a minor child.

Illinois: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Illinois

Legislation/Source:

Illinois Compiled Statutes
Chapter 225 – PROFESSIONS, OCCUPATIONS,
AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS
225 ILCS 447/ – Private Detective,
Private Alarm, Private Security,
Fingerprint Vendor, and Locksmith Act of 2004.

TITLE 68: PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS
CHAPTER VII: DEPARTMENT OF FINANCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL REGULATION
SUBCHAPTER B: PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS
PART 1240 PRIVATE DETECTIVE, PRIVATE ALARM, PRIVATE SECURITY, FINGERPRINT VENDOR, AND LOCKSMITH ACT OF 2004

Authorizing Department

Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation
Attn: Division of Professional Regulation

320 West Washington, 3rd Floor
Springfield, IL 62786
Phone: (888) 473-4858
Email: FPR.LMU@Illinois.gov

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Illinois does not directly license security officers but rather the security contractor and armed proprietary security firms that deliver security services.
These same entities must register, conduct due diligence and background reviews on all actual or prospective employees.
See: Illinois Administrative Code Title 68 Part 1240

All employees of a licensed agency shall apply for a permanent employee registration card.
See 225 ILCS 447/35-30

Employment with a private security contractor agency is required to perform the duties of a security officer.
See: 225 ILCS 447/35-32(a)

Security contractors and proprietary security companies need keep track of their employees although the following requirements have been formally promulgated:

Section 1240.535 Recordkeeping Requirements
Each employer licensed under the Act shall maintain a file on each employee pursuant to Section 35-30 of the Act. The employee file shall be maintained by the agency for 5 years after termination of the employee, shall be accessible to duly authorized representatives of the Division with 24 hours prior notice (72 hours notice for files more than 2 years old), and shall contain the following information:
•   A photograph of the employee taken within 10 days after the date the employee commences employment. The photo shall be replaced every 3 calendar years;
•   The employee’s statement required in Section 35-30(b) of the Act;
•   All correspondence or documents related to the character and integrity of the employee received by the employer from an official source or law enforcement;
•   The employee identification card of a terminated employee pursuant to Section 35-30(h);
•   A copy of the weapons discharge report, if applicable, during the course of the employee’s duties or activities;
•   Application for employment;
•   Certification of Completion of Basic Training and/or refresher training courses as provided in Section 1240.505 of this Part;
•   Certificate of Firearm Training, if applicable (or notarized copy as provided in Section 1240.510 of this Part) verified by the licensee in charge;
•   Copy of employee’s permanent employee registration card and firearm control card and active Firearm Owner’s Identification Card (FOID), if applicable;
•   Certification or certified copy of requalification (Section 1240.510);
•   Copy of employee’s certification of completion of canine handler training, canine handler authorization card and canine trainer authorization card, if applicable;
•   Copy of the verification of fingerprint processing from ISP or from one of the ISP live scan vendors whose equipment has been certified by ISP or a fingerprint vendor agency licensed by the Division;
•   A copy of the Division’s webpage (www.idfpr.com) showing that an applicant has no criminal conviction pursuant to the ISP criminal history check for individuals employed prior to issuance of the permanent employee registration card;

In Illinois, a Permanent Employee Registration Card (PERC) is needed to work as a security guard.

Illinois presently has both paper and an electronic filing system for applications. However the Illinois web location governing professional regulation appears to exclusively call for filing within the electronic portal.
See: Online Application Portal

Illinois does allow for security officer employees to work in temporary status as long as the employer meets all the following conditions:
(1) The agency completes in its entirety and submits to the Department an application for a permanent employee registration card, including the required fingerprint receipt and fees.
(2) The agency has verification from the Department that the applicant has no record of any criminal conviction pursuant to the criminal history check conducted by the Department of State Police….
(3) The agency exercises due diligence to ensure that the person is qualified under the requirements of the Act to be issued a permanent employee registration card.
See: 225 ILCS 447/35-30

Fees
$55   PERC application fee
Fingerprint fees vary.

According to the PERC application:
The PERC shall expire on May 31, 2018 and every 3 years thereafter. You will receive your PERC renewal by e-mail approximately 90 days prior to the expiration date of your PERC.

See: PERC New Application Checklist (PDF)

Temporary Licensure
Illinois does allow for security officer employees to work in temporary status as long as the employer does the following:

225 ILCS 447/35-30
(k) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (j), an agency may employ a person in a temporary capacity if all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The agency completes in its entirety and submits to the Department an application for a permanent employee registration card, including the required fingerprint receipt and fees.
(2) The agency has verification from the Department that the applicant has no record of any criminal conviction pursuant to the criminal history check conducted by the Department of State Police….
(3) The agency exercises due diligence to ensure that the person is qualified under the requirements of the Act to be issued a permanent employee registration card.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Illinois has no reciprocity with any other state.

Age Requirements

An applicant must be a minimum of 18 years old to work in an unarmed capacity.
See: PERC New Application Checklist (PDF)

Citizenship

The application requirements do not designate required citizenship. However, the applicant needs a formal relationship with social security.

Experience

None required.

Exemptions

According to the PERC application:
•   A peace officer as defined in the Private Detective, Private Alarm, Private Security, Fingerprint Vendor, and Locksmith Act is exempt from the requirements relating to the possession of a firearm control card. The employing agency shall remain responsible for any peace officer employed under this exemption.
•   A person employed as an armed security guard at a nuclear energy, storage, weapons, or development site or facility regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission who has completed the background screening and training mandated by the rules and regulations of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is exempt from registration for a fi rearm control card.

See: PERC New Application Checklist (PDF)

Permit Required

None required.

Requirement to carry an ID card

The holder of a permanent employee registration card shall carry the card at all times while actually engaged in the performance of the duties of his or her employment. Expiration and requirements for renewal of permanent employee registration cards shall be established by rule of the Department. Possession of a permanent employee registration card does not in any way imply that the holder of the card is employed by an agency unless the permanent employee registration card is accompanied by the employee identification card required by subsection (f) of this Section.

See: 225 ILCS §447/35-30(d)

Moral Character

The application process inferentially deals with character by a review of the following:

•   Dishonorable discharge from military service
•   Disease or conditions that may interfere with professional work
•   Denial of a prior professional license

The legislation does not mention this requirement for employees.

Fingerprint

A PERC card requires a background review and an analysis of the employee’s applicant’s fingerprints. The fingerprints will be checked against the Department of State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation criminal history record databases.
See: 225 ILCS §447/35-30(c)

Section 1240.520 Fingerprint Requirements
Any person seeking employee registration under Section 35-30 of the Act shall file an application with the Division, on forms provided by the Division, along with one of the following:
•   Copy of the verification of fingerprint processing from ISP or from one of the ISP live scan vendors whose equipment has been certified by ISP or a fingerprint vendor agency licensed by the Division;
•   Out-of-state residents unable to utilize the ISP electronic fingerprint process may submit to ISP one fingerprint card issued by ISP, accompanied by the fee specified by ISP.

See: PERC New Application Checklist (PDF), page 5 and 6 for details

Substance Abuse

THe applicant must not have any disease or condition that interferes with his or her ability to perform the essential functions of your profession, including any disease or condition generally regarded as chronic by the medical community, i.e., (1) mental or emotional disease or condition; (2) alcohol or other substance abuse; (3) physical disease or condition, that presently interferes with his or her ability to practice your profession.

See: PERC New Application Checklist (PDF)

Mental Health

An applicant must not have been declared by any court of competent jurisdiction to be incompetent by reason of mental disease or defect and has not been restored.
See: 225 ILCS 447/35-30(5)

Criminal History Background Check

Applicants for the PERC card must affirm being free of a criminal history and other suspect conditions.
See: PERC New Application Checklist (PDF), page 9

Applicants are deemed unfit for registration for reasons of conviction of an offense Illinois or another state, including registration as a sex offender, but not including a traffic offense. Persons convicted of felonies involving bodily harm, weapons, violence, or theft within the previous 10 years shall be presumed to be unfit for registration.
See: 225 ILCS 447/35-30(a)(3)

In determining whether an applicant for a permanent employee registration card or firearm control card is unfit for such registration because of criminal history record information, the Division shall consider the following standards:

1)    Whether the crime was one of armed violence or any two or more repeated acts of violence towards persons or property [720 ILCS 5/Art. 33A] or:

A)    Crimes involving dishonesty, false statement or some other element of deceit, untruthfulness or falsification (including, but not limited to perjury, inducement of perjury, false statement, criminal fraud, embezzlement, false pretense, forgery, counterfeiting and theft).

B)    Drug offenses including, but not limited to, the Illinois Controlled Substances Act [720 ILCS 570/Art. I] and Federal Drug Enforcement Laws (21 USC 801 et seq.).

C)    Sex offenses including, but not limited to, all crimes listed in Article 11 of the Criminal Code of 1961 [720 ILCS 5/Art. 11].

2)    Whether the crime is related to the detective, security, alarm or locksmith profession.

3)    Whether more than 10 years have elapsed since the date of completion of imposed sentence.

4)    Whether the conviction was from a city ordinance violation or conviction for which a jail sentence was not imposed.

5)    Whether the applicant has been sufficiently rehabilitated to warrant the public trust. The Division shall consider, but not be bound by, the following in considering whether an applicant has been presumed to be rehabilitated:

A)    Completion of probation;
B)    Completion of parole supervision; or
C)    If no parole was granted, a period of 10 years has elapsed after final discharge or release from any term of imprisonment without any subsequent conviction.

See: Illinois Administrative Code Section 1240.525(b)

Personal References

None required.

Training Requirements

Every person employed as a registered employee of a private detective, private alarm or private security agency certified under the Act or as an armed employee of a proprietary security force shall complete, within 30 days after commencing employment, a course of basic training. The training shall be a minimum of 20 hours of classroom basic training related to the employment and shall be certified to by the employer.
See Illinois Administrative Code Section 1240.505

The 20-hours of classroom instruction cover the following subjects:
(1)   The law of arrest, search and seizure as it applies to private security;
(2)   Civil and criminal liability for acts related to private security;
(3)   The use of force;
(4)   Arrest and control techniques;
(5)   The elements of offenses under the Criminal Code of 2012 directly related to the protection of persons and property;
(6)   The law on private security forces and on reporting to law enforcement agencies;
(7)   Fire prevention, fire equipment, and fire safety;
(8)   The procedures for report writing;
(9)   Civil rights and public relations;
(10)   The identification of terrorists, acts of terrorism and terrorist organizations, as defined by federal and State statutes.

(c)Registered employees of a private security contractor agency who provide guarding or other private security related functions, in addition to the classroom training required under subsection (a), within 6 months after their employment, shall complete an additional 8 hours of training on subjects to be determined by the employer. This training may be site-specific and may be conducted on the job.
See: 225 ILCS 447/25-20
See Section 1240.505 – 20-Hour Basic Training Course – Private Detective, Private Alarm Contractor, Private Security Contractor and Proprietary Security Force Employee

Exam Requirement

None required.

Child Support

As stated on the PERC application:
An applicant’s personal information entered on the application can be used to check to see if the applicant is more than 30 days late on any child support payment.
See: PERC New Application Checklist (PDF), page 2

Indiana: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Indiana

Legislation/Source:

Indiana Code Title 25 Professions and Occupations
Article 30 Private Investigator Firms, Security Guards, and Polygraph Examiners

Authorizing Department

Indiana Private Investigator and Security Guard Licensing Board
Indiana Professional Licensing Agency
402 West Washington Street, Room W072
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204
Phone: (317) 234-3040
Fax: (317) 233-4236
Email: pla11@pla.in.gov

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Indiana, there is no requirement to obtain a security license in order to work as an unarmed security guard. However, according to the Indiana Private Investigator and Security Guard Licensing Board Laws and Regulations section IC 25-30-1.3:

(a) A licensed firm that provides security services may employ, to assist the licensee in the licensee’s business as a security guard agency, as many unlicensed persons as necessary. The licensee is civilly responsible for the good conduct of all employees while the employees are acting on behalf of the licensee.

(b)  A licensee shall maintain a record, relative to each of the licensee’s employees, containing the following information:

(1)   A picture taken within thirty (30) days after the date that an employee commences employment with the licensee.
(2)   A full set of fingerprints of both hands of each employee.

(c)   A licensee shall provide the board, at the board’s request, a roster of all unlicensed persons employed by the security guard agency.

See: Indiana Private Investigator and Security Guard Licensing Board

While individuals working for a security agency need not be licensed to provide security services, the individuals employed by a security agency need to be internally tracked and listed and upon public request, provide that information.

Also note, Indiana allows private security entities to employ unlicensed parties but to also be responsible for their behavior and performance. See the Rule:

IC 25-30-1-11

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Indiana requires an in-state license in the matter of security services. The Regulation states:

IC 25-30-1-14
Nonresidents Sec. 14. It shall be unlawful for a person licensed by any other state to do business in Indiana unless the person is licensed and authorized to do business in Indiana. A person may not do business in Indiana until the person is licensed with the board and meets the requirements for licensees of this state.

Age Requirements

No baseline requirement

Citizenship

No baseline requirement

Experience

No baseline requirement

Exemptions

No baseline requirement

Permit Required

No baseline requirement

Requirement to carry an ID card

No baseline requirement

Moral Character

No baseline requirement

Fingerprint

No baseline requirement

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement

Mental Health

No baseline requirement

Criminal History Background Check

No baseline requirement

Personal References

No baseline requirement

Training Requirements

No baseline requirement

Exam Requirement

No baseline requirement

Child Support

No baseline requirement

Iowa: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Iowa

Legislation/Source:

CHAPTER 80A

PRIVATE INVESTIGATIVE AGENCIES AND SECURITY AGENTS
and
Iowa Administrative Code Chapter 661-121

Authorizing Department

Bail Enforcement/Private Investigative/Security Licensing
Program Services Bureau
Administrative Services Division
Iowa Department of Public Safety

215 East 7th Street, 4th Floor
Des Moines, Iowa 50319-0045
Phone: (515) 725-6230
Fax: (515) 725-6264
Email: piinfo@dps.state.ia.us

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Iowa only security businesses are subject to licensure.
Individuals seeking employment with a licensed security business must obtain an identification card issued by the department prior to commencing employment.
See: Iowa Code 80A.7

The identification card is bound to a specific employer who files the application form along with two 1”x1”color photographs of the applicant and two fingerprint cards and associated fees to the department on behalf of the individual applicant.
See: IAC 661-121.6(1)

The individual applicant has to meet the requirements outlined for licensure as described in Iowa Code 80A.4(1) and IAC 661-121.5.
See: Iowa Code 80A.4(3) and IAC 661-121.6

Fees payable by the employer are:
$100.00   Two year license (for a bail enforcement business, a private investigative agency or a private secuirty agency)

$10.00   Employee ID
$30.00   Fingerprint Fee

See: A list of FAQ’s regarding the Iowa Licensure process (PDF)

Temporary Licensure
Iowa allows the issuance of a 14 day, temporary ID card for employed security officers as the full application is being processed.
See: Iowa Administrative Code at 121.11(2)

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

While as a general rule Iowa requires the firm or agency to be licensed, the state does not impose the licensure requirements on out of
state firms that in the furtherance of their businesses, peripherally contact Iowa citizens or entities.

The Iowa Code states: Any private investigative, private security, or bail enforcement business shall be licensed in Iowa if it is conducting business in Iowa.

As per IAC 121. 4, types of activities that are not, by themselves, viewed as demonstrating jurisdiction in Iowa include, but are not limited to, the following:(1) A non-Iowa-based private investigation business works on a criminal, civil, or administrative case that originates and is filed
in another state, but that contains some investigative elements in Iowa.

See: Chapter 121: Private Investigation, Private Security Businesses

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years old.
See: Iowa Code 80A.4(1)

Citizenship

Licensure rules do not specify citizenship requirements.

Experience

Not required

Exemptions

80A.2 Persons exempt.
This chapter does not apply to the following:
1.  An officer or employee of the United States, of a state, or a political subdivision of the United States or of a state while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of official duties.
2.  A peace officer engaged in the private security business or the private investigation business with the knowledge and consent of the chief executive officer of the peace officer’s law enforcement agency.
3.  A person employed full or part-time by one employer in connection with the affairs of the employer.
4.  An attorney licensed to practice in Iowa, while performing duties as an attorney.
5.   A person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and furnishing information regarding the financial rating or standing and credit of persons.
6.  A person exclusively employed in making investigations and adjustments for insurance companies.
7.  A person who is the legal owner of personal property which has been sold under a security agreement or a conditional sales agreement, or a secured party under the terms of a security interest while the person is performing acts relating to the repossession of the property.
8.  A person engaged in the process of verifying the credentials of physicians and allied health professionals applying for hospital staff privileges.
9.  A person engaged in the business of transporting prisoners under a contract with the Iowa department of corrections or a county sheriff, a similar agency from another state, or the federal government.
10.  A certified public accountant authorized to practice pursuant to chapter 542, while performing duties as a certified public accountant.

Permit Required

Not required

Requirement to carry an ID card

According to Iowa Code 80A.7 the department issues each employee of the licensee an
identification card in a form approved by the commissioner. The application for a permanent identification card shall
include a temporary identification card valid for fourteen days from the date of receipt of the application by the applicant.

However, the legislation does not specify the requirement to carry or display the identification card while on duty.

Moral Character

According to Iowa Code 80A.4 (3), each employee of an applicant or licensee shall possess the same qualifications required by 80A.4 (1) for a licensee. As such, pursuant to 80A.4 (1) (f) the applicant must be of good moral character and has not been judged guilty of a crime involving moral turpitude.

Fingerprint

An application for an identification card shall include the submission of fingerprints of the person seeking the identification card.

Fees associated with the processing of fingerprints shall be assessed to the employing licensee.
See: Iowa Code 80A.7(5)

Substance Abuse

According to Iowa Code 80A.4 (3), each employee of an applicant or licensee shall possess the same qualifications required by 80A.4 (1) for a licensee. As such, pursuant to 80A.4 (1) (d) is not addicted to the use of alcohol or a controlled substance.

Mental Health

The applicant must not have a history of mental illness or instability.
See: IAC 661-121.5(9)

Criminal History Background Check

According to Iowa Code 80A.4 (3), each employee of an applicant or licensee shall possess the same qualifications required by 80A.4 (1) for a licensee.
As such, pursuant to 80A.4(1):

(c)   Has never been convicted of a felony or aggravated misdemeanor.
(g)   Has not been convicted of a crime described in section 708.3, 708.4, 708.5, 708.6, 708.8, or 708.9.
(h)   Has not been convicted of illegally using, carrying or possessing a dangerous weapon.
(I)   Has not been convicted of fraud.

The fingerprints may be submitted to the Federal Bureau of Investigation through the state criminal history repository for the purpose of a national criminal history check.
See: Iowa Code 80A.7(5)

Personal References

None required

Training Requirements

Not required

Exam Requirement

Not required

Child Support

According to Iowa Code § 252J.1 through 252J.9, the state may revoke or deny the giving of any business, driver’s, occupational, professional, or recreational permit or license for failure to pay child support.

Kansas: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Kansas

Legislation/Source:

Kansas does not presently regulate individual licensing provisions for armed or unarmed officer.
This lack does not imply that security agency or company licenses may require alternative licensing
methods and mechanisms, nor should the reader conclude that regulation does not exist for
other forms of licensure such as detectives or investigators.

Kentucky: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Kentucky

Legislation/Source:

Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government Code of Ordinances
Title XI – Business Regulations
Chapter 124 – Armed Security Officers
And
Kentucky Revised Statutes

Authorizing Department

Louisville Department of Codes & Regulations
Specialty Licenses and Enforcement (ABC)

444 South 5th Street
Louisville, KY 40202
Phone: (502) 574-2508

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Kentucky, as a Commonwealth, does not formally regulate or oversee private security officers- either armed or unarmed. At the local level, such as major metropolitan areas like Louisville, there is oversight of weaponry and armed status.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

No baseline requirement

Citizenship

No baseline requirement

Experience

Not required

Exemptions

No baseline requirement

Permit Required

No baseline requirement

Requirement to carry an ID card

This information will be available soon

Moral Character

No baseline requirement

Fingerprint

No baseline requirement

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement

Mental Health

No baseline requirement

Criminal History Background Check

No baseline requirement

Personal References

No baseline requirement

Training Requirements

No baseline requirement

Exam Requirement

No baseline requirement

Child Support

No baseline requirement

More Information

See the Armed Security Officer section for more information.

Louisiana: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Louisiana

Legislation/Source:

Louisiana Revised Statutes
Title 37 – Professions and Occupations
Chapter 47 – Private Contract Security Companies (Section 37:3270 through 3299)
and
Louisiana Administrative Code
Title 46 – Professional and Occupational Standards
Part LIX – Private Security Examiners

Authorizing Department

Louisiana State Board of Private Security Examiners
15703 Old Hammond Highway
Baton Rouge, LA 70816
Phone: (225) 272-2310 or (866) 278-8080
Email: info@LSBPSE.com

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Louisiana individual employees of licensed security businesses must register with the board by filing for a registration card.
The applicant must first be employed in a licensed security company or firm. During this period of employment, the company applies on behalf of the security officer for that license.

See: LA RS §37:3283

For supplemental forms relating to company application, termination, reinstatement, training and other matters, see: Security Application Documents

An applicant who will be registered to carry a weapon must be trained in that weapon prior to carrying such on a job site and verification of training must be submitted by the licensee to the board at the time application is made. If the applicant has not been trained, then the licensee shall register the applicant as unarmed until such time as required training has been received and proof of training submitted to the board.
See: LA AC 46:3.§301.H

Security officer registrations are now being processed on an electronic portal, known as eLicensure, commencing February of 2019.
To find out about the new protocol and requirements, visit: E Licensure Portal

To take the tutorial relating to eLicensure, click here

Fees
$40.00   Application fee
$40.00   Renewal fee .(expire annually on the date of issuance)
$10.00   Criminal Background Tracking Admin Fee (Only for renewal applications

$20.00   Transfer fee
$20.00   Replacement fee for a lost, destroyed, or mutilated card
$20.00   Reinstatement fee
$20.00   Status change fee
$26   State Background check
$13.25   FBI Background Check
$88 Total fees for “Blue Application”
See: Fees

All fees shall be paid by check or money order made payable to the board.

Every security officer must apply for and carry a registration card indicating formal approval and employment with a licensed security firm.
The Code indicates that there is both a “temporary registration card” and a “permanent” one.
While not explicitly mentioned, the inference is that a security officer can work with the temporary card while awaiting the permanent version after all approvals. The Code states:

§3283.
Security officer and security operations manager registrant; card; application; qualifications;
investigation; denial, suspension, or revocation; validity; renewal; change of address
A.(1) Each person who performs the functions and duties of a security officer or security operations manager within this
state as defined in this Chapter shall apply to the board for a registration card.
(2) The portion of the board application indicating temporary registration shall be carried by
the applicant when he is within the scope of his employment until such time as he receives his permanent registration card from the board.
See: LA Rev Stat § 37:3283

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Regulations are silent on this issue.

Age Requirements

Louisiana Administrative Code (AC), 46:3.301(B)(2)
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age if registered unarmed.

Citizenship

RS 37:3276(A)(3) and AC 46:3.301(B)(1)
The applicant must be a citizen or of the U.S or may be a resident alien

Experience

Not required

Exemptions

RS 37:3298

Inapplicability:

A.   This Chapter shall not apply to a person or corporation which employs persons who do private security work in connection with the affairs of such employer only and who have an employer-employee relationship with such employer.  Neither such persons or corporations nor their employees shall be required to register or be licensed under this Chapter.
B.    This Chapter shall not apply to a peace officer employed by a state, parish, or local law enforcement agency who contracts directly with a licensed contract security company or the actual consumer of contract security services to work during his off-duty hours and whose off-duty employment is conducted on an independent contractor basis with such licensed contract security company or consumer of security services.  
C.   This Chapter shall not be construed to apply to a federal peace officer or federal law enforcement officer.

AC 46:3.403(e)

Classroom Training
Security officers who have been registered in other states who have licensing requirements similar to Louisiana, and law enforcement officers identified in R.S. 37:3284 may attend a four-hour modular training program administered by a board-licensed instructor. Upon completion of the four-hour modular training, the officer shall take a 50-question examination, and if the security officer successfully passes the examination, this modular training shall be considered the equivalent to the classroom training provided for in R.S. 37:3284 and rules herein. It the security officer does not successfully pass the examination, then he must go through the entire classroom training program.

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

RS 37:3283(B)
Every person required to be registered by the board shall carry his registration card when performing the duties for which he is registered, and it shall be exhibited upon request by any authorized representative of the board or any law enforcement officer.  The registration card shall entitle the registrant to perform the duties as described therein as long as the registrant maintains his eligibility under the provisions of this Chapter.

Moral Character

The applicant must be of good moral character.
See: RS:3276.A(1)

RS 37:3276.1(B)(1)

No person shall be granted a license under the provisions of this Chapter unless the applicant has demonstrated to the board that he is suitable for licensing.  For purposes of this Chapter, suitability means the applicant or licensee is:

(a)   A person of good moral character, honesty, and integrity.
(b)   A person whose prior activities, arrest, or criminal record if any, reputation, habits, and associations do not pose a threat to the public interest of this state or to the effective regulation of private security companies, and do not create or enhance the dangers of unsuitable, unfair, or illegal practices, methods, and operations in the activities authorized by this Chapter and financial arrangements incidental thereto.

Fingerprint

RS 37:3276(C)(4) and AC 46:3.(D)(1)

Any individual signing a license application shall submit with the license application classifiable impressions of his fingerprints on a form approved by the board (one set).

Substance Abuse

RS 37:3276(A)(6)
Applicant must not suffer from habitual drunkenness or from narcotics addiction or dependence.

Mental Health

RS 37:3276(A)(5)
Applicant must not have been declared by any court of competent jurisdiction incompetent by reason of mental defect or disease which has not been restored.

Criminal History Background Check

D. After receipt of an application for a registration card, the board shall conduct an investigation to determine whether the facts set forth in the application are true. Actions by the board to approve or deny an application for a registration card shall be the same as that action taken to deny or approve an application for license as provided in R.S. 37:3279.
See: RS 37:3283.D

RS 37:3276.1(A)
No person may be eligible to apply or be granted a license under the provisions of this Chapter if either of the following applies:

(1)   He has been convicted in any jurisdiction of any crime of violence as defined by R.S. 14:2(B).
(2)   He has been convicted in any jurisdiction of any other felony offense within ten years prior to the date of the application or less than ten years has elapsed between the date of application and the successful completion or service of any sentence, deferred adjudication, or period of probation or parole for which a full pardon or similar relief has not been granted under the laws of the United States, the state of Louisiana, or any other state or country.

All security applicants backgrounds and criminal history are fully scrutinized by the board, the State Police Records Dvision and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Fees are:
$26.00   State Background check
$13.25   FBI Background Check
All fees shall be paid by check or money order made payable to the board.

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

RS 37:3284(B)
Any security officer employed after the effective date of this Chapter shall complete, within thirty days of his first work assignment,
either eight hours of classroom training or an approved curriculum-based training course under a licensed instructor and successfully
pass an examination on the prescribed material which shall include the following topics:
•   Orientation to R.S. 37:3270 through 3299 and the board’s rules and regulations.
•   Legal powers and limitations of a security officer.
•   Emergency procedures.
•   General duties/field notes/report writing.

Security officers shall have sixty days from the date of the first work assignment to complete either an additional eight hours of
classroom training or an approved curriculum-based training course under a licensed instructor, as prescribed by the board, and successfully
pass a fifty-question test administered by the licensed instructor by achieving a minimum score of seventy percent.

Failure to complete the required training within the prescribed time period may preclude future consideration for a license for a period of one year.

AC 46:4.403
•   Any security officer employed after September 1, 1985 shall complete, within 30 days from his date of hire, eight hours’ classroom training under a board-licensed classroom instructor.
•   Security officer shall have 60 days from date of first work assignment to complete an additional eight-hour classroom training program which has been approved by the board.
•   Upon completion of each of the eight-hour segments of the prescribed training, a 50-question examination shall be given to each security officer by the board-licensed instructor. The first eight-hour examination shall be different from the second eight-hour examination, cover the required training topics, and be approved by the board prior to being administered. Minimum passing score is 70 percent.
•   All scores of such examinations must be recorded and submitted to the board by the licensee or employer, as the case may be, on its prescribed training verification form signed by the licensed instructor within 15 calendar days from completion of training.
•   Security officers who have been registered in other states who have licensing requirements similar to Louisiana, and law enforcement officers identified in R.S. 37:3284
may attend a four-hour modular training program administered by a board-licensed instructor. Upon completion of the four-hour modular training, the officer shall take a
50-question examination, and if the security officer successfully passes the examination, this modular training shall be considered the equivalent to the classroom training provided for in R.S.
37:3284
and rules herein. It the security officer does not successfully pass the examination, then he must go through the entire classroom training program.

Exam Requirement

AC 46:4.403
•   Upon completion of each of the eight-hour segments of the prescribed training, a 50-question examination shall be given to each security officer by the board-licensed instructor. The first eight-hour examination shall be different from the second eight-hour examination, cover the required training topics, and be approved by the board prior to being administered. Minimum passing score is 70 percent.
•   All scores of such examinations must be recorded and submitted to the board by the licensee or employer, as the case may be, on its prescribed training verification form signed by the licensed instructor within 15 calendar days from completion of training.

RS 37:3279(C)
An applicant who fails an examination may be examined again upon filing a reexamination application and paying the reexamination fee fixed by this Chapter.

