Alabama: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Alabama

Legislation/Source:

Alabama Security Regulatory Board (ASRB)
Code of Alabama 1975, §34-27C
Chapter 832-X-1 Administration & Procedure

Alerts / Recent Developments

Effective immediately waiving of late fee rescinded. See ASRB web site.

Authorizing Department

Alabama Security Regulatory Board
2777 Zelda Road
Montgomery, AL 36106
Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Records and Identification Division
P.O. Box 1511
Montgomery, Alabama 36102‐1511
Phone: 334-420-7234
Fax: 334-263-6115
Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In Alabama, individual security officer are licensed when employed. Proprietary security officers are exempt from this requirement. The statute states in part:
A security officer is a person employed under contract, whose principal purpose is to protect a person or persons or property from criminal activity.
See: AL Code §34-27C-1(9)

Any security guard, armed security guard, or contract security company providing private security services in this state shall apply to the board for a license.
See: AL Code §34-27C-4(a)

An armed security officer shall apply for and have his or her pistol permit issued by the sheriff of the county of his or her residence. It is a violation of this chapter for any security officer to carry a firearm in the performance of his or her duties without holding a valid certification card for an armed security officer issued by the board.
See: AL Code §34-27C-11

According to AL Code §34-27C-4 (g)(2)

(2)   Each security officer or armed security officer requesting or renewing a license shall pay a nonrefundable security license fee to the board upon application to be determined by the board that does not exceed one hundred dollars ($100) and may not be increased more than twenty-five dollars ($25) per licensing period. The license issued to a security officer or armed security officer shall expire two years from the date of issuance.

Fees:
$50   Personal license
$38.25   Criminal Background check fee
$88.25 Total initial and renewal application fee

See Application Form.

Renewal required every two years.  See Renewal Application.

$25   Personal license late fee
$10   Personal license replacement

Temporary Licensure
Alabama permits security licensees to commence their work and employment using a “temporary” license which is a tear off sheet from the original application. The Rules states in part:

Chapter 832-X-1-04
(2) Temporary license or certification. (a) Applicants for a license with the Board shall retain a certified copy of the temporary license until a license is issued or denied by the Board.
See: Alabama Security Regulatory Board

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

During an official declaration of Emergency, licensure rules for both companies and individuals can be waived. The Alabama Rules and Regulations state:

832-X-1-.13
State Of Emergency License Procedures. (1) Upon the declaration of the Governor of a state of emergency, the Board may authorize the operation of an out-of-state contract security company and their licensed security guards within the state for the duration of the state of emergency and up to a maximum of 30 days after the expiration of the state of emergency.

See: Alabama Security Regulatory Board Administrative Code Chapter 832 -X-1 

Armed :

Alabama grants reciprocity to other state licensure processes, recognizing Alabama, regarding “pistol permits”– a fact relevant to armed security officers with non-Alabama permits. The Code states:

Chapter 832-X-1- .02
(6) Pistol Permits. (a) A valid “pistol license”, “pistol permit”, or similar license or permit issued in the State of Alabama or any state offering unrestricted reciprocity for State of Alabama pistol license or permit holders shall meet the “pistol permit” requirement of §34-27C-11:

An armed security officer shall apply for and have his or her pistol permit issued by the sheriff of the county of his or her residence. It is a violation of this chapter for any security officer to carry a firearm in the performance of his or her duties without holding a valid license or certification card for an armed security officer issued by the board.

Age Requirements

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(1)
At least 18 years old if unarmed or 21 if armed.

Citizenship

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(2)
Must be a citizen or resident alien of the U.S

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

Exemptions from basic training requirements:
According to Section 34-27C-8(g) (1-3)
•   (b) Any security officer who, within three years before applying for certification, completed basic security training through a military, government or security training institute, that meets or exceeds the training required by the board (Annual training requirements still remain).
•   Any security officer employed by a contract security company that has a training curriculum and standards, that the board determined, upon presentation of proof of training, meet or exceed those required by the board.
•   Employed or retired sworn peace officer.

According to 832-X-1-.08(1)
•   Any person who has minimum of five years of continuous experience as a Security Officer or Armed Security Officer at the time of application to the Board shall not be subject to the eight hours of classroom training required in §34-27C-8(a) if a Certified Trainer certifies the person has received at least 8 hours of classroom training as specified in §34-27C- 8(a) at any time during the applicant’s current period of employment.
•   (d) An applicant for a personal license claiming an exemption for training requirements as permitted by 34C-27-8(d) shall provide proof of training received or prior continuous experience as requested by the Board. Failure or refusal to provide the requested proof shall be grounds for denial of licensure by the Board.

