Maryland: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for Maryland

Legislation/Source:

BUSINESS OCCUPATIONS AND PROFESSIONS TITLE 19. SECURITY GUARD AGENCIES AND SECURITY GUARD CERTIFICATION SUBTITLE 4. CERTIFICATION OF SECURITY GUARDS

Authorizing Department

Maryland State Police Licensing Division
Attn.: Licensing Services Section – Security Guard Agency Unit

1111 Reisterstown Road
Pikesville, MD 21208
Phone: (410) 653-4623
Email: msp.securityguard@maryland.gov
 

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

Individuals applying for a State of Maryland Security Guard Certification, need to be employed or are seeking employment with a security provider licensed in the state. Hence, there are individual requirements coupled with employment. These requirements are posted throughout the template.

 

UNARMED:  

According to the Maryland State Police Fee Schedule:
$15.00   Fee for Security Guard Certification:
$32.75   Fee for fingerprints:
$47.75   Total fee
Fee for Renewal: $24.75 (every 3 years according to the Maryland State Police website)

See: A list of all fees for licensing applications

 

ARMED:  In addition to the Security Guard Certification, individuals seeking the status of an armed guard are required to obtain a Wear and Carry Permit.

According to the Maryland State Police Website, the fees for a handgun wear and carry permit are as follows:

Original/Initial – $75.00 – Fingerprint Fees not included
Renewal – $50.00 – Fingerprints No Longer Required
Subsequent – $50.00 – Fingerprint Fees not included
Replacement/Modification – $10.00 – Fingerprints not required

Active/Retired Law Enforcement Officers of this State or a County/Municipality (PS 5-304) – $0.00

See: A list of all fees for licensing applications.

Maryland has established an online portal for electronic application of Firearms.
See: Online Firearm Application System

The initial handgun permit expires on the last day of the holder’s birth month following two (2) years after the date the permit is issued. Permits that have been modified or are a duplicate expire on the date provided on the initial permit.

See: More information on handgun wear and carry permits.

 

See: A wear and carry permit application

See: A presentation on the certification process

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

Maryland expressly does not permit out of state reciprocity.
See the FAQ’s for Security Guards at: Maryland Security Guard Certifications

Age Requirements

UNARMED: No age requirement listed

ARMED:   According to the Maryland State Police website, a person must be a minimum of 18 years old to obtain a handgun wear and carry permit

Citizenship

According to the Maryland State Police Licensing Division Security Guard Certification Application, applicant must be a U.S. Citizen or possess documentation that you are allowed to work in the U.S.

Experience

None required

Exemptions

UNARMED: None listed

ARMED:
According to the Maryland State Police Website:
1.   Active, Former, and Retired Maryland Law Enforcement Officers​​ and retired or former federal law enforcement officers, who permanently reside in Maryland and who were assigned in Maryland during their employment- as long as the application is submitted within one year from the date the officer either retired in good standing or separated in good standing and/or the officer has a valid LEOSA permit/certification/identification, the Handgun Permit Unit may accept that the applicant has a good and substantial reason to wear, carry, or transport a handgun as a reasonable precaution against the apprehended danger originating from his/her law enforcement position. ​

2.   For retired or former federal law enforcement officers and retired or former out-of -state law enforcement officers, who permanently reside in Maryland but were not assigned in Maryland during their employment, LEOSA is a nationally recognized credential and a Maryland Wear and Carry Permit is not required or necessary.  The Maryland Police & Correctional Training Commission (MPCTC) may serve as the certifying agency for LEOSA if eligible and the application and guidelines can be found on the MPCTC website at Should you desire a Maryland Wear and Carry Permit you will be required to provide a good and substantial reason to wear, carry, or transport a handgun as a reasonable precaution against apprehended danger.

TRAINING EXEMPTION:  See MD State Police web site

A Wear and Carry Permit applicant is not required to complete the firearms safety training course if they:

  1. Are an active law enforcement officer of the United States, the State of Maryland, or any local law enforcement agency of Maryland.
  2. A person who retired in good standing from any of the above law enforcement agencies.
  3. Are an active or retired member or honorably discharged member of the United States Armed Forces or the National Guard.
  4. Are a Qualified Handgun Instructor.
  5. Have completed a firearms safety training course approved by the Maryland State Police.

 

Permit Required

UNARMED: None required

ARMED: A handgun wear and carry permit is required. See Security Guard Certification Application

Requirement to carry an ID card

§ 19-406. Possession of certification card
(a)   In general.- At any time that a certified security guard provides a security guard service, the security guard shall carry the certification card issued under § 19-405 of this subtitle.

(b)   Display upon officer’s request.- On request of a law enforcement officer, a certified security guard shall show the security guard’s certification card.