Child Support

RS 9:315.30
The courts of this state are authorized to suspend certain licenses of individuals who are found to be in contempt of court for failure to comply with a subpoena or warrant in a child support or paternity proceeding or who are not in compliance with a court order of child support.

More Information

  •   Forms

  •   FAQ

Laws and Rules:
Louisiana Legislature-
  •   Louisiana State Legislature Chapter 47
  •   Title 37 – Professions and Occupations
  •  
Louisiana Administrative Code

Maine: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Maine

Legislation/Source:

Maine Revised Statute Title 32, Chapter 93

Authorizing Department


Bureau of Maine State Police

45 Commerce Drive
Augusta, Maine 04333-0042
Phone: (207) 624-7210

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Maine, individual security officer licenses are not issued unless tied to a contract security firm.

The security guard business, whether individual, partnership, corporation or other business form is the primary party responsible for the licensure of individual guards and officers.

The business is required to conduct background reviews and assure that the officer meets the defined criteria of a security officer.

Full coverage of these requirements is outlined in the Maine Security Guards Handbook.

32 §9404. LICENSE REQUIREMENT; EXCEPTIONS

1   No person may act as a security guard without first obtaining from the commissioner a license to be a contract security company.

2.   This section does not apply to the following:

A.   Any proprietary security organization or any employee thereof;
B.   Any person employed by a person possessing a valid license to be a contract security company;
C.   Any person possessing a valid contract security company license granted under any prior existing provision of law of this State, provided that upon expiration of that license the person shall be governed by this section.

The fee for a private security license application is $400, of which $100 must be submitted with the application and $300 must be submitted upon issuance of the license.

See: Title 32 §9404. License Requirement; Exception

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

You must be licensed in state- there is no reciprocity.

Age Requirements

32 §9410-A: Applicant must be at least 18 years of age.

Citizenship

32 §9410-A: Applicant must be a citizen or resident alien of the United States.

Experience

None required.

Exemptions

None required.

Permit Required

None required.

Requirement to carry an ID card

This information will be available soon

Moral Character

The State of Maine extensively reviews the moral character of contract security applicants but not individual licenses.
The responsibility to review character is an employer based responsibility. The Maine Security Handbook 32 §9405 1-A (F.6) states:

A list of employees as of the date the applicant signs the application who will perform security guard functions within the State.
This list shall identify each employee by his full name, full current address and addresses for the prior 5 years and his date and place of birth, height, weight and color of eyes. For each employee on this list who will perform security guard functions at the site of a labor dispute or strike, the applicant shall have previously investigated the background of the employee to ensure that the employee meets all of the requirements to be a security guard as contained in section 9410-A, subsection 1. If the employee meets all of the requirements to be a security guard, the applicant shall also submit a statement, signed by the applicant, stating that the applicant has conducted this background investigation

Fingerprint

None required.

Substance Abuse

32 §9410-A: The applicant cannot be: a drug abuser, drug addict or drug-dependent person.

Mental Health

32 §9410-A: The applicant cannot be potentially dangerous to himself or others as the result of a mental disorder.

Criminal History Background Check

According to 32 §9410-A:

The applicant cannot have: been convicted of a crime punishable by one year or more of imprisonment or, within the past 5 years, any crime enumerated in section 9412; 3 or more convictions for crimes punishable by less than one year of imprisonment within the past 5 years; Is not a fugitive from justice; has not been adjudicated to have committed a juvenile offense involving conduct which, if committed by an adult, is punishable by one year or more of imprisonment or, within the past 5 years, a juvenile offense involving conduct which, if committed by an adult, is a crime enumerated in section 9412.

Furthermore, the applicant cannot have been dishonorably discharged from military service within the last 5 years.

See: 32 §9410-A. SECURITY GUARD QUALIFICATIONS

The Security Officer employer/licensee is required to conduct an extensive background check of all of it employees with 60 days of employment.
The rules read in part:
Within 60 days of the date that the employee begins to perform security guard functions within the State, the licensee shall complete this background
investigation and submit to the commissioner a statement, signed by the licensee, that the licensee has conducted the background investigation and that the
employee meets the requirements of subsection 1. This statement must be submitted to the commissioner before an employee may wear, carry or use a firearm in the
performance of security guard functions and before an employee may perform security guard functions at the site of a labor dispute or strike.

See: 32 §9410-A. SECURITY GUARD QUALIFICATIONS at paragraphs 3-4.

Personal References

None required.

Training Requirements

None required.

Exam Requirement

None required.

Child Support

No baseline requirement.

More Information

Maryland: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Maryland

Legislation/Source:

BUSINESS OCCUPATIONS AND PROFESSIONS TITLE 19. SECURITY GUARD AGENCIES AND SECURITY GUARD CERTIFICATION SUBTITLE 4. CERTIFICATION OF SECURITY GUARDS

Authorizing Department

Maryland State Police Licensing Division
Attn.: Licensing Services Section – Security Guard Agency Unit

1111 Reisterstown Road
Pikesville, MD 21208
Phone: (410) 653-4623
Email: msp.securityguard@maryland.gov

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Individuals applying for a State of Maryland Security Guard Certification, need to be employed or are seeking employment with a security provider licensed in the state. Hence, there are individual requirements coupled with employment. These requirements are posted throughout the template.

According to the Maryland State Police Fee Schedule:
$15.00   Fee for Security Guard Certification:
$32.75   Fee for fingerprints:
$47.75   Total fee
Fee for Renewal: $24.75 (every 3 years according to the Maryland State Police website)

See: A list of all fees for licensing applications

See: A presentation on the certification process

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Maryland expressly does not permit out of state reciprocity.

See the FAQ’s for Security Guards at: Maryland Security Guard Certifications

Age Requirements

No age requirement listed

Citizenship

According to the Maryland State Police website, applicant must be a U.S. Citizen or possess documentation that you are allowed to work in the U.S.

Experience

None required

Exemptions

None listed

Permit Required

None required

Requirement to carry an ID card

§ 19-406. Possession of certification card
(a)   In general.- At any time that a certified security guard provides a security guard service, the security guard shall carry the certification card issued under § 19-405 of this subtitle.

(b)   Display upon officer’s request.- On request of a law enforcement officer, a certified security guard shall show the security guard’s certification card.

§ 19-407. Badge; clearance card
(b)   Clearance card required.- Whenever a security guard is in uniform, the security guard shall clearly display and wear the clearance card issued by the Secretary which identifies the security guard.

Moral Character

§ 19-402. Qualifications and requirements.

(a)   In general.- To qualify for certification as a security guard, an individual shall:

(3) be of good moral character and reputation;

Fingerprint

All original applications require FBI and CJIS fingerprint submissions.

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirements

Mental Health

No baseline requirement

Criminal History Background Check

Background and criminal history checks are done by the Maryland State Police in conjunction with FBI review.

The Maryland State Police may deny certification as a security guard to any applicant:
  1.   if the applicant or individual fraudulently or deceptively obtains or attempts to obtain certification as a security guard ; OR
  2.   if, under the laws of the United States or of, any state, the applicant or individual plead(s) guilty or nolo contendre to or is convicted of (1) a felony; or (2) a misdemeanor that is directly related to the fitness and qualification of the applicant or individual to be certified as a security guard.

See:Maryland State Police Website

Personal References

None

Training Requirements

None

Exam Requirement

N/A

Child Support

According to Maryland §10–119.3:
Any occupational or professional license or certification may be suspended for not paying child support

Massachusetts: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Massachusetts

Legislation/Source:

Massachusetts does not presently regulate individual licensing provisions for armed or unarmed officer.
This lack does not imply that security agency or company licenses may require alternative licensing
methods and mechanisms, nor should the reader conclude that regulation does not exist for
other forms of licensure such as detectives or investigators.

At present, Massachusetts only licenses and certifies security agencies, such as Watch and Private Investigators.
For more information on these certification processes, see: Certification Unit

Other information can be found at:
MSP Certification Licensing

See: M.G.L. Chapter 147 Section 28. EMPLOYMENT OF ASSISTANTS; PENALTY FOR MAKING FALSE STATEMENTS OR REPORTS OR DIVULGING INFORMATION.

Authorizing Department

https://www.mass.gov/certification-unit

Michigan: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Michigan

Legislation/Source:

Michigan Compiled Laws: Private Security Business and Security Alarm Act – Act 330 of 1968

Authorizing Department

Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs

Mailing Address:
Coroporations, Securities, & Commercial Licensing Bureau
Licensing Division
PO Box 30018
Lansing, MI 48909

Street Address:
Corporations, Securities, & Commercial Licensing Bureau
2501 Woodlake Circle
Okemos, MI 48864

Phone: (517) 241-7000
Fax: (517) 241-6653
Email: CSCLonline@michigan.gov

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Michigan does not presently regulate individual licensing provisions for armed or unarmed officer, but regulates Security business licenses.
Employees of licensees are not required to register with the department. It is the licensee’s responsibility to keep and maintain the personnel information on all persons employed by him or her.
See: §330.1067

Fees:
Fingerprints- $49.25
Background Check Fee- $15

Partnership/LLC/Corporation Application- $300
Partnership/LLC/Corporation Renewal- $150
Sole Proprietor Application- $200
Sole Proprieter Renewal- $100
There is no applicable requirement for employees of a licensee.

Temporary Licensure
Michigan expects the business licensee to be permanent, although it provides for a non-renewable temporary
license not to exceed 120 days under the following conditions:

338.1057
(4) If a person has not previously been denied a license or has not had a previous license suspended or revoked, the department may issue a
nonrenewable temporary license to an applicant. If approved by the department, the temporary license is valid until 1 or more of the
following occur but not to exceed 120 days:
(a) The completion of the investigations and approvals required under subsections (1), (2), and (3).
(b) The completion of the investigation of the subject matter addressed in section 6.
(c) The completion of the investigation of any employees of the licensee as further described in section 17.
(d) Confirmation of compliance with the bonding or insurance requirements imposed in section 9.
(e) The applicant fails to meet 1 or more of the requirements for licensure imposed under this act.
(5) The fees for a temporary license shall be the applicable fees as described in section 9.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

Must be 18 years old.
See: §330.1067(2)

Citizenship

There is no applicable requirement.

Experience

Must have at least a high school diploma, a GED, or its equivalent.
See: §330.1067(2)

Exemptions

None

Permit Required

There is no applicable requirement.

Requirement to carry an ID card

There is no applicable requirement.

Moral Character

There is no applicable requirement.

Fingerprint

Michigan’s Division of Licensing no longer processes fingerprint applications.
A new system which is compatible with federal requirements has been implements.
To comply with Federal protocols, effective immediately, the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA) will no longer be reviewing or determining fitness for
employment of perspective employees. Submission of any documentation to LARA on new employees is no longer required.
In its place, use the Michigan State Police Internet Criminal History Access Tool (ICHAT) to assure employees are fit for employment.

See: §330.1068(2)

Substance Abuse

There is no applicable requirement.

Mental Health

Section 6(j) requires the employee has not been adjudged insane, unless he or she has been adjudged restored to sanity by court order.
See: §330.1068(2)and §338.1056 (Section 6)

Criminal History Background Check

Fingerprints shall be submitted to the Department of State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation for a state and national criminal history background check.
See: §330.1068(2)

It is the licensee’s responsibility to determine the applicant’s fitness of employment. The department suggests to utilize the Michigan State Police Internet Criminal History Access Tool (ICHAT).
See: Employee Fingerprint Information

Personal References

There is no applicable requirement.

Training Requirements

The legislation is silent on this requirement.

Exam Requirement

The legislation is silent on this requirement.

Child Support

There is no applicable requirement.

Minnesota: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Minnesota

Legislation/Source:

Minnesota Statutes 326.32 to 326.339

Authorizing Department

State of Minnesota
Board of Private Detective and Protective Agent Services
1430 Maryland Avenue East
St. Paul, Minnesota 55106
p. (651) 793-2666
f. (651) 793-7065
mn.pdb@state.mn.us

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Minnesota, individual security officers are not licensed but business entities bear the licensure demands.
The security business licensee also assumes responsibility for the conduct, behavior and background of employees hired. As in select other states, Minnesota has a registration of employee process. Hence even the employee registration process is limited as to requirements. For example, the background check only applies to private detectives and protective agents.

The Minnesota code states in part:

A license holder may employ, in connection with the business of private detective or protective agent, as many unlicensed persons as may be necessary; provided that every license holder is at all times accountable for the good conduct of every person employed.
See: Minnesota Statutes 323.336

Security officer employees, upon application of their employers, receive and carry an identification card.
The code holds:

Subd. 2.Identification card. An identification card must be issued by the license holder to each employee. The card must be in the possession of the employee to whom it is issued at all times. The identification card must contain the license holder’s name, logo (if any), address or Minnesota office address, and the employee’s photograph and physical description. The card must be signed by the employee and by the license holder, qualified representative, or Minnesota office manager.
See: Minnesota Statutes 323.336

According to Minnesota Statue Chapter 326 Section 3381 Subd. 1A
”A proprietary employer is not required to obtain a license, but must comply with section 326.336, subdivision 1, with respect to the hiring of security guards.”
In the State of Minnesota, there is no licensing requirement for an unarmed security officer. However, a security officer (protection agent employee) must agree to a background check.

For the following circumstances individuals require a license:

An Individual is a person making application for a private detective or protective agent license as a sole proprietor, and is the day-to-day manager and supervisor of the licensed activity.
(It is not an employee of a licensed firm.) This person may or may not have employees.
NOTE: A person who has a corporation relating to the business cannot be licensed as an individual and must apply as the corporation.

License fees for individual protective agents:
$25   Non-refundable application fee
$800   License Fee
$33.25   Fingerprint Fee
$10   Fingerprint Card Fee

Make Checks Payable to:
Minnesota Board of Private Detective and Protective Agent Services
1430 Maryland Avenue East, Saint Paul, MN 55106

See: Application Procedure

Minnesota permits employees of license holders to temporarily work and be trained during the application process.
Upon receipt of any disqualifying information such as a criminal record, the employer license holder will terminate the employee.
See:326.336 EMPLOYEES OF LICENSE HOLDERS.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Minnesota does not provide for reciprocal recognition.

Age Requirements

Must be at least 18 years of age

See: Application Procedure

Citizenship

Must be U.S. citizen or resident alien.

Experience

Must be able to document a minimum of 6,000 hours by any of the following:

•   Employed in a protective/security capacity with a licensed protective agent, or in a protective/security for investigative capacity for a licensed private detective.
•   Employed in a protective/security or investigator capacity with a U.S. government investigative service.
•   Employed in a protective/security or investigator capacity with a city police department or sheriff’s office.
•   Be employed in an occupation the board finds equivalent in scope, responsibility and training as one of the specific occupations listed above.

Note: Each of the protective agent employment items referenced above must include experience in security systems, audits, and supervision of security personnel.

See: Application Procedure

Exemptions

Minnesota Statutes § 326.3361 Subdivision 4
A person licensed as a peace officer by the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training
See: Minnesota Statutes 326.3361 TRAINING

Permit Required

None

Requirement to carry an ID card

Minnesota Statutes § 326.336 Subdivision 2
An identification card must be issued by the license holder to each employee. The card must be in the possession of the employee to whom it is issued at all times. The identification card must contain the license holder’s name, logo (if any), address or Minnesota office address, and the employee’s photograph and physical description. The card must be signed by the employee and by the license holder, qualified representative, or Minnesota office manager.

Moral Character

Be of good character, honesty and integrity

See: Application Procedure

Fingerprint

Minnesota Statutes § 326.3382 Subdivision 2(a)(2)

Full set of fingerprints must be submitted with application.

See: Minnesota Statutes 326.3382 APPLICATION FOR LICENSE

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement

Mental Health

No baseline requirement

Criminal History Background Check

Formal FBI background checks will depend upon the nature of the employee and their duties. The Minnesota code specifically targets private detectives and protective agents though holds the employer responsible for all other remaining employees.
It states in part:

During the period of conditional employment, the person may not serve as a private detective or protective agent, but may be trained by the employer. The bureau shall immediately forward the fingerprints to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and request the Federal Bureau of Investigation to conduct a criminal history check of each conditional employee. The bureau shall determine if the Federal Bureau of Investigation report indicates that the employee was convicted of a disqualifying offense and shall notify the employer accordingly. The employer shall immediately dismiss an employee who has been convicted of a disqualifying offense.
See: Minnesota Statutes 323.336

Minnesota Statutes § 326.336 Subdivision 1

The employee is a conditional employee until the employer receives a report from the bureau that, based on a check of the criminal records maintained by the bureau, the prospective employee has not been convicted in Minnesota of a felony or any offense listed in section 326.3381, subdivision 3, other than a misdemeanor or gross misdemeanor assault. During the period of conditional employment, the person may not serve as a private detective or protective agent, but may be trained by the employer. >/br>
The bureau shall determine if the Federal Bureau of Investigation report indicates that the employee was convicted of a disqualifying offense and shall notify the employer accordingly. The employer shall immediately dismiss an employee who has been convicted of a disqualifying offense.

Minnesota Statutes § 326.3381 Subdivision 3

No person is qualified to hold a license who has:

(1)   been convicted of

(i)   a felony by the courts of this or any other state or of the United States;
(ii)   acts which, if done in Minnesota, would be criminal sexual conduct; assault; theft; larceny; burglary; robbery; unlawful entry; extortion; defamation; buying or receiving stolen property; using, possessing, manufacturing, or carrying weapons unlawfully; using, possessing, or carrying burglary tools unlawfully; escape; possession, production, sale, or distribution of narcotics unlawfully; or
(iii)   in any other country of acts which, if done in Minnesota, would be a felony or would be any of the other offenses provided in this clause and for which a full pardon or similar relief has not been granted;

(2)   made any false statement in an application for a license or any document required to be submitted to the board; or
(3)   failed to demonstrate to the board good character, honesty, and integrity.

See: Minnesota Statutes 326.3381 LICENSES

Personal References

Provide five references (from people who are not related by blood or marriage) who have known the subject for a minimum of five years.

See: Application Procedure

Training Requirements

Pre-assignment Training – (12 hours Initial)
Continuing Training – (6 hours Annually)

For more information –
  •   Core Objective Guide for Protective Agents

  •   Approved training providers

  •   Course application documents

See: Training Information

Exam Requirement

Not required

Child Support

No baseline requirement

Mississippi: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Mississippi

Legislation/Source:

The main website references MS § 97-37-7, but this appears to contain no information on unarmed security guards.

See: https://www.driverservicebureau.dps.ms.gov/Firearms/Home

Authorizing Department

Department of Public Safety Headquarters in Jackson

Jackson Headquarters

1900 E. Woodrow Wilson
Jackson, MS 39216
Phone: (601) 987-1593

Mailing Address:
Mississippi Department of Public Safety
P.O. Box 958
Jackson, MS 39205

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Mississippi is largely non-regulatory in the matter of unarmed security guards. The only context where oversight occurs is within the framework of firearms.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Mississippi gives recognition to out of state, law enforcement firearms licensees and permit holders
if there is a reciprocal agreement between the states. The statute states in part:

(3) It shall not be a violation of this or any other statute for pistols, firearms or other suitable and appropriate weapons,
to be carried by any out-of-state, full-time commissioned law enforcement officer who holds a valid commission
card from the appropriate out-of-state law enforcement agency and a photo identification.
The provisions of this subsection shall only apply if the state where the out-of-state officer is employed has entered
into a reciprocity agreement with the state that allows full-time commissioned law enforcement officers in Mississippi
to lawfully carry or possess a weapon in such other states. The Commissioner of Public Safety is authorized to enter into
reciprocal agreements with other states to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

See: § 97-37-7

Age Requirements

Must be at least 18 years of age.

Citizenship

No baseline requirement.

Experience

None required.

Exemptions

None for Unarmed explicitly .

Permit Required

A security guard permit is required if armed alone.

Requirement to carry an ID card

No baseline requirement

Moral Character

No baseline requirement.

Fingerprint

None except in the context of firearm permits.

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement.

Mental Health

No baseline requirement.

Criminal History Background Check

No baseline requirement.

Personal References

None required.

Training Requirements

None required.

Exam Requirement

None required.

Child Support

According to Miss. Code Ann. § 93-11-157:
The state of Mississippi may take away any occupational or professional license or permit for failure to pay child support.

Missouri: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Missouri

Legislation/Source:

Code of State Regulation
Title 17—Boards of Police Commissioners
Division 10—Kansas City Board of Police Commissioners Chapter 2—Private Security

Authorizing Department

KCMO Police Department Private Officers Licensing Unit
635 Woodland, Suite 2104
Kansas City, Missouri 64106
Phone: 816-889-6600
Fax: 816-889-6609
Email: polu@kcpd.org

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Missouri has no state-wide program concerning private security officers. However, some municipalities have adopted formal processes. Highlighted within is Kansas City. A smaller program involving watch personnel and security agency exist in St. Louis.

Kansas City also has a series of license classifications varying in function and degree of authority.
Those with powers of apprehension and detention tend to have higher standards and requirements than those merely providing crowd control.
Hence the differences between the armed officer and the guard or loss prevention officer can be marked.

Classification of Licenses
(A) Class A licensees shall have the authority to detain or apprehend suspects either committing felonies, misdemeanors or city ordinance violations in the presence of the licensee or during the attempt to commit the same or upon probable cause to believe an offense was committed; provided, however, the authority is limited to the property the licensee is hired to protect during the hours s/he is hired to protect and is not to extend to the public streets of Kansas City, Missouri with the exception of suspects fleeing from private property, the authority shall extend to the public streets so long as there is hot pursuit and the suspect has not attempted escape in a vehicle and further excepting airport police officers whose authority is set forth in this rule.

(B) Class B licenses shall grant limited powers and authorities to a licensee, but this classification does not grant the authority for the licensees to detain or apprehend suspects. An applicant shall designate the particular sub classification listed in this subsection when applying for a Class B license. An applicant must make a separate application when applying for a Class B license designating more than one (1) sub classification of authority. The license identification issued by the board shall designate which subcategory of a Class B license has been granted.

For a full regulatory review of these different license classifications, see page 23: Rules of Boards of Police Commissioners: Private Security

17 CSR 10-2.040(1)
$90   Class A—Unarmed License
$65   Class A—Unarmed License Renewal
$90   Class B—Unarmed License
$65   Class B—Unarmed License Renewal
$40    State/NCIC/FBI Annual Fingerprinting Fee
$50   Classroom Training/ Continuing Education Fee (every 2 years)


See: Information for Private Security Personnel

Age Requirements

17 CSR 10-2.050(3)(B)
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

Citizenship

17 CSR 10-2.020(3)
The applicant must be a citizen of the United States or a legal permanent resident

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

17 CSR 10-2.010(6)
The board’s licensing requirements do not apply to persons acting as bouncers, process servers, bondsmen, surety recovery agents (bounty hunters), or investigators for attorneys unless acting in a private security capacity as defined in these rules.

17 CSR 10-2.010(7)

No license is required for any peace officer authorized to exercise police powers in the city who holds a valid Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) certificate.

Permit Required

N/A

Requirement to carry an ID card

17 CSR 10-2.060(3)
A licensee must carry his/her license with him/her at all times while they are working.
The license card must be worn on the outer- most garment while on duty. The licensee must produce such
license immediately at the request of a police officer; employee of the board; or person that the licensee
has stopped or detained, if the licensee holds a license which allows him/her to stop and detain persons.

Moral Character

17 CSR 10-2.050(3)(H)
Each applicant applying for a license under these provisions must be of good moral character by having no felony convictions, misdemeanor convictions, or city ordinance convictions, which have as an essential element fraud, dishonesty, an act of violence, bribery, illegal drug use, sexual misconduct, and other similar acts constituting moral turpitude as defined by the common law of Missouri except that city ordinance convictions involving driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs will be considered on a case-by-case basis

Fingerprint

17 CSR 10-2.020(2)
The board shall conduct a criminal history records check of each applicant and may conduct investigations as provided by section 84.720 of the Revised Statutes of Missouri. The applicant must pay the fee for the criminal history records check and fingerprinting at the time of application and upon each annual renewal.

Substance Abuse

17 CSR 10-2.050(3)(H)
City ordinance convictions involving driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs will be considered on a case-by-case basis.

Mental Health

17 CSR 10-2.050(2)
As all applicants for Class A licenses are granted the authority to detain or apprehend, each applicant or his/her employer must certify annually on the Form 5409 P.D. to the satisfaction of the board that the applicant is physically and mentally capable of being able to safely detain or apprehend suspects without the necessity of resorting to the displaying or discharging of a weapon except in selfdefense or in defense of another.

17 CSR 10-2.050(3)(D)
Additionally, each applicant applying for a license under these provisions must meet physical and mental standards equivalent to those required of department police officers.

Criminal History Background Check

17 CSR 10-2.050(3)(G)
Each applicant applying for a license under these provisions must not have been convicted of a felony or a misdemeanor in federal or state court

17 CSR 10-2.050(3)(H)

Each applicant applying for a license under these provisions mustbe of good moral character by having no felony convictions, misdemeanor convictions, or city ordinance convictions, which have as an essential element fraud, dishonesty, an act of violence, bribery, illegal drug use, sexual misconduct, and other similar acts constituting moral turpitude as defined by the common law of Missouri.

See: Criminal History Check Form

The criminal history background check is conducted utilizing sources of the State, National Crime Information Center and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
See: Private Officer FAQs

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

According to 17 CSR 10-2.010 (1)
Any corporation, partnership, or other entity that provides private security services is fully responsible for the acts and omissions of its employees acting in the course and scope of their duties. Training is the responsibility of the entity hiring such employees.

The training should cover the following topics:
•   Detention and seizure
•   How to interact with the general public and public officials
•   The licensing process, including rules
•   How to react to crisis situations
•   Liability issues
•   Crime and criminal liability
•   Firearms responsibility and liability
•   Patrol techniques.

See: 17 CSR 10-2.050 A

Exam Requirement

17 CSR 10-2.050(1)
All applicants for licensing shall successfully pass a written examination as presented by the department to potential licensees. A person failing to obtain a passing score as established by the board may be allowed to retake the written test three (3) times.

Child Support

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 454.1003
1.   A court or the director of the division of child support enforcement may issue an order, or in the case of a business, professional or occupational license, only a court may issue an order, suspending an obligor’s license and ordering the obligor to refrain from engaging in a licensed activity in the following cases:

(1)   When the obligor is not making child support payments in accordance with a support order and owes an arrearage in an amount greater than or equal to three months support payments or two thousand five hundred dollars, whichever is less, as of the date of service of a notice of intent to suspend such license; or

(2)   When the obligor or any other person, after receiving appropriate notice, fails to comply with a subpoena of a court or the director concerning actions relating to the establishment of paternity, or to the establishment, modification or enforcement of support orders, or order of the director for genetic testing.

2.   In any case but a IV-D case, upon the petition of an obligee alleging the existence of an arrearage, a court with jurisdiction over the support order may issue a notice of intent to suspend a license. In a IV-D case, the director, or a court at the request of the director, may issue a notice of intent to suspend.

3.   The notice of intent to suspend a license shall be served on the obligor personally or by certified mail. If the proposed suspension of license is based on the obligor’s support arrearage, the notice shall state that the obligor’s license shall be suspended sixty days after service unless, within such time, the obligor:

(1)   Pays the entire arrearage stated in the notice;

(2)   Enters into and complies with a payment plan approved by the court or the division; or

(3)   Requests a hearing before the court or the director.

4.   In a IV-D case, the notice shall advise the obligor that hearings are subject to the contested case provisions of chapter 536.

5.   If the proposed suspension of license is based on the alleged failure to comply with a subpoena relating to paternity or a child support proceeding, or order of the director for genetic testing, the notice of intent to suspend shall inform the person that such person’s license shall be suspended sixty days after service, unless the person complies with the subpoena or order.

6.   If the obligor fails to comply with the terms of repayment agreement, a court or the division may issue a notice of intent to suspend the obligor’s license.

7.   In addition to the actions to suspend or withhold licenses pursuant to this chapter, a court or the director of the division of child support enforcement may restrict such licenses in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

Montana: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Montana

Legislation/Source:

Montana Code Annotated (2017)
Title 37 – Professions and Occupations
Chapter 60 – Private Investigators,
Private Security and Fire Entities, and Process Servers
and
Administrative Rules of Montana
Department 24 – Labor and Industry
Chapter 182 – Board of Private Security
Patrol Officers and Investigators

Authorizing Department

Montana Board of Private Security
301 South Park Avenue, 4th Floor

PO Box 200513 Helena

Montana 59620-0513

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Montana private security officers are required to obtain a license from the board prior to commencing employment with a security agency.
See: MCA 37-60-301

The requirement for licensure includes contract and proprietary security officers except as outlined in the exemptions.

The applicant has to provide evidence that the applicant is currently employed, or a contractual promise of future employment of the applicant upon issuance of a license, with a contract security company, a proprietary security organization, or an electronic security company.
See ARM 24.182.514(3)

All application packets for licensure in Montana must include the following:

•   Completed application and attached photograph.
•   Copy of driver’s license or birth certificate for proof of age.
•   Copy of birth certificate, United States Passport or Immigration green card for proof of citizenship or permanent legal residency.
•   Proof of training from a currently licensed security company.

•   Completed Character Reference form.

•   Completed Verification of Licensure form, if you hold or ever held a professional/occupational license in another state or jurisdiction.

•   Copy of a current firearms certification, if you are requesting Armed Endorsement.