According to 832-X-1-.09(1)
•   Any person performing any regulated work activity on less than 30 calendar days in any calendar year is exempt from the individual license requirements of the Act.

Permit Required

None required for unarmed.

 

For armed, According to Section 34-27C-11:
Applicants shall apply for and have his or her pistol permit issued by the sheriff of the county of his or her residence. It is a violation of this chapter for any security officer to carry a firearm in the performance of his or her duties without holding a valid license or certification card for an armed security officer issued by the board

Requirement to carry an ID card

According to Alabama Law Section 34-27C-7 (a)
A license card issued by the board shall be carried by each security officer and armed security officer while performing his or her duties. A temporary card shall be issued by the board and be in the possession of the applicant or licensee while working as a security officer or armed security officer pending the application process, the completion of training, and the issuance of his or her license or certification.

 

It is a violation of this chapter for any security officer to carry a firearm in the performance of his or her duties without holding a valid license or certification card for an armed security officer issued by the board.

Moral Character

No baseline requirement

Fingerprint

The applicant shall submit two complete sets of fingerprints to the board.

One of the requirements for an individual to request their own criminal history record information is that the individual provide ALEA with a classifiable set of his or her own fingerprints (taken by an authorized law enforcement agency with an FBI-issued ORI) with his or her application to Review or Challenge his or her own Alabama criminal history. It is the APPLICANT’s responsibility to mail the completed CHRI request form, along with his/her own fingerprint card and the other required documents to:

Alabama Law Enforcement Agency, Criminal Records and Identification Unit
Attn:  Background Checks
P.O. Box 1511
Montgomery, Alabama 36102-1511

Substance Abuse

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(3)(c)
Applicant must provide a sworn statement that he or she is not suffering from habitual drunkenness or from narcotics addiction or dependence. The Board may require certified results of medical tests for drug or alcohol use.

Mental Health

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(3)(b)
Applicant must provide a sworn statement that he or she has never been declared, by any court of competent jurisdiction, incompetent by reason of mental defect or disease, and competency has not been restored

Criminal History Background Check

According to Section 34-27C-4 (d)(3)(a)
Applicant must provide a sworn statement that he or she has never been convicted in any jurisdiction of the United States of any felony or crime involving moral turpitude for which a full pardon has not been granted.

According to Section 34-27C-4 (e)
In addition, an applicant must provide a sworn form containing the name, date of birth and Social Security number for completion of a criminal history background check (ALEA and FBI) of which he will borne the costs for, as well as two complete sets of fingerprints to the board.

According to 832-X-1-.05 , Disqualifying Convictions are:
(1)   Felony Convictions

(a)   Any person convicted of a felony offense will not be eligible for a license from the Board, unless a full pardon has been granted.

(2)   Misdemeanor Convictions

(a)   Any person convicted of a misdemeanor offense involving moral turpitude or any similar offense, excluding all sexual and violent offenses (see Section (b) and (c)), will not be eligible for a license from the Board within five (5) calendar years of their most recent conviction, unless a full pardon has been granted.
(b)   Any person convicted of a misdemeanor violent offense will not be eligible for a license from the Board within (10) calendar years of their most recent conviction, unless a full pardon has been granted.
(c)   Any person convicted of a misdemeanor sexual offense will not be eligible for a license from the Board, unless a full pardon has been granted.

(3)   The Board will not issue or renew a license to any person who is required to register as a sex offender in any State or competent jurisdiction.

Applicants are required to release and authorize a full background review and criminal history by the Alabama Law Enforcement Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Personal References

According to Section 34-27C-4 (b)(4)
The names of at least three unrelated and disinterested persons should be provided as references for board inquiries regarding the character, standing and reputation of the applicant.

