New Jersey: Unarmed Security Officers

Legislation and Details for New Jersey

Legislation/Source:

New Jersey Permanent Statutes
Title 45 – Professions and Occupations
Chapter 45:19A – Security Officer Registration Act
and
New Jersey Administrative Code
Title 13 – Law and Public Safety
Chapter 55A – Security Officers and Security Officer Companies

Authorizing Department


New Jersey State Police
Private Detective Unit on behalf of
the Superintendent of the State Police

P.O. Box 7068
West Trenton, New Jersey 08628-0068
Phone: (609) 341-3426 or (609) 633-9352
Email: pdu@gw.njsp.org

Official Website

Licensure and License Fees

In New Jersey, licensure is reserved for the operation of a security business. Individuals of such businesses have to apply to the Superintendent of the State Police to obtain a certificate of registration prior of commencing employment.

See: NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(b) and NJAC § 13:55A-3.2

In New Jersey, there are various pre-license steps taken before actual issuance of a license. After meeting age requirements and an acceptable background review, the applicant then must complete training under a specified program. To receive a license, the applicant must be employed.

Unarmed proprietary security officers are exempt from the requirement to obtain a certificate of registration.
See NJ Rev Stat § 45:19A-4(a)(3)

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4:

4.a. A person shall not be employed as a security officer by a security officer company or a company maintaining a proprietary or in-house security function, or perform the functions and activities of a security officer, unless that person is registered with the Superintendent as required in this section.

The requirements of this section shall not apply to:
(3) a security officer employed by a company maintaining a proprietary or in-house security function whose in-house security employees do not carry handguns or other licensed weapons.

New Jersey Administrative Code (NJAC) § 13:55A-3.2/ 13:55A-3.6
  $75 Application fee
  $66.05 Fingerprints check fee
  $59.91 Fingerprints check fee ( by “ink and roll”for out-of-state applicants only)

  $78.75 Renewal fee (The SORA card requires renewal every two years) *Includes FP Archive Fee of $18.75

According to the SORA Help Page, payments must be made by credit or debit card.

See: SORA Help Page
See: Online application

Foreign Jurisdiction Licensure

 

Age Requirements

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(b)(1)/ NJAC § 13:55A-3.1
The applicant must be at least 18 years of age

Citizenship

The New Jersey instructions are not self-evident on citizenship- however documents and rules reference information that seems to comport with citizenship or residential alien.
See NJAC §13:55A-3.1(a)

Experience

Not Required

Exemptions

NJAC § 13:55A-1.2
The rules of this chapter shall only apply to security officer companies and security officers as defined under N.J.A.C.13:55A-1.3 and shall not apply to security officers hired for proprietary or internal purposes by a company not engaged in the security officer business. Moreover, the rules of this chapter shall only apply to duly sworn law enforcement officers seeking to be employed as, or perform the functions and activities of, a security officer, who will be receiving compensation for his or her services directly from a licensed security officer company and shall not apply to duly sworn law enforcement officers working under color of law.

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(a)
A person shall not be employed as a security officer by a security officer company or a company maintaining a proprietary or in-house security function, or perform the functions and activities of a security officer, unless that person is registered with the superintendent as required in this section.

The requirements of this section shall not apply to:

(1) a loss prevention employee.

(2) an employee of a company whose business includes hosting sporting and entertainment events at an arena or stadium where a State, county, or municipal law enforcement agency is on the premises during the event and whose in-house security employees do not carry handguns or other licensed weapons.

(3) a security officer employed by a company maintaining a proprietary or in-house security function whose in-house security employees do not carry handguns or other licensed weapons, or

(4) a security employee regulated under federal law. Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a crime of the fourth degree.

Permit Required

Not Required

Requirement to carry an ID card

NJAC §13:55A-3.5
(b)   Upon completion of the required security officer training course, applicants having met the requirements of N.J.A.C. 13:55A-3.2(a) through (c) shall be issued a security officer identification card which shall be valid only so long as the person retains a valid certificate of registration as a security officer.

In addition to the security officer identification card, the security company employing the security officer shall issue a company identification card to any security officer it employs.
The security officer shall carry his or her company identification card and his or her security officer identification card, whenever employed as or performing the functions of a security officer.
See: NJAC §13:55A-6.2

Moral Character

NJAC § 13:55A-3.7(a)(7)
The Superintendent may deny any initial application for a security officer certificate of registration, revoke or suspend any current certificate of registration, or refuse to renew any certificate of registration if the person holding a certificate, applying for a certification, or applying for renewal of certification, has demonstrated bad moral character, incompetence, or untrustworthiness.

Fingerprint

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(c)
Each applicant shall submit to the Superintendent the applicant’s fingerprints and written consent for a criminal history record background check to be performed. The Superintendent shall compare these to fingerprints on file with the State Bureau of Identification in the Division of State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, consistent with applicable State and federal laws, rules and regulations. The applicant shall bear the cost for the criminal history record background check, including all costs of administering and processing the check.