See: Security Guard Application Form

Fees:
Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM) 24.182.401
•   $100 – License application fee
•   $100 – License renewal fee
•   $50 – Fingerprints submission fee

See: Security Guard Application Form

Montana now provides for an electronic filing for the initial application for security guard.
See: Online Portal

Montana also encourages email contact with the Board that oversees the licensure process.

See: Montana Board of Private Security & Investigations Contact Information

Temporary License
Montana does provide for the issuance of temporary licenses during the period of application and examination in accordance with the following rule:

37-1-305 Temporary practice permits.
(2) A board may issue a temporary practice permit to a person seeking licensure in this state who has met all licensure requirements other than passage
of the licensing examination. Except as provided in 37-68-311 and 37-69-306, a permit is valid until the person either fails the first
license examination for which the person is eligible following issuance of the permit or passes the examination and is granted a license.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

The Board of Private Security has the discretion to issue a reciprocal license based on the following regulation and code:

37-1-305. Temporary practice permits.

(1) A board may issue a temporary practice permit to a person licensed in another state that has licensing standards
substantially equivalent to those of this state if the board determines that there is no reason to deny the license under the
laws of this state governing the profession or occupation. The person may practice under the permit until a license is granted or
until a notice of proposal to deny a license is issued.

Age Requirements

Montana Code Annotated (MCA) § 37-60-303(1)(a)
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age.

Citizenship

MCA § 37-60-303(1)(b)
The applicant must be a citizen of the United States or a legal permanent resident.

Experience

None required.

Exemptions

MCA § 37-60-105
(1) Except as provided in subsection 2, this chapter does not apply to:

(a) any one person employed singly and exclusively by any one employer in connection with the affairs of that employer only and when there exists an employer-employee relationship and the employee is unarmed, does not wear a uniform, and is guarding inside a structure that at the time is not open to the public;

(b) a person:

(i) employed singly and exclusively by a retail merchant;

(ii) performing at least some work for the retail merchant as a private security guard; and

(iii) who has received training as a private security guard from the employer or at the employer’s direction;

(c) an officer or employee of the United States, of this state, or of a political subdivision of the United States or this state while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of official duties;

(d) a person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and furnishing information as to the financial rating of persons or as to the personal habits and financial responsibility of applicants for insurance, indemnity bonds, or commercial credit;

(e) an attorney at law while performing duties as an attorney at law;

(f) a legal intern, paralegal, or legal assistant employed by one or more lawyers, law offices, governmental agencies, or other entities;

(g) a law student who is serving a legal internship;

(h) a collection agency or finance company licensed to do business under the laws of this state, or an employee of a collection agency or finance company licensed in this state while acting within the scope of employment, while making an investigation incidental to the business of the agency or company, including an investigation of the location of a debtor or the debtor’s property when the contract with an assignor creditor is for the collection of claims owed or due or asserted to be owed or due or the equivalent;

(i) special agents employed by railroad companies, provided that the railroad company notifies the board that its agents are operating in the state;

(j) insurers and insurance producers and insurance brokers licensed by the state while performing duties in connection with insurance transacted by them;

(k) individuals engaged in the collection and examination of physical material for forensic purposes;

(l) an insurance adjuster, as defined in 37-60-101;

(m) an internal investigator or auditor while making an investigation incidental to the business of the agency or company by which the investigator or auditor is singularly and regularly employed;

(n) a person who evaluates and advises management on personnel and human resource issues in the workplace; or

(o) a certified public accountant with a license or permit to practice or a practice privilege under 37-50-314 or 37-50-325 to the extent that the person is engaged in an investigation relating to the practice of accounting.

Permit Required

None required.

Requirement to carry an ID card

MCA 37-60-310(2)
(1)   A license must at all times be posted in a conspicuous place in the principal place of business of the licensee.
(2)   A holder of an identification card shall carry the card while performing the cardholder’s duties. A peace officer of this state or any of its political subdivisions may request to see the card at any reasonable time, and the card must be shown.

Moral Character

MCA § 37-60-303(1)(f)
An applicant for licensure under this chapter is subject to the provisions of this section and shall submit evidence that the applicant is of good moral character.

Fingerprint

ARM 24.182.501(4)
Fingerprints required under Title 37, chapter 60, MCA, shall be submitted to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Montana Department of Justice for examination. Final licensure is granted only following receipt and review of the Federal Bureau of Investigation report and any investigations thereof. A fingerprint report is valid for one year from date of receipt of the report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
See also MCA 37-60-304(2)(f)

Fingerprint cards are available at most local law enforcement agencies or the Montana Department of Justice. If you request from the board office, a fingerprint card and self-addressed envelope will be mailed to you. You must complete the fingerprint application information requested at the top of the fingerprint card prior to getting your prints taken. Most local law enforcement agencies will take your fingerprints for a nominal fee. Any fees charged by local or state law enforcement are the responsibility of the applicant.

The fingerprint card must be submitted along with a check or money order for $30 payable to “Montana Department of Justice” by mail to
Montana Criminal Records
2225 11th Avenue
PO Box 201403
Helena, MT 59620-1403

See: Application form

*Beginning March 1, 2019, the Montana Department of Justice will be increasing the fee for a Federal Fingerprint-Based Check to $30.00 for background checks
conducted for pre-employment, employment and, licensing purposes.

The background check and fee, includes the Montana WIN check, as required by the FBI. Statutory authority is required to conduct these checks.
Please contact the Montana Department of Justice at (406) 444-3625 for more information.

Substance Abuse

MCA § 37-60-303(1)(e)
An applicant for licensure under this chapter is subject to the provisions of this section and shall submit evidence that the applicant is not suffering from habitual drunkenness or from narcotics addiction or dependence.

Mental Health

MCA § 37-60-303(1)(d)
An applicant for licensure under this chapter is subject to the provisions of this section and shall submit evidence that the applicant has not been judicially declared incompetent by reason of any mental disease or disorder or, if so declared, has been fully restored.

Criminal History Background Check

MCA § 37-60-303(1)(c)
An applicant for licensure under this chapter is subject to the provisions of this section and shall submit evidence that the applicant has not been
convicted in any jurisdiction of any felony or any crime involving moral turpitude or illegal use or possession of a dangerous weapon, for which a full pardon or similar relief has not been granted.

The Application includes a background check consent form (page 9)
indicating that Criminal History Record Information is obtained from the Montana Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Personal References

One reference, not related by blood or marriage, which have known the applicant or associated with him/her for a minimum of one year, should be provided. Verification of moral/professional character form is included in the application packet for this purpose.

See: Application form

Training Requirements

MCA § 37-60-303(2)
In addition to meeting the qualifications in subsection (1), an applicant for licensure as a private security guard, security alarm installer, or alarm response runner shall: (a) complete the requirements of a training program certified by the board and provide, on a form prescribed by the department, written notice of satisfactory completion of the training; and (b) fulfill other requirements as the board may by rule prescribe.

ARM 24.182.807 Private Security Guard Training Program
(1)   Each security company or organization that employs or intends to employ an individual as a private security guard must certify, as part of the individual’s license application, that the individual has successfully completed a minimum of 16 hours of training as a prerequisite to licensure and prior to undertaking any of the duties defined as the practice of a security guard.
(2)   The training must address each of the following areas:
  (a)   role and function of the security guard;
  (b)   federal, state, and local statutes and rules applicable to the practice of private security guards;
  (c)   interaction and cooperation with law enforcement;
  (d)   limitations on the use of force and self-defense and the use-of-force continuum;
  (e)   emergency procedures and hazardous material preparedness;
  (f)   communication skills, report writing, and radio communication;
  (g)   crisis intervention and crowd control;
  (h)   patrol techniques; and
  (i)   ethical and legal issues, including, but not limited to:
     (i) confidentiality and right of privacy;
     (ii) searches of persons and property;
     (iii) limitations on the power to arrest and detain suspects;
     (iv) treatment of juveniles, persons with physical or mental disabilities, and other special classes (e.g., racial, religious, or cultural);
     (v) preservation of crime scene and handling of evidence; and
     (vi) preventing abuse of authority

Exam Requirement

The Board has authority to administer written examinations but that authority appears discretionary according to Montana rules. By using terms like “if” and “may”, the Board appears to have the power to administer exams and also has a passage standard of 70%. For a full review of these rules, see: ARM 24.182.505

Child Support

MCA § 40-5-702. Notice of intent to suspend license
(1) Upon the petition of an obligee alleging the existence of a delinquency or upon the failure of an obligor to comply with a subpoena or warrant, a support enforcement entity may issue a notice of intent to suspend a license.

MCA § 40-5-709. Non Disciplinary suspension for failure to pay child support
Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, the support enforcement entity has the authority to suspend a license or privilege to obtain a license under this part without any action by the licensing authority. The licensing authority shall, upon receipt of notice of suspension of the license under 40-5-703(5) from the support enforcement entity, suspend the license or privilege to obtain a license of the named individual. The suspension must be non disciplinary for professional or occupational licenses, and the provisions of 2-4-631 do not apply.

Nebraska: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Nebraska

Legislation/Source:

Nebraska does not presently regulate individual licensing provisions for armed or unarmed officer.
This lack does not imply that security agency or company licenses may require alternative licensing
methods and mechanisms, nor should the reader conclude that regulation does not exist for
other forms of licensure such as detectives or investigators.

Nebraska: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Nebraska

Legislation/Source:

Nebraska does not presently regulate individual licensing provisions for armed or unarmed officer.
This lack does not imply that security agency or company licenses may require alternative licensing
methods and mechanisms, nor should the reader conclude that regulation does not exist for
other forms of licensure such as detectives or investigators.

Nevada: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Nevada

Legislation/Source:

Nevada Revised Statutes 648
and
Nevada Administrative Code 648

Authorizing Department

Nevada Private Investigator’s Licensing Board
3110 S. Durango Drive, Suite 203
Las Vegas, Nevada 89117
Phone: (702) 486-3003
Fax: (702) 486-3009
Email: PILBinfo@ag.nv.gov

Official Website

Regional Branch Office:
704 W Nye Lane, Suite 203
Carson City, NV 89703
Phone: (775) 687-3223
Fax: (775) 687-3226

Licensure and License Fees

In Nevada, only businesses are required to be licensed. Individual employees of security providers are required to be registered with the Board and must have a registration work card (PILB card) to be an unarmed security officer in Nevada.

NRS 648.060 License required to engage in or advertise business; registration required for employee of licensee
1.   Except as otherwise provided in NRS 253.220, no person may:

  (a)   Engage in the business of private investigator, private patrol officer, process server, repossessor, dog handler, security consultant, or polygraphic examiner or intern; or
  (b)   Advertise his or her business as such, irrespective of the name or title actually used,
unless the person is licensed pursuant to this chapter.

2.   No person may be employed by a licensee unless the person is registered pursuant to this chapter. The provisions of this subsection do not apply to a person licensed pursuant to this chapter.

The Registration Work Card is valid for a period of 5 years.

Fees:
$85.00   Application Processing Fee OR $129.00   for rush processing of work card

$10.00   If fingerprints are provided on fingerprint cards or for out-of-state applicants

See: Application for the Registration Work Card (Paper Application)
See: Online Application Portal
See: Work Card Study Guide
See: Work Card Checklist

Nevada permits unlicensed employees to work on a provisional basis while awaiting final documentation.
In addition, the Nevada Administrative Code carves out a Board discretionary exemption for those employed in select occupations
The Rules states:

1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a licensee may not employ an unlicensed person who is or becomes employed:
(a) As a peace officer, as defined in NRS 169.125;
(b) By a federal, state or local law enforcement agency; or
(c) In a position which makes the unlicensed person eligible to contribute to any public employees’ retirement system.

The Rules also allow the Board to grant an exemption to this if the Board is convinced that the private activities of the unlicensed person on behalf of the licensee would not create or tend to create:
(a) A conflict of interest with his or her responsibilities to the public employer and his or her duty to discharge them; or
(b) The possibility of a use of his or her position with the public employer for personal advantage in his or her private activities.

See: NAC 648.338 and 3385

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Nevada allows an out of state licensee to work in Nevada if the following criteria are met:

1.  A private investigator, repossessor, private patrol officer, polygraphic examiner or process server who:
(a) Has been licensed and is in good standing in another state or a territory of the United States;
(b) Has begun activities for a client in a particular case in that jurisdiction; and
(c) Needs to continue the activities of that case in Nevada, may apply to the Executive Director of the Board for authorization to work on that case in Nevada. A licensee of the Board in the appropriate category must agree with the applicant to oversee the applicant’s work in this State and to obligate the licensee’s insurance for protection against liability to third persons to cover the applicant’s activities in this State.

2.  The application must include:
(a) Evidence of the applicant’s license and good standing in the other jurisdiction;
(b) A brief description of the type of work the applicant intends to do in this State;
(c) An estimate of the time necessary to accomplish the work; and
(d) A copy of an independent contractor agreement between the applicant and a licensee of the Board in the appropriate category.
3. If the application is in order, the Executive Director may authorize the described work for an appropriate period.

See: NAC 648.280

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years of age
See: NRS 648.1493(3)(b)(1)

Citizenship

The applicant must be a U.S. citizen or resident alien with a work permit
See: NRS 648.1493(3)(b)(2)

Experience

The legislation does not specify this requirement.

Exemptions

The Board does have discretion to exempt licensure in these narrow circumstances that allows unlicensed parties employed in
law enforcement, at the state, local or federal level, or select employees in the public retirement systems to work without a license.
See: NAC 648.338 and 3385

Permit Required

A registration work card is required

Requirement to carry an ID card

Upon the issuance of a registration, a pocket card of such size, design and content as may be determined by the Board will be issued without charge to each registered employee, and will be evidence that the employee is duly registered pursuant to this chapter.
See: NRS 648.1493(4)

The legislation does not specify the requirement to carry the pocket card while on duty.

Moral Character

The applicant must be of good moral character and temperate habits.
See: NRS 648.1493(3)(b)(3)

Fingerprint

A complete set of fingerprint cards or a receipt for electronically submitted fingerprints of the applicant must be submitted to the PILB- the Private Investigator’s Licensing Board.
See: NRS 648.1493(1)(c)

Fingerprints are required to be submitted to conduct a background investigation.
See: Fingerprinting Companies
See: Fingerprint instructions

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement

Mental Health

No baseline requirement

Criminal History Background Check

The applicant must not have been convicted of, or entered a plea of nolo contendere to, a felony or a crime involving moral turpitude or the illegal use or possession of a dangerous weapon. The application also has the applicant to lists all arrests and if they are registered as a sex offender.
See: NRS 1493(3)(b)(4)

Fingerprints will be processed by the Nevada Criminal History Repository and the FBI.
See: NRS 648.203(2)

The application form requires the applicant to list all previous arrests, citations and orders to appear in court.
See: Application form

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

No training is required for unarmed security officers, but there is a state exam that one must take online before applying for their registration work card

Exam Requirement

While there is no formal classroom training, registration requires passage of an examination.
The content of which includes a thorough understanding of core topics, and must include, without limitation:

•   Recognizing noncompliance with specific laws, including, without limitation, NRS 171.126, 199.310, 199.430,
207.200, 648.013, 648.016, subsection 5 of NRS 648.030, NRS 648.060, 648.063, subsections 1, 2 and 3 of NRS 648.140,
NRS 648.160, 648.200 and 648.203;
•   Recognizing noncompliance with specific regulations, including, without limitation, subsection 3 of
NAC 648.334, NAC 648.338 and subsection 5 of NAC 648.431;

•   General rights of citizens;

•   Powers of arrest; and
•   Limits of authority.

See: NAC 648.342
See: Work Card Exam Study Guide
See: Work Card Exam

Child Support

1.   In addition to any other requirements set forth in this chapter, a natural person who applies for the issuance or renewal of a license or registration issued pursuant to this chapter shall submit to the Board the statement prescribed by the Division of Welfare and Supportive Services of the Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to NRS 425.520. The statement must be completed and signed by the applicant.

3.    A license or registration may not be issued or renewed by the Board pursuant to this chapter if the applicant is a natural person who:
    (a)   Fails to submit the statement required pursuant to subsection 1; or
    (b)   Indicates on the statement submitted pursuant to subsection 1 that the applicant is subject to a court order for the support of a child and is not in compliance with the order or a plan approved by the district attorney or other public agency enforcing the order for the repayment of the amount owed pursuant to the order.
See: NRS 648.085

1.   If the Board receives a copy of a court order issued pursuant to NRS 425.540 that provides for the suspension of all professional, occupational and recreational licenses, certificates and permits issued to a person who is the holder of a license or registration issued pursuant to this chapter, the Board shall deem the license or registration issued to that person to be suspended at the end of the 30th day after the date on which the court order was issued unless the Board receives a letter issued to the holder of the license or registration by the district attorney or other public agency pursuant to NRS 425.550 stating that the holder of the license or registration has complied with the subpoena or warrant or has satisfied the arrearage pursuant to NRS 425.560.
See: NRS 648.158

More Information

New Hampshire: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for New Hampshire

Legislation/Source:

New Hampshire Statutes
Title VII – Sheriffs, Constables, and Police Officers
Chapter 106-F: Private Investigative Agencies, Bail Enforcement Agencies, and Security Services
and
New Hampshire Administrative Rules
Chapter Saf-C 2200- Licensing of Private Detectives and Security Guards

Authorizing Department

New Hampshire Department of Safety
Permits and Licensing Unit
Division of State Police
New Hampshire Department of Safety

James H. Hayes Building
33 Hazen Drive, Room 106
Concord, N.H. 03305
Phone Number: (603) 228-3873
Fax Number: (603) 271-0306
Email: permitsandlicensing@dos.nh.gov

Official Website

 

Licensure and License Fees

In New Hampshire a license is issued to a security guard employee or as an individual private security officers. Be mindful of the fee and regulatory differences.

New Hampshire Administrative Rules Saf-C 2203.02

•   Private Security Guards – shall apply with Form DSSP 259
•   $10 Background investigation fee
•   $25 Criminal record check fee
•   $150 Application fee
•   Additionally, applicants require a two-year $50,000 surety bond

New Hampshire Administrative Rules Saf-C 2203.04

•   Security Guard Employees – shall apply with Form DSSP 247

•   $10 Background investigation fee
•   $25 Criminal record check fee
•   $5 Application fee

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

Citizenship

Applicant must be a U.S resident

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

New Hampshire Revised Statutes (NH Rev Stat) § 106-F:15-a Exemptions
Nothing in this chapter shall require the licensure of persons employed by any federal or state agency or any city or town as an investigator. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to require licensure under this chapter for persons engaged in interviewing parties or witnesses in any legal matter.

NH Rev Stat § 106-F:2
The following are excluded from the provisions of this chapter:

  I. Insurance adjusters licensed as such.
 II. Consumer reporting agencies and their employees who are engaged solely in the business of assembling or evaluating consumer credit information for a consumer reporting agency as defined in RSA 359-B:3, VI.
  III. Police officers, except as provided in RSA 106-F:2-a, or fire investigators of the United States and the state, county, city, or town, while assigned to duty by and performing as officers of their respective law enforcement or fire service agencies.
  IV. Any unarmed security employee who is a direct employee of a business which is not a security guard agency and who is employed by that business to secure its premises while so employed, including but not limited to store detective and watchmen.
  V. Towing or wrecking companies engaged in the repossession of vehicles.
  VI. Firefighters employed by the state or any political subdivision providing fire watch or fire protection services at public events.
  VII. Persons engaged solely in collecting or acquiring data for the purpose of motor vehicle or other accident or occurrence reconstruction or scientific analysis.
  VIII. Persons engaged in reporting or providing information to an accredited news publication, media, or news outlet.
 IX. Persons employed or contracted by a commercial or legal entity to provide, for internal use or dissemination, gross population data or information relating to patterns of general population behavior, criminal or societal activity, or other information that does not include the collection of personally identifiable information, including but not limited to voter preference polls, demographic surveys, or business or academic research.
 X. Persons serving subpoenas or summonses for attorneys as provided by statute.
 XI. Persons conducting management studies or performance evaluations of municipal, county, or state government agencies or providing recruitment and hiring services for such agencies under contract to governing bodies of those agencies.
  XII. Attorneys, and employees of their law firms acting as their agents, exercising legal rights to investigate on behalf of their clients.
 XIII. A certified public accountant who holds an active permit issued by any state or a public accounting firm registered in any state, and the employees of such certified public accountant or firm.
  XIV. The employees of any nationally or state chartered financial institution, as defined in RSA 161-C:2, VI-b, and any company controlled by, or under common control with, or hired by, the financial institution with respect to the investigation of the identity, identifying information, financial condition, and background of customers, employees, or service providers to comply with, or to audit or evaluate its performance under, the requirements of federal and state laws and regulations.

Permit Required

Not required

Requirement to carry an ID card

Saf-C 2207.01
All private detectives and security guards, whether licensed as individuals or employees, shall be issued identification cards by the department.

The legislation is silent on the requirement to carry the identification card while on duty.

Moral Character

Not required

Fingerprint

Not required

Substance Abuse

Saf-C 2203.02(b)(3)
An applicant shall provide an explanation on form DSSP 259 if the applicant has indicated affirmatively, that the applicant is or has ever been a user of drugs or narcotics, excepting those under the direction of a doctor.

Mental Health

Saf-C 2203.06
Any applicant who has been treated for mental illness, as defined by RSA 135- C:2, X, or emotional disorder shall be required to obtain a written statement from the individual’s licensed health care practitioner that the individual is able to perform the duties and responsibilities of a private investigator or security guard, whichever is the applicable license the individual is applying for.

Criminal History Background Check

NH Rev Stat § 106-F:6
An applicant for any license issued under this chapter shall include the following in his or her application:
IV. For an original or renewal license, the applicant’s record of felony convictions and misdemeanor convictions in this or any other state or nation that have not been pardoned or annulled, information as to whether any prior or similar licenses were ever revoked or suspended in this or any other state, Canadian province, or nation, and disclosure of any claim or lawsuit regarding conduct as a licensee, or any domestic violence protective order.

Saf-C 2209.02

(a) The commissioner shall deny an application, if the applicant:

 (1) Has a felony conviction
 (2) Has a record of a violent misdemeanor
 (3) Has a record of a conviction involving theft, fraud, deceit or misrepresentation, or
 (4) Committed any act which, if committed by a licensee, would be grounds for suspension or revocation under this chapter or RSA 106-F

Saf-C 2203.07 Background Investigation

(a)   Upon receipt of a completed application, the division shall conduct a background investigation into the character, competency and integrity pf the applicant.
(b)   The background investigation shall include a criminal records check on each applicant. In addition, the division shall notify the local law enforcement agency
in which the applicant resides as to the individual’s application for a license.

Personal References

NH Rev Stat § 106-F:6

An applicant for any license issued under this chapter shall include the following in his or her application:

III. For an original license, the names of at least 3 unrelated persons to whom inquiry can be made concerning the applicant’s character as to integrity and reputation for honesty.

Training Requirements

Not required

Exam Requirement

Not required

Child Support

NH Rev Stat § 161 – B: 11(I)
The department shall be authorized to certify that an obligor is not in compliance with a legal order of support, or that any party has failed, after receiving notice, to comply with subpoenas or orders relating to paternity or child support proceedings, to any licensing board for the purpose of suspending, revoking, or denying the issuance or renewal of any appropriate license or licenses held by the obligor or party.

New Jersey: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for New Jersey

Legislation/Source:

New Jersey Permanent Statutes
Title 45 – Professions and Occupations
Chapter 45:19A – Security Officer Registration Act
and
New Jersey Administrative Code
Title 13 – Law and Public Safety
Chapter 55A – Security Officers and Security Officer Companies

Authorizing Department


New Jersey State Police
Private Detective Unit on behalf of
the Superintendent of the State Police

P.O. Box 7068
West Trenton, New Jersey 08628-0068
Phone: (609) 341-3426 or (609) 633-9352
Email: pdu@gw.njsp.org

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In New Jersey, licensure is reserved for the operation of a security business. Individuals of such businesses have to apply to the Superintendent of the State Police to obtain a certificate of registration prior of commencing employment.

See: NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(b) and NJAC § 13:55A-3.2

In New Jersey, there are various pre-license steps taken before actual issuance of a license. After meeting age requirements and an acceptable background review, the applicant then must complete training under a specified program. To receive a license, the applicant must be employed.

Unarmed proprietary security officers are exempt from the requirement to obtain a certificate of registration.
See NJ Rev Stat § 45:19A-4(a)(3)

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4:

4.a. A person shall not be employed as a security officer by a security officer company or a company maintaining a proprietary or in-house security function, or perform the functions and activities of a security officer, unless that person is registered with the Superintendent as required in this section.

The requirements of this section shall not apply to:
(3) a security officer employed by a company maintaining a proprietary or in-house security function whose in-house security employees do not carry handguns or other licensed weapons.

New Jersey Administrative Code (NJAC) § 13:55A-3.2/ 13:55A-3.6
  $75 Application fee
  $66.05 Fingerprints check fee
  $59.91 Fingerprints check fee ( by “ink and roll”for out-of-state applicants only)

  $78.75 Renewal fee (The SORA card requires renewal every two years) *Includes FP Archive Fee of $18.75

According to the SORA Help Page, payments must be made by credit or debit card.

See: SORA Help Page
See: Online application

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(b)(1)/ NJAC § 13:55A-3.1
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

Citizenship

The New Jersey instructions are not self-evident on citizenship- however documents and rules reference information that seems to comport with citizenship or residential alien.
See NJAC §13:55A-3.1(a)

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

NJAC § 13:55A-1.2
The rules of this chapter shall only apply to security officer companies and security officers as defined under N.J.A.C.13:55A-1.3 and shall not apply to security officers hired for proprietary or internal purposes by a company not engaged in the security officer business. Moreover, the rules of this chapter shall only apply to duly sworn law enforcement officers seeking to be employed as, or perform the functions and activities of, a security officer, who will be receiving compensation for his or her services directly from a licensed security officer company and shall not apply to duly sworn law enforcement officers working under color of law.

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(a)
A person shall not be employed as a security officer by a security officer company or a company maintaining a proprietary or in-house security function, or perform the functions and activities of a security officer, unless that person is registered with the superintendent as required in this section.

The requirements of this section shall not apply to:

(1) a loss prevention employee.

(2) an employee of a company whose business includes hosting sporting and entertainment events at an arena or stadium where a State, county, or municipal law enforcement agency is on the premises during the event and whose in-house security employees do not carry handguns or other licensed weapons.

(3) a security officer employed by a company maintaining a proprietary or in-house security function whose in-house security employees do not carry handguns or other licensed weapons, or

(4) a security employee regulated under federal law. Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a crime of the fourth degree.

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

NJAC §13:55A-3.5
(b)   Upon completion of the required security officer training course, applicants having met the requirements of N.J.A.C. 13:55A-3.2(a) through (c) shall be issued a security officer identification card which shall be valid only so long as the person retains a valid certificate of registration as a security officer.

In addition to the security officer identification card, the security company employing the security officer shall issue a company identification card to any security officer it employs.
The security officer shall carry his or her company identification card and his or her security officer identification card, whenever employed as or performing the functions of a security officer.
See: NJAC §13:55A-6.2

Moral Character

NJAC § 13:55A-3.7(a)(7)
The Superintendent may deny any initial application for a security officer certificate of registration, revoke or suspend any current certificate of registration, or refuse to renew any certificate of registration if the person holding a certificate, applying for a certification, or applying for renewal of certification, has demonstrated bad moral character, incompetence, or untrustworthiness.

Fingerprint

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(c)
Each applicant shall submit to the Superintendent the applicant’s fingerprints and written consent for a criminal history record background check to be performed. The Superintendent shall compare these to fingerprints on file with the State Bureau of Identification in the Division of State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, consistent with applicable State and federal laws, rules and regulations. The applicant shall bear the cost for the criminal history record background check, including all costs of administering and processing the check.

NJAC § 13:55A-3.2(c)
Any person seeking to be employed as, or perform the functions and activities of, a security officer shall submit fingerprints and a written consent for a criminal history background check to the Superintendent or in a manner prescribed by the Superintendent. Applicants for registration as a security officer shall bear the cost for the criminal history background check, including all costs of administering and processing the check, as required by N.J.A.C. 13:59.

Substance Abuse

NJAC § 13:55A-3.7

a) The Superintendent may deny any initial application for a security officer certificate of registration, revoke or suspend any current certificate of registration, or refuse to renew any certificate of registration, for any of the following reasons:

2. The person holding a certificate, applying for certification, or applying for renewal of certification, has been convicted of any offense involving the unlawful use, possession, or sale, of a controlled dangerous substance as defined in N.J.S.A. 2C:35-2.

Mental Health

The legislation does not specify this requirement.

Criminal History Background Check

Complete background checks and criminal history reviews are done by the new jersey state bureau of investigation and the federal bureau of investigation.

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4

b. An application for registration as a security officer shall be filed with the Superintendent on a form and in a manner prescribed by the Superintendent and shall set forth under oath:

(3) that the applicant has not been convicted of any disqualifying crime or offense as set forth in subsection c. of this section

c. No person shall be issued a certificate of registration as a security officer under the provisions of this section if the person has been convicted, as indicated by a criminal history record background check performed pursuant to the provisions of this section, of: a crime of the first, second, third or fourth degree; any offense involving the unlawful use, possession or sale of a controlled dangerous substance as defined in N.J.S.2C:35-2; or any offense where the registration of the individual would be contrary to the public interest, as determined by the Superintendent.