Training Requirements

FOR BOTH UNARMED AND ARMED:

Chapter 832-X-1-.08 Training (pages 11 and 18-23):

A person seeking certification as a security officer or armed security officer shall have completed least eight hours of board approved classroom training with a certified trainer:

•   Fire prevention
•   Legal information relevant to providing security services
•   Detention procedures
•   Methods of handling crisis situations
•   Methods of crowd control
•   Use of equipment needed in providing security services

The Board permits a wide array of subject matter coverage in the delivery of the basic course curriculum for unarmed officers.  It can include any of these topics:

(1)   Role of Contract Security: Subjects related to the general purpose and nature of Contract Security Companies and their employees, including but not limited to:

(a)   Crime Awareness and Prevention
(b)   Private Security and the Criminal Justice System
(c)   Ethics and Professionalism

(2)   Legal Information Relevant to Providing Security Services: Subjects related to legal considerations and concerns (required during initial training), including but not limited to:

(a)   Overview of Section 34-27C, Code of Alabama
(b)   Overview of Alabama Security Regulatory Board rules
(c)   Alabama Criminal Law; Violations, Misdemeanors and Felonies
(d)   Detention Procedures and Alabama Laws of Arrest (required during initial training)
(e)   Alabama Use of Force Laws (required for Armed Security Officers)
(f)   Federal Laws related to Providing Security Services in Alabama
(g)   Civil Liability
(h)   Evidence Collection, Documentation, and Retention
(i)   Testifying in Court or Other Proceedings (e.g., disciplinary hearings, internal corporate hearings, board hearings, etc…)

(3) Providing Security Services: Subjects specific to security methods and techniques, including but not limited to:

(a)   General Patrol Techniques
(b)   Crimes & Incidents in Progress
(c)   General Workplace Environmental, Health & Safety Concerns
(d)   Security Officer Safety
(e)   Observation and Information Gathering
(f)   Note Taking and Report Writing

(4)   Methods of Handling Crisis Situations: Subjects related to responding to emergency situations and critical events (required during initial training), including but not limited to:

(a)   General Emergency Response Procedures
(b)   Fire Prevention and Control (required during initial training
(c)   Methods of Crowd Control (required during initial training
(d)   Bomb Threats
(e)   First Aid, CPR, Automatic External Defibrillator
(f)   Hazardous Weather Conditions
(g)   Hazardous Materials
(h)   Terrorism
(i)   Evacuation Procedures

(5)   Use of Equipment Needed in Providing Security Services: Subjects about security equipment, their purpose and use (required during initial training), including but not limited to:

(a)   Patrol Documentation Systems
(b)   Video Monitoring and Documentation Systems
(c)   Alarm Systems
(d)   Access Control Systems
(e)   Fire extinguishers and Fire Suppression Systems
(f)   Firearms (see additional Board rules relating to this subject)
(g)   Less-Lethal Weapons (see additional Board rules relating to this subject)
(h)   Restraints (see additional Board rules relating to this subject)
(i)   Motor Vehicle Operations for Security

(6)   Customer Service Issues: Subjects addressing Customer Service considerations, including but not limited to:

(a)   Public relations
(b)   Interpersonal Communications

(7)   Specialized Security Services: Subjects about providing security in unusual, uncommon, and/or unique locations or environments, including but not limited to:

(a)   Hospital/Medical Facility Security Considerations

(b) Financial Institution Security Considerations

For a full discussion of the requirements, see Chapter 832-X-1-.08 Training (pages 18-23)

Refresher Training Requirement–ARMED AND UNARMED

 To renew a license, a minimum of eight hours of refresher training from a Certified Trainer is required.

See the Renewal Application

 

For ARMED GUARDS ONLY

An applicant for an armed security officer will need a total of 14 hours of training. (According to Mike James of the ASRB, this is interpretted as 8 hours of basic/unarmed initial training plus 4 hours of initial armed training plus 2  hours of armed the following year) . The applicant will need to pass a qualifying course as part of his or her training.

According 832-X-1-.08 -1 (a) The Board requires that a person applying for a personal license as a Security Officer or Armed Security Officer shall have completed at least 8 hours or Armed Security Officer shall have completed at least 14 hours of Board approved classroom training with a Certified Trainer prior to applying for a license from the Board.