§ 19-407. Badge; clearance card
(b)   Clearance card required.- Whenever a security guard is in uniform, the security guard shall clearly display and wear the clearance card issued by the Secretary which identifies the security guard.

Moral Character

§ 19-402. Qualifications and requirements.

(a)   In general.- To qualify for certification as a security guard, an individual shall:

(3) be of good moral character and reputation;

Fingerprint

UNARMED:  All original applications require FBI and CJIS fingerprint submissions.

ARMED:  As of October 1, 2016 Fingerprints will no longer be required for renewal application submissions.  Fingerprints are still required for all initial/origin​al Handgun Permit applications. (MD SB208 2016)

 

Substance Abuse

UNARMED: No baseline requirements

ARMED: According to Maryland public safety code ann. § 5-306:

An applicant cannot presently be an alcoholic, addict, or habitual user of a controlled dangerous substance unless the habitual use of the controlled dangerous substance is under legitimate medical direction. Furthermore, an applicant cannot have been convicted of a crime involving the possession, use, or distribution of a controlled dangerous substance

For armed officers, Maryland will deny a weapon permit to any individual who:
1.   Has been convicted of a crime involving the involving the possession, use, or distribution of a controlled dangerous substance;
2.   Is not presently an alcoholic, addict, or habitual user of a controlled dangerous substance unless under legitimate medical direction;

See: A wear and carry permit application

Mental Health

UNARMED: No baseline requirement

ARMED: Based on an investigation, an applicant for a Wear and Carry permit must not have exhibited a propensity for violence or instability that may reasonably render the person’s possession of a handgun a danger to the person or others;

Criminal History Background Check

UNARMED:  

Background and criminal history checks are done by the Maryland State Police in conjunction with FBI review.

The Maryland State Police may deny certification as a security guard to any applicant:
1.   if the applicant or individual fraudulently or deceptively obtains or attempts to obtain certification as a security guard ; OR
2.   if, under the laws of the United States or of, any state, the applicant or individual plead(s) guilty or nolo contendre to or is convicted of (1) a felony; or (2) a misdemeanor that is directly related to the fitness and qualification of the applicant or individual to be certified as a security guard.

See:  MD. Business Occupations and Professions Code Ann. § 19-408 (2021)
See:Maryland State Police Website  

 

ARMED:  Wear and Carry Permits may be issued to any adult (18 years of age or over) who meets the following criteria:

  • Has not been convicted of a felony or a misdemeanor for which a sentence of imprisonment for more than one year has been imposed; or convicted of a criminal offense for which you could have been sentenced to more than 2 years incarceration.
  • Has not been convicted of a crime involving the possession, use, or distribution of a controlled dangerous substance;

See :  Maryland State Police Website

Personal References

None

Training Requirements

UNARMED:  None

ARMED:  According to the Maryland State Police website, in order to have a concealed wear and carry permit, a firearms safety training course is required. The Firearms Safety Training Course is a course of instruction which includes classroom instruction on state firearm law, home firearm safety, handgun mechanisms and operation, and a component that requires the applicant demonstrate the ability to safely fire a handgun.

Wear and Carry Permit training is 16 hours of instruction for an original application and 8 hours of instruction for a renewal application. The approved training is offered by a Qualified Handgun Instructor and will include instruction on state firearm law, home firearm safety, handgun mechanisms and operation, and a component that requires the applicant to demonstrate gun safety and proficiency with a minimum score of 70% accuracy.

Designated security personnel (security guards, private detectives, special police, and armored car drivers/guards) must shoot a practical police course of at least 50 rounds, from no further than 25 yards and score at least 70% accuracy.

All other applicants must shoot a course of at least 25 rounds, from no further than 15 yards and score at least 70% accuracy.

See: A list of qualified and approved instructors and schools

However, a wear and carry permit applicant is not required to complete the firearms safety training course if they:
•   Are an active law enforcement officer of the United States, the State of Maryland, or any local law enforcement agency of Maryland.
•   A person who retired in good standing from any of the above law enforcement agencies.
•   Are an active or retired member or honorably discharged member of the United States Armed Forces or the National Guard.
•   Are a Qualified Handgun Instructor.
•   Have completed a firearms safety training course approved by the Maryland State Police.

Exam Requirement

UNARMED: N/A

ARMED:  According to the Maryland State Police Website, Wear and Carry Permit Training has a component that requires the applicant to demonstrate gun safety and proficiency with a minimum score of 70% accuracy.

Designated security personnel (security guards, private detectives, special police, and armored car drivers/guards) must shoot a practical police course of at least 50 rounds, from no further than 25 yards and score at least 70% accuracy.

All other applicants must shoot a course of at least 25 rounds, from no further than 15 yards and score at least 70% accuracy.

Child Support

According to Maryland §10–119.3:
Any occupational or professional license or certification may be suspended for not paying child support

Go to Top