NJAC § 13:55A-3.7
(a) The Superintendent may deny any initial application for a security officer certificate of registration, revoke or suspend any current certificate of registration, or refuse to renew any certificate of registration, for any of the following reasons:

1.  The person holding a certificate, applying for certification, or applying for renewal of certification, has been convicted of any act or acts which would be a first, second, third, or fourth degree crime under Title 2C, New Jersey Code of Criminal Justice.

The background check draws sources from the State Bureau of Identification in the Division of the State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The applicant bears all costs for the criminal history check.
See: NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(c)

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

Upon submission of the application and fingerprints, the Superintendent shall issue a temporary certificate of registration to the applicant which is valid for 30 days. During this time the applicant must complete an approved security officer training course.

See: NJAC § 13:55A-3.3

NJAC § 13:55A-4.1
(a) Except as provided in N.J.S.A. 13:55A-3.4 (b), a person seeking to be employed as, or perform the functions and activities of, a security officer must complete an approved 24-hour course of classroom instruction taught by a certified security officer instructor.
(b) The course of instruction shall include, but not be limited to, a minimum of two hours of instruction in each of the following general subject areas:
 1.   Homeland security and counter-terrorism
 2.   Communications/emergency response
 3.  Theft prevention
 4.   Limits on the use of force
 5.  Critical incident awareness, including suspicious packages, arson and fire prevention
 6.   Ethics and professional conduct
 7.   First aid/CPR/AED, and
 8.   Any other subject areas the Superintendent determines are necessary in the interest of public safety.

NJAC § 13:55A-4.2
(a) Except for law enforcement officers exempt from initial training under N.J.A.C. 13:55A- 3.4(b), all registered security officers shall complete an approved eight-hour refresher course of classroom instruction taught by a certified security officer instructor prior to having the certification renewed pursuant to N.J.A.C. 13:55A-3.6.
(b) The course of instruction shall include, but not be limited to, additional instruction in each of the general subject areas listed in N.J.A.C. 13:55A-4.1(b).

See Page 9-10: Security Officers and Security Officer Companies: General Provisions

Exam Requirement

The legislation does not specify this requirement

Child Support

2A:17-56.41(3)(a)

If the child support arrearage equals or exceeds the amount of child support payable for six months or court-ordered health care coverage for the child is not provided for six months, or the obligor fails to respond to a subpoena relating to a paternity or child support action, or a child support-related warrant exists, and the obligor is found to possess a license in the State and all appropriate enforcement methods to collect the child support arrearage have been exhausted, the Probation Division shall send a written notice to the obligor, by certified and regular mail, return receipt requested, at the obligor’s last-known address or place of business or employment, advising the obligor that the obligor’s license may be revoked or suspended unless, within 30 days of the postmark date of the notice, the obligor pays the full amount of the child support arrearage, or provides proof that health care coverage for the child has been obtained, or responds to a subpoena, or makes a written request for a court hearing to the Probation Division.

New Mexico: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for New Mexico

Legislation/Source:

New Mexico Statutes
Chapter 61 – Professional and Occupational Licenses
Article 27B – Private Investigations Act
and
New Mexico Administrative Code
Title 16 – Occupational and Professional Licensing
Chapter 48 – Private Law Enforcement Practitioners

Alerts

New:  On February 8, 2022, new rules went into effect that extend the licensure period for initial applicants from two years to three years. In addition, for those already licensed and renewing, all license numbers ending in an even number will renew for a final two year term with a prorated fee and those with license numbers ending in an odd number will renew for three years.

___________________________________________________________________

1. FEES:   The fees were changed to align with the three year licensure cycle. The new fees are as follows:

Initial applications:

Private Patrol Operations Company – No Fee Required

Private Patrol Operator – $550.00

Private Patrol Operations Manager – $400.00

Security Guard Level One and Two – $75.00

Renewal applications for license numbers ending in an even number:

Private Patrol Operations Company – No Fee Required

Private Patrol Operator – $300.00

Private Patrol Operations Manager – $200.00

Security Guard Level One and Two – $50.00

Renewal applications for license numbers ending in an odd number:

Private Patrol Operations Company – No Fee Required

Private Patrol Operator – $450.00

Private Patrol Operations Manager – $300.00

Security Guard Level One and Two – $75.00

2.   Continuing education requirements have also changed to reflect the three year licensure cycle.  Two hours of continuing education credits per year are required for Private Patrol Operators and Security Guards.

3.   Background check requirements for renewals were changed. Only licensees/registrants that carry firearms must complete the background check upon renewal. All initial applicants must still complete the federal background check.

Authorizing Department

New Mexico Regulation and Licensing Department
Private Investigations Advisory Board

Physical Address:
2550 Cerrillos Road
Santa Fe, NM 87505

Mailing Address:
PO Box 25101
Santa Fe, NM 87504

Phone: (505) 476-4650
Fax: (505) 476-4615
Email: PIPolygraphBD@state.nm.us

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In New Mexico, individual Security Guards are employees of a private patrol manager or private patrol company, and must be registered with the department.

According to New Mexico Statutes §61-27B-15. Security guard; levels of registration
A.   A security guard shall be registered at one of the three levels enumerated in this section that are based on experience, age and other qualifications of the registrant:
(1)   Level one is the entry level registration for security guards who will be working in a position not requiring the registrant to carry arms;
(2)   Level two is the intermediate level registration for security guards who are required to be armed but not with firearms; and
(3)   Level three is the advanced level registration for security guards who may be required to be armed with a firearm.

Individuals working as proprietary security guards are exempt from the registration requirement.
See: NM Stat §61-27B-4(b) and NMAC §16.48.1.11(B)(1)

Fees for Level One and Level Two
Security guard registration fee is $75.  Renewal fees:  $50 for even number renewals or $75 for odd number renewals.

See: FAQ’s
See: Security Guard Application Form (all levels)

See: Private Investigations Advisory Board Rule Book

Special Event Security Personnel
New Mexico allows the temporary use of unlicensed New Mexico security personnel for certain “Special Events.”
The Rules are clear that the grant is temporary, for a narrow purpose and for out of state personnel only. The Rules states in part:

61-27B-19.
Special event permit; nonresident security guard procedure; qualifications; prohibited:

A. A private patrol company employing a nonresident security guard temporarily for a special event shall apply to the department for
and may be issued a special event permit for each nonresident security guard qualified to be employed at the special event.
B. A special event permit is issued for a specific nonresident security guard and a specific special event and shall not
be transferred to another security guard or used for a special event other than for the special event for which the permit is issued.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

New Mexico regulatory authorities have the discretion to enter into “Reciprocity Agreements” regarding licensure for security companies and personnel.
Reciprocity recognizes the out of state licensure process as long as the other state’s requirements. The Rules hold:

61-27B-33.
C. The department may develop rules that allow for reciprocity on a temporary or limited basis without requiring an applicant licensed
or registered in another state subject to a reciprocity agreement to be licensed or registered in New Mexico; provided that the
state of licensure or registration:
(1) has licensure or registration requirements that meet or exceed those of New Mexico;
(2) has no record of disciplinary action taken against the applicant in the last year; and
(3) can verify that the applicant has engaged in activities for at least one year in the state with reciprocity that
are required to be licensed or registered pursuant to the Private Investigations Act.

Age Requirements

Level One
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age
See: NM Stat § 61-27B-16

Level Two
The applicant must be at least 21 years of age
See: Application Form

Citizenship

Level One and Level Two
Must be a U.S. citizen
See: NMCA § 16.48.2.22(A)

Experience

Level One
None required

Level Two
Applicant must maintain in good standing a current registration as a level one security guard and possesses a high school diploma or its equivalent
See: NM Stat § 61-27B 17(B) 1 and 3

Exemptions

NM Stat § § 61-27B-4(B). Persons exempted/ NMAC § 16.48.1.11
B.   Investigations Act does not apply to:  

(1)     an individual employed exclusively and regularly by one employer in connection with the affairs of that employer, provided that the individual patrols or provides security only on the premises of the employer as limited by the employer.
 
(2)    an individual employed exclusively to provide temporary security at a private event that is not open to the public
(3)    individuals providing temporary security at athletic or other youth events and where the events occur under the auspices of a public or private school or a nonprofit organization.
(4)    an attorney licensed in New Mexico conducting private investigations while engaged in the practice of law.
(5)    an officer or employee of the United States or this state or a political subdivision of the United States or this state while that officer or employee is engaged in the performance of the officer’s or employee’s official duties.
(6)    a person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and furnishing information concerning the financial rating of persons.
(7)    a charitable philanthropic society or association duly incorporated under the laws of this state that is organized and maintained for the public good and not for private profit.
 
(8)    a licensed collection agency or an employee of the agency while acting within the scope of employment while making an investigation incidental to the business of the agency, including an investigation of the location of a debtor or the debtor’s property.
(9)    admitted insurers, adjusters, agents and insurance brokers licensed by the state performing duties in connection with insurance transactions by them, or
(10)    an institution subject to the jurisdiction of the director of the financial institutions division of the department or the comptroller of currency of the United States.

Permit Required

None required

Requirement to carry an ID card

B. Each security guard shall receive a card issued by the department in the security guard’s name with a definite expiration date that shall be carried by the security guard at all times when the security guard is performing duties that require the security guard to be registered pursuant to the provisions of this section. A security guard is not required to obtain a new card each time the security guard changes employment.
See: NM Stat § 61-27B-15(B)

Moral Character

Level One and Level Two
Applicant must have good moral character.
See: NM Stat § 61-27B-16(B)(2)

See also the “Code of Ethics for private security employees” outlined in NMAC 16.48.1.8(B)

Fingerprint

Level One and Level Two
NMAC § 16.48.2.17 and NMAC § 16.48.2.18

Pursuant to Section 61-27B-34 of the act, all applicants for initial issuance, reinstatement or renewal of a level one and level two security guard registration in New Mexico shall be required to be fingerprinted to establish positive identification for a state and federal criminal history background check.

 (C).  All applicants for licensure or registration , all applicants for initial issuance, reinstatement or renewal of a level one security guard registration in New Mexico shall be required to be fingerprinted to establish positive identification for a state and federal criminal history background check.

 (1).  All applicants for licensure or registration shall be fingerprinted electronically as required for submission to the federal bureau of investigation to conduct a national criminal history investigation and for submission to the department of public safety to conduct a state criminal history investigation.

 (2).  Initial and renewal applicants will need to register on-line with the agent for New Mexico department of public safety prior to going to an electronic fingerprinting location:
 (a)  at the electronic fingerprinting location, the applicant will need to provide the electronic fingerprinting technician with a registration number they received after registering online.
 (b)  a designated fee determined by the New Mexico department of public safety shall be paid at the time of registration by credit card or at the fingerprinting site by cashier’s check or money order, and
 (c)  fingerprint results will be sent electronically to the department.

All applicants must use the following fingerprint process to request a FBI and State criminal history background check:

•   The fee is $44.00, which can be paid at the time of registration by credit card or at the fingerprinting site by cashier’s check or money order.

See: Application Form
See: Fingerprint registration

Substance Abuse

The Department may deny, revoke or suspend a license or registration held or applied for if the individual has been adjudged mentally incompetent or insane by regularly constituted authorities.

See: NM Stat 61-27B-26(K)

Mental Health

The Department may deny, revoke or suspend a license or registration held or applied for if the individual has been adjudged mentally incompetent or insane by regularly constituted authorities.
See: 61-27B-26(L)

Criminal History Background Check

Level One and Level Two
Background investigations for licensure may include reviews by regulation and Licensing Department and the Private Investigations Advisory Board as well as the state police and the Federal Bureau of Investigations.

NM Stat § 61-27B-16(B)(4)
A qualified applicant is an individual who has not been convicted of a felony or an offense involving dishonesty, an offense involving an intentional violent act or the illegal use or possession of a deadly weapon and has not been found to have violated professional ethical standards.

All applicants are required to have background and criminal history checks commencing with fingerprint filings. The pertinent law holds: Pursuant to Section 61-27B-34 of the act, all applicants for initial issuance or reinstatement of a security guard registration in New Mexico shall be required to be fingerprinted to establish positive identification for a state and federal criminal history background check. All applicants for licensure or registration shall be fingerprinted electronically as required for submission to the federal bureau of investigation to conduct a national criminal history investigation and for submission to the department of public safety to conduct a state criminal history investigation.

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

Level One
Pursuant to 16.48.2.17 D. NMAC, the following eight hour curriculum is the minimum training required and must be completed
within twelve months prior to application for security guard level one licensing.
(1)Legal training for security guards;

•   Legal responsibilities, qualifications, restrictions and liability of level one security guard;
•   Introduction to use of force continuum, appropriate use of force and de-escalation techniques;
•   Appropriate search and seizure, legal restrictions and civil liability , and;
•   New Mexico laws on trespass pursuant to the act, Section 30-14-1 NMSA 1978;

(2) Authority and responsibility of the security guard;

•   Communication with local law enforcement;
•   Radio dispatch protocol and other communication tools;
•   Image, professional communication, note-taking and report writing;

(3) Incident scene management and preservation;

•   Identifying evidence;
•   Care and handling of evidence;
•   Securing the immediate area, and;
•   Witness/participant identification

Level Two
Pursuant to 16.48.2.18 D & E. NMAC, the following twenty hour curriculum in addition to the Level One training is the minimum
training required and should be completed within twelve months prior to application for security guard level two registration.
(1) Legal and practical aspects of use of force and personal/employer liability;
(2) Verbal and written communication and conflict management;
(3) Restraint and control devices training shall include, but not be limited to, the following subjects:

•   Handcuffing nomenclature;
•   Daily maintenance and safety checks;
•   Applying and removing handcuffs;
•   Potentially uncooperative and uncooperative handcuffing;
•   Handcuffing from control holds;
•   Handcuffing from standing and prone;
•   Dangers of positional asphyxia and excited delirium;
•   Standing a prone handcuffed subject;
•   Conflict resolution;
•   Handcuffing guidelines and best practice; and
•   Use of force and justification for handcuffing;


(4) Defensive impact tools training shall include, but not be limited to, the following subjects:

•   Moral and legal aspects of baton usage;
•   Use of force;
•   Baton familiarization and uses;
•   First aid for baton injuries;
•   Fundamentals of baton injuries;
•   Stances and grips;
•   Target areas;
•   Defensive techniques;
•   Control techniques;
•   Arrest and control techniques, and;
•   Skill practice;


(5) Chemical agents training shall include, but not be limited to the following subjects:

•   Effects of chemical agents;
•   Avoiding bad positions;
•   Disengagement;
•   Proper defensive positions;
•   Shielding;
•   Drawing techniques;
•   Defense against moving attacks;
•   Spraying techniques;
•   Using OC spray with light;
•   Multiple opponent defense;
•   Proper weapon retention and disarming;
•   Cautions and hazards;
•   Recovery and decontamination;
•   Functioning when contaminated, and;
•   Storage and maintenance

See: Exam and Education Schedule

Exam Requirement

Level One and Level Two
An applicant must achieve a passing score of no less than 90 percent on the board approved jurisprudence examination, provided by the board, covering the Private Investigations Act and the rules.
See: NMAC § 16.48.2.17(B)(4) and NMAC § 16.48.2.18(B)(5)

Child Support

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 40-5A-1 through § 40-5A-135
A person who submits an application for a license issued by a board is not eligible for issuance of the license if he is not in compliance with a judgment and order for support or subpoenas or warrants relating to paternity or child support proceedings.
See: Section 40-5A-5

New York: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for New York

Legislation/Source:

General Business (GBS) Article 7-A Security Guard Act (89-E through 89-W)
and
Official Compilation of Codes, Rules And Regulations Of The State Of New York
Title 19. Department of State
Chapter V. Division of Licensing Services
Subchapter C. Private Investigators/Watch, Guard and Patrol Agencies/And Bail Enforcement Agents
Part 170 Employees

Authorizing Department

NYS Department of State
Division of Licensing Services

One Commerce Plaza
99 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12231-0001
Licensing Information: (518) 474-4429
Security & Armored Car Guards: (518) 474-7569
Fax: (518) 473-6648
Email: licensing@dos.ny.gov

Official website

Mailing Address:
NYS Department of State,
Division of Licensing Services
P.O. Box 22001
Albany, NY 12201-2052

Branch Office:
Department of State, New York City Location
123 William Street, New York, NY 10038-3804

Licensure and License Fees

In New York State, a Security Guard registration process with a corresponding issuance of a registration card upon completion of all requirement is the primary way security officers are regulated.
See: FAQ Security Guard

In New York State, Security Businesses require licensure while individual employees of licensees are registered with the Department.
Upon entering an employment relationship, the individual has to either be registered with the Department and is in possession of a registration card or the employer has to file an application for registration. Generally, an application for registration can be submitted by the individual or the employer.

Proprietary Security
Although proprietary entities employing individuals to fulfill the duties of a Security Guard are not considered Security Guard Companies under the law and do not require licensure, the individual guards employed must be registered Security Guards holding a valid registration card issued by the Department.
See: Application for Proprietary Security Guards

Fees for Registration Application:
  $36 – Initial Application
  $102 – Fingerprint Fee (payable to IDEMIA)

If the individual hired by a security company is already duly registered with the Department, the employer shall file an Employment Status Notification form accompanied by a $25 fee.
Although employment is not required to obtain a state-issued registration card, the registered individual has to be employed in order to perform the functions of a Security Guard.
See: NY Gen Bus L § 89-F.6

More information about fees

The registration expires two years from the date of issuance and has to be renewed by submission of a renewal form by the card holder not more than sixty nor less than thirty days prior to expiration. The fee for renewal is $25.
See NY Gen Bus L § 89-M

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

New York explicitly requires NY Approved training, provided under a curriculum approved for NY.
See: Security Guard Training Requirements

This policy is also true for proprietary security companies whose employees all have to registered and trained in NY.
See: Divisions of Licensing Services: Proprietary Security Guard Employer

Age Requirements

New York General Business Law § 89-h(3)

The applicant must be at least 18 years old

Citizenship

New York General Business Law § 89-h(4)

The applicant must be must be citizen or legal resident alien of the U.S.

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

EXEMPTIONS (DO NOT REQUIRE A WAIVER FROM DCJS)

I.  Police Officers:
The Security Guard Act exempts active police officers from the definition of a security guard. This means active police officers accepting secondary employment are not required to register or complete training. However, if you are an active police officer, anticipating retirement, and still wish to obtain a Security Guard Registration, you must provide proof of original police officer training and a letter of good standing from the agency that employs you, along with the original Security Guard Application and finger print receipt.

Retired Police Officers:
In order to be exempt from the training, you must provide DOS with a letter from your department (signed by your department) indicating your retirement date. In addition, if you are required by your security guard employer to carry a firearm, or are authorized to have access to a firearm, you must provide proof to DOS and your employer of having completed a Basic Course for Police Officers (or an equivalent course), that included initial firearms training, within one year prior to employment as an armed security guard.

If your initial firearms training occurred more than a year before employment as an armed security guard, you must complete an 8 Hour Annual Firearms Course for Security Guards and report that training to DOS and your employer.

If it has been more than 10 years since you retired as a police officer, you are additionally required to complete the 8 Hour Annual In-Service Training Course for Security Guards every year thereafter.

II.  Peace Officers:
Section 170.1 of Title 19 NYCRR exempts from the definition of a security guard, any individual designated as a peace officer under Article 2 of the NYS Criminal Procedure Law (CPL). The powers of a peace officer are only valid while the individual is acting in his or her official capacity for their primary employer. Consequently, during outside employment (moonlighting), a peace officer is no longer acting in his or her official capacity, and, therefore, must register and complete all training, (unless the individual has either been waived, or is exempt [based on specific job titles] (see Recent Amendments that may have a direct affect on you, below).

Current Peace Officers Applying for Firearms Training Waivers
If your employer has authorized you to carry a firearm in the line of duty, and you have been employed for 18 months or more and can exhibit a valid certificate, you are exempt from the 47 Hour Firearms Course, and the addition 8 Hour Annual Firearms Course for holders of an armed security guard registration. Individuals seeking registration as an armed guard, must provide the Department of State with a copy of a waiver letter (issued by DCJS) and a certificate of completion for the MPTC Basic Course for Peace Officer with Firearms, or both the Basic Course for Peace Officers without Firearms and Firearms and Deadly Physical Force [long firearms course].

Recent Amendments that may have a direct affect on you:
Section 89-n (4) GBL has been amended to exempt certain categories of peace officers (see Categories of Peace Officers Exempt from Training per Amendment to §89-n (4) GBL, next page) from the following training: 47 Hour Firearms Course, 8-Hour Pre-Assignment, OJT, and 8 Hour Annual In-Service. To qualify for an exemption, a peace officer must either be currently employed in one of the job titles (see categories of Peace Officers Exempt from Training per Amendment to §89-n (4) GBL, next page), or retired from one of those job titles for not more than 10 years. Although exempt from the 8 Hour Annual In-Service training course for the first 10 years of retirement, the retired peace officer is subject to an 8 Hour Annual Firearms training course, if their basic course was completed more than a year prior to filing their security guard application.Note: If it has been more than 10 years since an individual retired as a peace officer, they are required to completed the 8 Hour Annual In-Service Training Course for Security Guards, and additionally, if armed, the 8 Hour Annual In-Service Firearms Training Course every year thereafter.

Categories of Peace Officers Exempt from Training per Amendment to §89-n (4) GBL
A. Sheriffs, Undersheriffs, and Deputy Sheriffs of NYC, and sworn officers of the Westchester County Department ofPublic Safety Services as defined in NYS CPL, §2.10 (2):
In order to be exempt from the 47 Hour Firearms Training Course, 8-Hour Pre-Assignment, OJT, and Annual In-Service Training, individuals must provide the Department of State with either a copy of their Basic Course for Peace Officers certificate, or a letter from the personnel office of the entity for which they work(ed), indicating basic peace officer training. If currently employed, they must also provide a copy of their ID card showing current employment in one of the appropriate law enforcement categories, and that they are in good standing.

B. Security Personnel for the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority as defined in NYS CPL, §2.10 (20):
In order to be exempt from the 47 Hour Firearms Training Course, 8-Hour Pre-Assignment, OJT, and Annual In-Service Training, individuals must provide the Department of State with either a copy of their Basic Course for Peace Officers certificate, or a letter from the personnel office of the entity for which they work(ed), indicating basic peace officer training. If currently employed, they must also provide a copy of their ID card showing current employment in one of the appropriate law enforcement categories, and that they are in good standing.

C. Uniformed Court Officer as defined in NYS CPL, §2.10 (21) (a):
In order to be exempt from the 47 Hour Firearms Training Course, 8-Hour Pre-Assignment, OJT, and Annual In-Service Training, individuals must provide the Department of State with either a copy of their Basic Course for Peace Officers certificate, or a letter from the academy indicating their academy training. These courses must meet or exceed the MPTC basic course without firearms. In addition, if the individual is in an armed position, the individual must have completed MPTC Basic Course for Peace Officer with Firearms, or both the Basic Course for Peace Officers without Firearms and Firearms and Deadly Physical Force [long firearms course]. If currently employed, the individual must also provide a copy of their ID card showing current employment, and that they are in good standing.

D. Court Clerks as defined in NYS CPL, §2.10 (21) (b):
In order to be exempt from the 47 Hour Firearms Training Course, 8-Hour Pre-Assignment, OJT, and Annual In-Service Training, individuals must provide the Department of State with either a copy of their Basic Course for Peace Officers certificate, or a letter from the academy indicating their academy training. These courses must meet or exceed the MPTC basis course without firearms. In addition, if the individual is in an armed position, the individual must have completed MPYC Basic Course for Peace Officer with Firearms, or both the Basic Course for Peace Officers without Firearms and Firearms and Deadly Physical Force [long firearms course]. If currently employed, the individual must also provide a copy of their ID card showing current employment, and that they are in good standing.

E. NYS Corrections Officers as defined in NYS CPL, §2.10 (25):
(This does not include city or county correction officers.) In order to be exempt from the 47 Hour Firearms Training Course, 8-Hour Pre-Assignment, OJT, and Annual In-Service Training, individuals must provide the Department of State with a letter from the NYS Department of Correctional Services and a copy of their ID card showing that they are currently employed as a NYS Corrections officer in good standing.

Note: Individuals who are no longer active peace officers and do not have a valid basic course certificate, or do not qualify for either a waiver or an exemption, must complete the 47 Hour Firearms Training Course, 8 Hour Pre-Assignment, and OJT.

Information retrieved from: http://www.dos.ny.gov/licensing/securityguard/sgtraining.html

New York Penal Law § 400.00 (1)
 •  “No license shall be issued or renewed except for an applicant (a) twenty-one years of age or older, provided, however, that where such applicant has been honorably discharged from the United States army, navy, marine corps, air force or coast guard, or the national guard of the state of New York, no such age restriction shall apply”
 •  Former Police, Corrections Bride and Tunnel Officers (among more) are exempt from the training requirements for firearm certification.
.
For more information, see: .
http://codes.findlaw.com/ny/penal-law/pen-sect-400-00.html

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

A valid state-issued registration card is required to perform security guard functions.
See: NY Gen Bus L §89-H

In addition to their state issued registration card, individual Security Guards maintain an Employee’s identification card issued by the licensed employer. The rules describe the design and requirements of such identification card.
See: 19 CRR-NY 170.9

A security guard wearing a military style uniform shall prominently display the state issued registration card on his or her outer garment.
See: 19 CRR-NY 170.14

Moral Character

The applicant must be of good moral character and fitness
See: NY Gen Bus L § 89-H (2012) AT 89-h (6)

Fingerprint

All applicants must submit electronic fingerprints through IdentoGO by MorphoTrust USA.
Rolled fingerprints are not acceptable.
Applicants must visit a site in New York to complete the fingerprinting process. Applicants should NOT schedule an appointment at a site outside of New York State.

Fees:
•  Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) fee: $75.00
•  Fingerprint Vendor fee: $13.25

•  $13.25 – FBI fee (Only Security Guard License applicants must pay the FBI fee.)

See: Details on Electronic Fingerprinting

Substance Abuse

New York General Business Law § 89-H(9)

The applicant must not have a physical or mental disability or disability by reason of intoxication or the use of, addiction to or dependence on alcohol or drugs which, as determined by the department, renders the applicant unable to perform the essential functions of the security guard position, with or without reasonable accommodation, or who, as determined by the department, poses a direct threat to health or safety

Mental Health

New York General Business Law § 89-H(7)

The applicant must not have been declared by any court of competent jurisdiction to be incompetent by reason of mental disease or defect which has not been removed

Criminal History Background Check

New York General Business Law § 89-H(5)

The applicant must not have been convicted of a serious offense, or of a misdemeanor in the state or of any offense in any other jurisdiction which, if committed in this state, would constitute a misdemeanor, and which, in the discretion of the secretary, bears such a relationship to the performance of the duties of a security guard, as to constitute a bar to employment.

All applicants are screened and the affirmations verified in said application.
All applicants’ records are reviewed by the FBI and the NY Department of State.

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

Initial Training Requirements:

•   8 Hour Pre-Assignment Training Course for Security Guards
This is an 8 hour course required by New York State as the first step in obtaining a security guard registration card from the New York State Department of State.
The course provides the student with a general overview of the duties and responsibilities of a security guard.

Topics covered in this course include:

  •   The role of the security guard;
  •   Legal powers and limitations;
  •   Emergency situations;
  •   Communications and public relations;
  •   Access control;
  •   And ethics and conduct.

The passing of an examination is required for successful completion of this course.

•   16 Hour On-the- Job Training Course for Security Guards
This is a 16 hour course that must be completed within 90 days of employment as a security guard. The course provides the student with detailed information on the duties and
responsibilities a security guard.

Topics covered in this course include:

  •   The role of the security guard;
  •   Legal powers and limitations;
  •   Emergency situations;
  •   Communications and public relations;
  •   Access control ethics and conduct;
  •   Incident command system;
  •   And terrorism.

The passing of an examination is required for successful completion of this course.

Annual Training Requirements
•   8 Hour Annual In-Service Training Course for Security Guards
This is an 8 hour course that must be completed within 12 calendar months from completion of the 16 Hour On-the-Job Training Course for Security Guards, and annually thereafter.
The course is structured to provide the student with updated and enhanced information on the duties and responsibilities of a security guard.

Topics covered in this course include:

  •   The role of the security guard;
  •   Legal powers and limitations;
  •   Emergency situations;
  •   Communications and public relations;
  •   Access control;
  •   And ethics and conduct.

See: Security Guard Training Requirements FAQ

See: A list of approved security schools

New York’s mandatory training programs are offered by approved schools and educational entities.
See: A full list of the various levels of training

Exam Requirement

Examination is required for the completion of certain training courses.
See: A full list of the various levels of training

Child Support

According to N.Y. Dom. Rel. Law § 13-244; N.Y. Soc. Serv. Law § 6A-111b:
An occupational or professional license may be revoked for failure to pay child support

A Child Support Statement is mandatory in New York State regardless of whether or not the applicant has children.
See: Application form

North Carolina: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for North Carolina

Legislation/Source:

North Carolina General Statutes (NCGS)
Chapter 74C – Private Protective Services
and
North Carolina Administrative Code (NCAC)
Title 14B – Public Safety
Chapter 16 – Private Protective Services Board

Authorizing Department


North Carolina Private Protective Services Board
3101 Industrial Drive, Suite 104
Raleigh, NC 27609
Phone: 919-788-5320
Fax: 919-788-5365
Email: PPSASL@ncdps.gov

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

North Carolina has established a Private Protective Services Board and a corresponding Licensing Unit to oversee the various categories of security licensees and registrants. North Carolina licenses agencies and entities that provide security services, whether in individual or corporate or other business form. These licensees must register their security officer employees with the Board.
See: NCGS § 74C-11(a)

North Carolina requires licensed security businesses to register their security officer employees and at the same time permits an individual to apply for a license to offer security officer services. Hence, the data below will include both avenues since there is substantial crossover in these designations.