832-X-1-.08 -2 (d) Approved firearms qualification courses:
1.  The Alabama Peace Officers Standards and Training Commission qualification course of fire, target, scoring method and minimum score for handgun, shotgun and/or rifle to be used that is current at the time of qualification is an approved qualification course for Armed Security Officers.
(i) Active peace officers who successfully complete the mandatory annual Alabama Peace Officers Standards and Training Commission qualification course as a requirement of employment have met the requirements of this section.
2.  Any National Rifle Association (NRA) course of fire, target, scoring method and minimum score for handgun, shotgun, or rifle that is officially approved by the NRA Law Enforcement Activities Division for use by a NRA-defined “Private Law Enforcement
Organization” for firearms qualification is an approved qualification course for Armed Security Officers.
(i) A Contract Security Company utilizing any NRA firearm qualification course must apply for, receive from, and maintain an “Agency Affiliation” with the NRA and must follow all NRA LawEnforcement Activities Division rules applicable to a “Private Law Enforcement Organization”.
3.  The Alabama Security Regulatory Board approved firearm qualification course for handgun, shotgun and rifle is an approved qualification course for Armed Security Officers.

Firearms Safety Training as required by §34-27C-8(c) shall include, but may not be limited to, achieving a passing score on a Board-mandated qualification course with the make, model, or caliber handgun, shotgun and/or rifle to be used, instruction on the use of force laws of the State of Alabama, and instruction on the safe handling and storage of firearms.

Alabama certifies and trains armed officers in three categories: Handgun, rifle and shotgun. Each of these certifications is a combination of classroom and range instruction.

For a full discussion of the requirements, see Chapter 832-X-1-.08 Training (pages 18-23)

The handgun qualification requirements, by way of illustration are:
(10)   Firearms: Handgun Qualification Course:

(a)   The Alabama Security Regulatory Board Handgun Qualification Course shall be;
(b)   Total Rounds: 30
(c)   Approved Target: Standard FBI “Q” target, any color, paper or cardboard.
(d)   Scoring: All shot holes completely inside of the scoring silhouette count. Shot holes breaking the edge of the scoring silhouette or outside of the silhouette DO NOT COUNT.
(e)   Passing Score: 80% (24 rounds completely inside the scoring silhouette)
(f)   Ammunition Management is the responsibility of the shooter. Shooters reload ON THEIR OWN. No reloading commands or reminders will be given during the course of fire.
(g)   Start position is from secured holster with hands at side OR from a two-handed Ready Position as noted. Two-handed shooting is permitted for all Stages.
(h)   After completing a string of fire, shooters should LOWER their weapon below their line of sight, SCAN the surrounding area for other threats. Once the SCAN is complete, shooters shall either HOLSTER and SECURE their handgun or remain at a Ready Position (as noted).
(i)   Reloading and any actions after the required number of rounds fired in a string are not timed.
(j)   A shooter must complete the entire course of fire once the first shot is fired during a qualification attempt. Shooters who do not complete the course of fire, or who do not achieve a PASS score, must fire the entire course again, not just the incomplete or failed portion.
(k)   STAGE ONE: 3 YARDS

1.   Draw and fire 3 rounds in 5 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
2.   Draw and fire 3 rounds in 5 seconds: Lower, Scan, Ready Position.
3.   From Ready Position, fire 3 rounds in 4 seconds: Lower, Scan, Ready Position.
4.   From Ready Position, fire 3 rounds in 4 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.

(l)   STAGE TWO: 7 YARDS

1.   Draw and fire 4 rounds in 6 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
2.   Draw and fire 4 rounds in 6 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
3.   Draw and fire 4 rounds in 6 seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.

(m)   STAGE THREE: 15 YARDS

(1)   Draw and fire 2 rounds in three seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
(2)   Draw and fire 2 rounds in three seconds: Lower, Scan, Holster & Secure.
(3)   Draw and fire 2 rounds in three seconds: Lower, Scan, UNLOAD and let the Instructor verify that the weapon is unloaded, Holster & Secure (unloaded).

 

ARMED Refresher Training:

According to the Renewal Application, refresher training is as follows (in addition to the unarmed requirements):

*Annually:  a minimum of 2 hours of ANNUAL refresher Armed Security Officer training from a certified trainer.

Exam Requirement

According to 832-X-1-.08 Training. (1) General Training Requirement
1.   Successful completion of Board mandated training shall be determined by the attendee achieving an acceptable score on a written test related to the course subject matter or achieving an acceptable qualification score on a firearm qualification course.

80% Passage rate on combined classroom and range testing.

Child Support

According to Ala. Code §§ 30-3-170 through 30-3-179
Failure to comply with subpoenas or warrants relating to paternity or child support proceedings, may bring to a suspension or revocation of an occupational license

See: Alabama Code Title 30. Marital and Domestic Relations § 30-3-170

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