Utah: Unarmed Security Officers
Legislation and Details for Utah
Utah Code Title 58, Chapter 63 Security Personnel Licensing Act
Utah Administrative CodeRule R156-63a Security Personnel Licensing Act Security Rule
UPDATE 1/1/22: DOPL Extends Temporary Suspension of “Live” CE Requirements until 12/31/22.
UPDATE 10/28/21: DOPL is transitioning to electronic-only renewal notifications. Licenses expiring between now and May 31, 2023 will receive one last postcard renewal reminder. Beginning June 2023, ALL renewal notices will be sent ONLY to your email address on file with DOPL.
In Utah, individuals require a license to engage in the practice of an unarmed private security officer.
See: Utah Code Section 58-63-301
$95 non-refundable application-processing fee, made payable to “DOPL”.
The license is valid for two years and has to be renewed prior to expiration.
The application is available online or can be mailed.
See: Security Officer Application Form
Utah permits security officers to work with an interim and temporary license until the issuance of a formal license.
In the event the full license is denied, the security officer must cease to work in that capacity.
Before issuance of an interim license, the officer must submit a full Criminal History, confirm the lack of a status that would preclude
license issuance and confirm no previous negative history in the licensure process.
See: Utah Administrative Rules at R156-63a-302
The rules and code do not designate an age requirement although armed officers must be 18 years old.
United States citizen or a qualified alien who is lawfully able to work in the United States
No baseline requirement
Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-304)
1. In addition to the exemptions from licensure in Section 58-1-307, an individual may engage in acts regulated under this chapter without being licensed under this chapter if the individual is:
(a) a peace officer employed by, or licensed as, a contract security company, as provided in Subsection (2); or
(b) employed by a contract security company for the sole purpose of operating or staffing security apparatus, including a magnetometer, magnetometer wand, x-ray viewing device, or other device approved by rule of the division.
2. A peace officer may only engage in off-duty employment as a security officer if:
(a) the law enforcement agency employing the peace officer has a written policy regarding peace officer employees working while off duty as a security officer and the written policy addresses the issue of financial responsibility;
(b) the agency’s chief administrative officer, or that officer’s designee, provides written authorization for an off-duty peace officer to work as a security officer; and
(c) the business or entity employing the off-duty peace officer to work as a security officer complies with state and federal income reporting and withholding requirements regarding the off-duty officer’s wages.
3. In addition to the exemptions from licensure in Section 58-1-307, an individual holding a valid license as an armed private security officer under this chapter may also function as an unarmed private security officer without the additional license.
4. In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the division may make rules approving security apparatus under Subsection (1)(b).
Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-308)
An individual licensed as an armed private security officer, armored car security officer, or unarmed private security officer shall:
1. carry a copy of the individual’s license on the individual’s person at all times while acting as a licensee; and
2. display the license upon the request of a peace officer, a representative of the division, or a member of the public.
See: Utah Code 58-63-308
All unarmed private security officers shall carry a valid security license together with a government-issued identification card or a current state-issued driver license whenever performing the duties of an unarmed private security officer and shall exhibit said license and identification upon request.
Applicant must have good moral character
The application for an unarmed private security officer shall be accompanied by two fingerprint cards.
Submit fingerprints to be used by DOPL for a fingerprint search through the files of the Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification (BCI) and the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI).
• Electronic fingerprinting is offered to DOPL applicants, with no additional charge, at the DOPL office. A current government issued picture ID is required (driver’s license, state ID, passport, etc.).
• If you are unable to obtain fingerprints at DOPL’s office, fingerprint services are available from most local law enforcement agencies. You are required to submit two (2) blue “Applicant” cards (Form FD-258) with your application; these cards will be provided by the agency that rolls your prints.
Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-302(3)(e))
The applicant shall not be currently suffering from habitual drunkenness or from drug addiction or dependence
Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-302 (3)(d)
The applicant shall not have been declared incompetent by a court of competent jurisdiction by reason of mental defect or disease and not been restored
See: Utah Code 58-63-302
Security Personnel Licensing Act (Utah Code 58-63-302 (3)(c))
The applicant shall not been convicted of:
(i) a felony;
(ii) a misdemeanor involving moral turpitude; or
(iii) a crime that when considered with the duties and responsibilities of an unarmed private security officer by the division and the board indicates that the best interests of the public are not served by granting the applicant a license;
See: Utah Code 58-63-302
See: 156-63a-302f(1). For a full list of disqualifying convictions
The check of records for the applicant shall be conducted with the Federal Burau of Investigation and the Bureau of Criminal Identification of the Utah Department of Public Safety.
According to Utah Code Ann. 58-63-302. Qualifications for licensure:
2. Each applicant for licensure as a private security officer shall:
(g) successfully complete basic education and training requirements established by rule by the division in collaboration with the board, which shall include a minimum of eight hours of classroom or online curriculum;
According to UT Admin Code R-156-63a-603. Content of Approved Basic Education and Training Program for Armed and Unarmed Private Security Officers.
In accordance with Subsection 58-63-302(2)(g), an approved basic education and training program for armed and unarmed private security officers shall have at least eight hours of classroom or online instruction including:
1. The nature and role of private security, including a private security officer’s
(a) scope and limits of authority;
(b) civil liability; and
(c) role in today’s society;
2. State laws and rules applicable to private security;
3. The legal responsibilities of private security; including
(a) constitutional law;
(b) search and seizure; and
(c) other such topics;
4. Situational response evaluations
(a) protecting and security crime or accident scenes;
(b) notifying internal and external agencies; and
(c) controlling information;
5. Security ethics
6. The use of force, emphasizing the de-escalation of force and alternatives to using force;
7. Documentation and report writing, including:
(a) preparing witness statements;
(b) performing log maintenance;
(c) exercising control of information;
(d) taking field notes;
(e) organizing information into a report; and
(f) performing basic writing;
8. Patrol techniques, including:
(a) mobile patrol versus fixed post;
(b) accident prevention;
(c) responding to calls and alarms;
(d) security breaches;
(e) monitoring potential safety hazards; and
(f) police and community relations, including fundamental duties and personal appearance of security officers;
9. Sexual harassment in the workplace; and
10. A final examination that:
(a) competently examines the student on the subjects included in the eight hours of basic instruction; and
(b) mandates a minimum pass score of 80%.
According to R156-63a-304: Continuing Education for Armed and Unarmed Private Security Officers as a Condition of Renewal.
In accordance with Subsections 58-1-203(1)(g) and 58-1-308(3)(b), the following continuing education requirements are established as a condition of renewal or reinstatement of licenses issued under Title 58, Chapter 63 in the classifications of armed private security officer and unarmed private security officer:
1. Armed and unarmed private security officers shall complete at least 32 hours of continuing education during each two-year renewal cycle. A minimum of 16 hours shall be core continuing education; the remaining hours may consist of professional continuing education or core continuing education.
The Utah Office of Recovery Services has the power to pursue through court action the withholding, suspension, and revocation of driver’s licenses, professional and occupational licenses, and recreational licenses of individuals owing overdue support or failing, after receiving appropriate notice, to comply with subpoenas or orders relating to paternity or child support proceedings pursuant to Section 78B-6-315.
See: Utah Code § 62A-11-107