See: A full description of the registration process and its requirements

North Carolina has implemented an online system of application for licensure. See the particulars at:
Online License Application

Unarmed Proprietary Security Guards are exempt from the requirement to register with the Board.
See: NCGS §74C-3

I. Employee Registration
Fees according to 14B NCAC 16 .0702
$30 non refundable initial registration fee;
$30 annual renewal fee

Fees can only be paid through credit card or other forms of electronic funds transfer. There is a $4 convenience fee per transaction.

See: Unarmed Employee Registration Application

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

North Carolina has limited reciprocity with seven states but only as to private investigators.

See: Private Investigator Reciprocal Agreements

Age Requirements

According to 14B NCAC 16 .0703(1)
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age.

Citizenship

14B NCAC 16 .0703(2)
An applicant must be a citizen of the United States or a resident alien

Experience

Not required

Exemptions

NCGS 74C – 3(b)
“Private protective services” shall not include any of the following:
 (2)  An officer or employee of the United States, this State, or any political subdivision of either while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of his or her official duties within the course and scope of his or her employment with the United States, this State, or any political subdivision of either.
 (3)  A person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and furnishing information as to the financial rating or credit worthiness of persons; and a person who provides consumer reports.
  (13)   A person who works regularly and exclusively as an employee of an employer in connection with the business affairs of that employer. If the employee is an armed security guard and wears, carries, or possesses a firearm in the performance of the employee’s duties, the provisions of G.S. 74C-13 apply
 (14)  An employee of a security department of a private business that conducts investigations exclusively on matters internal to the business affairs of the business.

Please see NCGS 74C – 3 for additional exemptions.

Permit Required

Not required

Requirement to carry an ID card

A licensed employer may not employ an unarmed security guard in a regular position unless the guard has a registration card issued by the Board.
See: NCGS §74C-11(b)

The registration identification card shall be carried by the registrant when performing the duties of a private protective services employee.

See: 14B NCAC 16 .0705(a)

Moral Character

An applicant for registration shall be of good moral character and temperate habits.
See: 14B NCAC 16 .0703(3)

Fingerprint

An application must include one set of classifiable fingerprints on an applicant fingerprint card
See: 4B NCAC 16 .0701(a)(1)

The card can be obtained at the Private Protective Services office, or upon request it will be mailed.

Substance Abuse

Any of the following within the last five years shall be prima facie evidence that the applicant does not have good moral character or temperate habits: conviction by any local, state, federal, or military court of any crime involving the illegal use, carrying, or possession of a firearm, conviction of any crime involving the illegal use, possession, sale, manufacture, distribution, or transportation of a controlled substance, drug, narcotic, or alcoholic beverage , conviction of a crime involving felonious assault or an act of violence; conviction of a crime involving unlawful breaking and/or entering, burglary, larceny, any offense involving moral turpitude, or a history of addiction to alcohol or a narcotic drug, provided that, for purposes of (3) of this Rule, “conviction” means and includes the entry of a pleas of guilty, plea of no contest, or a verdict of guilty.
See: 14B NCAC 16 .0703(3)

Mental Health

An applicant for registration shall not have been declared by any court of competent jurisdiction incompetent by reason of mental disease or defect, or not have been involuntarily committed to an institution for treatment of mental disease or defect by a district court judge. When an individual has been treated and found to have been restored by a psychiatrist, the Board will consider this evidence and determine whether the applicant meets the requirements of this Paragraph
See: 14B NCAC 16 .0703(4)

Criminal History Background Check

I. Employee Registrant (14B NCAC 16 .0703(3)) and
II. Individual Licensee (NCGS 74C – 8(d)(2)):

Any of the following within the last five years shall be prima facie evidence that the applicant does not have good moral character or temperate habits: conviction by any local, state, federal, or military court of any crime involving the illegal use, carrying, or possession of a firearm,
conviction of any crime involving the illegal use, possession, sale, manufacture, distribution, or transportation of a controlled substance, drug, narcotic, or alcoholic beverage, conviction of a crime involving felonious assault or an act of violence; conviction of a crime involving unlawful breaking and/or entering, burglary, larceny, any offense involving moral turpitude, or
a history of addiction to alcohol or a narcotic drug, provided that, for purposes of (3) of this Rule, “conviction” means and includes the entry of a pleas of guilty, plea of no contest, or a verdict of guilty.

The records search is conducted by PPSBCheck.com in each county/state where the applicant has resided since the age of 18. The criminal record check must not be over sixty (60) days old when received in the Administrative office. You may order your criminal record check via the internet at www.PPSBcheck.com or call 1-877-272-0266, ext 1029. A DD214 is acceptable for military if time was served overseas with an APO/FPO address listed. If the applicant is still on active duty in the U.S. but has served time overseas, a letter from his/her Commanding Officer will be necessary, stating that the applicant had no criminal record during the overseas tour of duty.
See: Registration Procedures

The Board conducts a background check utilizing sources of the North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
$38 Fingerprint check fee applies

North Carolina now has on online portal for initiating and completing the criminal record check.
See: Online Criminal Record Checks

Personal References

Not required.

Training Requirements

I. Employee Registrant
14B NCAC 16 .0707

(a)  Applicants for an unarmed security guard registration shall complete a basic training course for unarmed security guards within 30 days from the date of permanent hire. The course shall consist of a minimum of 16 hours of classroom instruction including:
 (1)  The Security Officer in North Carolina — (minimum of one hour)
 (2)  Legal Issues for Security Officers — (minimum of three hours)
 (3)  Emergency Response — (minimum of three hours)
 (4)  Communications — (minimum of two hours)
 (5)  Patrol Procedures — (minimum of three hours)
 (6)  Note Taking and Report Writing — (minimum of three hours)
 (7)  Deportment — (minimum of one hour)
A minimum of four hours of classroom instruction shall be completed within 20 calendar days of a probationary or regular security guard being placed on a duty station. These four hours shall include The Security Officer in North Carolina and Legal Issues for Security Officers.

(c) The training shall be conducted by a Board certified unarmed security guard trainer.

See: Certificate format for completed training for the Unarmed Guard

The first four hours of unarmed guard training for unarmed guards must be provided within the first twenty (20) days of probationary or regular employment. The remaining twelve (12) hours must be completed within the first thirty (30) days of regular employment.
See: Registration Procedures

Exam Requirement

Not Required

Child Support

I. Employee Registrant

The rules are silent as to child support and the registered employee. However, the licensure applicant need comply with the following authority.

II. Individual Licensee
NCGS 50-13.12(b)
Upon a finding by the district court judge that the obligor is willfully delinquent in child support payments equal to at least one month’s child support, or upon a finding that a person has willfully failed to comply with a subpoena issued pursuant to a child support or paternity establishment proceeding, and upon findings as to any specific licensing privileges held by the obligor or held by the person subject to the subpoena, the court may revoke some or all of such privileges until the obligor shall have paid the delinquent amount in full, or, as applicable, until the person subject to the subpoena has complied with the subpoena.

North Dakota: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for North Dakota

Legislation/Source:

North Dakota Century Code Title 43 Chapter 43-30 Investigative and Security Services
and
North Dakota Title 93-01 General Administration and Title 93-02-02.1 Private Security Services

Authorizing Department

State of North Dakota Private Investigation and Security Board
513 Bismarck Expressway Suite 5
Bismarck, ND 58504
Phone: (701) 222-3063
Email: ndpisb@midco.net

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In North Dakota, there is a difference between a registration and licensure. Licensure is given to agency- business firms and entities providing security services. Those entities provide oversight and supervision over security officer employees.
The employer registers their employees and follow the explicit requirements promulgated by the regulatory authority.

The regulatory Act states in part:
An individual providing private security services must obtain a license from the board to provide those services unless the individual is registered as an employee or independent contractor of an agency that is licensed under this chapter and is providing those services within the scope of the individual’s relationship with the agency. An agency is responsible for registering its employees and independent contractors under section 93-02-02.2-04. This section does not apply to individuals who are exempt from the board’s jurisdiction under North Dakota Century Code section 43-30-02.
See: North Dakota 93-02-02.1-02

93-02-02.1-04: REGISTRATION AS A SECURITY OFFICER
(2)   An individual providing private security services as an employee or independent contractor of a private security agency who is not licensed to provide those services must have a registration from the board as an apprentice security officer, security officer, or commissioned security officer. The agency is responsible for obtaining registration for all of its employees and independent contractors.
(5)   A registered employee or independent contractor may not provide private security services unless the employee or independent contractor is under the supervision of an individual who is licensed to provide private security services.

See also: North Dakota 43-30-05

Proprietary Security
A proprietary employer is a person who employs an individual to provide security for that person’s own property or protection. A proprietary employer is not required to be licensed as a private security service if the employer does not offer or provide security services to others. Proprietary security employees may be voluntarily registered as security officers under section 43-30-06. In order to be registered as a proprietary security officer, an employee must meet all of the requirements to be registered as a security officer except for:
  1.  Employment by a licensed private security service; and
  2.  Supervision by an individual who is licensed to provide security services
See: North Dakota 43-30-02.2

In North Dakota, there are three levels of potential registration, depending on training and experience.
The levels are:

•   APPRENTICE SECURITY OFFICER – 12 hours classroom instruction OR 12 hours of field service
•   SECURITY OFFICER – 1000 hours field service & 32 hours classroom instruction
•   COMMISSIONED SECURITY OFFICER – 4000 hours field service & 80 hours classroom instruction

Fees
$25   Registration Fee
$40   Criminal Background Check
See: Application Form 1

Age Requirements

The applicant must be 18 years old
See: North Dakota 93-02-02.1-01(1)

Citizenship

The legislation does not mention this requirement. However, the application and background check require the submission of a Social Security Number.
See: Application Form 1

Experience

According to the State of North Dakota Private Investigation and Security Board, there are three levels of security officers in North Dakota:

•   Apprentice security officer (12 hours classroom instruction OR 12 hours of field service)
•   Security officer (1000 hours field service & 32 hours classroom instruction)
•   Commissioned security officer (4000 hours field service & 80 hours classroom instruction)

All applicants must be a high school graduate or hold an equivalent of a high school diploma.
See: North Dakota 93-02-02.1-01(2)

Exemptions

North Dakota Century Code section 43-30-02 provides a detailed list of occupations and professions not covered under the chapter.

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-10:

The State of North Dakota Private Investigation and Security Board may waive part of or all of any training or experience requirements for individuals licensed or registered by the board based upon equivalent training or experience in any combination of the following: private security or private investigation in another state with equal or similar requirements; law enforcement in any jurisdiction with equal or similar requirements; military security; proprietary security, provided that equal or similar requirements for training as required by this chapter were met; or equivalent training in any educational institution in relevant subject matters.

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-14
1. To each individual licensed or registered by the board, the board shall issue a laminated pocket card. Each individual licensed or registered by the board shall have on that individual’s person, the pocket card issued while providing private security services.

Moral Character

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-01(5):

Applicant must not have committed an act which the board determines is indicative of bad moral character and which has a direct bearing on the applicant’s ability to serve the public, including but not limited to offenses other than those listed in subsection three of this section.

Fingerprint

According to the application:

The applicant must submit 2 sets of fingerprint cards with application.

Fingerprint cards attached to the application must be filled out correctly including the following codes:

–   The “Reason Fingerprinted” must say “NDCC 43-30-06”.
–   The “ORI” must say “ND920130Z, NDPISB, Bismarck, ND”

You must use blue print cards.
See: Fingerprint Verification Form

Substance Abuse

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-01:

Applicant must not have been convicted or adjudged guilty in any jurisdiction of a crime involving controlled substances as defined in North Dakota Century Code chapter 19-03.1

Mental Health

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-01(4):

Applicant must be free of mental condition or defect, which would interfere with the individual’s ability to provide services in a professional and competent manner

Criminal History Background Check

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-01(3):

Applicant must not have been convicted or adjudged guilty in any jurisdiction of one of the following offenses or its equivalent in another jurisdiction, including juvenile adjudication that the individual has engaged in similar conduct: any felony; any class A or B misdemeanor involving an act of violence or intimidation as defined in North Dakota Century Code chapters 12.1-16 through 12.1-25 and chapter 12.1-31.2; including shoplifting, or any other offense which must be reported to the North Dakota Bureau of Criminal Investigation under North Dakota Century Code section 12.1-32-15

Information on the Criminal History of the applicant is obtained from the North Dakota Bureau of Criminal Investigation and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-05, In order to become an apprentice private security officer:
1.   One must first start as an apprentice security officer:
An apprentice officer must complete, within thirty days after being registered with the board, a minimum of
twelve hours of classroom instruction relating to the provision of private security services or twelve hours
of field training. The field training must be supervised either by a security officer who has a minimum of two
thousand hours of active service in that grade or equivalent combination of training and experience as defined in
section 93-02-02.1-10 or by a commissioned security officer. The training must be at a ratio of no more than four trainees to one officer.

2.   Until the apprentice private security officer has fulfilled the requirements in this section, the apprentice may
only provide private security services under the direct, onsite supervision of a security officer or commissioned security officer
employed by the private security agency.

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-06, in order to rank up to a security officer:
An individual must provide a minimum of one thousand hours of private security service as a registered apprentice security officer and
complete an additional thirty-two hours of classroom instruction as required by the board.

According to North Dakota 93-02-02.1-07, in order to rank up as a commissioned security officer:

An individual must provide three thousand hours of private security service as a registered security officer,
in addition to at least one thousand hours as an apprentice security officer, and complete an additional eighty hours of
classroom instruction as required by the board.

The Certification of Training required for the application has to be issued by a Certified Training Officer and the licensed employer.
See: Certification of Training, Form 3

Exam Requirement

Not Required

Child Support

According to N.D. Cent. Code §14-08.1-06:
North Dakota can suspend any occupational or professional license for failure to pay child support

Ohio: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Ohio

Legislation/Source:

Ohio Revised Code Title 47
Chapter 4749: PRIVATE INVESTIGATORS; SECURITY SERVICES
and
Ohio Administrative Code
Chapter 4501:7-1 Private Investigator Security Guard Services

Authorizing Department

Ohio Department of Public Safety (PISGS)
Ohio Private Investigator Security Guard Services

1970 West Broad Street
Columbus, OH 43223/br>

Mailing Address
PISGS
PO Box 182001
Columbus, OH 43218-2001

Phone: (614) 466-4130
Fax: (614) 466-0342
Email: PISGLR@dps.ohio.gov

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Ohio, security guards do not need to obtain a license, but the security business employing officers must vet their applicants and then register them with the state in order to abide by mandated state requirements
See: OH Rev Code §4749.03 and OH Rev Code §4749.06

Proprietary Security do not require licensure and thus individuals employed in the capacity of proprietary security are not required to register with PISGS.
See: OH Rev Code §4749.01(H)(c)(6)

According to the Ohio Department of Public Safety, Private Investigator Security Guard Services Laws and Rules:
$40   Fee for registration of an employee
See: Employee Registration Application
$25   Fee for employee registration renewal
See: Employee Registration Renewal

The registration of an employee must be renewed annually.
See: OH Rev Code §4749.06(F)

Individual security service providers must display a “Wall License.”
See: Wall License Example

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Any person or entity providing investigatory or security services in the state of Ohio must have a license from PISGS to provide such services.

See: FAQs

Age Requirements

An age requirement is not explicitly mentioned anywhere.

Citizenship

A citizenship requirement is not explicitly mentioned anywhere.
However, the Employee Registration Application calls for a Social Security Number.
See: Employee Registration Application Form

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

According to Ohio Revised Code 4749.06(E):

Commissioned peace officers, as defined in division (B) of section 2935.01 of the Revised Code, working for, either as an employee or independent contractor, a class A, B, or C licensee are exempt from registration.

Permit Required

Not Required. However, the FAB does not permit the individual to carry firearm off-duty.
See: OH Rev Code §4749.06(D)

At the same time, the possession of an Ohio Conceal Carry Weapon (CCW) permit does not qualify an individual to carry a firearm while working as a security guard.

In order to carry a firearm while working, ALL of the following steps must be taken:
1. Successfully complete a private security firearm training course (20 hours) at an approved Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission (OPOTC) training facility and receive a completion certificate
OR, for currently commissioned Ohio peace officers, provide OPOBTC certificate and most recent score sheet
2. Pass an FBI background check
3. The company for which the individual is registered submits an application to PISGS for a firearm-bearer endorsement (FAB) on the individual’s registration
4. The individual receives a registration card from their company with the firearm-bearer (FAB) endorsement from PISGS
5. The individual carries the registration card with the FAB endorsement whenever carrying a firearm while working
6. The type of weapon carried matches the type of weapon the FAB endorsement lists on the registration card.
See: FAQs

Requirement to carry an ID card

The employee receives a notation on the employee’s identification card that the employee is a firearm-bearer and carries the identification card whenever the employee carries a firearm in the course of engaging in the business of security services.
See: OH Rev Code §4749.10(A)(3)

Moral Character

No baseline requirement.

Fingerprint

According to OH Rev Code §4749.06(A)(2):

The employee shall submit one complete set of fingerprints directly to the superintendent of the bureau of criminal identification and investigation for the purpose of conducting a criminal records check.

Fingerprints have to be submitted electronically through WebCheck.
See: Fingerprint Information

Applicants for a Firearm-Bearer notification shall notify the bureau of criminal investigations (BCI) at the time fingerprinting. BCI shall make a request to the federal bureau of investigation (FBI) about the employee.

See: OH Admin Code 4501:7-1-09(B)(1)(a)

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement

Mental Health

No baseline requirement

Criminal History Background Check

According to OH Rev Code §4749.06(B)(3):

An employee applicant cannot have been charged with a disqualifying offense as defined in section 4776.10 of the Revised Code within the last three years.

According to OH Rev Code §4776.10(C):
A disqualifying offense means an offense that is a felony and that has a direct nexus to an individual’s proposed or current field of licensure, certification, or employment. According to OH Rev Code §4776.10(B), Direct nexus means that the nature of the offense for which the individual was convicted or to which the individual pleaded guilty has a direct bearing on the fitness or ability of the individual to perform one or more of the duties or responsibilities necessarily related to a particular occupation, profession, or trade.

Ohio Admin Code 4501:7-1-19(B) provides a detailed list of disqualifying offenses.

See: Ohio Admin Code 4501:7-1-19(B)

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

According to OH Rev Code §4749.10
The employee applicant shall satisfactorily complete a firearms basic training program that includes twenty hours of handgun training and five hours of training in the use of other firearms.

However, the applicant does not need to complete this if the applicant has satisfactorily completed firearms training that has been approved by the commission as being equivalent to such a program and has received written evidence of approval of that training from the executive director of the commission; or the licensee or employee is a former peace officer, as defined in section 109.71 of the revised code, who previously has successfully completed a firearms training course at a training school approved by the Ohio peace officer training commission and has received a certificate or other evidence of satisfactory completion of that course from the executive director of the commission.

Exam Requirement

Not Required

Child Support

A license, which, according to OH Rev Code §3123, is a certificate, permit, registration, or other authorization to engage in an occupation or profession, may be suspended or revoked for failure to pay child support.

Oklahoma: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Oklahoma

Legislation/Source:

Oklahoma Statutes Title 59- Professions and Occupations §1750.1 through §1750.14
and
Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) Title 390 Chapter 35

Alerts

Beginning November 1, 2022, unarmed security officers will be allowed to work for 45 days while their “conditional” license application is being processed.

Authorizing Department

Oklahoma Council on Law Enforcement Education and Training (CLEET)
2401 Egypt Road
Ada, Oklahoma 74820-0669
Phone: (405) 239-5100
Fax: (405) 239-5182

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Oklahoma no person may be employed or operate as a security guard until a license therefor has been issued by CLEET.
See: 59 OK Stat §59-1750.4

An individual has to be employed or contracted by a security agency to perform the duties of a security guard.

See: 59 OK Stat §59-1750.2.7

Proprietary security guards are exempt from the requirement of licensure.
See: 59 OK Stat §59-1750.2.7.a

Fees:
$91   License fee consisting of $50 application and $41 fingerprint fee

A license is valid for three years.
See: 59 OK Stat §59-1750.6.4.C
The cost for renewal is $50

The Council on Law Enforcement Education & Training published an application checklist

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

According to 59 OK Stat §59-1750.5.H.2:

The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

Citizenship

According to 59 OK Stat §59-1750.5.H.1

The applicant must be a citizen of the United States or an alien legally residing in the United States.

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

According to Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) § 390:35-5-5:

If a peace officer who is ordinarily exempt from licensing chooses to become licensed as a security guard or private investigator shall comply with 59 O.S. Section 1750.1 et seq., and these rules in all respects.

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

According to OAC §390:35-5-9
(a)   An identification card shall be issued to all licensees. This card shall clearly indicate that the licensee is authorized by the State of Oklahoma to conduct business as a security guard, armed security guard, or private investigator, or armed private investigator.

Each security guard, armed security guard, or private investigator licensed pursuant to this act shall carry a valid driver license or state-issued photo identification card and an identification card issued by the Council on Law Enforcement Education and Training at all times while on duty as a security guard.
See: 59 OK Stat §59-1750.9.A

Moral Character

According to 59 OK Stat §59-1750.5.H.4

The applicant must be of good moral character.

Fingerprint

According to Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) § 390:35-7-8(e)

Two sets of fingerprints must be submitted with the application. The applicant must provide CLEET and the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation with individual fingerprints for a state and national criminal history records search.

Substance Abuse

According to 59 OK Stat §59-1750.5.H.7

The applicant must make a statement regarding any history of illegal drug use or alcohol abuse.

Mental Health

According to 59 OK Stat §59-1750.5.H.7

The applicant must make a statement whether the applicant is currently undergoing treatment for a mental illness, condition or disorder, as well as whether the applicant has been adjudicated incompetent or committed to a mental institution.

Applicants are required to authorize a mental health analysis.
See: Application Guide

Criminal History Background Check

According to 59 OK Stat §59-1750.5.H.5
the applicant must not have:

  •   A record of a felony conviction


  •   A record of conviction for larceny, theft, false pretense, fraud, embezzlement, false personation of an officer, any offense involving moral turpitude, any offense involving a minor as a victim, any nonconsensual sex offense, any offense involving the possession, use, distribution, or sale of a controlled dangerous substance, any offense involving a firearm, or any other offense as prescribed by the Council, as provided herein.

See: 59 OK Stat §59-1750.5.H.6



The Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation and the Federal Bureau of Investigation conduct background examinations for security guard applicants. Applicants may also have to provide criminal clearances from local police or sheriff departments verifying their criminal histories.

In addition, the CLEET lists disqualifying criminal offenses at Application for Appendix A (page 4)

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

According to 59 OK Stat §59-1750.5.H.3

The applicant must successfully complete training requirements for the license applied for, as prescribed by CLEET.

Oklahoma is flexible on the program of study and the provider. CLEET encourages schooling from the association and professional groups as well as aligned occupations such as lawyers and district attorneys’ colleges both, public and private. Courses need to be approved; all schools, school coordinators, and instructors must be approved by CLEET.
See: OAR 390:35-15-2

Security guard license applicants must successfully complete the approved “Security Guard Training Course” consisting of:
  Phase 1 – “Basic” – A course of instruction related to general private security tasks (20 hours);
  Phase 2 – “Security Guard” – A course of instruction specifically related to the task of unarmed security guards (20 hours).
See: OAR 390:35-15-1

The applicant must have gone through 40 hours of training and pass an exam before applying for a security license.
Additionally, there is a continuing education requirement of 8 hours of training before renewing their license again.

See: An overview of requirements as to levels and time

Exam Requirement

According to OAR 390:35-7-8 (n)


The applicant is required to pass the Unarmed Security Guard Exam related to

Child Support

According to OS § 340:25-5-211.1:

A license may be revoked for failure to comply with a child support order

Oregon: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Oregon

Legislation/Source:

Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS) §181A.840 through §181A.865
And
Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR) 259-060-0005 through 259-060-0600

Alerts

On 9/1/21 the Background check fee increased to $46.25.

Authorizing Department

Oregon Department of Public Safety Standards and Training

Mailing Address
Oregon Department of Public Safety Standards and Training
4190 Aumsville Hwy SE
Salem, OR 97317
Phone Number: (503) 378-2100
Email: odpsst@dpsst.state.or.us
Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

As in select other states, Oregon licenses the provider, the business entity operating at the managerial or supervisory level. For individual officers, the process is termed “Certification.” Individuals employed as a Private Security Professional (armed and unarmed) are required to obtain a Certification from the Board prior to commencing employment.
See: ORS 181A.840(1)
See: OAR 259-060-0010

Fees:
$65 Application fees
$46.25 Criminal History and Background check fee
$111.25 Total fees
See: Fee Schedule

Temporary License
If the applicant submits a completed application, a temporary work permit for 120 days can be granted for employees without the license.
For the form and rules relating to the “TWP”- temporary work permit, see: Temporary Work Permit

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

The laws and rules are silent on state reciprocity.

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years old.
See: ORS 181A.855(1)(a)(A)

Citizenship

The legislation does not mention this requirement. However, the application process calls for a social security number and driver’s license number.

Experience

Applicants for certification must have earned one of the following:

(A)   A high school diploma;
(B)   A General Education Development (GED) certificate; or
(C)   A two-year or four-year, post-secondary degree issued by an accredited degree-granting college or university recognized by the Oregon Higher Education Coordinating Commission under the provision of ORS 348.594(2).
See: OAR 259-060-0020(2)(a)

Exemptions

The state legislation and Department rules do not apply to numerous occupations related to the providing security such as law enforcement officers and security personnel employed by a public entity. For a full list of exemption see ORS 181A.840.

Permit Required

None required.

Requirement to carry an ID card

Private security providers must have in their possession their DPSST issued certification, licensure or temporary work permit (Form PS-20) while performing the functions of a private security provider and must be able to present their license, certificate, or temporary work permit to any DPSST staff member, law enforcement officer or Oregon Liquor Control Commission agent upon demand, or any other person, upon reasonable request.
See: OAR 259-060-0015(2)

Moral Character

Moral Fitness. All private security providers must be of good moral fitness as determined by a criminal background check, department investigation or other reliable sources.

(b) For the purposes of this standard, the Department, through the Policy Committee and the Board, has defined core values that are integral to the private security profession. These values are:
•   Honesty
•   Moral Good Character
•   Public Trust
•   Fair Treatment of Others
•   Respect for the laws of this state and nation

See: OAR 259-060-0020(4)

Fingerprint

OAR 60-PS (259-060-0025 ) Application for Certification and Licensure:

Applicant must submit a completed fingerprint packet. A fingerprint packet must include a pre-printed FBI fingerprint card and a Form PS-4 (Affidavit of Person Rolling Fingerprints) completed by the person rolling or scanning the fingerprints. The card and form must be enclosed in a tamper-proof bag and sealed by the person who rolled the fingerprints before the packet is returned to the applicant

See: OAR 60-PS 259-060-0025

Applicants have three options for fingerprints in Oregon:

1.   Traditional ink fingerprinting
2.   LiveScan fingerprinting
3.   Electronic fingerprinting via Fieldprint

See: Fingerprint FAQ

Substance Abuse

The legislation does not mention this requirement.

Mental Health

The board is empowered though not required to make rules regarding “intellectual” fitness of a private security provider.
See: ORS 181A.870 and OAR 259-060-0020(5)(c)

Criminal History Background Check

Certain convictions disqualify you from being certified and you will not be allowed to work as a private security provider, under Oregon law. The attached criminal disqualifier list is provided for you to determine whether or not you want to apply. If you apply for certification or licensure and your criminal background check shows that you have been convicted of any of the below listed crimes or equivalent crimes in other justifications, your application will be disqualified. Please call DPSST at 503 378-8531 if you have any questions. NOTE: If you have history that you believe should have been “expunged” or removed from your record, but you do not know (proof in hand) that it was expunged or removed; you should verify your belief prior to applying. A crime is not removed from your record until you go through the formal process to have it removed. Believing a conviction was removed, or forgetting a conviction existed, is not a valid defense and your application for certification or licensure may be denied.

The fingerprints will be processed for a criminal history check by the Oregon State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
See OAR 259-060-0500(1)(b)

Upon finding that the applicant has been convicted and violates the provisions outlined in OAR 259-060-0300, the Department must deny or revoke the certification of any applicant of private security provider after written notice and hearing.
See: OAR 259-060-0300(3)

Personal References

None required.

Training Requirements

The applicant must have satisfactorily completed training requirements approved by the Board on Public Safety Standards and Training.
See: OAR 181A.855(1)(b)

• Basic training – Basic Unarmed course (14 hours) Basic training consists of successful completion of 14 hours of unarmed basic classroom instruction, exam and assessments.
See: OAR 259-060-0120(4)(b)

• Refresher Training – Biennial unarmed renewal training consists of a four-hour unarmed renewal course and exam.
See: OAR 259-060-0120(3)(c)

All training results must be submitted to the Department within 180 days of completing the training.
See: OAR 259-060-0060(8)

The training is administered by certified instructors. See a list of certified instructors.

Once the training is completed, the instructor will issue a Training Affidavit (Form PS-6) as required by the department.