NJAC § 13:55A-3.2(c)
Any person seeking to be employed as, or perform the functions and activities of, a security officer shall submit fingerprints and a written consent for a criminal history background check to the Superintendent or in a manner prescribed by the Superintendent. Applicants for registration as a security officer shall bear the cost for the criminal history background check, including all costs of administering and processing the check, as required by N.J.A.C. 13:59.

Substance Abuse

NJAC § 13:55A-3.7

a) The Superintendent may deny any initial application for a security officer certificate of registration, revoke or suspend any current certificate of registration, or refuse to renew any certificate of registration, for any of the following reasons:

2. The person holding a certificate, applying for certification, or applying for renewal of certification, has been convicted of any offense involving the unlawful use, possession, or sale, of a controlled dangerous substance as defined in N.J.S.A. 2C:35-2.

Mental Health

The legislation does not specify this requirement.

Criminal History Background Check

Complete background checks and criminal history reviews are done by the new jersey state bureau of investigation and the federal bureau of investigation.

NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4

b. An application for registration as a security officer shall be filed with the Superintendent on a form and in a manner prescribed by the Superintendent and shall set forth under oath:

(3) that the applicant has not been convicted of any disqualifying crime or offense as set forth in subsection c. of this section

c. No person shall be issued a certificate of registration as a security officer under the provisions of this section if the person has been convicted, as indicated by a criminal history record background check performed pursuant to the provisions of this section, of: a crime of the first, second, third or fourth degree; any offense involving the unlawful use, possession or sale of a controlled dangerous substance as defined in N.J.S.2C:35-2; or any offense where the registration of the individual would be contrary to the public interest, as determined by the Superintendent.

NJAC § 13:55A-3.7
(a) The Superintendent may deny any initial application for a security officer certificate of registration, revoke or suspend any current certificate of registration, or refuse to renew any certificate of registration, for any of the following reasons:

1.  The person holding a certificate, applying for certification, or applying for renewal of certification, has been convicted of any act or acts which would be a first, second, third, or fourth degree crime under Title 2C, New Jersey Code of Criminal Justice.

The background check draws sources from the State Bureau of Identification in the Division of the State Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The applicant bears all costs for the criminal history check.
See: NJ Rev Stat §45:19A-4(c)

Personal References

Not required

Training Requirements

Upon submission of the application and fingerprints, the Superintendent shall issue a temporary certificate of registration to the applicant which is valid for 30 days. During this time the applicant must complete an approved security officer training course.

See: NJAC § 13:55A-3.3

NJAC § 13:55A-4.1
(a) Except as provided in N.J.S.A. 13:55A-3.4 (b), a person seeking to be employed as, or perform the functions and activities of, a security officer must complete an approved 24-hour course of classroom instruction taught by a certified security officer instructor.
(b) The course of instruction shall include, but not be limited to, a minimum of two hours of instruction in each of the following general subject areas:
 1.   Homeland security and counter-terrorism
 2.   Communications/emergency response
 3.  Theft prevention
 4.   Limits on the use of force
 5.  Critical incident awareness, including suspicious packages, arson and fire prevention
 6.   Ethics and professional conduct
 7.   First aid/CPR/AED, and
 8.   Any other subject areas the Superintendent determines are necessary in the interest of public safety.

NJAC § 13:55A-4.2
(a) Except for law enforcement officers exempt from initial training under N.J.A.C. 13:55A- 3.4(b), all registered security officers shall complete an approved eight-hour refresher course of classroom instruction taught by a certified security officer instructor prior to having the certification renewed pursuant to N.J.A.C. 13:55A-3.6.
(b) The course of instruction shall include, but not be limited to, additional instruction in each of the general subject areas listed in N.J.A.C. 13:55A-4.1(b).

See Page 9-10: Security Officers and Security Officer Companies: General Provisions

Exam Requirement

The legislation does not specify this requirement

Child Support

2A:17-56.41(3)(a)

If the child support arrearage equals or exceeds the amount of child support payable for six months or court-ordered health care coverage for the child is not provided for six months, or the obligor fails to respond to a subpoena relating to a paternity or child support action, or a child support-related warrant exists, and the obligor is found to possess a license in the State and all appropriate enforcement methods to collect the child support arrearage have been exhausted, the Probation Division shall send a written notice to the obligor, by certified and regular mail, return receipt requested, at the obligor’s last-known address or place of business or employment, advising the obligor that the obligor’s license may be revoked or suspended unless, within 30 days of the postmark date of the notice, the obligor pays the full amount of the child support arrearage, or provides proof that health care coverage for the child has been obtained, or responds to a subpoena, or makes a written request for a court hearing to the Probation Division.

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