Exam Requirement

Applicants must complete a closed-book written examination.
See: OAR 259-060-0060(9)(a)

Applicants must achieve 100 percent on all examinations and assessments.
See: OAR 259-060-0060(10)

Child Support

According to Or. Rev. Stat. § 25.750:
An occupational or professional license may be suspended or revoked for failure to pay child support.

Pennsylvania: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Pennsylvania

Legislation/Source:

The Private Detective Act of 1953

Pennsylvania Statutes Title 22 P.S. Detectives

Authorizing Department


Office of the County Clerk
Pennsylvania State Police Headquarters

1800 Elmerton Avenue
Harrisburg, PA 17110
Phone: (717) 783-5599

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Pennsylvania only security businesses require to obtain a license certificate.

The Private Detective Act of 1953 states in part:

“(a) The holder of any license certificate issued pursuant to this act may employ to assist him in his work of private detective or investigator as described in section 2 and in the conduct of such business as many persons as he may deem necessary, and shall at all times during such employment be legally responsible for the good conduct in the business of each and every person so employed and shall be responsible for the reasonable supervision of said employee’s conduct.”
See: Private Detective Act of 1953 Section 13(a)

The individual applies directly to the security agency for employment by providing an “employee’s statement”. It is the responsibility of the license certificate holder to take steps necessary to verify the information provided by the applicant.
See: Private Detective Act of 1953 Section 13(b) and (c)

Section 6(a) of the Private Detective Act of 1953

Pennsylvania applicants file by Petition.
See: Pennsylvania Bulletin

Pennsylvania’s regulatory oversight of security officers is complex and bureaucratic. An individual can apply for a license as well a company that petitions a local court of common pleas for that license. Each county in the Commonwealth has the authority to investigate and review these petitions and hence the examples given in this section are merely representative. For example, the rules for Monroe County, which are posted here would be identical to the many other counties in the Commonwealth.
See: Form of the Petition
See: State’s Legislative History on Oversight of the Industry


Fees:
$200 License Fee

See: Private Detective Act of 1953

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

The applicant must be at least 18 years of age.

Citizenship

Section 4(a) of the Private Detective Act of 1953

The applicant must be a citizen of the United States if a licensee individual but an employee lists no requirement.

The employee’s statement shall include the country of which the applicant is a citizen.

Experience

None required.

Exemptions

None required.

Permit Required

None required.

Requirement to carry an ID card

If applying as a person-individual business licnese- the following provisions apply:
Section 12 of the Private Detective Act of 1953
Upon the issuing of a license as hereinbefore provided, the court of quarter sessions shall issue to each such person, individual member of a partnership or association, or officer of a corporation making and filing a statement required by section 4 of this act, a pocket card, of such size and design as such court may prescribe, which card shall contain a photograph of the licensee, the name and business address of the licensee, and the imprint or impress of the seal of the court, and also a metal shield or badge, of such shape and description and bearing such inscription as the court may designate, which pocket card and badge shall be evidence of due authorization pursuant to the terms of this act.

The legislation is silent on the requirement to carry or display the pocket card while on duty.

Moral Character

Section 13(4) of the Private Detective Act of 1953
The employee of a licensee shall not have been convicted of any offense involving moral turpitude.

Fingerprint

Section 13.6 of the Private Detective Act of 1953
(d)The holder of a license certificate shall affix one set of such fingerprints to the employee’s statement, in such manner that the prints can be examined without disclosing the contents of the employee’s statement, and shall retain such statement and prints so long as he shall be licensed under this act.

Substance Abuse

No baseline requirement.

Mental Health

No baseline requirement.

Criminal History Background Check

Section 6(b) of the Private Detective Act of 1953
No such license shall be issued to any person who has been convicted in this State or any other state or territory of a felony, or any of the following offenses:

•   Illegally using, carrying or possessing a pistol or other dangerous weapon

•   Making or possessing burglar’s instruments

•   Buying or receiving stolen property
•   Unlawful entry of a building
•   Aiding escape from prison
•   Unlawfully possessing or distributing habit forming narcotic drugs
•   Picking pockets or attempting to do so
•   Soliciting any person to commit sodomy or other lewdness

•   Recklessly endangering another person
•   Making terroristic threats
•   Committing simple assault

See: Private Detective Ace of 1953

The chief mechanism for the Counts Court, County Clerk or other judicial personnel is to conduct due diligence on the applicant.
See Section 5 of the Private Detective Act.

Personal References

Section 4(a) of the Private Detective Act of 1953
Not less than five reputable citizens of the community in which such applicant resides or transacts business, or in which it is proposed to own, conduct, manage or maintain the bureau, agency, sub-agency, office or branch office for which the license is desired, each of whom shall certify that he has personally known the said person or individual for a period of at least five years prior to the filing of such application, that he has read such application and believes each of the statements made therein to be true, that such person is honest, of good character, and competent, and not related or connected to the person so certifying by blood or marriage. The certificate of approval shall be signed by such reputable citizens and duly verified and acknowledged by them before an officer authorized to take oaths and acknowledgment of deeds.


See: Private Detective Act of 1953

Training Requirements

None required.

Exam Requirement

None required.

Child Support

No baseline requirement.

More Information

Rhode Island: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Rhode Island

Legislation/Source:

State of Rhode Island General Laws,
Title 5 Business and Professions,
Chapter 5-5.1 Private Security Guard Business
And

Rules and Regulations – Relating to The Licensing and Regulation of the Private Security Guard Business
Pursuant to the Private Security Guards Act of 1987

Authorizing Department

Office of Attorney General
150 South Main Street
Providence, Rhode Island 02903
Phone (401) 274-4400

Official Website

Regional Branch Offices

Attorney General Julius C. Michaelson
Customer Service Center

4 Howard Avenue (in the Pastore Complex)
Cranston, RI 02920
Phone: (401) 274-4400
Noel Judicial Complex
(Kent County Courthouse)
222 Quaker Lane
Warwick, Rhode Island 02886
Phone: (401) 822-6800
Licht Judicial Complex
(Providence County Courthouse)
Licht Judicial Complex
250 Benefit Street, 2nd Floor
Providence, Rhode Island 02903
Phone: (401) 274-4400
Newport County Courthouse Office
Florence Murray Judicial Complex
Eisenhower Square
Newport, Rhode Island 02840
Phone: (401) 841-8310
Washington County Courthouse Office
McGrath Judicial Complex
4800 Tower Hill Road
Wakefield, Rhode Island 02879
Phone: (401) 782-4150

Licensure and License Fees

Rhode Island like selected other states, does not directly license security officers. Instead, the state licenses firms or entities offering security services and promulgates rules as to competency,
qualification for employed security officers through a registration system.
Whether an individual, partnership or corporation dedicated to security services, the state licenses that form of entity. Information on the licensure process for business is provided as useful reference.

The law states in part:
“[..] No person shall perform the functions and duties of an employee of a business required to be licensed under this chapter in this state, without first having been registered or licensed.”
See: Section 5-5.1-18

See: More information on the individual application to do business

Registered security employees are not subject to the same level of regulatory scrutiny as individual security services providers. Rhode island requires that each employee to “execute a verified statement known as ’employee’s registration statement'”.
See: Rules and Regulations 15.4

The registration process only becomes mandatory after a conditional offer of employment to the licensee.
The rules require the licensee to assure compliance with background reviews.

See: Rules and Regulations – Relating to The Licensing And Regulation
of The Private Security Guard Business

I. License
$400   License Fee – If working as an individual business .

II. Employee Registration
$35   Criminal Background Check fee for employee registration. This fee has to be paid for every individual employee.

See: More information on security license application fees

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

I. License Applicant
Must be 18 years of age

See: Rhode Island General Laws (RI Gen L) § 5-5.1-8(1)


II. Employee Registration
The employee’s registration statement” must include the date of birth.
See: Rules and Regulations 15.4(a)

Citizenship

I. License Applicant
Must be a United States citizen or resident alien

See: RI Gen L § 5-5.1-8(2)

II. Employee Registration
The employee’s registration statement must include the country of which he is a citizen
See: Rules and Regulations 15.4(b)

Experience

No baseline requirement

Exemptions

None

Permit Required

None

Requirement to carry an ID card

The attorney general shall prescribe by regulation the form of identification cards that may be carried by persons licensed under this chapter.
See: Rules and Regulations 17.1

Moral Character

I. License Applicant
Be of good moral character

See: RI Gen L § 5-5.1-8(7)

II. Employee Registration
The employee’s registration statement should include any further information as the Attorney General may by rule require to show the good character, competency, and integrity of the employee.
See: Rules and Regulations 15.4(e)

Fingerprint

I. License Applicant
Fingerprints will be used to check the criminal history records of the FBI.
Security Guard License Packet

See: Fingerprint form

Fees: $40.00 for Security Employees.

Substance Abuse

I. License Applicant
Not suffer from habitual drunkenness or narcotics addiction or dependence

See: RI Gen L § 5-5.1-8(6)

Mental Health

I. License Applicant
Not have been declared by any court of competent jurisdiction incompetent by reason of mental defect or disease and not having been restored

See: RI Gen L § 5-5.1-8(5)

Criminal History Background Check

I. License Applicant
The licensee must assure that registered employees are screened for the following:
•   the business or occupation engaged in for the last five (5) years preceding the date of the
filing of the statement, setting forth the places where such business or occupation was
engaged in, and the names of employers.
•   that he has not been convicted of a felony or of any offense involving moral turpitude.
•   any further information as the Attorney General may by rule require to show the good
character, competency, and integrity of the employee.
•   all holders of the license shall be allowed to obtain a criminal background check on any
employee or prospective employee from the Department of Attorney General upon
payment of the required fee.
See: RI Gen L § 5-5.1-8(3)

II. Employee Registration

No licensee shall knowingly employ in any capacity whatsoever, any person who has been convicted of a felony.
See: Rules and Regulations 15.1

All holders of a license shall be allowed to obtain a criminal background check on any employee of prospective employee from the Department of Attorney General upon payment of the required fee.
See: Rules and Regulation 15.4(f)

The fee for a criminal background check is $35.

Starting Monday, July 23, 2018, all in-person state and national background checks will ONLY be available at our new Customer Service Center located at 4 Howard Avenue in Cranston (located in the Pastore Center)

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

Not Required

Exam Requirement

Not required

Child Support

A professional license can be revoked for failing to pay child support

See: R.I. Gen. Laws § 15-11.1-1 through 15-11.1-12

More Information

  •   Legislation (PDF)

  •   Application (PDF)

South Carolina: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for South Carolina

Legislation/Source:

South Carolina Title 40 – Title 40 – Professions and Occupations
Chapter 18 Private Security and Investigation
and
South Carolina Code of State Regulations Chapter 73 Article 9 Private Security and Private Investigation Businesses

Authorizing Department

South Carolina Law Enforcement Division (SLED)
4400 Broad River Road
Columbia, South Carolina 29210
Phone: (803) 737-9000
Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

South Carolina licenses security business entities as either “Contract Security Business” or “Proprietary Security Business”. Individual officers employed by a contract or proprietary licensee must obtain a valid “security officer registration certificate” from the department.
See: S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)

The licensee may apply and pay the fee for the security officer registration certificate or may require the person to be employed as a security officer to apply and pay the fee.
See: S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)

SLED only issues registration certificates to persons employed by a licensed security business.
See: S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)(4)(a)

Fees
$65 Registration Fee
See: Application Form

The registration is valid for one year from the date of issue.
See: S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)(8)

Special Event Security
South Carolina permits the temporary use of unlicensed security officers by a licensed employer under the following conditions:

S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-90
Use of temporary employees for special events; notice of use; fees.

A person who holds a security business license may use temporary employees for special events without registering the temporary employees
if the temporary employment does not exceed ten days in a calendar year and the employees have no arrest authority and are not armed during the employment.
The names, addresses, and birth dates of the temporary employees, along with the identity and date of the special event for which they are to be employed,
must be furnished to SLED at least five days prior to the commencement of the special event, along with a fee of five dollars for each temporary employee.

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(B)(3)(b)
Must be at least 18 years of age.

Citizenship

S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)(4)(c)
Citizen of the United States

Experience

None required.

Exemptions

None required.

Permit Required

None required.

Requirement to carry an ID card

South Carolina (SC) Code § 40-18-80(A)(5)
While on duty, a registered person must have his registration certificate in possession.

1. Private security and private investigation employee registration cards must display a recent and recognizable facial photograph of the registered individual, must be fully laminated and must legibly display all information placed on the card by SLED.
See: South Carolina SR §73-407

Moral Character

S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)(4)(e)
Must be of good moral character

Fingerprint

S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)(1)
In early 2019, the State of South Carolina began a process on online, electronic fingerprint submission. For instructions and the portal,
see: IdentoGO

Substance Abuse

S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)(4)
(f)   Does not unlawfully use drugs

(g)   Does not use alcohol to such a degree as to affect adversely his ability to perform competently the duties of a security company licensee, has not been adjudicated an incapacitated person without being restored to legal competency, and who has no physical or mental impairment which would prevent him from competently performing the duties of a security company licensee

(h)   applicant must pass a SLED-approved pre-employment drug test.

Mental Health

S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-80(A)(4)(g)
Applicant must not have any physical or mental impairment which would prevent him from competently performing the duties of a security company licensee.

Criminal History Background Check

S.C. Code Ann. § 40-18-30(D)
Fingerprint cards submitted to SLED pursuant to Sections 40-18-50, 40-18-60, 40-18-70, and 40-18-100 must be submitted by SLED to the Federal Bureau of Investigation to facilitate a national criminal records check of the applicant.
Must not been convicted of a felony or crime involving moral turpitude.

Personal References

None required.

Training Requirements

It is the security company’s responsibility to provide training to their employees using SLED approved training materials.

Unarmed security officers are required to complete the “Primary Basic” training consisting of a minimum of four hours of classroom presentation time
and an additional minimum of two additional hours for company orientation, company policies and procedures, and assignment specific issues.

Specifically the curriculum covers the following topics:

1.   Post Orders for Security Officers
2.   Security Officer Registration
3.   Security Officer Ethics
4.   Security Officer Professionalism
5.   Situational Awareness
6.   Observation
7.   Law Enforcement Relations
8.   Note Taking / Reports
9.   Discovered Criminal Activity
10.   Crime Scene Preservation
11.   Workplace Violence and Emergency Response
12.   Violent Event Threats
13.   Training Documentation

See: SLED Primary Basic Training
See: SLED Proof of Primary Basic Training Form

Exam Requirement

For each training topic taught , each applicant must successfully complete a written test that demonstrates the applicant’s understanding of the performance objectives.
A score of 80% is required to pass the test.

See: SLED Primary Basic Training

Child Support

No baseline requirement.

South Dakota: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for South Dakota

Legislation/Source:

South Dakota does not presently regulate individual licensing provisions for armed or unarmed officer. This lack does not imply that security agency or company licenses may require alternative licensing methods and mechanisms, nor should the reader conclude that regulation does not exist for other forms of licensure such as detectives or investigators.

Tennessee: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Tennessee

Legislation/Source:

Tennessee Code Title 62 – Professions, Businesses and Trades
Chapter 35 – Private Protective Services Licensing and Regulatory Act
And
Rules of Department of Commerce and Insurance
Division of Regulatory Boards
Chapter 0780-05-02 Private Protective Services

Authorizing Department

Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance
500 James Robertson Parkway
Nashville, Tennessee 37243
Phone: (615) 741-6382
Email: private.protective@tn.gov
Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Tennessee, the licensure process is reserved to entities offering security services- whether individual, corporate or partnership. As the regulations indicate, the licensee must have a strong experiential background of at least 3 years in a managerial position.

For the individual security guard or officer, the call is for a registration card rather than a license.

62-35-115. Registration cards – Guards, officers and agents.

(a)   Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, it is unlawful for any individual to act as an armed or unarmed security guard/officer without having first obtained the appropriate registration card from the commissioner.

(b)   Any individual who holds a valid armed security guard/officer registration card may act as an armed or unarmed security guard/officer under that registration card.

Proprietary Security Organizations are not subject to licensure, but have to notify the commissioner in writing and maintain a Certificate of Insurance. However, when working in either a proprietary or contract security services setting, the individual security officer must be registered.

Note that an armed guard need not maintain registration status as “unarmed” since the candidate has met the requirements.

Temporary Licensure
Tennessee allows a period of time for an unlicensed, fully compliant applicant to work in the industry.
Pending issuance, denial or renewal of a registration card by the Commissioner, the applicant may work as an unarmed security guard/officer,
if the applicant submits a completed application form, proof of fingerprinting submission, three (3) sets of head-and-shoulder photographs taken within
the last six (6) months and the application fee to the commissioner, and the applicant keeps a copy of the completed application form on the applicant’s person while on duty.
The applicant may only work using the completed application form for seventy-five (75) business days from the date that the completed application.

Fees for Unarmed Security Officer
$70   Application Fee
$35.15   Fingerprint Fee

All Registration cards expire two years from the date of issuance and must be renewed. The renewal fee is $50.

A registration card issued to employees of a proprietary security organization are only valid for employment by a proprietary security organization.
See: Rule 0780-05-02-.24

Employment by a security company is required to obtain a unarmed security officer registration card.
See: FAQs

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Reciprocity varies by the state.

See: Tennessee Reciprocity Agreements

Age Requirements

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

See: TN Code § 62-35-117(1)

Citizenship

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
The applicant must be a citizen of the United States or a resident alien

See: TN Code § 62-35-117(2)

Experience

No baseline requirement

Exemptions

I. Security Officer
None

II. Proprietary Security Officer
(b) (1) The provisions of 62-35-118(a), only, shall not apply to a person employed as an unarmed security guard/officer by a proprietary security organization.
See: 62-35-103. Exemptions from chapter provisions

Permit Required

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
Not required

Requirement to carry an ID card

The application or registration card shall be exhibited upon request of the commissioner, the commissioner’s designee, a full-time law enforcement officer or an employer to verify that the security officer/guard is working pursuant to the requirements of this chapter.
See: Tennessee Code 62-35-120

Update: As of November 8, 2021, the Detection Services Licensing Program, Armed Security Guard profession will no longer be using the green cardstock pocket licenses. Instead, each new card issued will be a white, plastic-like card with a holographic State seal in the middle.  See images and more information here.

Moral Character

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
The applicant must be of good moral character

See: TN Code § 62-35-117(7)

Fingerprint

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
All applicants are required to utilize electronic fingerprint submission. The fee is listed as $35.15 on the Application information.

Substance Abuse

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
Must not be suffering from habitual drunkenness or narcotics addiction or dependence

See: TN Code § 62-35-117(5)

Mental Health

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
The applicant must not have been declared by any court of competent jurisdiction incompetent by reason of mental defect or disease unless a court of competent jurisdiction has since declared the applicant competent.

TN Code § 62-35-117(3)

Criminal History Background Check

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
Tenn. Code Ann. 62-35-116(a)(1) requires that all applicants provide a statement of all convictions and pending charges of a felony or a misdemeanor in any jurisdiction.

Tenn. Code Ann. 62-35-117(4) requires that persons convicted of any of the following offenses must have completed serving sentence or court ordered probation at least five years prior to making application.

Conviction of the following crimes shall disqualify an applicant, if the applicant has not completed sentence or court ordered probation at least five years prior to making application:

(A) Any felony; or
(B) Any misdemeanor involving:
(i) Shooting a firearm or other weapon;
(ii) Shoplifting;
(iii) Assault and battery or other act of violence against persons or property;
(iv) Crimes involving the sale, manufacture or distribution of controlled substances, controlled substance analogues, drugs or narcotics;
(v) Theft of property; or
(vi) Theft of services
See: TN Code §62-35-117(4)

Tenn. Code Ann. 62-35-130(a) states that the Commissioner may deny an application for registration upon finding that the applicant has been convicted by a court of competent jurisdiction of any felony or of a misdemeanor, if the Commissioner finds that such conviction reflects unfavorably on the fitness for such registration.

II. Proprietary Security Officer
The department’s website states the requirements as follows: Be free of convictions including:
•   Probation for 5 years for serious crimes
(OR)
•   Crimes involving:
– Firearms
– Shoplifting
– Violence

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

I. Security Officer
Must complete a four hour basic course including one-hour each of:
•   Orientation – Tennessee Private Protective Services Licensing and Regulatory Act and Administrative Rules, Role of a Security Officer and Attitude and Conduct of Security Officers.
•   Legal powers and limitations of a security guard/officer – Authority (T.C.A. 62-35) and Criminal and Civil Laws and Liabilities (T.C.A. 39 & 40).
•   Emergency procedures – General First Aid and Emergency Evacuation and Notification Procedures.
•   General Duties – Patrol Procedures (foot and vehicle), General Security Terminology (including access control, etc.) and Report Writing.

Examination – Seventy percent (70%) required. Minimum of twenty-five (25) questions relating to the above listed topics.

See: Training curriculum.
See: Training Certification Form

II. Proprietary Security Officer
According to Tenn. Code Ann. 62-35-103(b)(1):
(b) (1) Section 62-35-118(a), only, shall not apply to a person employed as an unarmed security guard/officer by a proprietary security organization.
(3) It is the desire of the general assembly that unarmed proprietary security guards/officers hose primary duties involve contact with the public should have training in the areas of legal powers and limitations, and of emergency procedures as deemed necessary by their employers. The commissioner may provide such employers information concerning these areas.

Exam Requirement

I. Security Officer and II. Proprietary Security Officer
Rule 0780-05-02.09
The examination(s), which must be passed by an applicant for a new registration card, will be administered and graded by the applicant’s certified trainer. Such examination(s) shall be:
(a)   Written
(b)   Designed primarily to measure the applicant’s knowledge in the field of security guard and patrol service generally, rather than in policies, procedures, or requirements associated with a particular contract security company or proprietary security organization, and
(c)   Subject to review and evaluation by the Commissioner at any reasonable time upon request.

See: Section 0780-05-02.09 and Tennessee Private Protective Services official website

Child Support

Upon non-compliance with an order of support, an occupational license or registration shall be revoked, suspended or denied.
See: TN Code §36-5-701 through §36-5-705

Texas: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Texas

Legislation/Source:

Texas Administrative Rules
Title 37 – Public Safety and Corrections
Part 1 – Texas Department of Public Safety
Chapter 35 – Private Security
and
Texas Occupations Code
Title 10 – Occupations Related to Law Enforcement and Security
Chapter 1702 – Private Security

Authorizing Department

Texas Private Security Board
Texas Department of Public Safety

5805 North Lamar Blvd
Austin, TX 78752-4431
Mailing Address:
PO Box 4087
Austin, TX 78773-0001

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Effective February 2017, the TOPS system was implemented- Texas Online Private Security Services.
See: A full tutorial on the program.

Texas, like a variety of states calls for employment first and then application by either paper or online form.
Please note that individuals must be registered by a company or entity licensed by this agency.
The only exceptions to this rule are instructors.
See: More information.

In order to work as a “noncommissioned security officer” individuals are required to:
a.     register with the Board
b.     obtain proper endorsement, which means a permit entitling an individual holding a registration to perform a service, and
c.     be employed by a company licensed under TX OCC §1702.
See: TX OOC §1702.221(a)

Unarmed proprietary security officers are not required to register with the Board.
See: Texas OOC §1702.323(a)

Individuals must be registered by a company or entity licensed by the Texas Department of Public Safety.

Texas Administrative Code (TAC) Rule §35.131
$30 Registration fee for non-commissioned security officer(original and renewal)
$5 Pocket Card Fee
In addition:
$2 Subscription fee
And:
$28.25 FBI Fingerprint Check
$31.50 Criminal History Check Fee

Registration is valid for two years.

As per TX OOC §1702.229(a), an applicant for registration must meet the qualifications required under Section 1702.113 for a license applicant.

Texas, like a variety of states calls for employment first and then application by either paper or online form.
Please note that individuals must be registered by a company or entity licensed by this agency. The only exceptions to this rule are Instructors.

See: Types of Individual Registrations

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

Texas Occupations Code (OCC) § 1702.113(a)
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

Citizenship

The legislation does not mention this requirement for unarmed security officers.

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

Texas OCC § 1702.321. GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.
(a)   Except as provided by this section, this chapter does not apply to an officer or employee of the United States, this state, or a political subdivision of this state while the employee or officer is performing official duties.

Texas OCC § 1702.322. LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL.
This chapter does not apply to:
(1)   a person who has full-time employment as a peace officer and who receives compensation for private employment on an individual or an independent contractor basis as a patrolman, guard, extra job coordinator, or watchman.
(2)   a reserve peace officer while the reserve officer is performing guard, patrolman, or watchman duties for a county and is being compensated solely by that county
(3)   a peace officer acting in an official capacity in responding to a burglar alarm or detection device, or
(4)   a person engaged in the business of electronic monitoring of an individual as a condition of that individual’s community supervision, parole, mandatory supervision, or release on bail, if the person does not perform any other service that requires a license under this chapter.

Texas OCC § 1702.323. SECURITY DEPARTMENT OF PRIVATE BUSINESS.
(a)   Except as provided by Subsections (b) and (d), this chapter does not apply to an individual employed in an employee-employer relationship exclusively and regularly by one employer in connection with the affairs of the employer.

Texas OCC § 1702.321. GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.
(a)   Except as provided by this section, this chapter does not apply to an officer or employee of the United States, this state, or a political subdivision of this state while the employee or officer is performing official duties.

Texas OCC § 1702.322. LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL.
This chapter does not apply to:
(1)   a person who has full-time employment as a peace officer and who receives compensation for private employment on an individual or an independent contractor basis as a patrolman, guard, extra job coordinator, or watchman.
(2)   a reserve peace officer while the reserve officer is performing guard, patrolman, or watchman duties for a county and is being compensated solely by that county
(3)   a peace officer acting in an official capacity in responding to a burglar alarm or detection device, or
(4)   a person engaged in the business of electronic monitoring of an individual as a condition of that individual’s community supervision, parole, mandatory supervision, or release on bail, if the person does not perform any other service that requires a license under this chapter.

Texas OCC § 1702.323. SECURITY DEPARTMENT OF PRIVATE BUSINESS.

(a)   Except as provided by Subsections (b) and (d), this chapter does not apply to an individual employed in an employee-employer relationship exclusively and regularly by one employer in connection with the affairs of the employer.

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

The board shall issue a pocket card for each registrant under this chapter.
See: Texas OOC §1702.232(a)

TAC Rule §35.5 (d)
Any registrant who has been issued a pocket card shall carry the pocket card on or about his person while on duty and shall present same upon request from a peace officer or to a representative of the department.

Moral Character

The legislation does not mention this requirement for unarmed security officers.

Fingerprint

Fingerprints are also part of the TOPS program.

Pursuant to Texas Occupations Code Chapter 1702, DPS must conduct a fingerprint based FBI Criminal History background check for
new and renewal Private Security Registration applications.

Private Security applicants are required to submit fingerprints to DPS as part of a substantially
complete application per administrative rule §35.21. Fingerprints must be submitted electronically with IdentoGo,
unless the applicant qualifies for the Alternative Fingerprint Process.

•   Submit application and payment via TOPS Login to IdentoGo (ensure service code 11G65Y – Texas Board of Private Investigators is used.)
•   Select Schedule or Manage Appointment
•   Enter personal information as prompted
•   Enter company license number (if applicable)
•   Enter your online receipt number
•   Enter the remaining information as prompted

Note: If there are no electronic fingerprinting appointments available within three business days,
you may submit a complaint to DPS at Fingerprint Applicant Services of Texas (FAST).

Substance Abuse

The legislation does not mention this requirement.

Mental Health

Texas OCC § 1702.113(a)(2)  
An applicant for a license, certificate of registration, endorsement, or security officer commission or the applicant’s manager must not  have been found by a court to be incompetent by reason of a mental defect or disease and not have been restored to competency.

Criminal History Background Check

The board shall conduct a criminal history check, including check of any criminal history record information maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the manner provided by Subchapter F. Chapter 411, Government Code, on each applicant for registration or endorsement.
See: Texas OOC § 1702.282(a)

Texas OCC § 1702.113(a)
An applicant for a license, certificate of registration, endorsement, or security officer commission or the applicant’s manager must not at the time of application
(1)   be charged under an information or indictment with the commission of a Class A or Class B misdemeanor or felony offense determined to be disqualifying by board rule, and
(3)   must not be required to register in this or any state as a sex offender, unless the applicant is approved by the board under Section 1702.3615.

Disqualifying criminal offenses include, but are not limited to:
1.     Arson, damage to property
2.     Assault
3.     Bribery
4.     Burglary
5.     Criminal homicide
6.     Disorderly conduct
7.     Fraud
8.     Kidnapping
9.     Obstructing governmental operation
10.     Perjury
11.     Robbery
12.     Sexual offenses
13.     Theft
14.     In addition:
    (A)     An attempt to commit a crime listed in this subsection
    (B)     Aiding and abetting in the commission of a crime listed in this subsection; and
    (C)     Being an accessory (before or after the fact) to a crime listed in this subsection.
See: TAC Rule §35.4

Personal References

Not Required

Training Requirements

Part of the application process includes completion of required training.
Since Texas has various levels of certification for commissioned security officers the training will vary.
For unarmed, there are two levels.

Level II

The Level II Training Course and Test is required of all commissioned,
non-commissioned security officer and Personal
Protection Officer applicants. The course material shall be prepared or approved by the department. A certificate indicating completion of Level II training shall be submitted to the department with the required application. Level II training may be taught by the licensee’s manager, the manager’s designee, or a board approved school and board approved instructor using the most current version of the respective Board Level II training course materials.Topical coverage includes:

•   Basic Security
•   Legal aspects of security work
•   Security communications
•   Response to emergencies and safety hazards

See: TAC §35.141

See: More information.

See: A list of approved schools in Texas for training purposes.

See: Level II Certificate of Completion

Non commissioned security officers are not required to receive continuing education.
See: Texas OOC § 1702.308

Exam Requirement

Not Required

Child Support

Texas OCC § 232.0135
(a)   A child support agency, as defined by Section 101.004, may provide notice to a licensing authority concerning an obligor who has failed to pay child support under a support order for six months or more that requests the authority to refuse to approve an application for issuance of a license to the obligor or renewal of an existing license of the obligor.

More Information

Rules and Laws:
  •   Texas Administrative Code (PDF)

  •   Texas Statutes

  •   Frequently Asked Questions

  •   Fees

Utah: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Utah

Legislation/Source:

Utah Code Title 58, Chapter 63 Security Personnel Licensing Act
And
Utah Administrative CodeRule R156-63a Security Personnel Licensing Act Security Rule

Alerts

UPDATE 1/1/22: DOPL Extends Temporary Suspension of “Live” CE Requirements until 12/31/22.
UPDATE 10/28/21: DOPL is transitioning to electronic-only renewal notifications. Licenses expiring between now and May 31, 2023 will receive one last postcard renewal reminder. Beginning June 2023, ALL renewal notices will be sent ONLY to your email address on file with DOPL.

Authorizing Department

Utah Department of Commerce
Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing

160 East 300 South
P.O. Box 146741
Salt Lake City, Utah 84114
Phone: (801) 530-6628
Fax: (801) 530-6511

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Utah, individuals require a license to engage in the practice of an unarmed private security officer.
See: Utah Code Section 58-63-301

Fees:
$95   non-refundable application-processing fee, made payable to “DOPL”.

The license is valid for two years and has to be renewed prior to expiration.

The application is available online or can be mailed.
See: Security Officer Application Form

 

Temporary Licensure
Utah permits security officers to work with an interim and temporary license until the issuance of a formal license.
In the event the full license is denied, the security officer must cease to work in that capacity.
Before issuance of an interim license, the officer must submit a full Criminal History, confirm the lack of a status that would preclude
license issuance and confirm no previous negative history in the licensure process.
See: Utah Administrative Rules at R156-63a-302

Age Requirements

The rules and code do not designate an age requirement although armed officers must be 18 years old.

Citizenship

United States citizen or a qualified alien who is lawfully able to work in the United States

See: Security Officer Application

Experience

No baseline requirement

Exemptions

Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-304)

1.   In addition to the exemptions from licensure in Section 58-1-307, an individual may engage in acts regulated under this chapter without being licensed under this chapter if the individual is:
(a)   a peace officer employed by, or licensed as, a contract security company, as provided in Subsection (2); or
(b)   employed by a contract security company for the sole purpose of operating or staffing security apparatus, including a magnetometer, magnetometer wand, x-ray viewing device, or other device approved by rule of the division.

2.   A peace officer may only engage in off-duty employment as a security officer if:
(a)   the law enforcement agency employing the peace officer has a written policy regarding peace officer employees working while off duty as a security officer and the written policy addresses the issue of financial responsibility;
(b)   the agency’s chief administrative officer, or that officer’s designee, provides written authorization for an off-duty peace officer to work as a security officer; and
(c)   the business or entity employing the off-duty peace officer to work as a security officer complies with state and federal income reporting and withholding requirements regarding the off-duty officer’s wages.

3.   In addition to the exemptions from licensure in Section 58-1-307, an individual holding a valid license as an armed private security officer under this chapter may also function as an unarmed private security officer without the additional license.

4.   In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the division may make rules approving security apparatus under Subsection (1)(b).

See: Utah Code Section 58-63-304

Permit Required

Not required.

Requirement to carry an ID card

Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-308)
An individual licensed as an armed private security officer, armored car security officer, or unarmed private security officer shall:
1.   carry a copy of the individual’s license on the individual’s person at all times while acting as a licensee; and
2.   display the license upon the request of a peace officer, a representative of the division, or a member of the public.
See: Utah Code 58-63-308

All unarmed private security officers shall carry a valid security license together with a government-issued identification card or a current state-issued driver license whenever performing the duties of an unarmed private security officer and shall exhibit said license and identification upon request.
See: R156-63a-609

Fingerprint

The application for an unarmed private security officer shall be accompanied by two fingerprint cards.
See R156-63a-302a.

Submit fingerprints to be used by DOPL for a fingerprint search through the files of the Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification (BCI) and the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI).
•   Electronic fingerprinting is offered to DOPL applicants, with no additional charge, at the DOPL office. A current government issued picture ID is required (driver’s license, state ID, passport, etc.).
•   If you are unable to obtain fingerprints at DOPL’s office, fingerprint services are available from most local law enforcement agencies. You are required to submit two (2) blue “Applicant” cards (Form FD-258) with your application; these cards will be provided by the agency that rolls your prints.

See: Security Officer Application

Substance Abuse

Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-302(3)(e))

The applicant shall not be currently suffering from habitual drunkenness or from drug addiction or dependence

See: Utah Code 58-63-302(3)(e)

Mental Health

Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-302 (3)(d)

The applicant shall not have been declared incompetent by a court of competent jurisdiction by reason of mental defect or disease and not been restored

See: Utah Code 58-63-302

Criminal History Background Check

Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-302 (3)(c))

The applicant shall not been convicted of:

(i)   a felony;
(ii)   a misdemeanor involving moral turpitude; or
(iii)   a crime that when considered with the duties and responsibilities of an unarmed private security officer by the division and the board indicates that the best interests of the public are not served by granting the applicant a license;

See: Utah Code 58-63-302

See: 156-63a-302f(1). For a full list of disqualifying convictions

The check of records for the applicant shall be conducted with the Federal Burau of Investigation and the Bureau of Criminal Identification of the Utah Department of Public Safety.
See: R156-63a-302a(2)(b)

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

According to Utah Code Ann. 58-63-302. Qualifications for licensure:

2. Each applicant for licensure as a private security officer shall:
(g) successfully complete basic education and training requirements established by rule by the division in collaboration with the board, which shall include a minimum of eight hours of classroom or online curriculum;

According to UT Admin Code R-156-63a-603. Content of Approved Basic Education and Training Program for Armed and Unarmed Private Security Officers.
In accordance with Subsection 58-63-302(2)(g), an approved basic education and training program for armed and unarmed private security officers shall have at least eight hours of classroom or online instruction including:

1. The nature and role of private security, including a private security officer’s
(a) scope and limits of authority;
(b) civil liability; and
(c) role in today’s society;

2. State laws and rules applicable to private security;

3. The legal responsibilities of private security; including
(a) constitutional law;
(b) search and seizure; and
(c) other such topics;

4. Situational response evaluations
(a) protecting and security crime or accident scenes;
(b) notifying internal and external agencies; and
(c) controlling information;

5. Security ethics

6. The use of force, emphasizing the de-escalation of force and alternatives to using force;

7. Documentation and report writing, including:
(a) preparing witness statements;
(b) performing log maintenance;
(c) exercising control of information;
(d) taking field notes;
(e) organizing information into a report; and
(f) performing basic writing;

8. Patrol techniques, including:
(a) mobile patrol versus fixed post;
(b) accident prevention;
(c) responding to calls and alarms;
(d) security breaches;
(e) monitoring potential safety hazards; and
(f) police and community relations, including fundamental duties and personal appearance of security officers;

9. Sexual harassment in the workplace; and

10. A final examination that:
(a) competently examines the student on the subjects included in the eight hours of basic instruction; and
(b) mandates a minimum pass score of 80%.

According to R156-63a-304: Continuing Education for Armed and Unarmed Private Security Officers as a Condition of Renewal.
In accordance with Subsections 58-1-203(1)(g) and 58-1-308(3)(b), the following continuing education requirements are established as a condition of renewal or reinstatement of licenses issued under Title 58, Chapter 63 in the classifications of armed private security officer and unarmed private security officer:

1. Armed and unarmed private security officers shall complete at least 32 hours of continuing education during each two-year renewal cycle. A minimum of 16 hours shall be core continuing education; the remaining hours may consist of professional continuing education or core continuing education.

See: R156-63a.603
See: Training Program Requirements for Armed and Unarmed Private Security Officers

Exam Requirement

An applicant for licensure as an unarmed private security officer shall obtain a score of at least 80% on the approved basic education and training program’s final examination.
See: R156-63a-302c

See: 156-63a
See: Security Officer Application

Child Support

The Utah Office of Recovery Services has the power to pursue through court action the withholding, suspension, and revocation of driver’s licenses, professional and occupational licenses, and recreational licenses of individuals owing overdue support or failing, after receiving appropriate notice, to comply with subpoenas or orders relating to paternity or child support proceedings pursuant to Section 78B-6-315.
See: Utah Code § 62A-11-107

Vermont: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Vermont

Legislation/Source:

The Vermont Statutes
Title 26: Professions and Occupations
Chapter 59: Private Investigative and Security Services
And

Administrative Rules of The Board of Private Investigative and Security Services

Authorizing Department

The Board of Private Investigative and Security Services
Vermont Secretary of State Office of Professional Regulation

89 Main Street, 3rd Floor
Montpelier, VT 05620-3402
(802) 828-1505

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

While Vermont does not individually license every security officer, the state and its board promulgates rules and standards, training and requirements for the profession.
The security services firm or company is licensed and provides oversight and compliance regarding all of its employees.

Vermont issues licenses to those in the “business” of providing security services.
The statute states in part:

26 V.S.A. § 3174. Security Guard Licenses
No person shall engage in the business of security guard or provide guard services in this state without first obtaining a license.
The board shall issue a license after obtaining and approving all of the following:
•   An application filed in proper form.
•   The application fee.
•   Evidence that the applicant has attained the age of majority.
•   Evidence that the applicant has successfully passed the examination required by section 3175 of this title.

In turn, the business or entity offering said services registers all security officers it employs.

See: 26 V.S.A. § 3176

Employment is required in order to engage in the profession of a Security Officer.

Proprietary Security Officers are exempt from the requirement to register.
See: 26 V.S.A §3151a(b)(3)

Vermont also licenses “Qualifying Agents” who are persons responsible person for an agency or business entity or who chooses to operate as a sole proprietor, or otherwise practice independently.
The licensure process also has a few stages. Upon original application, the board will commence background review.
If positive the board will issue a temporary registration card and allow 60 days for completion of required training.

Fees:
I.   Employee Registration
  $60.00   Application fee

II.   Qualifying Agents
  $150.00   Application fee

See: Forms and information
The application form is in an online format and requires the creation of an account with the Vermont Office of Professional Regulation.

Temporary Licensure

Vermont permits temporary registration of employees as long as certain conditions are met, which are:

Once the VCIC background check is completed, a 60-day Temporary Registration may be granted to eligible applicants.
The Agency must submit proof that the applicant has successfully completed a Board-Approved 40-hour training program.
A full registration/license will not be granted without proof of successful completion of the training.
Applications for part-time employees (less than 80 hour per month) must include proof that the employee completed a minimum of eight
(8) hours of training (approved by the Board), prior to the issuance of a Temporary Registration. The remaining training hours for part-time
employees shall be completed within the temporary registration period of 180 days or before the employee has worked 500 hours, whichever occurs first.

See: Private Investigator and/or Security Guard Registration

Vermont’s Board on Private Investigative and Security Services encourages Temporary Registration as a means to
provide On-the Job Training as the full application is finalized. The administrative rules of the Board note:
(d) Temporary registration and on-the-job training:
1. A temporary registration allows an individual to practice as a security guard or private investigator pending the processing of his or her application. The temporary full-time employee registration may be issued only once for the same employer. Training must be completed before the expiration of a temporary registration (60 days) for a permanent registration to be issued.
See: Rule 2.3 of the ADMINISTRATIVE RULES OF THE BOARD OF PRIVATE INVESTIGATIVE AND SECURITY SERVICES

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Vermont does have a “transitory permit” for out of state investigators but provides no option for the security officer for reciprocity.
The rule declares:

26 V.S.A. § 3176a
Transitory practice.
The director of the office of professional regulation, under rules adopted by the board, may grant a transitory permit to practice as a private
investigator to a person who is not a resident of Vermont and has no established place of business in this state,
if that person is legally qualified by license to practice as a private investigator in any state or country that regulates such practice.
Practice under a transitory permit shall not exceed 30 days in any calendar year.

Age Requirements

1 V.S.A. § 1734.
Security guard licenses
(a) No person shall engage in the business of security guard or provide guard services in this State without first obtaining a license. The Board shall issue a license after obtaining and approving all of the following:

(3) Evidence that the applicant has attained the age of majority.

Citizenship

The legislation does not mention this requirement.

Experience

I.   Employee Registrants
No experience required.

II.   Qualifying Agents
The applicant must submit documentation showing two years experience, required in§ 3173(c) and/or§ 3174(c). For purposes of this Rule, “two years experience” shall be defined as work experience of 2,000 hours in the applicable profession in the two year period immediately preceding the date of application.

26 VSA § 3174(4)(c)
The board shall require that the person has had experience satisfactory to the board in security work, for a period of not less than two years. Such experience may include having been licensed as a security guard in another state or regularly employed as a security guard for a security agency licensed in this or another state, or been a sworn member of a federal, state, or municipal law enforcement agency.

Exemptions

26 VSA § 3151a. Exemptions
The term “security guard” shall not include:
•   Law enforcement officers certified under 20 V.S.A. § 2358 while engaged in the performance of their official duties, including the rendering of security guard services provided such services have been assigned and approved in advance by the officer’s employing department and payment for such services is made to the employing department.
•   Persons who are not armed, who are engaged exclusively in the business of managing property of others, including incidental inspection for the purpose of discovering damage from entry, theft, vandalism, or other cause.
•   Persons regularly employed as security guards exclusively by one employer in connection with the affairs of that employer only, provided that the employer is not a security agency.

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

I. Employee Registration
An agency shall register all agency investigative and security employees with the Board. Employees shall carry identification in a form satisfactory to the Board indicating the licensee by whom the person is employed.
See: 26 V.S.A. § 3176(b)

II: Qualifying Agent
The legislation is silent on this requirement.

Moral Character

26 VSA § 3176(d)
The board may also make additional inquiries it deems necessary into the character, integrity, and reputation of the applicant.

Fingerprint

The Vermont statute does not impose a mandatory fingerprint process, using the language “when it is required” although the background check will eventually include this review.

According to the Applications Instructions for I. Employee Registration and II. Qualifying Agent:
Upon execution of a release form, the applicant receives a “Vermont Criminal Information Center Fingerprint Authorizing Certificate”.
According to the Department of Public Safety’s New Applicant Procedure, an applicant must bring the completed “Vermont Criminal Information Center,
Fingerprint Authorization Certificate” to the fingerprinting appointment at a Criminal Justice Center.

See: a list of approved fingerprint centers in Vermont.

Fees:
$25.00   Fingerprinting Fee

Substance Abuse

Not listed

Mental Health

Not listed

Criminal History Background Check

I.   Employee Registrants
Applicants will now be undergoing a background check through the Vermont Criminal Information Center.
The applicant will be required to show two forms of identification: a birth certificate, passport, driver’s license or social security card.
Once the Board receives the release form, the applicant will receive a “Vermont Criminal Information Center Fingerprint Authorizing Certificate” and a list of Fingerprint Identification Centers.
See: FBI National Record Check Release Form (Employee Registrant)

II.   Qualifying Agents
26 VSA § 3174(b)

The board may inquire of the Vermont Criminal Information Center for any information on criminal records of the applicant, and the center shall provide such information to the board. The board, through the Vermont criminal information center, may also inquire of the appropriate state criminal record repositories in all states in which it has reason to believe an applicant has resided or been employed, and it may also inquire of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, for any information on criminal records of the applicant.

See: FBI National Record Check Release Form (Qualifying Agent)

Personal References

2.1 Administrative Rules of the Board of Private Investigative and Security Services
When the application is received, the Board shall investigate the background of the applicant, including the qualifying agent, partners and corporate officers to determine competence; character, integrity and reputation. The investigation may include, but is not limited to:
•   searching criminal records

•   contacting personal references
•   contacting other persons who know the applicant

Reference providers must be over 18 years of age, cannot be related to the applicant, and must personally know the applicant for a period of at least five years.

Training Requirements

As a prerequisite to registration, all security employees shall take and successfully complete a training program approved by the Board.
See: 26 V.S.A § 3176(e).

I.   Employee Registrants
2.3 BASIC TRAINING PROGRAMS

The Board requires that every security guard and private investigator employee registered under these rules complete a minimum forty (40) hour training program approved by the Board before it will issue a permanent registration. (b) The basic training course and the 8-hour course for part-time employees are in addition to any hourly requirements met for firearms or guard dog training or other specialty training for a specific job or employer.

2.5 SECURITY GUARD TRAINING COURSE
Security guard training courses must include the following subject areas for the minimum number of hours listed here for each subject. The Board will consider requests for variances from the minimum hours for each subject. Variance requests must be supported by specific hourly variations and a written explanation as to why the variance is being requested. The total hours must still equal forty (40).
•   Role of the security guard (2 hours)
•   Ethics and conduct (4 hours)

•   Legal powers and limitations (4 hours),
•   Communication and public relations (4 hours)

•   Patrolling/investigation (4 hours)

•   Emergency response (8 hours)
•   Observation and note taking (4 hours)

•   Statements (2 hours)

•   Evidence (2 hours)

•   Access control (2 hours)

•   Report Writing (4 hours)

The 8-hour course for part-time temporary registrants must include the following subject areas for the minimum number of hours listed here for each subject:

•   Role of the security-guard (2 hours)

•   Ethics and conduct (3 hours)
•   Legal powers and limitations (3 hours)

The ethics and conduct section must include the Board’s statutes and rules and address the grounds for unprofessional conduct.
See: Employee Registration Application Instructions


II.   Qualifying Agents
Not required

Exam Requirement

I.   Employee Registrant
Board Rules 2.3 Basic Training Programs(c):
4. Exams. Each course provider shall examine its students prior to issuing a certificate of completion. The examination shall test the student’s knowledge in all of the subject areas covered. The course examination and the passing criteria shall be submitted to, and approved by, the Board.

II.   Qualifying Agents
26 VSA § 3175. Examinations
The board shall prepare, or have prepared, and administer, separate examinations for private investigators and private security services. Each examination shall be designed to test the competency of the applicant with respect to the lawful and safe provision of each respective service to the public.

The Board will give the applicable examination after the completed application has been submitted. The applicant shall take the initial examination within 60 days of the application submission. A person who fails the initial examination may be reexamined; however, the applicant shall take the examination for the second time within 60 days of the notice of failure of the initial examination. Upon failure to pass the examination for the second time, the applicant shall not re apply for one year from the notice of failure of the second examination. Information about scheduling an examination may be obtained from the Office.

Security Guard Examination Subject Areas:
–   PD/Security Service licensing law
–   26 V.S.A. ”3151-3183
–   3 V.S.A. ”121-131
–   Administrative Rules
See: Application Instructions (Qualifying Agents)

Child Support

15 VSA § 798(b)
The office of child support may administratively suspend licenses under this section upon noncompliance with an order under section 606 of this title. Prior to suspending a license, the office of child support shall notify the obligor of the office’s intent to suspend the obligor’s license and shall provide the obligor with an opportunity to contest the action pursuant to 33 V.S.A. § 4108. If the obligor fails to either contest the claimed delinquency or request an opportunity to present evidence relating to the noncompliance within 21 days of notification, the office of child support may issue a license suspension order.

Virginia: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Virginia

Legislation/Source:

Code of Virginia
Title 9.1 Commonwealth Public Safety
Chapter 1. Department of Criminal Justice Services
Article 4. Private Security Services Businesses
And
Virginia Administrative Code
Title 6 Criminal Justice and Corrections
Agency 20. Department of Criminal Justice Services
Chapter 174. Regulations Relating to Private Security Services Registered Personnel

Authorizing Department

COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA

Department of Criminal Justice Services

1100 Bank Street

Richmond, VA 23219
Phone: (804) 786-4000
Fax: (804) 786-6344

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Virginia only private security businesses are subject to licensure.

Employees of a private security services business are required to obtain a valid registration issued by the Department
See: VA Code § 9.1-139

Unarmed proprietary security officers are exempt from the requirement to register.
See: VA Code § 9.1-140.8

See: Overview of the registration for an unarmed security officer status

See: Application form

Fees according to Application Form

$39   Initial Application fee for 2-year Registration
$50   Fingerprint Processing fee
$34   Renewal fee
$25   Criminal Hsitory Processing fee

The registration is valid for two years.
See: 6 VAC20-174-40.E

The application for renewal should be submitted within 30 days prior to expiration of the registration.
See: 6 VAC20-174-50.A

The application can be submitted on paper as well as online

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

Applicant must be at least 18 years of age.
See: 6 VAC20-174-40.B.1

Citizenship

United States citizen or legal resident alien of the United States.
See: 6 VAC20-174-40.B.3

Experience

None

Exemptions

6 VAC 20-171-450. Entry level training exemption.
A.   Persons previously employed as law-enforcement officers who have not terminated or been terminated from said employment more than five years prior to the application date must submit official documentation of the following with the application for partial exemption:

1.   Completion of law-enforcement entry level training; and
2.   Five continuous years of law-enforcement employment provided such employment as a law-enforcement officer was not terminated due to misconduct or incompetence. B. Persons having previous training or employment in any of the classifications defined in § 9.1-138 of the Code of Virginia must submit official documentation of the following with the application for partial exemption:
1.   Completion of previous private security training, which has been approved by the department and which meets or exceeds the compulsory minimum training standards promulgated by the board; or
2.   Five years continuous employment in the category for which partial exemption is sought, provided such employment was not terminated due to misconduct or incompetence and such employment ended within five years of the date of application.

6 VAC 20-171-460. In-service training exemption.
A. Persons who have completed training which meets or exceeds the compulsory minimum training standards promulgated by the board for the in-service training required for the individual’s particular category may be authorized credit for such training, provided the training has been completed within 12 months of the expiration date of the registration period during which in-service training is required. Such training must be provided by a third party organization offering services or expertise for the particular training category. Official documentation of the following must accompany the application for in-service training credit:
1.  Information regarding the sponsoring organization, including documentation regarding the instructor for each session; and
2.   An outline of the training session material, including the dates, times and specific subject matter.
3.   Proof of attendance and successful completion.

**If an applicant qualifies, they must submit a Training Waiver Form for a fee of $25

Further exemptions are listed in VA Code §9.1-140

Permit Required

None

Requirement to carry an ID card

6VAC20-174-150
8. Carry a valid registration card or valid temporary registration letter at all times while on duty.
9. Carry the private security state-issued registration card at all times while on duty once the authorization has been approved from the department, except those individuals operating outside the Commonwealth of Virginia who shall obtain the state-issued registration card prior to providing services when physically located in the Commonwealth.

Moral Character

Virginia delineates a wide array of behavioral expectations when it comes to license applicants. The Board which regulates the industry goes to great lengths to outline all those occasions in which a license could be denied, revoked or suspended.
A registrant shall:
1.   Conform to all requirements pursuant to the Code of Virginia and this chapter.
2.   Not violate or aid and abet others in violating the provisions of Article 4 (§ 9.1-138  et seq.) of Chapter 1 of Title 9.1 of the Code of Virginia or this chapter.

3.   Not commit any act or omission that results in a private security license, registration, or certification being suspended, revoked, or not renewed or the licensee, registrant, or certificate holder otherwise being disciplined in any jurisdiction.

4.   Not have been convicted or found guilty in any jurisdiction of the United States of any felony or a misdemeanor involving moral turpitude, assault and battery, damage to real or personal property, controlled substances or imitation controlled substances as defined in Article 1 (§ 18.2-247 et seq.) of Chapter 7 of Title 18.2 of the Code of Virginia, prohibited sexual behavior as described in Article 7 (§ 18.2-61  et seq.) of Chapter 4 of Title 18.2 of the Code of Virginia, or firearms. Any plea of nolo contendere shall be considered a conviction for the purpose of this chapter. The record of conviction certified or authenticated in such form as to be admissible in evidence under the laws of the jurisdiction where convicted shall be prima facie evidence of such guilt.

5.   Not obtain a license, license renewal, registration, registration renewal, certification, or certification renewal through any fraud or misrepresentation.

6.   Not solicit or contract to provide any private security services without first having obtained a private security services business license with the department.

7.   Carry a valid registration card or valid temporary registration letter at all times while on duty. Individuals requiring registration as an unarmed security officer, an alarm respondent, a locksmith, a central station dispatcher, an electronic security sales representative, or an electronic security technician
may be employed for not more than 90 consecutive days in any category listed in this subdivision while completing the compulsory minimum training standards and may not be employed in excess of 120 days without having been issued a registration or an exception from the department and must carry a photo identification and authorization from their employer on a form provided by the department at all times while on duty.

8.   Carry the private security state-issued registration card at all times while on duty once the authorization has been approved from the department, except those individuals operating outside the Commonwealth of Virginia who shall obtain the state-issued registration card prior to providing services when physically located in the Commonwealth.

9.   Perform those duties authorized by his registration only while employed by a licensed private security services business and only for the clients of the licensee. This shall not be construed to prohibit an individual who is registered as an armed security officer from being employed by a nonlicensee as provided for in § 9.1-140  of the Code of Virginia.

10.   Possess a valid firearms training endorsement if he carries or has access to firearms while on duty and then only those firearms by type of action and caliber to which he has been trained on and is qualified to carry. Carry or have access to a patrol rifle while on duty only with the expressed written authorization of the licensed private security services business employing the registrant.

11.   Carry a firearm concealed while on duty only with the expressed written authorization of the licensed private security services business employing the registrant and only in compliance with Article 6.1 (§ 18.2-307.1  et seq.) of Chapter 7 of Title 18.2 of the Code of Virginia.

12.   Transport, carry, and utilize firearms while on duty only in a manner that does not endanger the public health, safety, and welfare.

13.   If authorized to make arrests, make arrests in full compliance with the law and using only the minimum force necessary to effect an arrest.

14.   Engage in no conduct that shall mislead or misrepresent through word, deed, or appearance that a registrant is a law-enforcement officer or other government official.

15.   Display one’s registration or temporary registration along with a photo identification while on duty in response to the request of a law-enforcement officer, department personnel, or client. Individuals providing private security services as authorized pursuant to subdivision 7 of this section who have not received their registration must display a state-issued photo identification and authorization while on duty in response to the request of a law-enforcement officer, department personnel, or a client.

16.   Not perform any unlawful or negligent act resulting in a loss, injury, or death to any person.

17.   If a uniform is required, wear the uniform required by his employer. If wearing a uniform while employed as an armed security officer, unarmed security officer, alarm respondent, or armored car personnel, that uniform must:

a.   Include at least one insignia clearly identifying the name of the licensed firm employing the individual and, except armored car personnel, a nameplate or tape bearing, at a minimum, the individual’s last name attached on the outermost garment, except rainwear worn only to protect from inclement weather; and

b.   Include no patch or other writing (i) containing the word “police” or any other word suggesting a law-enforcement officer; (ii) containing the word “officer” unless used in conjunction with the word “security”; or (iii) resembling any uniform patch or insignia of any duly constituted law-enforcement agency of this Commonwealth, its political subdivisions, or the federal government.

18.   When providing central station monitoring services, attempt to verify the legitimacy of a burglar alarm activation by calling the site of the alarm. If unable to make contact, call one additional number provided by the alarm user who has the authority to cancel the dispatch. This shall not apply if the alarm user has provided written authorization requesting immediate dispatch or one-call dispatch to both his local police department and his dealer of record. This shall not apply to duress or hold-up alarms.

19.   Act only in such a manner that does not endanger the public health, safety, and welfare.

20.   Not represent as one’s own a registration issued to another individual.

21.   Not falsify, or aid and abet others in falsifying, training records for the purpose of obtaining a license, registration, certification, or certification as a compliance agent, training school, school director, or instructor.

22.   Not provide information obtained by the registrant or his employing firm to any person other than the client who secured the services of the licensee without the client’s prior written consent. Provision of information in response to official requests from law-enforcement agencies, the courts, or the department shall not constitute a violation of this chapter. Provision of information to law-enforcement agencies pertinent to criminal activity or to planned criminal activity shall not constitute a violation of this chapter.

23.   Not engage in acts of unprofessional conduct in the practice of private security services.

24.   Not engage in acts of negligent or incompetent private security services.

25.   Not make any misrepresentation or make a false promise to a private security services business client or potential private security services business client.

26.   Satisfy all judgments to include binding arbitrations related to private security services not provided.

27.   Not provide false or misleading information to representatives of the department.

28.   Not provide materially incorrect, misleading, incomplete, or untrue information on a registration application, renewal application, or any other document filed with the department.

Additionally, the Administrative Rules of the Board directly mention crimes involving “moral turpitude as a basis for denial, suspension or revocation of license.

Fingerprint

Each applicant for initial registration as an unarmed security officer shall submit his fingerprints to the Department on a from provided by the Department.
See: VA Code §9.1-145.A

In order to submit the fingerprints, the applicant needs to schedule an appointment with Fieldprint Virginia or call 877-614-4364.
The corresponding Fieldprint Code for DCJS is listed on the Criminal History Processing Form

DCJS will be automatically notified once the fingerprints are submitted.

Substance Abuse

None

Mental Health

In Criminal Supplement Report, the Applicant need note current Protective Orders under which the applicant has been judicially placed.

See: https://www.dcjs.virginia.gov/sites/dcjs.virginia.gov/files/private-security/forms/criminal-history-supplemental-form-pss-chs.pdf

Criminal History Background Check

The Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services conducts background reviews.

6 VAC20-174-150(4)
The applicant must not have been convicted or found guilty in any jurisdiction of the United States of any felony or a misdemeanor involving moral turpitude, assault and battery, damage to real or personal property, controlled substances or imitation controlled substances as defined in Article 1 (§ 18.2-247 et seq.) of Chapter 7 of Title 18.2 of the Code of Virginia, prohibited sexual behavior as described in Article 7 (§ 18.2-61 et seq.) of Chapter 4 of Title 18.2 of the Code of Virginia, or firearms. Any plea of nolo contendere shall be considered a conviction for the purpose of this chapter. The record of conviction certified or authenticated in such form as to be admissible in evidence under the laws of the jurisdiction where convicted shall be prima facie evidence of such guilt

The applicant must fill out Criminal History Supplement Form along with the Fingerprint form if you have ever been convicted or found guilty of a felony or misdemeanor (not to include minor traffic violations) in Virginia or any other jurisdiction to include military court martial or currently under protective orders.

The Criminal History Check is only valid for 120 days from the date of submittal. The applicant should submit all applicable application forms should be submitted within these 120 days.

See: Criminal History Processing Form
See: Criminal History Supplemental Form

Personal References

None

Training Requirements

A person applying for registration shall successfully complete all initial training requirements.
See: 6 VAC20-174-40.B.2

6 VAC 20-174-330 – Unarmed Security Officer – Compulsory Minimum Training Requirements

01E – Security Officer Core Subjects Entry-Level – 18 hours (excluding examination)

Entry-level course content. The compulsory minimum entry-level training course content by specific course, excluding examinations and mandated practical exercises shall be as:

a. Orientation
   (1) Applicable sections of the Code of Virginia and Regulations Relating to Private Security Services
   (2) Code of Ethics
   (3) General Duties and Responsibilities
   (4) Signs of Terrorism Law
b. Law
c. Security Patrol, Access Control, and Communications

d. Documentation

e. Emergency Procedures

f. Confrontation Management

g. Use of force

h. Written comprehensive examination

See: Training school finder

In addition to the classroom training, applicants are required to complete a 4 hour job related training in-service course.
See: 6 VAC 20-174-330.C

Exam Requirement

An exam is required. See training requirements.

Child Support

According to Va. Code Ann. § 20-60.3(6); Va. Code § 46.2-320; Va. Code § 63.2-1937:

An occupational or professional license may be suspended or revoked for failure to pay child support

Washington: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Washington

Legislation/Source:

Revised Code of Washington (RCW)
Title 18 – Businesses and Professions
Chapter 18.170 – Security Guards
and
Washington Administrative Code (WAC)
Title 308 – Licensing, Department of
Chapter 308-18 – Private Security Guard Company and Private Security Guards

Authorizing Department

Washington State Department of Licensing
Business and Professions Division
Security Guards Program

Department of Licensing

405 Black Lake Blvd SW
Olympia, WA 98502
Phone: (360) 664-6611
Fax: (360) 570-7888
Email: security@dol.wa.gov

Mailing Address (forms with payments)
Private Security Guard Licensing
Department of Licensing

PO Box 35001
Seattle, WA 98124-3401

Mailing Address (with no payments)
Private Security Guard Licensing
Department of Licensing

PO Box 9649
Olympia, WA 98507-9649

Overnight Mailing (FedEx, UPS, USPS)
Security Guard Program
Department of Licensing

1125 Washington Street
Olympia, WA 98501

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Washington provides a mechanism for licensure at the agency and individual level security officers. However, the applicant will not be licensed until and when the applicant is employed by any licensed deliverer of security services or about to be employed by same.

Proprietary unarmed security guards are exempt from licensure requirements.
See: RCW 18.170.020(1)

WAC 308-18-150
$91   License plus background check fee
$85   License renewal (a year from issuance).
$28   Fingerprinting and State & National background check
$5   License Printing Fee

The licenses issued to private security guards expire one year from the date of issuance which date will be the renewal date.

See: WAC 308-18-160

Age Requirements

RCW 18.170.030(1)
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

Citizenship

RCW 18.170.030(2)
Must be a citizen or resident alien of the U.S

Experience

RCW 18.170.310
An applicant with military training or experience satisfies the training or experience requirements of this chapter unless the director determines that the military training or experience is not substantially equivalent to the standards of this state.

Exemptions

RCW 18.170.020
The requirements of this chapter do not apply to:

(1)   A person who is employed exclusively or regularly by one employer and performs the functions of a private security guard solely in connection with the affairs of that employer, if the employer is not a private security company. However, in accordance with RCW 69.50.382, an employee engaged in marijuana-related transportation or delivery services on behalf of a common carrier must be licensed as an armed private security guard under this chapter in order to be authorized to carry or use a firearm while providing such services
(2)   A sworn peace officer while engaged in the performance of the officer’s official duties
(3)   A sworn peace officer while employed by any person to engage in off-duty employment as a private security guard, but only if the employment is approved by the chief law enforcement officer of the jurisdiction where the employment takes place and the sworn peace officer does not employ, contract with, or broker for profit other persons to assist him or her in performing the duties related to his or her private employer, or
(4) (a)   A person performing crowd management or guest services including, but not limited to, a person described as a ticket taker, usher, door attendant, parking attendant, crowd monitor, or event staff who:

(i)   Does not carry a firearm or other dangerous weapon including, but not limited to, a stun gun, taser, pepper mace, or nightstick
(ii)   Does not wear a uniform or clothing readily identifiable by a member of the public as that worn by a private security officer or law enforcement officer, and
(iii)   Does not have as his or her primary responsibility the detainment of persons or placement of persons under arrest.

(4) (b)   The exemption provided in this subsection applies only when a crowd has assembled for the purpose of attending or taking part in an organized event, including pre event assembly, event operation hours, and post event departure activities.

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

RCW 18.170.070(1)
(b)   A private security guard shall carry the license card whenever he or she is performing the duties of a private security guard and shall exhibit the card upon request

Moral Character

RCW 18.235.130(1)
The following conduct, acts, or conditions constitute unprofessional conduct for any license holder or applicant under the jurisdiction of this chapter
(1)   The commission of any act involving moral turpitude, dishonesty, or corruption relating to the practice of the person’s profession or operation of the person’s business, whether the act constitutes a crime or not.

Fingerprint

RCW 18.170.030(6)
An applicant must submit a set of fingerprints

Applicants in Washington State will use MorphoTrust’s IdentoGO process to take and submit their fingerprints electronically at one of the MorphoTrust’s Locations
•   Schedule and pay for a fingerprint appointment online at identogo.com
    –   When setting up the appointment, applicants should not select “Pay for Ink Card Submission” (this is for out-of-state applicants only).
    –   If the applicant’s employer is paying for your electronic fingerprinting: The applicant should enter the Billing Account code provided at the payment screen.

Unarmed Security Guards require a State background check only.

Fees:
$8.05   Fingerprint Fees
$20.00   Background Check Fee
$28.05 Total fees

Applicants outside of Washington State should contact the Security Guards Program at security@dol.wa.gov or (360) 664-6611 for fingerprint card submission instructions.

See: Fingerprinting and background checks

Substance Abuse

RCW 18.170.220
(1)   If the director believes a license holder or applicant may be unable to practice with reasonable skill and safety to the public by reason of a mental or physical condition, a statement of charges shall be served on the license holder or applicant and notice shall also be issued providing an opportunity for a hearing.
(2)   In investigating or adjudicating a complaint or report that a license holder or applicant may be unable to practice with reasonable skill or safety by reason of a mental or physical condition, the department may require a license holder or applicant to submit to a mental or physical examination by one or more licensed or certified health professionals designated by the director.

Mental Health

RCW 18.170.220
(1)   If the director believes a license holder or applicant may be unable to practice with reasonable skill and safety to the public by reason of a mental or physical condition, a statement of charges shall be served on the license holder or applicant and notice shall also be issued providing an opportunity for a hearing.
(2)   In investigating or adjudicating a complaint or report that a license holder or applicant may be unable to practice with reasonable skill or safety by reason of a mental or physical condition, the department may require a license holder or applicant to submit to a mental or physical examination by one or more licensed or certified health professionals designated by the director.

Criminal History Background Check

RCW 18.170.030(3)
A qualified applicant is an individual who has not been convicted of a crime in any jurisdiction, if the director determines that the applicant’s particular crime directly relates to his or her capacity to perform the duties of a private security guard, and the director determines that the license should be withheld to protect the citizens of Washington state.

The background check of applications for the unarmed status utilize sources of the Washington State Patrol.

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

RCW 18.170.105/ WAC 308-18-300/ WAC 308-18-305

(1) To promote the safety of persons and the security of property, the director shall meet with interested parties
to develop lists of suggested preassignment, postassignment, and postassignment refresher training by rule.

(2) All security guards licensed on or after July 1, 2005, must complete at
least eight hours of preassignment training, comprised of at least four hours of classroom
instruction and an additional four hours of classroom instruction or individual instruction,
or both. The preassignment training may be waived for any individual who was most
recently employed full time as a sworn peace officer not more than five years prior to
applying to become licensed as a private security guard and who passes the
examination typically administered to applicants at the conclusion of the preassignment training.

(3)(a) All security guards licensed on or after July 1, 2005, must complete at least eight hours of initial post
assignment training that shall be administered to each security guard. The initial post assignment training must be in the topic areas
established by the director and may be classroom instruction or individual instruction, or both. A company
may waive the initial post assignment training for security guards already licensed who
transfer from another company, if the security guard presents appropriate training
records signed by a department-certified trainer from the previous company, or a signed
affidavit that the individual has already completed the required initial post assignment
training provided by his or her previous company.

(b) Security guards who received their temporary security guard registration card on
or before July 22, 2007, must receive their initial post assignment training before June
30, 2008. Security guards who received their temporary security guard registration card
after July 22, 2007, must receive their initial post assignment training as specified in (c)
and (d) of this subsection.

(c) Security guards licensed between January 1st and June 30th of any calendar
year may receive eight hours of initial postassignment training any time between the day
following the issuance of a temporary security guard registration card with their company
and June 30th of the year following initial issuance of their license by the department.

(d) Security guards initially licensed between July 1st and December 31st of any
calendar year may receive eight hours of initial postassignment training at any time
between the day following the issuance of a temporary security guard registration card
with their company and December 31st of the year following initial issuance
of their license by the department.

(4) Following completion of the preassignment and postassignment training,
at least four total hours of annual refresher training shall be administered
to security guards each subsequent year. The subsequent year begins, for refresher training purposes,
the day following the last date the security guard is required to receive
the eight hours of initial postassignment training. No more than one hour per year
of annual refresher training may focus directly on customer service-related skills or topics and
the remaining three hours per year of annual refresher training must focus on emergency
response concepts, skills, or topics including but not limited to knowledge of site post orders or life safety.

(5) Companies must maintain records regarding the training hours completed by each employee.
All such records are subject to inspection by the department.
The training requirements and test results must be recorded and attested to by a
department-certified trainer. Training records must contain a description of the topics covered,
the name and signature of the trainer, and the name and signature of the security guard.

Applicants must do pre-assignment training in advance of full licensure.
Pre-assignment training must include the following areas of required knowledge:

Basic principles
1.   Basic role of the security guard.
2.   Washington State licensing laws.
3.   Observation.
4.   Proper actions, reactions, ethics and diversity.
5.   Homeland Security – Terrorism and Surveillance.
Resources
•   Department of Homeland Security
•   Washington State Laws Regulating Private Security Guards
•   Protection Officers Training Manual (available at many online retailers)
Legal powers and limitations
1.   Citizen arrest.
2.   Authority to detain, question, or search a private citizen.
3.   Authority to search or seize private property.
4.   Use of force.
5.   Building relationships with law enforcement.
6.   Avoiding liability
Resources
•   Criminal Justice Training Commission: Study Guide – Use of Force
•   Washington Criminal Code
•   Uniform Regulation of Business and Professions Act
•   Protection Officers Training Manual
•   Citizen Arrest
Emergency Response
1.   How to define what is or is not an emergency situation.
2.   Response to fires.
3.   Response to medical emergencies.
4.   Response to criminal acts.
5.   Bomb threats.
Resources
•   Mayo Clinic: First Aid
•   American Red Cross
•   Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms
Safety and accident prevention
1.   Hazardous materials including MSDS.
2.   Accident reporting.
Resources
•   Occupational Safety and Health Administration
•   Material Safety Data Sheet
•   Protection Officers Training Manual
Report writing
1.   Elements and characteristics of a report.
Resources
•   International Association of Chiefs of Police
•   Protection Officers Training Manual

See: www.dol.wa.gov/business/securityguards/sgpreassigntrain.html

Exam Requirement

WAC 308-18-300- Exam
All private security guard applicants, after receiving pre assignment training and prior to receiving their license or temporary registration card, must successfully complete an exam designed and provided by the department to demonstrate understanding and retention of the information learned in the training course on the subjects listed in WAC 308-18-300. The exam shall consist of multiplechoice questions. All applicants must answer all questions correctly on the pre assignment training exam or questions incorrectly answered must be reviewed to ensure the applicant’s understanding and then initialed by both the applicant and the trainer verifying knowledge of the correct answer(s).

Child Support

RCW 74.20A.324
(1)   The department may certify to the department of licensing and any appropriate licensing entity the name of a responsible parent who is not in compliance with a child support order if:

(a)   Within twenty-one days after service of a notice issued under RCW 74.20A.320, the responsible parent does not request an adjudicative proceeding or file a motion with the appropriate court or administrative forum to modify the child support obligation;
(b)   An adjudicative proceeding results in a decision that the responsible parent is not in compliance with a child support order and has not made a good faith effort to comply
(c)   The court enters a judgment on a petition for judicial review that finds the responsible parent is not in compliance with a child support order and has not made a good faith effort to comply, or
(d)   The responsible parent fails to comply with a payment schedule established pursuant to RCW 74.20A.326.

(2)   The department shall send by regular mail a copy of any certification of noncompliance filed with the department of licensing or a licensing entity to the responsible parent at the responsible parent’s most recent address of record along with information as to how the parent may get his or her license reinstated.
(3)   The department of licensing and a licensing entity shall, without undue delay, notify a responsible parent certified by the department under subsection (1) of this section that the parent’s driver’s license or other license has been suspended because the parent’s name has been certified by the department as a responsible parent who is not in compliance with a child support order.

More Information

West Virginia: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for West Virginia

Legislation/Source:

West Virginia Code
Chapter 30. Professions and Occupations.
Article 18. Private Investigative and Security Services.

Authorizing Department

Office of the Secretary of State
State Capitol Building
Charleston, WV 25305
Phone: (304) 558-8000
Fax: (304) 558-0900
Email: licensing@wvos.gov

Branch Office in Charleston:
1615 East Washington Street
Charleston, WV 25311-2126
Main: (304) 558-8000
Fax: (304) 558-8381

Branch Office in Clarksburg:
Secretary of State
200 West Main Street
Clarksburg, WV 26301
Phone: (304) 367-2775
Fax: (304) 627-2243

Branch Office in Martinsburg:
229 East Martin Street
Martinsburg, WV 25401
Phone: (304) 356-2654
Fax: (304) 260-4360

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In West Virginia private security business are subject to two distinct forms of licensure: 1) Individual Security Guard License and 2) Security Guard Firm License.

Individual Security Officers who are exclusively employed by one employer or licensed security firm need not to apply for an individual license.

A Security guard means a person who conducts business as a security guard independently from a security guard firm. A security guard does not include a person who is employed exclusively and regularly by only one employer in connection with the affairs of such employer.

See: WV Code §30-18-7

Employees of a Security firm do not require licensure. The licensee is responsible for supervising any employees and prohibited from authorizing any individual or employee to conduct security guard business if such individual does not comply with the requirements of this section.

The individual employee must meet the requirements outline in WV Code §30-18-5 except for subdivision (7) which outline experience requirements.
See: WV Code §30-18-7

West Virginia, while not licensing individual officers, does permit an individual applicant to apply as an individual providing security services as well as an
individual who directs, owns or operates a security firm. This process is labeled “combined” licensure. For the particulars, click here.

West Virginia now has an online portal where many of the steps and requirements can be fulfilled.

See: WV One Stop Portal

Fees:
I. Security Guard Employee:
No mandated fees.

II. Individual Security Guard License:
According to the West Virginia Secretary of State website:

Fee for Individual Security Guard Registration: $150 for resident, $550 non-resident

Fee for Renewals: Same prices as listed above. The license expires after one year


See: Information for individual security guard licenses

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

West Virginia requires in-state licensure to conduct security business.

Age Requirements

I. Security Guard Employee and II. Individual Security Guard License
Applicant must be at least 18 years of age
See: WV Code §30-18-5(a)(1)

Citizenship

I. Security Guard Employee and II. Individual Security Guard License
Applicant must be a legal citizen of the United States or an alien legally residing in the United States
See: WV Code §30-18-5(a)(2)

Experience

According to the West Virginia Secretary of State website:

The applicant must have one year of verified, full time employment conducting security guard business or conducting the private investigation business working for a licensed firm; or one year of substantially equivalent training or experience.

Exemptions

I. Security Guard Employee:
None.

II. Individual Security Guard License:
An individual is exempt from the requirements to be licensed if he or she is:

•   employed exclusively and regularly by only one employer in connection with that employer’s affairs; or
•   employed by one or more licensed security guard firms.

This exemption does not apply to a security guard business
See: WV Code §30-18-5(a)(7)

Permit Required

Not required

Requirement to carry an ID card

The legislation does not mention this requirement.

Moral Character

I. Security Guard Employee and II. Individual Security Guard License
The applicant must be of good moral character.
See: WV Code §30-18-5(a)(6)

Fingerprint

I. Security Guard Employee:
For every employee or individual who conducts security guard business under the authority of a security guard firm license, the holder of such license must maintain a recent full-face photograph and one complete set of fingerprints on file at such firm’s central business location in this state. Upon request, the holder of the firm license must release the photographs and fingerprints to the Secretary of State.

II. Individual Security Guard License
Effective June 2016, Security Guard applicants are now required to be fingerprinted for both state and federal background checks.

All Private Investigator and Security Guard applicants will be required to submit their fingerprints for initial registration and renewal through MorphoTrust at an IdentoGo Center.


In State Applicants: The Office of the West Virginia Secretary of State will no longer be providing fingerprint cards to in state applicants. Fingerprints will need to be obtained from MorphoTrust/IdentoGo instead of from local or state police. MorphoTrust electronically captures and transmits the digital fingerprints to the West Virginia State Police (WVSP) and the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), for a state and federal criminal history check.

The applicant is required to schedule the fingerprinting appointment AFTER the Secretary of State’s Office has received the application and other required materials, and after the applicant has received the instructional letter on fingerprint procedures.


In state applicants can register and find a location for fingerprinting by visiting identogo.com and clicking on West Virginia, or by calling 1-855-766-7746.

The fee of the fingerprint processing is included in the application fee.

See: Individual Security Guard License Application Form

Substance Abuse

I. Security Guard Employee and II. Individual Security Guard License

Applicant cshall not suffer from narcotics addiction or dependence or habitual drunkenness.
See: WV Code §30-18-5(a)(5)

Mental Health

I. Security Guard Employee and II. Individual Security Guard License
Applicant must not have not been declared incompetent by reason of mental defect or disease by any court of competent jurisdiction unless said court has subsequently determined that the applicant’s competency has been restored.
See: WV Code §30-18-5(a)(4)

Criminal History Background Check

I. Security Guard Employee and II. Individual Security Guard License
Applicant must not:
1.   Have been convicted of a felony in this state or any other state or territory. 
2.   Have been convicted of any of these crimes:

•   Illegally using, carrying or possessing a pistol or other dangerous weapon;
•   Making or possessing burglar’s instruments;
•   Buying or receiving stolen property;
•   Entering a building unlawfully;
•   Aiding an inmate’s escape from prison;
•   Possessing or distributing illicit drugs; or
•   Any misdemeanor involving moral turpitude or for which dishonesty of character is a necessary element.

See: WV Code §30-18-5(a) subsection (8) and (9)

Although a Security Guard Employee and an applicant for an Individual Security Guard License shall adhere to the same standards listed above, a background check is only conducted on applicants for licensure:
The applicant for licensure shall meet all requirements necessary to accomplish the state and national history record check, including authorizing the Secretary of State, the West Virginia State Police and the Federal Bureau of investigation to use all records submitted and produced for the purpose of screening the applicant for a license.
See: WV Code §30-18-10(d)

The Security Guard Employee shall authorize the Secretary of State to review the records held by the department of public safety for any convictions that may be on record for such employee.
See: WV Code §30-18-7(b)(2)

Personal References

I. Security Guard Employee:
Nome required.

II. Individual Security Guard License
Character references from 5 reputable citizens who have known you for at least 5 years preceding the application and the references must be written for the purpose of the application.
See: WV Code §30-18-6(g)(1)

Training Requirements

I. Security Guard Employee:
The employing licensee is responsible for providing education or training to their employees.
See: WV Code §30-18-7(a)

II. Individual Security Guard License
The rules that guide licensing in West Virginia indicate that proof, by documentation, “may” need submission in the overall application for an individual licensee. That instruction provides:

Provide copies of the documentation proving that you have met the training and/or experience requirements.

Documentation may include:

•   A transcript showing successful completion of at least thirty semester hours of credit in investigative or law enforcement studies or a comparable training program; or

•   A sworn statement (under penalty of false swearing) signed by one of the principals of a licensed private investigative or security guard firm which specifies the time you were employed (hours per week and number of weeks), or evidence of equivalent law enforcement employment. If all requirements are to be met by this experience, the work must include a minimum of 32 hours per week for 50 weeks; or

•   A combination of transcripts and experience certified as provided above. To determine if the requirements are met, divide the number of appropriate college credits by sixty to determine the percentage of the total requirement met by education. For example, 12 credit hours / 30 hours = 40% met by education. This leaves 60% to be met by experience. Multiply the percentage to be met by experience times 50 weeks. For example 60% x 50 weeks = 30 weeks (minimum 32 hours per week) of experience.

See:
Information for an Individual Security Guard Licens

Exam Requirement

The legislation does not outline this requirement.

Child Support

II. Individual Security Guard License:
All applicants must complete a child support obligations form that is included in the application.

More Information

Wisconsin: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Wisconsin

Legislation/Source:

Chapter 440, Subchapter 440.26 Department of Safety and Professional Services
440.26 Private detectives, investigators and security personnel; licenses and permits.

Chapter SPS 31 Credentialing Requirements and Procedures for Private Detective Agency, Private Detective and Security Person

Authorizing Department

Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services
P.O. Box 8935
Madison, Wisconsin 53708
Phone: (608) 266-2112
Email: dsps@wisconsin.gov

Official Website

Private Detective/Security Agency

Licensure and License Fees

Wisconsin primarily issues licenses to business forms- sole proprietorships, partnerships and corporate forms. The bulk of the regulatory oversight relates to the licensure of detective agencies.

However, a permit is generally required for any person who holds themselves out as a “Private Security Person”. That “person” may be an employee of a licensed agency or individually conduct business as an agency.


See: Information on Private Security Person


Either licenses and permits are generally required in the following instances:

(a)   No person may do any of the following unless he or she has a license or permit issued under this section:

1.   Advertise, solicit or engage in the business of operating a private detective agency.
2.   Act as a private detective, investigator, special investigator or private security person.
3.   Act as a supplier of private security personnel.
4.   Solicit business or perform any other type of service or investigation as a private detective or private security person.
Receive any fees or compensation for acting as any person, engaging in any business or performing any service specified in subds. 1. to 4.

See: 440.26(1)(a)

Fees:
Regular Permit and Temporary Permit Only

$27.00   Initial Credential Fee
$8.00   Background Check Fee
$10.00   Temporary Permit
$34.75   Fingerprinting Fee

Temporary Permit Only
$10.00   Temporary Permit Fee
$27.00   Regular Permit Fee
$8.00   Background Check Fee
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Veteran Fee Waivers Available

The administrative guidance states:
Each person who wishes to act as a Private Security Person for a Private Security Agency must submit a complete application to the Department of Safety and Professional Services (DSPS) and is not eligible to practice until receiving a permit from the DSPS. Private Security Personnel who are directly employed by businesses and industrial companies are not required to obtain a permit as a Security Person.

See: Form #2271 – Application for Private Security Permit

Age Requirements

License Applicants need to be 18 years of age.
Permit age requirements are not designated.

See: 440.26(2)(c)3

Citizenship

A citizen or national of the U.S., or a qualified alien or nonimmigrant lawfully present in the U.S. who is eligible to receive this professional license or credential as defined in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act of 1996, as codified in 8 U.S.C. §1601 et. Seq. (PRWORA).

See: Form #2271 – Application for Private Security Permit

Experience

While there is no explicit formula for experience, the state and its corresponding department appears to reserve the right to mandate specialized requirements in the form of training and experience as it deems necessary. This seems nothing more than a discretionary right.

The statute states in part:

The department shall prescribe, by rule, such qualifications as it deems appropriate, with due regard to investigative experience, special professional education and training and other factors bearing on professional competence.

See: 440.26(2)(c)1

Exemptions

There are some narrow exemption categories that tend to cross-over between the various licenses. Governmental employees working for municipalities, boroughs and other entities may make claim for an exemption at these particular places of employment. The statute notes:
(b)   The license requirements of this section do not apply to any person employed directly or indirectly by the state or by a municipality, as defined in s. 345.05 (1) (c), or to any employee of a railroad company under s. 192.47, or to any employee of a commercial establishment, while the person is acting within the scope of his or her employment and whether or not he or she is on the employer’s premise

See: 440.26(5)(b)

Permit Required

Applicants have three choices for obtaining a permit.
•   Temporary & Regular Permit: The Department can issue a temporary permit only if a check of the criminal records at the Department of Justice indicates no criminal history. If your background check is satisfactory, you will be issued a temporary permit, which will expire at the end of 30 days. Upon receipt of a satisfactory state and federal crime record search, the Department will issue you a regular permit.

•   Regular Permit Only: The Department may issue a regular permit after receiving the results of the state and federal criminal record search. If the search reveals a criminal history, the applicant may be requested to submit further information or a Notice of Denial will be sent, as appropriate.

•   Reinstatement: If you previously held a Private Security Permit and the credential has been expired more than 5 years. The applicant will need to meet the same requirements needed for a regular permit.

See: Form #2271 – Application for Private Security Permit

Requirement to carry an ID card

Private Security Persons shall carry their permit (SPS 33.025), identification tags (SPS 33.03), and agency photo identification (SPS 33.04) while on duty.

See: SPS 33 – Practice Requirements

Moral Character

No baseline requirement

Fingerprint

Must submit fingerprints electronically for a background check. For any Wisconsin resident or out of state applicant, schedule an appointment with the Department’s approved vendor, Fieldprint, by visiting their website . Use the Fieldprint code “FPWISecurity” when prompted. The cost for the digital fingerprints will be $34.75 and is expected at the time of reservation. Plan to arrive at the test center 15 minutes before the scheduled start time of the appointment for check-in. Submit application to the Department within 14 days after submission of fingerprints.

See: Form #2271 – Application for Private Security Permit

Substance Abuse

The permit will be granted if the applicant is not a user of drugs or alcohol to an extent dangerous to the applicant or others or to an extent which would impair the applicant’s ability to responsibly perform private security activities.

See: SPS 31.02(3)(c)

Mental Health

The permit will be granted if the applicant does not have a physical, emotional or mental condition that might adversely affect the applicant’s ability to responsibly perform private security activities.

Criminal History Background Check

Background investigations and criminal histories will be conducted by the Wisconsin Department of Safety and
Professional Services and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Form # 2687
Provisions set forth in Title 28, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Section
16.34, state that fingerprints may be used to check the criminal history records with the FBI. Identification records
obtained from the FBI may be used solely for the purpose requested and may not be disseminated outside the receiving department, related
Agency, or other authorized entity. The Department of Safety and Professional Services does not deny a license based on the information in
the record itself, but does require the submittal of a certified copy of the criminal complaint and judgment of conviction in any matter which
would appear to be cause for denial of a license.

See:
Authorization for Release of FBI Information (Form 2687)

Form #2252
If any applicant was ever been convicted of a felony in Wisconsin or any other state and not pardoned,
the applicant’s application will be denied. There are no exceptions.

If an applicant has been convicted of one or more misdemeanor or other violations or has pending charges,
and if the Department determines that the crimes or violations are substantially related to the practice of
a private detective, the Department will not grant a license until it has received sufficient information to
determine whether the license should be granted, denied or limited. It is the responsibility of the applicant
to provide complete information to the Department. Applications are deemed complete after submission of all
relevant background information by the applicant is received. A certified copy of the police report, criminal
complaint, and judgment of conviction is required for each conviction.

See:
Convictions and Pending Charges (Form 2252)

Personal References

None

Training Requirements

No baseline requirements

Exam Requirement
Examination is only required for agency licensure.
See: SPS 31.04
Child Support

Under Wisconsin Law, the Department must deny your application if you are liable for delinquent child support.

See: Form #2271 – Application for Private Security Permit

Wyoming: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Wyoming

Legislation/Source:

Wyoming does not presently regulate individual licensing provisions for armed or unarmed officer. This lack does not imply that security agency or company licenses may require alternative licensing methods and mechanisms, nor should the reader conclude that regulation does not exist for other forms of licensure such as detectives or investigators.

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